|PROF. GERARD J. LIBARIDIAN
Alex Manoogian Chair in Modern Armenian History
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (retired)
Born July 1945, Beirut
Moved to the US July 1964
Marital Status Married to Professor Nora N. Nercessian
One daughter, Lorky N. Libaridian, M.D.
Education Ph.D. in History, University of California at Los Angeles.
Areas of specialization:
Modern Europe, Near East/Islam, Sub-Sahara Africa
I. PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE
1997 - 2012
Professor of History, the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor; Alex Manoogian Chair in Modern Armenian History (2001-2012, retired in 2012)
Director of the Armenian Studies Program, University of Michigan (2007-2012)
Member, Directors’ Council, Weiser Center for Europe and Eurasia
History of the Armenian People
Conflict and Diplomacy in the Caucasus
The Third Republic of Armenia, 1990 to the Present through
Turkish-Armenian Relations Since the 19th Century
The Armenian Diaspora
Islam and Armenians
Nationalism of Small Nations
Narrating the “Nation,” Armenian historiography
Co-organizer, Workshop for Turkish Armenian Scholarship .
Special Series Editor, Armenian Studies; Member, Board of Directors, Transaction Publishing, since 2010
Board of Directors and Corporate Secretary, the American Research Institute of the South Caucasus, (2006-2010), Chicago.
Member of the Editorial Advisory Board, Demokratizatsiya, a Journal of
Post-Soviet Democracy, Washington, DC.
Member of the Editorial Advisory Board, Turkish Policy Quarterly, Istanbul.
Member of the Editorial Board, Iran and the Caucasus, Yerevan.
Member of Editorial Board, Central Eurasian Survey, Tehran.
Visiting Professor, Sabanci University, Istanbul, May 28-April 5, 2001,
Graduate Program on Conflict Resolution
Visiting Lecturer, International Institute for Caspian Studies, Tehran,
July 14-28, 2001, mini-course on Conflict Resolution
Consultant on Caspian Projects, International Research
and Exchanges Board, Washington, DC (1998-2000)
Senior Research Fellow, EastWest Institute, NY (1998-2000)
Lecturer, writer, consultant on the Caucasus and conflict resolution
1991-1997: Service in the government of the Republic of
1991 January - 1991 October: Founder and Director, Department for Research and Analysis of Parliament (Supreme Soviet), Armenian SSR
1991 November -1994 September: Advisor to the first President of the independent Republic of Armenia
1993 March - 1994 September: First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs
1994 October - September 1997: Senior Advisor to the President of the Republic for foreign and security policies
Ambassador-at-Large with rank of Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador, Special negotiator
Secretary and Member, Security Council of the Republic of Armenia
NEGOTIATIONS/OFFICIAL AND NON-OFFICIAL/WORKING VISITS
Afghanistan, Argentina, Azerbaijan, Brazil, China, the Czech Republic,
Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Italy, Iran,
Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Russia,
Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United
Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan.
UN, EU, OSCE, World Bank, IMF
3. POLICY PAPERS ON REGIONAL CONFLICTS AND COOPERATION, SECURITY AND STABILITY IN EUROPE, AND ON THE CIS, THE SOUTH CAUCASUS AND THE MIDDLE EAST, PRESENTED AT:
Annual Meeting of Non-Aligned Nations, 1993,Cairo
Conference sur la Pacte de Stabilité en Europe, 1994, Paris.
Center for International Relations, Copenhagen
Institut Français des Relations Internationales, Paris
The Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House), London
Institute for International Relations, Buenos Aires
The Carnegie Endowment for Peace, Washington, D.C.
Union des Jeunes Européens (European Union), Paris
US-Azerbaijan Chamber of Commerce, Washington, D.C.
Harvard University, Kennedy School of Government
Bilkent University, Institute of Foreign Affairs, Ankara
Columbia University, New York
American University of Armenia, Yerevan.
C. 1969 TO 1991
(In History Departments, unless otherwise indicated)
Tufts University/Experimental College (Visiting Associate
University of Massachusetts, Boston (Visiting Associate
1985 University of Pennsylvania (Visiting Associate Professor)
1979-1981 University of La Verne (Associate Professor, Chair of
Department of Armenian Studies)
University of Puget Sound, Tacoma, Washington (Teacher
Education Program, Lecturer)
Rutgers University (Visiting Lecturer, Armenian Studies
University of Southern California (Visiting Lecturer,
1976 California State University, Los Angeles (Lecturer)
1975 Mount St. Mary's College, Los Angeles (Lecturer)
The University of California at Los Angeles, (Teaching Ass't)
(1969-1971 Editor, Asbarez semi-weekly, Los Angeles)
Main Courses taught
Western Civilization, European History
Comparative Studies in Fascism
Religion and Politics in Sub-Sahara Africa
Armenian History, Political Institutions, Diaspora
2. ACADEMIC: OTHER (1982-1990)
Editor, Armenian Review (Quarterly), Boston (1983-1988)
Director, Armenian Archives, Boston (1982-1988)
Co-founder, Director, Zoryan Institute for Contemporary Armenian
Research and Documentation, Cambridge, Mass. (1982-1990)
Member, Council, Institute for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Tel-Aviv,
Member of Board, Center for Armenian Studies, University of Bochum, Germany (until 1998)
Founder and Member (until 1996), editorial Board, and co-founder, Diaspora, A Journal Of Trans-National Studies, Oxford University Press, currently based at the University of Toronto
Member of Doctoral and Masters' thesis committees for students at
the University of Pennsylvania, Columbia University, University of
Toronto, Temple University, Rice University, University of Geneva, Boston University, Tufts University, Western Michigan University, University of Michigan, in history, anthropology, religion studies, political science.
“Historical Agency and Eternal Victimhood: Do Armenia and Armenians Matter in History,” UCLA conference on the 100th Anniversary of the Genocide, April 2015.
“The Armenian Genocide and the Politics of Denial and Recognition,” panel at California State University, Long Beach, April 2015.
“Revisiting Turkish-Armenian relations,” New Histories for Enduring Conflicts Conference, Carnegie Endowment for Peace, Eashington DC, January 2015.
“The History of Imperial Politics and the Politics of imperial History,” Cambridge University, June 2014.
“The South Caucasus after Ukraine,” at Georgian Foundation for Strategic and International Studies, Tbilisi, June 2014.
“South Caucasus Regional Development: Challenges and Risks after 20 Years of Independence,” Tbilisi State University, June 2014.
Open Forum Lecture Series, March 2014, Yerevan (in Armenian)
«Պատմաբանը որպես խոհարար պատմության խոհանոցում» (The Historian as a Cook in the Kitchen of History)
«Ապագան կանխատեսելն հեշտ է։ Անցյալի կանխատեսումն է որ դժվար է» (The Future is Easy to Predict; It Is the Past That is Unpredictable)
«Պատահական դիւանագետ. Պատմաբան, յետոյ դիւանագետ, ու հետո նորից պատմաբան. Ինչն է փոխվում» (Incidental Diplomat. Historian, then Diplomat, Then Historian Again, What Changes?)
“A Reassessment of Relations Between Turkey and Armenia since Independence,” Tufts university, April 2013.
“Mkrtich Khrimian: Revolutionary Traditionalist or Conservative Revolutionary?” MESA Annual Meeting, New Orleans, October 2013.
“Ideology and Reality: Hnchakian Paradoxes at Birth,” Los Angeles, November 2012.
“The Forging of the Future of the Caucasus: The past 20 years and Its Lessons,” Baku, June 2012.
“From Historian to Diplomat,” University of Michigan, November 2012.
“The Armenian Genocide in Perspective,” lecture to World History Workshop, University of Michigan, December 4, 2010.
“Russia, Turkey and Armenia: The Second Round,” lecture in Southfield,
Michigan, October 9, 2010.
“Human Rights and Civil Society,” Mid-West Workshop for Teachers,
August 6, 2008, Kalamazoo, Michigan.
“Kosovo and Karabakh,” Second Workshop on the Impact of Kosovo and
the Georgia-Russia War, May 8-9, 2010, Geneva, Switzerland.
“Remembering fort Self, Remembering for History,” Holocaust/Genocide
Day annual lecture, EWayne State University, April 20, 2010.
“Bridges Hrant Built and Armenian/Turkish Relations,” Memorial lecture,
University of Chicago, April 12, 2010.
“Assessing Scholarship on Turkish/Armenian Relations,” Workshop VII on
Armenian/Turkish Scholarship,: March 4-6, 2010, University of
“Opportunities Gained and Lost: The South Caucasus, 1988/9-1998/9,
Conference of the 9’s, Weiser Center, University of Michigan, December 3-5, 2009.
“Turkish/Armenian Understanding and Reconciliation Workshop II,”
Princeton University, October 28-30, 2009, co-organizer.
“NATO in the Post-Soviet World,” Friedrich Neumann Foundation
seminar, Yerevan, Armenia, 2008.
“Minorities in the Middle East,” University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 2008.
“A Challenge for the Present: How to Think of the Past When Thinking
about the Future,” Wayne State University, April 20, 2007.
“Pipelines, Peace, and Politics: The BTC and Conflict Resolution,”
Conference on Energy and security, Aleksandrine University, February
2007, Helsinki, Finland.
“Report on WATS (Workshop for Turkish Armenian Scholarship.”
“The Armenian Church and Political Parties,” University of Michigan, Ann
“Politics, Peace, Pipelines,” paper presented at Seventh Annual Conference of Central Eurasian Studies Society, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, September 2006.
“Levels and Forms of Turkish/Armenian Dialogue: The Role of Scholarship,” paper presented at a symposium on Armenian-Turkish Dialogue and the Direction of Armenian Studies,” the National Association for Armenian Studies and Research, Boston, September 2006.
“Reinterpreting the Armenian Genocide,” Facing History and Ourselves Workshop, Detroit, October 2005.
“Reinterpreting Turkish/Armenian Relations,” Haigazian University (Beirut), September 2005.
“What Was Revolutionary about Armenian Revolutionary Parties,” paper presented at Fourth Meeting of Workshop for Armenian/Turkish Relations, Salzburg, April 2005.
“Paradoxes in Security Concepts and realities in the South Caucasus,” paper presented at Workshop on Caucasus Security, organized by the Ebert Foundation (Germany) in Yerevan, Armenia, April 2005.
“What Questions Should We Be Asking Today?” paper presented at Colloquium on: Wanted for the Future: Clarification! Armenians, Turks, and Europe in the Shadow of World War I, held at the University of Basel, Switzerland, May 2005.
“Tracking State, Nation, and Democracy Building,” paper presented at Conference on Contemporary Armenia, Columbia University, March 2006.
“Conflict and Confrontation in the South Caucasus,” Center for Russian and
East European Studies, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, February
“Integration or Isolation: The Foreign Policy of Armenia,” NY, January
2004. (Public lecture)
“Central Eurasian Political Development and Stability: Effects of
International and Regional Actors,” paper presented at Annual Meeting of the Central Eurasian Studies Society, Harvard University, October 2003.
“The South Caucasus in Transition,” Conference on the South Caucasus,
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey and Galatasaray University,
June 9-10, 2003, Istanbul, Turkey.
“The Role of Institutions in Armenian Studies,” NAASR Conference on the
State of Armenian Studies, Belmont, Mass., October 2002.
“Civil War and Civil Peace: Democracy and Security, a Conference on
Security and Insecurity in Central Asia and the Caucasus,” Yale University, Center for the Study of Globalization, September 19-21, 2002.
“Conflicts and the Caucasus since September 2001,” NGO seminar (Baku),
June 2002; Georgian Foundation for Strategic and International Studies, Georgian Institute for Public Administration (Tbilisi), Ebert Foundation Seminars (Yerevan), July 2002.
“The European Union and Caspian Energy,” EastWest Institute Workshop
in Brussels, June 2002.
““Turkey-Armenia Relations since 1991,” paper presented at the Second Meeting of the Workshop for Armenian/Turkish Scholarship, held at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, March 2002.
“The Impact of 9/11 on the Caucasus,” Annual Conference of the Institute
for Political and International Studies, Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
Tehran, December 2001.
“Perspectives on the Resolution of Regional Disputes,” TESEV Conference
on Stability in the Caucasus, Brussels, October 2001.
“The Economics of Conflict in Nagorno Karabagh,” at Workshop on the
Political Economy of Civil Wars, Stanford University, August 2001.
“Nagorno Karabagh and International Mediation,” UN Workshop at the
International Peace Academy, Vienna, July 2001.
Seminar on Armenia and the Caucasus, Foreign Service Institute, US
Department of State, May 2001.
Commentator, “Multiple Silences of Prejudice: Turkish Locations,”
University of Michigan, April 2000.
“Security in the Caucasus,” Chun-tu Hsueh Lecture, IREX, DC, April 2000.
“Conflict Resolution in the Post-Soviet Era: The Case of Nagorno
Karabagh,” University of Michigan, University of Columbia, University of London, February-March 2001.
“Re-Thinking the Past, Re-Imagining the Future,” Turkish-Armenian
Historians’ Workshop, University of Chicago, March 2000.
“An Assessment of Armenia’s Path since Independence,” UMAF, Paris,
“Why is the Nagorno Karabagh Conflict Not Resolved,” presented at School
for Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University,
“The Caspian Region and the Problem of Definition,” Kennedy School of
Government, Harvard University, conference on “US-Russian Relations: Implications for the Caspian Region,” October 2000.
“Armenia’s Foreign Policy,” IPIS, Tehran, October, 2000.
“Conflicts and Regional Policies,” IICS, Tehran, October 2000.
“Politics, Economics, and Culture in the Caspian region: Iran’s Role,” IREX
executive Seminar, Istanbul, October 2000.
“Identifying Opportunities for Cooperation in the Caucasus,” at EastWest
Institute Workshop, Istanbul, June 2000
“Re-Imagining the Past, Rethinking the Present: The Future of
Turkish-Armenian Relations,” at Conference on Turkish-Armenian relations sponsored by the President of the French Senate (abridged version), June 2000; full version at Workshop on Turkish-Armenian relations at the University of Chicago, March 2000.
“Regional and Sub-Regional Security in the South Caucasus,”
at EWI-ARI Movement conference in Istanbul, June 2000.
“Security Pacts Affecting the South Caucasus in the context of
International Security Concepts,” Ebert Foundation seminar in
Yerevan, June 2000.
“Nagorno Karabagh and Nation/State Building in Azerbaijan and
Armenia,” Roundtable on the south Caucasus, Association for
the Study of Nationalities, April 15, 2000 Columbia University.
“Regional Dynamics,” at conference on “Re-Orientations, Internal
Transitions, and Strategic Dynamics,” organized by the National
Intelligence Council, April 5-7, 2000, Airlie, VA.
“The Great Game and the Nagorno Karabagh Negotiations,”
at Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University.
“Re-imaging the Past, Rethinking the Present: The Future of Turkish-
Armenian Relations,” University of Chicago, March 2000
“A Perspective on the Nagorno Karabagh Peace Process,” at World Bank, Washington, DC, February 2000.
“An End to Conflict in Karabagh? Perspectives of Two Peacemakers,”
with Vefa Gulizade, at Open Society Institute Forum at Brookings
Institution, Washington, DC, February 2000.
Series of three seminars for faculty and graduate students on comparative
conflict resolution and one public lecture at Stanford University, February 2000.
“Early Responses in the South Caucasus: The case of Javakheti,” EWI
Workshop I, Tbilisi, October 1999; Workshop II, Brussels January 2000; participant.
“Conflict Resolution in the Post-Soviet Era,” at IREX, Washington, DC,
December 1999; at JFK School of Government, Harvard University, November 1999; at California State University, Los Angeles, May 1999.
“Armenia: Crisis or Opportunity,” at Open Society Institute, NY; at
JFK School of Government, Harvard University, November 1999.
“Roundtable on Armenia,” US State Department, December 2000.
“International Forum on Energy and Environmental Issues in the
Caspian Region,” sponsored by the International Institute for Caspian Studies, September 1999, Ramsar, Iran; participant.
Experts' Conference, “Succession and Long Term Stability in the
Caspian Region,” JFK School of Government, Harvard
University, October 1999, participant.
“Coping with Conflict Resolution,” at UNDP Workshop on “Beyond
Transition: Ten Years after the Fall of the Berlin Wall,” The Hague, October 1999.
Workshop on Regional Cooperation, sponsored by IREX, Istanbul,
June 1999; participant.
“A Caspian Conundrum: US Policy in Conflict with Itself,” at
conference on geopolitics of Energy development in the Caspian Region: Regional Cooperation or Conflict,” organized by CISAC, Stanford University, May 1999.
“Boundaries Without Barriers: The Role of Sub-Regional Relations
in the Eurasian Space,” EWI Workshop in Yerevan, March 1999; participant.
“Armenian National Identity in Flux?” at forum organized by SAIS,
John Hopkins University, May 1999.
“Ethnic Conflicts in the Transcaucasus: Territorial Integrity versus
Self-Determination?” at conference on “The Caspian Labyrinth: Negotiating Security and Prosperity” organized by the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, March 1998.
“Change and Continuity in Armenia Today,” Berkeley Program in
Soviet and Post-Soviet Studies, University of California at Berkely, March 1998.
“Why and How to Promote Regionalism in the CIS,” Roundtable
discussion at conference on “International and Regional Legal Institutions: Opportunities, Risks, and Strategies for Transitioning Economies,” conference organized by the Georgian Consulting Group and the Stanford Program in International Legal Studies, Tbilisi, July 1998; participant.
“Armenia's Foreign and Security Policies in the Caucasus, at conference
on “Conflict in the Caucasus: Yesterday and Today,” organized by the
department of Near Eastern Studies, Princeton University, May 1988.
“Regional Politics: Conflict or Cooperation,” at conference on “Caspian
Pipelines: Building Solutions,” organized by the Cambridge Energy Research Associates in DC, December 1998; participant.
B. TO 1990
Major papers presented
“The Question of Karabagh in the Context of Soviet Nationalities
Policy in the Caucasus.” (1990)
“The Question of Karabagh in the Context of Reforms in the USSR.”
“Understanding Recent Armenian History.” (1989)
“Computerization and 'High Tech' as Ideology of Economic
Development in Soviet Armenia.” (1989)
“Turkish and Armenian Views of the Genocide and of
Turkish-Armenian Relations.” (1989)
“The Political Function of 'New' Economic Development Plans in
Soviet Armenia and in the Armenian Diaspora.” (1989)
“Glasnost, Nationalities Policy, and the Question of Karabagh.” (1988)
“The Politics of Armenian Studies in the Diaspora.” (1988)
“The Civil War in Lebanon and the Armenian Community.” (1988)
“The Democratic Movement in Armenia.” (1988)
“Conflict and Change in Armenian Society.” (1987)
“The Politics of Ethnicity in the Ottoman Empire.” (1987)
“Change and Continuity in Diasporas.” (1987)
“Armenian Political Thought in the 1980's.” (1987)
“Religion and Politics in the Context of the Armenian Question.”
“What is Wrong with the Study of Armeno-Turkish Relations?”
“Revolution and Violence in Armenian Society, 1883-1982.” (1982)
“Armenian Perceptions of Their Recent Past.” (1982)
“Revolution and National Liberation: Problems in Armenian Political Thought.” (1980)
“Peasant Rebellion in Ottoman Armenia.” (1980)
“Soviet Armenia.” 1979.
Annual meetings of the Middle East Studies Association
(UCLA, USC, Columbia University)
Annual Meetings of the American Historical Association
(University of Michigan, San Francisco)
Annual Meeting of the National Association for the Advancement of
Slavic Studies, Washington, DC.
Kennan Institute for International Relations
Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (Denver)
Harvard University: Institute of Politics, Russian Research Center,
Middle East Center
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
London School of Economics
University of London
Université de Paris
Armenian Academy of Sciences, Yerevan
USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow
Free University of Berlin
University of New South Wales, Sydney
University of Toronto
The University of California at Los Angeles
Demokratizatsiya (Washington, DC) Spring 2006 special issue on Armenia, Guest Editor.
Modern Armenia: People. Nation. State. Transaction
Books/Rutgers University, 2004. (French edition in 2007.)
The Challenge of Statehood. Armenian Political Thinking Since
Independence. Blue Crane Books, 1999. (Armenian edition by Armat Association, Yerevan, 1999; French edition by Editions Karthala, Paris, 2000, as “La Construction de l'état en Arménie. Un enjeu caucasien.” Turkish edition by Iletisim Yayinlari, Istanbul, April 2001).
Armenia at the Crossroads (Ed.). Blue Crane Books, Boston, 1991.
The Sumgait Tragedy: Pogroms Against Armenians in Soviet
Azerbaijan (gen. editor for English version). Caratzas and Zoryan
The Karabagh File. Documents and Facts, 1918-1988 (ed.). Zoryan
Institute, Cambridge and Toronto, 1988. [Also published in French by Sevig Press, Paris, 1988.]
The Crime of Silence. Proceedings of the Permanent Peoples'
Tribunal (ed.). Zed Press, London, 1985. (Also published in French and German)
What Is to Be Asked?, ed., Proceedings of Colloquium, Zoryan Institute,
Cambridge, Mass., 1984.
B. MAJOR ARTICLES
[Not included: A large number of interviews to news media in the US, France, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia, Germany, etc.]
“Professor Libaridian Responds to Turkish FM’s Call for “Just memory,” Turkish policy Quarterly website, August 2014.
“Erdogan and His Armenian Problem,” in Turkish Policy Quarterly, Spring 2013.
“ A Critical Moment in Armenian History,” (also in Armenian and French), on web journals, August 2011.
“What Was Revolutionary about the Armenian Revolutionary Parties?”
Muge Gocek, Norman Naimark and Ronald Suny, eds., A Question of Genocide, Oxford University Press, 2011.
“1995 Was a Good Year for the South Caucasus,” in Uluslararas Iliskiler,
Ayce Ergun and Mustafa Aydin eds., Ankara, vol. 7, no. 26, 2010.
“Opportunities Gained and Lost: South Caucasus Security Since
Independence,” in The South Caucasus 2021: Oil, Democracy and Geopolitics, Elkhan Nuriyev, ed., Routledge, London, 2010.
“Democracy: Deviations and Externalities,” The Journal of the
International Institute, Spring 2009
“What Questions Should We Be Asking Today?” in Proceedings of the Colloquium “Wanted for the Future: Clarification! Armenians, Turks, and Europe in the Shadow of World War I,” (Basel, 2006)
“The Elusive ‘Right Formula’: A Historical Analysis of the Official Peace Process,” Accord, (London, Issue Number 17, 2006)
“The Past as Prison, the Past as a Different Future,” Turkish Policy Quarterly, (Istanbul, Number 4, 2005). (Reproduced in Diba Noger Goksel and Zaur Shiriyev, eds., The Political Scene of the Caucasus. A Decade of perspectives. Istanbul, 2013.)
“To Negotiate or Not to Negotiate,” Birikim, in Turkish (Istanbul, Number 193/194, 2004)
“Reassessing Regional Politics and International Relations in the Caucasus,” in Arabic, Sharqname (Summer 2004, Cairo)
“The Role of Organizations, Institutions, and Centers in Armenian
Studies,” The Journal of Armenian Studies, Vol. VII, No. 2, 2003.
“Dilemmas and Dangers of Foreign Policy in the Caucasus,”
Iran and the Caucasus, Volume VI, 2003.
“Rethinking Armenian Studies: The Role of the Zoryan Institute,” in
NAASR Conference proceedings, (forthcoming from NAASR, 2003).
“Armenia’s Foreign Policy,” Central Asia and Caucasus Review, Spring
“Re-imagining the Past, Rethinking the Present: The Future of Turkish-
Armenian relations,” Insight Turkey, Oct.-Dec., 2000.
“Coping with Conflict Resolution in the Post-Soviet Era: The Case of
Nagorno Karabagh,” in Beyond Transition, (UNDP/ISS/CESTRAD, NY, 2000).
“Armenia's Perspective on Regional Dynamics,” in Central Asia and the
South Caucasus: Reorientations, Internal Transitions, and Strategic Dynamics, NIC, Washington, DC, 2000).
“The Significance of the Sacking of the Prime Minister in Armenia,”
SAIS, Johns Hopkins University-SAIS, The Analyst, on the Internet.
“New Approaches to Nagorno-Karabagh: A Window of
Opportunity?” with Arif Yunusov; EastWest Institute Policy Paper No. 3, June 1999.
“Politics of Promises,” Proceedings of American University of Armenia
Conference on The Transcaucasus Today: Prospects of Regional Integration, June 1997.
“Entwicklung und Struktur des armenischen Diaspora,” in Identitat in
der Fremde, M. Dabag and K. Platt, eds., Bochum, 1993.
“Ideology and History: The Problem of Armeno-Kurdish Relations,”
in Studia Kurdica, 1990. [Appeared also in Turkish and Persian in same journal.]
“Armenian Earthquakes and Soviet Tremors,” in Society 3(1989).
“The Ultimate Repression: The Genocide of the Armenians,
1915-1917,” in Genocide and the Modern Age, M. N. Dobkowski and I. Wallimann, editors. Greenwood Press, 1987. [Also translated into French in Temps Modernes (Paris), July-September, 1988.
“The Ideology of Young Turks,” in The Crime of Silence, G. J.
Libaridian, editor. Zed Press, London, 1985. [Also translated in
the French and German editions of the same volume, edited by Gerard Chaliand and Tessa Hofmann, respectively.]
“Nation and Fatherland in Nineteenth Century Western Armenian
Political Thought,” Armenian Review, 3(1983).
“Revolution and Liberation in the 1982 and 1907 Programs of the Dashnaktsutiune,” in Transcaucasia. Nationalism and Social Change, R. G. Suny, editor. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor,
1983 (revised edition, 1996).
“The Changing Self-Image of the Armenian in the Ottoman Empire:
Rayahs and Revolutionaries,” in The Image of the Armenian in
History and Literature, R. G. Hovannisian, editor. Undena Press, Los Angeles, 1981.
“The Armenian Diaspora: Process and Program,” in The Denied
Structure, M. Nshanian, editor. ICOM Press, Milan, Italy, 1980.
“Armenia and Armenians: A Divided Homeland and a Dispersed
Nation,” in Soviet Asian Ethnic Frontiers, W. O. McCagg and B. Silver, editors. Pergamon Press, 1980.
“Objectivity and the Historiography of the Armenian Genocide,” Armenian Review, 1(1978): 79-87.
BOOK REVIEWS AND MISCELLANY
Huberta von Voss (ed.),’s Portraits of Hope. Armenians in the
Contemporary World, (2008), in Journal of Contemporary History, January 2011.
Razmik Panossian’s The Armenians, for the Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies, (2007).
Guenther Lewy’s The Armenian Massacres in Ottoman Turkey. A Disputed Genocide, for the Russian Review (October 2006).
George A. Bournoutian’s A Concise History of the Armenian People, for the International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 36 (1994), No.3.
Kemal Karpat’s Politicization of Islam, in Central Eurasian
Studies Review, Vol.2 (1993), No. 2.
Richard G. Hovannisian’s Republic of Armenia, Vol. 2, in The Middle East
Journal (Summer 1984).
Miscellaneous entries for The New Encyclopedia of Russian History,
(Macmillan Reference/Gale, USA, 2004)
D. BOOKS IN PREPARATION
Anatomy of Conflict. Nagorno Karabagh and the New World Order
(Made possible by a grant from the Arthur D. and Catherine T.
In Search of the Savior: Ideology of Armenian Liberation, 16th-19th
Stunted Nationalism and Unachieved Modernization: The Armenian Church and Political Parties.
IV. OTHER (Recent)
A. ORGANIZER OR CO-ORGANIZER, CONFERENCES/FORUMS
Co-Organizer: International Conference on “Armenians: World War I and Its Legacies,” May 2015, with MIT, Brookings Institution and Carnegie Endowment for Peace, Washington DC.
Organizer: “Open Forum” program, Yerevan, March 2014.
Co-organizer, Sixth meeting of the Workshop for Armenian/Turkish Scholarship, May 2010, University of Geneva.
Organizer, International Conference on “Armenia and Armenians in
International Treaties,” University of Michigan, March 2009
Co-organizer, Workshop on Turkish/Armenian Understanding and
Reconciliation, Princeton University 2009
Co-organizer, Conference on State Building and Foreign Policy in Armenia and the South Caucasus, sponsored jointly with
Columbia University and held at Columbia University, March 2006.
5 Organizer, international conference on “Armenia/the South Caucasus:
Foreign Policy Problems and Challenges,” October 19-24, 2004,
The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES (recent)
Member, Editorial Board, Turkish Policy Quarterly (Istanbul).
Series Editor, Armenian Studies Series, Transaction Publishers.
Member, Editorial Board, Iran and the Caucasus.
Member, Editorial Board, Demokratizatsiya (Washington DC).
Member, Institutional Linkages Committee, Central Eurasian Studies Society (to 2006).
Founding Member, member of the Board of Directors (until 2012), The American Research Institute of the South Caucasus.
Member, Editorial Advisory Board, Central Eurasian Survey (Tehran).
CITED IN THE NEWS
1. National: New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post,
Boston Globe, Los Angeles Times, UPI, Knight-Ridder, and others.
2.International : Le Monde Diplomatique, Le Monde, Le Figaro,
Agence France Presse, Der Spiegel, Süddeutsche Zeitung, The
Economist, The Guardian, The Times, Nizavisimaya Gazeta, Interfax, Itar-Tass, Izvestia, Moscow News, Milliyet, Zaman, Agos, Hurriyet, Jumhuriyet, Sabah, Yeni Yüzil, AnatoliaNews Agency, Tehran Times, and a large number of e-journals internationally.
3. Television and Radio Appearances
McNeil/Lehrer Report, National Public Radio, CNN, CNN-Turk,
BBC, Canadian, French, Australian, Turkish, Iranian, Swedish, Georgian, Armenian, Azerbaijani radio and television.
1999 Alumnus of the Year (Social Sciences), California State University,
1999 Arthur D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Research and
2000 Man of the Year, Knights of Vartan.
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