Plants banned from sale in South Australia




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Plants banned from sale in South Australia – January 2015
Plants banned from sale in South Australia

The plants listed below are recognised as serious weeds and are banned from sale in South Australia pursuant to Section 177 of the Natural Resources Management Act 2004 (refer South Australian Government Gazette 3: 285-297,15 January 2015).


There is a prohibition, throughout South Australia, on selling any plant that appears on this list. This includes the sale of nursery stock, seeds or other propagating material. However, there is no prohibition on selling or transporting a non-living product made from these plants, such as timber from Aleppo pine, herbal medicines containing horehound, or baskets woven from bulbil watsonia leaves.
This list can help you to find the scientific name of a declared plant that may be known by other names. If you are unsure whether a plant offered for sale under a particular name is banned, please contact your regional NRM or Biosecurity SA.
The plants are listed here alphabetically by the common name as used in the declaration. Each plant is listed in the following format:
Common name

alternative common name(s)



Scientific name Author

Synonym(s) Author

Prohibited list
African boxthorn

boksdorn, boxthorn



Lycium ferocissimum Miers

Lycium campanulatum E.Mey. ex C.H.Wright

Lycium macrocalyx Domin
African feathergrass

beddinggras, Boer lovegrass, curved lovegrass, Catalina lovegrass.



Pennisetum macrourum Trin.

Gymnotrix caudata Schrad.

Pennisetum angolense Rendle

Pennisetum asperum Schult.

Pennisetum exile Stapf & C.E.Hubbard

Pennisetum giganteum A.Rich.

Pennisetum natalense Stapf

Pennisetum riparioides A.Rich.

Pennisetum validum Mez
African lovegrass

bergsoetgras, Boer lovegrass, fyngras, weeping lovegrass



Eragrostis curvula (Schrader)Nees except for the cultivar 'Consol'

Poa curvula Schrader

Poa capensis Steud.

Poa filiformis Thunb.

Eragrostis capillifolia Nees

Eragrostis chloromelas Steud.

Eragrostis jeffreysii Hack.

Eragrostis procerior Rendle

Eragrostis robusta Stent

Eragrostis subulata Nees

Eragrostis thunbergiana Steud.
African rue

harmal, isband, peganum, Syrian rue, yüzerlik



Peganum harmala L.

Harmala multifida All.

Harmala peganum Crantz

Harmala syriaca Bubani
Aleppo pine

Jerusalem pine, pino d'Aleppo, pino carrasco



Pinus halepensis Mill.

Pinus abasica Carrière

Pinus arabica Sieber ex Spreng.

Pinus carica D.Don

Pinus genuensis J.Cook

Pinus hispanica J.Cook

Pinus loiseleuriana Carrière

Pinus maritima Mill.

Pinus parolinii Vis.

Pinus penicillus Lapeyr.

Pinus pseudohalepensis Denhardt ex Carrière
Alkali sida

alkali mallow, ivy-leaf sida



Malvella leprosa (Ortega)Krapov.

Malva leprosa Ortega

Sida leprosa (Ortega)Schumann

Malva hederacea Douglas ex Hook.

Sida hederacea (Douglas ex Hook.) Torrey ex A.Gray
Alligator weed

pigweed


Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.)Griseb.

Bucholzia philoxeroides Mart.

Telanthera philoxeroides (Mart.)Moq.

Achyranthes philoxeroides (Mart.)Standley

Alternanthera philoxerina Suess.

Celosia amphibia Salzm.ex Moq.
Apple of Sodom

Solanum linnaeanum Hepper & P.-M.L.Jaeger

Solanum hermannii Dunal

Solanum sodomeum L. var. hermanni (Dunal) Dunal
Arum lily

calla lily, lily of the Nile, pig lily, richardia, St. Joseph's lily, trumpet lily, green goddess, white arum lily



Zantedeschia aethiopica (L.)Spreng.

Calla aethiopica L.

Calla ambigua Salisb.

Colocasia aethiopica (L.) Link

Richardia aethiopica (L.) Spreng.

Richardia africana Kunth
Asparagus fern

myrsiphyllum, climbing asparagus, snakefeather



Asparagus scandens Thunb.

Asparagus pectinatus DC.

Asparagopsis scandens (Thunb.)Kunth

Myrsiphyllum scandens (Thunb.)Oberm.
Athel pine

athel tree, flowering cypress, salt cedar, tamarisk



Tamarix aphylla (L.)H.Karst

Thuja aphylla L.

Tamarix articulata Vahl
Austrocylindropuntia

cane cactus, Eve's pin cactus



Austrocylindropuntia Backeb., all species

Austrocylindropuntia cylindrica (Lam.) Backeb.

Austrocylindropuntia subulata (Muehlenpf.) Backeb.
Azarola

azarola thorn, azarole, Mediterranean medlar, Neapolitan medlar, za'rur



Crataegus × sinaica Boiss.

Crataegus azarola L. var. sinaica (Boiss.)Lange

Crataegus montesantosii Diap.

Mespilus monogyna var. sinaica (Boiss.) Wenz.
Bathurst burr

burrweed, cat's eggs, common cocklebur, daggerweed, prickly burrweed, spiny

burrweed, spiny clotburr, spiny cocklebur, sheep's burr, thorny burrweed

Xanthium spinosum L.

Acanthoxanthium spinosum (L.) Fourr.

Xanthium ambrosioides Hook. & Arn.

Xanthium canescens (Costa) Widder

Xanthium catharticum Kunth

Xanthium xanthocarpon Wallr.
Bellyache bush

cotton-leaf physic nut, red physic nut, purging nut, red fig-nut flower, wild cassava, black physic nut, danmar menah, faux manioc, pinhão roxo



Jatropha gossypiifolia L.

Adenoropium gossypiifolium (L.) Pohl

Jatropha elegans (Pohl) Klotsch

Manihot gossypiifolia (L.) Crantz
Berry heath

berry flower heath



Erica baccans L.

Erica bacciformis Salisb.

Erica moniliformis Salisb.
Bifora

carrot weed, bird’s eye, European bishop



Bifora testiculata (L.)Sprengel

Anidrum testiculatum (L.) Kuntze

Atrema testiculatum (L.) Miq.

Coriandrum testiculatum L.

Bifora dicocca Hoffm.

Bifora flosculosa M.Bieb.

Coriandrum didymum Stokes
Bladder campion

blue-root, rattlebox



Silene vulgaris (Moench)Garcke

Behen vulgaris Moench

Cucubalus alpinus Lam.

Cucubalus behen L.

Cucubalus inflatus Salisb.

Cucubalus latifolius Mill.

Silene cucubalus Wibel

Silene inflata (Salisb.)Sm.

Silene venosa Asch.

Silene wallichiana Klotzsch

Silene zawadskii Fenzl
Blue mustard

beanpodded mustard, chorispora, crossflower, musk mustard, purple mustard, Osaka purple mustard greens, tennella mustard, Waitchie weed



Chorispora tenella (Pall.) DC.

Cheiranthus taraxacifolius Schrank

Chorispermum tenellum R.Br.

Crucifera tenella (Pall.) E.H.L.Krause

Raphanus tenellus Pall.
Bluebell creeeper

Australian bluebell creeper, native bluebell, purple appleberry, sollya, Western Australian bluebell, Western Australian bluebell creeper



Billardiera fusiformis Labill.

Billardiera elongata Schnizl.

Billardiera salicifolia (Marnock) F.Cels

Sollya fusiformis (Labill.) Payer

Sollya salicifolia Marnock
Billardiera heterophylla (Lindl.) L.W. Cayzer & Crisp

Sollya heterophylla Lindl.
Boneseed

African boneseed, bush-tick berry, Higgins' curse



Chrysanthemoides monilifera (L.)T.Norlindh

Osteospermum moniliferum L.

Osteospermum pisiferum L.
Box elder

ash maple, ash-leaf maple, cutleaf maple, elf maple, fu ye feng, ghost maple, negundo maple, Manitoba maple, maple ash, red river maple, sugar ash, three-leaved maple



Acer negundo L.

Acer fauriei H.Lév. & Vaniot

Acer fraxinifolium Nutt.

Acer trifoliatum Raf.

Negundo aceroides (L.) Moench

Negundo negundo (L.) H.Karst.

Negundo texanum (Pax) Rydb.
Bridal creeper

bridal veil creeper, florists' smilax, false smilax, gnarboola, krulkransie, narba, smilax,

smilax asparagus

Asparagus asparagoides (L.)Wight

Medeola asparagoides L.

Myrsiphyllum asparagoides (L.)Willd.

Dracaena medeoloides L.f.

Asparagus medioloides (L.f.)Thunb.

Asparagus kuisibensis Dinter

Asparagus multituberosus R.A.Dyer

Luzuriaga sewelliae (F.Muell.)K.Krause

Myrsiphyllum krausianum Kunth.
Bridal veil

Asparagus declinatus L.

Myrsiphyllum declinatum (L.)Obermeyer

Asparagus decumbens Jacq.

Asparagus crispus Lam.

Asparagus flexuosus Thunb.
Broad-kernel espartillo

spear grass, Chilean ricegrass, puna grass



Amelichloa caudata (Trin.) Arriaga & Barkworth

Stipa caudata Trin.

Achnatherum caudatum (Trin.) S.W.L. Jacobs & J. Everett

Stipa bertrandii Phil.

Stipa litoralis Phil.
Broomrapes

Orobanche, all species except the native Orobanche cernua Loefl. var. australiana (F.Muell. ex Tate) J.M. Black ex G.Beck.); the following introduced broomrapes are known in S.A.:

clover broomrape, common broomrape, devil's root, lesser broomrape, small

broomrape

Orobanche minor Smith

branched broomrape, hemp broomrape, tobacco broomrape



Orobanche crithmi Bertol.

Orobanche maritima Pugsley
branched broomrape

Orobanche ramosa L.

Phelipanche ramosa Pomel

Phelypaea ramosa (L.)C.A.Mey.

Kopsia ramosa (L.)Dumort.

Orobanche mutelii F.W.Schultz,

Orobanche brassicae (Novopokrovsky) Novopokrovsky

Orobanche ramosa subsp. mutelii (F.W.Schultz) Cout.

Kopsia ramosa subsp. mutelii (F.W.Schultz) Arcang.

Phelypaea ramosa subsp. mutelii (F.W.Schultz) Rouy
Buffel grass

black buffel grass, mamu grass



Cenchrus ciliaris L.

Cenchrus bulbosus Fresen. ex Steud.

Cenchrus longifolius Hochst. ex Steud.

Cenchrus melanostachyus A.Camus

Pennisetum cenchroides Rich.

Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link

Pennisetum polycladum Chiov.

Pennisetum rufescens (Desf.) Spreng.
Cloncurry grass, slender buffel grass

Cenchrus pennisetiformis Hochst. & Steud. ex Steud.
Bulbil watsonia

bugle lily, wild watsonia



Watsonia meriana (L.)Miller var. bulbillifera (J.W.Mathews & L.Bolus) D.A.Cooke

Watsonia bulbillifera J.W.Mathews & L.Bolus
Bundy blackberry

plains blackberrry



Rubus laudatus A.Berger

Rubus ablatus L.H.Bailey

Rubus cupressorum Fernald

Rubus gattingeri L.H.Bailey

Rubus pulchriflorus L.H.Bailey
Cabomba

Carolina watershield, fanwort, fish grass, Washington grass, watershield, zhu jie shui

song

Cabomba caroliniana A. Gray

Nectris caroliniana (A. Gray) Steud.

Cabomba aquatica DC.

Cabomba australis Speg.
Calomba daisy

chamomile, matricaria, mayweed, sheepbush, stinking daisy, stinking weed,

wurmbossie, yellow weed, yellowtop

Oncosiphon suffruticosum (L.)Kellersjö

Chamomilla suffruticosa Rydb.

Tanacetum suffruticosum L.

Matricaria suffruticosa (L.)Druce

Pentzia suffruticosa (L.) J.B.Hutchinson ex Merxm.

Cotula tanacetifolia L.

Pentzia tanacetifolia (L.) J.B.Hutchinson ex Merxm.
Caltrop

bindii, bull's head, cathead, cat‟s head, devil‟s thorn, goat‟s head, gokhru, kanti, Malta cross, Mexican sandbur, puncture vine, yellow vine



Tribulus terrestris L.

Tribulus lanuginosus L.
Cane needlegrass

Nassella hyalina (Nees) Barkworth

Stipa hyalina Nees

Stipa avenacea Spreng. ex Trin. & Rupr.
Cape broom

Montpellier broom, French broom, soft broom



Genista monspessulana (L.)L.A.S.Johnson

Cytisus monspessulanus L.

Teline monspessulana (L.)C.Koch

Genista candicans L.

Cytisus candicans (L.)DC.

Cytisus kunzeanus Willk.

Carrion flower

Orbea variegata (L.) Haw.

Stapelia variegata L.

Stisseria variegata (L.) Kuntze
Cats claw creeper

cat's claw climber, cat's-claw vine, catclaw trumpet, funnel creeper, macfadyena, yellow trumpet vine



Dolichandra unguis-cati (L.) L.G.Lohmann

Bignonia unguis-cati L.

Doxantha unguis-cati (L.) Miers

Macfadyena unguis-cati (L.) A.H. Gentry

Bignonia acutistipula Schltdl.

Bignonia gracilis Lodd.

Bignonia inflata Griseb.

Bignonia triantha DC.

Bignonia tweediana Lindl.

Bignonia unguis L.

Dolichandra kohautiana C.Presl

Doxantha radicans Miers

Spathodea kohautiana (C.Presl) Walp.
Chilean needlegrass

Chilean speargrass



Nassella neesiana (Trin. & Rupr.) Barkworth

Stipa neesiana Trin. & Rupr.

Stipa contracta Phil.

Stipa eminens Nees

Stipa setigera J.Presl

Stipa trachysperma Phil.
Climbing asparagus fern

lace fern, ferny asparagus



Asparagus plumosus Baker

Protasparagus plumosus (Baker) Oberm.
Common lantana

kamara lantana, largeleaf lantana, lantana, pink-flowered lantana, redflowered sage



Lantana camara L.

Camara vulgaris Benth.

Lantana aculeata L.

Lantana antidotalis Schumach. & Thonn.

Lantana crocea Jacq.

Lantana flava Medik.

Lantana hirsuta M. Martens & Galleotti

Lantana hybrida Hort. ex Neub.

Lantana mista L.

Lantana nivea Vent.

Lantana sanguinea Medik.

Lantana splendens Medik.

Lantana viburnoides Blanco

These species names have also been used as varietal names within L.. camara.


Coolatai grass

dektamboekiegras, common thatching grass, South African bluestem



Hyparrhenia hirta (L.)Stapf

Andropogon hirta L.

Cymbopogon hirtus (L.)Thomson

Sorghum hirtum (L.)Kuntze

Trachypogon hirtus (L.)Nees

Andropogon giganteus Tenore

Hyparrhenia pubescens (Andersson) Chiov.

Has sometimes been called Tambookie grass in SA


Creeping knapweed

hardhead thistle, hardheads, Russian knapweed



Rhaponticum repens (L.)Hidalgo

Centaurea repens L.

Arcoptilon repens (L.)DC.

Centaurea picris Pallas ex Willd.

Acroptilon picris (Pallas ex Willd.)DC.

Acroptilon angustifolium Cass.

Acroptilon obtusifolium Cass.

Acroptilon serratum Cass.
Cutleaf mignonette

wild mignonette, yellow mignonette, gelbe wau



Reseda lutea L.

Reseda benitoi Sennen

Reseda clausa Muell.-Arg.

Reseda difformis Moench

Reseda fluminensis Simonkai

Reseda gracilis Tenore

Reseda macedonica Form.

Reseda mediterranea L.

Reseda mucronata Tineo

Reseda nainii Maire

Reseda neglecta Muell.-Arg.

Reseda othryana Form.

Reseda podolica Rehm.

Reseda ramosissima Pourr. ex Willd.

Reseda truncata Fisch. & C.A.Mey.

Reseda vinyalsi Sennen

Reseda vivantii P.Monts.

Reseda vulgaris Mill.
Desert ash

Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl, excluding the cultivar 'Raywood'

Fraxinus angustifolia subsp. oxycarpa (Willd.) Franco & Rocha Afonso

Fraxinus excelsior var. angustifolia (Vahl) Fiori & Paol.

Fraxinus excelsior var. oxycarpa (Willd.) Zernov

Fraxinus oxycarpa Willd.

Fraxinus parviflora Ten.

Fraxinus persica Boiss.

Fraxinus rotundifolia Mill.

Fraxinus syriaca Boiss.
Distichlis

desert saltgrass, inland saltgrass, marsh spikegrass, seashore saltgrass



Distichlis spicata (L.)Greene

Uniola spicata L.

Distichlis dentata Rydb.

Distichlis deserticola Phil.

Distichlis hirsuta Phil.

Distichlis maritima Raf.

Distichlis mendocina Phil.

Distichlis stricta (Torr.) Rydb.

Festuca distichophylla Michx.

Poa thalassica Kunth
Dodders

Cuscuta species. Apart from the native C. tasmanica and C. victoriana, the following

introduced dodders are known from SA:


golden dodder, field dodder, large-seeded alfalfa dodder

Cuscuta campestris Yuncker

Cuscuta arvensis Beyr. ex Engelm.

Cuscuta pentagona Engelm. var. calycina Engelm.
red dodder

Cuscuta epithymum (L.)L.

Cuscuta europea L. var. epithymum L.

lesser dodder, small-seeded alfalfa dodder



Cuscuta planiflora Tenore
Chilean dodder, fringed dodder, lucerne dodder

Cuscuta suaveolens Seringe

Engelmannia suaveolens (Ser.) Pfeiff.

Grammica suaveolens (Ser.) Des Moul.

Cuscuta floribunda Kunth

Cuscuta medicaginis C.H. Wright
Dolichos pea

Cape sweet pea, chookhouse vine, climbing dipogon, dunny vine, lavatory creeper, okie bean, purple dolichos



Dipogon lignosus (L.)Verdc.

Dolichos gibbosus Thunb.

Dolichos lignosus L.

Verdcourtia lignosa (L.) R.Wilczek
Dog rose

briar, briar rose, fheirdhris, haggebutt, hunderose, stenros



Rosa canina L.

Rosa adenocalyx Gren.

Rosa beatricis Burnat & Gremli

Rosa ciliato-sepala Blocki

Rosa corymbifera Borkh.

Rosa dumetorum Thuill.

Rosa venosa Sw.
Elodea

oxygen weed, Canadian pondweed, Canadian waterweed, American elodea, American duckweed, anacharis, ditch moss, water thyme



Elodea canadensis Michx.

Anacharis canadensis (Michx.)Planch.

Philotria canadensis (Michx.) Britton
English broom

common broom, Scotch broom



Cytisus scoparius (L.)Link.

Spartium scoparium L.

Sarothamnus scoparius (L.)Wimmer ex W.Koch

Cytisus scoparius ‘Andreanus’

Sarothamnus bourgaei Boiss.

Sarothamnus oxyphyllus Boiss.

Sarothamnus vulgaris Wimm.
Espartillo

Araucanian nedlegrass, narrow-kernel espartillo



Amelichloa brachychaeta (Godr.)Arriaga & Barkworth

Achnatherum brachychaetum (Godr.) Barkworth

Jarava brachychaeta (Godr.) Peñail.

Stipa amphicarpa Phil.

Stipa brachychaeta Godr.
Eurasian water-milfoil

Eurasian milfoil



Myriophyllum spicatum L.
European blackberry

bramble, European blackberry, wild blackberry



Rubus fruticosus L., sp. agg.

but excluding the cultivars 'Silvan', 'Thornfree', 'Smoothstem', 'Black satin', 'Dirkson thornless',

'Tummelberry' and 'Tayberry'.

Detached fruit of blackberry can also be sold and transported.


The commonest species within this aggregate in SA is Rubus anglocandicans A.Newton

Other names that have been applied include:



Rubus anglocandicans A.Newton,

Rubus erythrops Edees & A.Newton

Rubus laciniatus Willd.

Rubus leucostachys Schleich. ex Sm.

Rubus phaeocarpus W.C.R. Watson

Rubus riddelsdellii Rilstone

Rubus rubritinctus W.C.R.Watson

Rubus ulmifolius Schott

Rubus vestitus Weihe
False caper

Geraldton carnation weed, terracina spurge, spurge



Euphorbia terracina L.

Euphorbia affinis DC.

Euphorbia italica Lam.

Euphorbia neapolitana Ten.

Esula terracina (L.) Fourr.
Field bindweed

bindweed, common bindweed, cornbine, European bindweed, lesser bindweed, wild

morning glory

Convolvulus arvensis L.

Convulvulus chinensis Ker Gawl.
Field garlic

crow garlic, false garlic, stags garlic, wild garlic, wild onion



Allium vineale L.

Allium assimile Halácsy

Allium compactum Thuill.

Allium littoreum Bertol.

Allium purshii G.Don

Allium sphaerocephalum Crome ex Schltdl.

Allium subvineale Wendelbo
Fireweed

Senecio madagascariensis Poir.

Senecio bakeri Scott-Elliot

Senecio junodianus O.Hoffm.

Senecio ruderalis Harv.
Flax leaf broom

Genista linifolia L.

Cytisus linifolius (L.) Lam.

Teline linifolia (L.) Webb & Berthel.

Teline gomerae (P.E.Gibbs & Dingwall) Kunkel

Teline rosmarinifolia Webb & Berthel.
Fountain grass

Cenchrus setaceus (Forssk.) Morrone

Phalaris setacea Forssk.

Pennisetum ruppellii Steud.

Pennisetum setaceum (Forssk.) Chiov.
Gamba grass

Andropogon gayanus Kunth

Andropogon guineensis Schumach.

Andropogon reconditus Steud.

Sorghum gayanum (Kunth) Kuntze
Gazania

treasure flower, coastal gazania, trailing gazania, clumping gazania



Gazania Gaertn., all species excluding the cultivars 'Double Gold', 'Montezuma' and 'Sunset Jane'.

Arctotis rigida Burm.f.

Gazania hirtella DC.,

Gazania krebsiana Less.

Gazania leiopoda (DC.) Roessler

Gazania leucolaena DC.

Gazania linearis (Thunb.) Druce

Gazania longiscapa DC.

Gazania maritima Levyns

Gazania pavonia R.Br.

Gazania pectinata Spreng.

Gazania rigens (L.) Gaertn.

Gazania rigida (Burm.f.) Roessler

Gazania serrata DC.

Gazania splendens Hend. & A.A.Hend.

Gazania uniflora (L.f.) Sims

Gorteria linearis Thunb.

Gorteria uniflora L.f.

Othonna rigens L.
Giant arrowhead

arrowhead, Californian arrowhead, sagittaria



Sagittaria montevidensis Cham. & Schltdl.

subsp. montevidensis

subsp. calycina (Engelm.)Bogin

Sagittaria pugioniformis var. montevidensis (Cham. & Schltdl.)Kuntze
Gorse

furze, golden gorse, whin



Ulex europaeus L.

Ulex compositus Moench

Ulex floridus Salisb.

Ulex hibernicus G.Don

Ulex major Thore

Ulex opistholepis Webb
Ground asparagus

Sprenger asparagus, emerald fern



Asparagus aethiopicus L. excluding the cultivar 'Myersii'

Asparagopsis aethiopica (L.) Kunth

Asparagus aculeatus Voss

Asparagus laetus Salisb.

Asparagus sprengeri Regel

Asparagus maximus Voss

Protasparagus aethiopicus (L.) Oberm.
Hoary cress

heart-pod hoary cress, hoary pepperwort, Thanet cress, whitetop, whiteweed, whitlow pepperwort



Cardaria draba (L.)Desv.

Lepidium draba L.
Horehound

houndsbane, white horehound



Marrubium vulgare L.

Marrubium apulum Ten.

Marrubium germanicum Schrank ex Steud.

Marrubium hamatum Kunth

Marrubium uncinatum Stokes
Horsetail

foxtail rush, horsepipes, joint grass, mares tail, meadow pine, pewterwort, scouring

rush, shave grass, snake grass

Equisetum all species, the following may be present in S.A.

Equisetum arvense L.

Equisetum hyaemale L.
Hydrocotyle

water pennywort



Hydrocotyle ranunculoides L.f.

Hydrocotyle batrachioides DC.

Hydrocotyle nutans G. Don ex Loudon
Hymenachne

olive hymenachne, trompetilla, water star grass, West Indian grass



Hymenachne amplexicaulis (Rudge)Nees

Panicum amplexicaule Rudge

Agrostis monostachya Poir
Hymenachne × calamitosa J.R. Clarkson
Innocent weed

Bohena beauty, gentle Annie, hedgehog grass, spiny burrgrass



Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.)Fernald

Cenchrus echinatus L. forma longispinus Hack.

Cenchrus carolinianus Walter

Cenchrus pauciflorus Benth. var. longispinus (Hack.) Jansen & Wacht
American burrgrass, bayonet grass, coast sandbur, dune sandbur, hedgehog grass, lesser burrgrass, spiny burrgrass, spring burrgrass

Cenchrus incertus M.Curtis

Cenchrus humilis Hitchc.

Cenchrus pauciflorus Benth.
Italian buckthorn

buckthorn, blowfly bush



Rhamnus alaternus L.

Alaternus angustifolia Mill.

Alaternus balearica Duhamel ex Steud.

Alaternus glabra Mill.

Alaternus hispanicus Steud.

Alaternus latifolia Mill.

Alaternus phylica Mill.

Alaternus rotundifolia Steud.

Alaternus variegata Steud.

Rhamnus clusii Willd.

Rhamnus myrtifolia Willk.
Khaki weed

creeping chaffweed, khaki burr, mat chaff-flower, washerwoman



Alternanthera caracasana Kunth

Telanthera caracasana (Kunth) Moq.

Alternanthera pungens Kunth

Illecebrum pungens (Kunth) Spreng.

Telanthera pungens (Kunth) Moq.

Achyranthes nivea Aiton

Achyranthes repens L.

Alternanthera repens (L.) Kuntze

Alternanthera achyrantha R.Br.

Alternanthera echinata Sm.
Kochia

Mexican fireweed



Bassia scoparia (L.)A.J. Scott excluding the ornamental cultivar 'Trichophylla', which is known as summer cypress or burning bush

Chenopodium scoparia L.

Kochia scoparia (L.)Schrader

Kochia densiflora Turcz. ex Moq.

Atriplex scoparia (L.)Crantz

Salsola scoparia (L.)M.Bieb.

Kochia scoparia var. subvillosa Moq.

Kochia virgata Kostel

Kochia densiflora Turcz. ex Moq.

Suaeda sieversiana Pall.

Bassia sieversiana (Pall.) W.A.Weber

Kochia parodii Aellen
Lagarosiphon

African elodea, curly water thyme, oxygen weed, coarse oxygen weed



Lagarosiphon major (Ridl.) Moss

Lagarosiphon muscoides var. major Ridl.

Elodea crispa hort.

Elodea major hort.
Leafy elodea

Brazilian elodea, dense waterweed, anacharis



Egeria densa Planch.

Elodea densa (Planch.)Casp.

Anacharis densa (Planch.)Vict.

Philotria densa (Planch.) Small

Elodea canadensis var. gigantea hort.
Lincoln weed

Chilpanunda weed, narrow-leaved wall-mustard, perennial rocket, perennial wall-rocket, sand rocket, Teetulpa weed, wild rocket



Diplotaxis tenuifolia (L.)DC. excluding plants grown or harvested as a vegetable crop.

Sisymbrium tenuifolium L.

Brassica tenuifolia (L.)Fries

Diplotaxis fruticulosa Tod. ex Caruel

Diplotaxis ramosissima Spreng.

Diplotaxis variabilis Rochel

Eruca perennis Mill.

Sisymbrium acre Lam.
Madeira vine

asahi-kazura, binahong, dheng san chi, luo kui shu, mignonette vine, gulf Madeira vine, bridal wreath, lamb’s tails, basell potatoes



Anredera cordifolia (Tenore) Steenis

Boussingaultia cordifolia Tenore

Boussingaultia cordata Spreng.

Boussingaultia gracilis Miers
May

English hawthorn, may thorn, single-seed hawthorn, whitethorn



Crataegus monogyna Jacq.

Crataegus dissecta Borkh.

Crataegus floribunda Gand.

Crataegus oxyacantha L.

Mespilus monogyna (Jacq.)All.
Mesquite

Prosopis, all species. The following are known to be present in Australia:
honey mesquite, Texas mesquite

Prosopis glandulosa Torrey

Neltuma constricta (Sarg.) Britton & Rose
Prosopis juliflora (Sw.)DC.

Mimosa juliflora Sw.

Acacia juliflora (Sw.) Willd.

Prosopis bracteolata DC.

Prosopis cumanensis (Willd.) Kunth

Prosopis domingensis DC.
algaroba

Prosopis pallida (Willd.)Kunth.

Acacia pallida Willd.

Prosopis limensis Benth.
Arizona mesquite, Quilpie mesquite, velvet mesquite

Prosopis velutina Wooton

Prosopis chilensis var. velutina (Wooton) Standl.

Neltuma velutina (Wooton) Britton & Rose
Mexican feathergrass

Nassella tenuissima (Trin.)Barkworth

Stipa tenuissima Trin.

Stipa tenuissima Trin. var. planicola Speg.

Stipa cirrosa E.Fourn., Mexic.

Stipa geniculata Phil.

Stipa mendocina Phil.

Stipa oreophila Speg.

Stipa subulata E.Fourn.
Miconia

Miconia Ruiz & Pav. all species including the following four which are of concern in tropical Queensland:

Miconia calvescens DC.

Miconia cionotricha Uribe

Miconia nervosa Triana

Miconia racemosa (Aubl.)DC
Mimosa

bashful bush, catclaw mimosa, giant mimosa, giant sensitive tree, sensitive plant, thorny sensitive plant



Mimosa pigra L.

Mimosa asperata L.

Mimosa brasiliensis Niederl.

Mimosa canescens Willd.

Mimosa ciliata Willd.

Mimosa hispida Willd.

Mimosa polyacantha Willd.
Mirror bush

New Zealand mirror bush, shiny leaf, taupata



Coprosma repens A.Rich., excluding any named cultivars

Coprosma baueriana Hook.f.

Coprosma retusa Hook.f.

Coprosma stockii B.S.Williams
Muskweed

birds-eye cress, mitre cress



Myagrum perfoliatum L.

Rapistrum perfoliatum (L.) Bergeret

Crucifera myagrum E.H.L.Krause
Nightstock

night-scented stock, two-horned stock, evening stock



Matthiola longipetala (Vent.)DC.

subsp. bicornis (Sibth. & Smith)Ball



Cheiranthus bicornis Sibth. & Smith

Cheiranthus longipetalus Vent.

Matthiola bicornis (Sibth. & Sm.) DC.

Matthiola oxyceras DC.

Triceras bicorne (Sibth. & Sm.) Maire
Noogoora burrs

Californian burr, beach cocklebur, burrweed, clotburr, cocklebur, ditchburr, European

cocklebur, heartleaf cocklebur, Italian cocklebur, large cocklebur, rough cocklebur,

sheeps' burr



Xanthium strumarium sp. agg. including, but not exclusively, the following names:

Xanthium californicum Greene

Xanthium canadense Mill.

Xanthium cavanillesii Schouw. ex Didr.

Xanthium chinense Mill.

Xanthium echinatum Murray

Xanthium italicum Moretti

Xanthium occidentale Bertol.

Xanthium orientale L.

Xanthium pungens Wallr.
Nutgrass

sedge nutgrass, coco grass, motha, mustak, nagarmotha, purple nutsedge, red nutsedge, xiang fu



Cyperus rotundus L.

Chlorocyperus rotundus (L.)Palla

Pycreus rotundus (L.) Hayek

Cyperus bicolor Vahl

Cyperus maritimus Bojer

Cyperus tuberosus Rottb.
One-leaf Cape tulip

Moraea flaccida (Sweet)Goldblatt

Homeria flaccida Sweet

Homeria collina var. flaccida (Sweet)Klatt

Homeria collina var. miniata minor Ker Gawler

Homeria bicolor (Baker) Klatt

Homeria collina var. bicolor Baker

Homeria breyniana (L.)G.J.Lewis
Orange hawkweed

tawny hawkweed, grim-the-collier, fox-and-cubs, habichtskraut, devil's paintbrush



Hieracium aurantiacum L.

Pilosella aurantiaca (L.) F.W.Schultz & Sch.Bip.

Hieracium brunneocroceum Pugsley

Hieracium subaurantiacum (Nägeli & Peter) Prain
Ornamental asparagus

Asparagus africanus Lam.

asparagus fern, climbing asparagus



Asparagopsis scoparia Kunth

Asparagus cooperi Baker

Asparagus multiflorus Baker

Protasparagus africanus (Lam.)Oberm.

Protasparagus multiflorus (Baker) Oberm.
Parkinsonia

palo verde, cina-cina, horse bean, jellybean tree, Jerusalem thorn, Mexican palo verde, ratama



Parkinsonia aculeata L.

Parkinsonia thornberi M.E.Jones
Parthenium weed

bitterweed, congress grass, false ragweed, ragweed parthenium, bitter broom, carrot grass, santa maria, santa maria feverfew, whitetop, whitehead



Parthenium hysterophorus L.

Argyrochaeta bipinnatifida Cav.

Echetrosis pentasperma Phil.

Parthenium glomeratum Rollins

Parthenium lobatum Buckley
Perennial ragweeds

Ambrosia all species; the following are known to occur in South Australia:
burr ragweed, weakleaf burr ragweed

Ambrosia confertiflora DC

Franseria confertiflora (DC.)Rydb.

Franseria tenuifolia Harv.& A.Gray
western ragweed, cuman ragweed

Ambrosia psilostachya DC

Ambrosia coronopifolia Torrey & Gray

Ambrosia rugelii Rydb.

lacy ragweed



Ambrosia tenuifolia Sprengel
Perennial thistle

Californian thistle, Canada thistle, corn thistle, creeping thistle



Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.

Carduus arvensis (L.) Robson

Serratula arvensis L.

Cirsium dioicum Cass.

Cirsium incanum (S.G.Gmel.) M.Bieb.
Plumerillo

jarava, South American ricegrass



Jarava plumosa (Spreng.) S.W.L. Jacobs & Jeverist

Calamagrostis plumosa Spreng.

Stipa papposa Nees

Achnatherum papposum (Nees) Barkworth
Poison buttercup

cursed buttercup, celery buttercup, shi long rui, celery-leaved buttercup



Ranunculus sceleratus L.

Batrachium sceleratum (L.) Th.Fr. ex A.Pihl

Ranunculus holophyllus Hance

Ranunculus oryzetorum Bunge

Hecatonia palustris Lour.

Adonis palustris Raeusch.
Poison ivy

markweed, caquistle, sumac grimpant



Toxicodendron radicans (L.)Kuntze

Rhus radicans L.

Rhus toxicodendron L.

Toxicodendron negundo Greene
Polygala

Bellarine pea, boukappie and septemberbosssie



Polygala myrtifolia L.

Polygala amoena Thunb.

Polygala myrtifolia var. amoena (Thunb.) Harv.

Polygala myrtifolia var. grandiflora Hook.
Pond apple

bullock's heart



Annona glabra L.

Annona palustris L.
Prickly acacia

babal, babul, blackthorn, gum arabic tree, lekkerruikpeul, prickly mimosa, Winton

prickle bush

Acacia nilotica (L.)Willd. ex Delile subsp. indica (Benth.)Brenan

Acacia scorpioides var. nilotica (L.)A.Chev.

Mimosa nilotica L.
Prickly pear

bunny-ears cactus, camuesa, chain-link cactus, creeping pear, devil‟s rope, drooping prickly pear, drooping tree-pear, Gracemere pear, grizzly-bear cactus, Joseph‟s coat cactus, Lindheimer prickly pear, pest pear, rabbit ears, smooth pest-pear, smooth tree-pear, spiny pest pear, teddy-bear cactus, tiger pear, velvet pear, velvet tree pear, Westwood pear, wheel cactus, wheel pear.



Opuntia spp. (all except O. ficus-indica L.).

Cylindropuntia (Englem.)Knuth
Primrose willow

Peruvian primrose bush, water primrose



Ludwigia peruviana (L.) H.Hara

Jussiaea peruviana L.

Jussiaea mollis Kunth

Oenothera hirta L.

Jussiaea grandiflora sensu hort., non Michx.
Ragwort

benweed, St James’ wort, ragweed, staggerwort, tansy ragwort



Senecio jacobaea L.

Jacobaea vulgaris Gaertn.

Senecio flosculosus Jord.

Senecio jacobaeoides Willk.
Rhus tree

Japanese tallow tree, scarlet rhus, sumac, wax tree



Toxicodendron succedaneum (L.)Kuntze

Rhus succedanea L.
Rubber vine

Indiarubber vine, liane de gatope, palay rubbervine



Cryptostegia grandiflora R.Br.

Nerium grandiflorum Roxb.
Sagittaria

arrowhead, elliptic-leaved arrowhead, chi gou, nar gou



Sagittaria platyphylla (Engelm.) J.G.Sm

Sagittaria graminea Michx. var. platyphylla Engelm.

Sagittaria mohrii J.G. Sm. ex Mohr

Sagittaria teres S.Watson
Salvation Jane

broadleaf, Paterson‟s curse, purple bugloss, Riverina bluebell



Echium plantagineum L.

Echium bonariense Poir.

Echium lycopsis L. ex Grufb.

Echium plantaginoides Roem. & Schult.

Echium violaceum L.
Salvinia

African payal, kariba weed, water fern



Salvinia adnata Desv.

Salvinia molesta D.S. Mitch.
Seeding pampas grasses

Cortaderia all species; including
pink pampas grass

Cortaderia jubata (Lemoine ex Carrière)Stapf

Gynerium jubatum Lemoine ex Carrière

Gynerium pygmaeum Meyen
common pampas grass

Cortaderia selloana (Schult.) Asch. & Graebn.

Arundo selloana Schult. & Schult.f.

Cortaderia argentea (Nees) Stapf

Gynerium argenteum Nees

Gynerium purpureum Carrière
toe-toe

Cortaderia richardii (Endl.)Zotov

Arundo richardii Endl.

Arundo kakao Steud.

Gynerium zeelandicum Steud.
Senegal tea

spade leaf plant, temple plant



Gymnocoronis spilanthoides DC.

Alumina spilanthoides D.Don ex Hook. & Arn.

Gymnocoronis subcordata DC.
Serrated tussock

nassella tussock, Yass river tussock, Yass tussock



Nassella trichotoma (Nees)Hack. ex Arechav.

Stipa trichotoma Nees

Agrostis trichotoma Nees ex Trin.

Caryochloa trichotoma (Nees) Kuntze

Oryzopsis trichotoma (Nees) Druce

Urachne trichotoma (Nees) Trin

Piptatherum macrantherum Nees ex Steud.
Silverleaf nightshade

bitter apple, sataansbos, tomato weed, white horsenettle, bullnettle



Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav.

S. dealbatum Lindl.

S. flavidum Torrey

S. leprosum Ortega

S. obtusifolium Dunal

S. roemerianum Scheele

S. texense Engelman & Gray
Skeleton weed

devil’s grass, gum succory, hogbite, naked weed, rush skeletonweed



Chondrilla juncea L.

Chondrilla acantholepis Boiss.

Chondrilla angustissima Hegetschw.

Chondrilla bornmuelleri Haeckel

Chondrilla brevirostris Fisch. & C.A. Mey.

Chondrilla canescens Kar. & Kir.

Chondrilla graminea M.Bieb.

Chondrilla gummifera Iljin

Chondrilla latifolia M.Bieb.

Chondrilla rigens Rchb.

Chondrilla virgata J.Presl & C.Presl
Spiny rush

sharp rush, sharp-pointed rush, sharp sea rush



Juncus acutus L.

Juncus karelinii Steud.

Juncus multibracteatus Tineo

Juncus spinosus Forssk.

Juncus variegatus Caruel
Swamp oak

Brazilian oak, cadigal, grey sheoak, guman, longleaf ironwood, saltmarsh ironwood, scaly-bark beefwood, swamp sheoak



Casuarina glauca Sieber ex Spreng.

Casuarina obtusa Miq.

Casuarina torulosa Miq.

Casuarina obesa Miq.
Sweet briar

eglantine, briar rose, sweetbriar



Rosa rubiginosa L.

Rosa eglanteria L.

Rosa nemoralis Léman
Sweet pittosporum

native daphne, Australian cheesewood, Victorian box, mock orange



Pittosporum undulatum Vent.
Tamarisks

salt cedars



Tamarix parviflora DC.

Tamarix cretica Bunge

Tamarix lucronensis Sennen & Elias

Tamarix rubella Batt.
Tamarix ramosissima Ledeb.

Tamarix altaica Nied.

Tamarix eversmannii C.Presl ex Bunge

Tamarix odessana Steven ex Bunge
Texas needlegrass

Nassella leucotricha (Trin.& Rupr.)R.W.Pohl

Stipa leucotricha Trin.& Rupr.

Stipa ciliata Scheele
Three-corner Jack

Cape spinach, devil's face, doublegee, dubbeltjie, goat's head burr, jackie, prickly jack, spiny emex



Emex australis Steinh.

Emex centropodium Meisn.
Tree heath

Erica arborea L.

Erica elata Hoffmanns. & Link

Erica procera Salisb.

Erica scoparia Thunb.
Two-leaf Cape tulip

poison tulip, rooitulp, wild eschallot



Moraea miniata Andrews

Homeria miniata (Andrews)Sweet

Homeria albida L.Bolus

Homeria lineata Sweet

Moraea gigantea Klatt

Moraea lineata (Sweet)Steud.
Variegated thistle

blessed milk thistle, bull thistle, cabbage thistle, Gundagai thistle, holy thistle, milk

thistle, Our Lady's thistle, spotted milk thistle, spotted thistle, St Mary's thistle,

variegated artichoke



Silybum marianum (L.)J.Gaertner

Carduus marianus L.

Carduus lactifolius Stokes

Carduus mariae Crantz

Cirsium maculatum Scop.

Silybum maculatum (Scop.) Moench
Water caltrop

European water chestnut, horn nut, Jesuit's nut, leng gok



Trapa natans L.

Trapa bicornis Osbeck

Trapa chinensis Lour.

Trapa cochinchinensis Lour.

Trapa quadricornis Stokes

Trapa quadrispinosa Roxb.
Water dropwort

corky-fruit water dropwort



Oenanthe pimpinelloides L.

Oenanthe angulosa Griseb.

Oenanthe incrassans Bory & Chaub.

Oenanthe thracica Griseb.
Water hyacinth

bèo lộc bình, bèo nhật ban, bèo tây, dai soy ping, po piu, lilac devil, Nile lily, jacinto de agua, water orchid



Eichhornia crassipes (C.Martius) Solms

Pontederia crassipes C. Martius

Eichhornia speciosa Kunth

Eichhornia crassicaulis Schltdl.

Eichhornia speciosa Kunth.

Priaropus mesomelas Raf.

Heteranthera formosa Miq.
Water soldier

crab's claw, pineapple plant, water aloe



Stratiotes aloides L.

Stratiotes aculeatus Stokes

Stratiotes aquaticus Pall.

Stratiotes generalis E.H.L.Krause
White weeping brooms

Retama monosperma (L.) Boiss.

Spartium monospermum L.

Lygos monosperma (L.) Heywood
Retama raetam (Forssk.) Webb

Genista raetam Forssk.

Lygos raetam (Forssk.) Heywood

Retama duriaei (Spach) Webb
Willows

basket willow, black willow, Chilean willow, crack willow, cricket bat willow, goat willow, golden weeping willow, golden willow, Matsudana hybrid willows, New Zealand hybrid willows, osier, sallow, white willow



Salix all species except S. babylonica L., S. X calodendron Wimmer and S. X reichardtii

A.Kern.
Witchweeds



Striga all species except Striga curviflora (R.Br.) Benth., Striga multiflora Benth., Striga parviflora (R.Br.) Benth. and Striga squamigera W.R.Barker, which are regarded as native to Australia.
Yellow burrweed

amsinckia, bugloss fiddleneck, fiddleneck, tarweed, yellow forget-me-not, yellow



gromwell

Amsinckia all species; the following names have been applied in S.A.

Amsinckia calycina (Moris)Chater

Lithospermum calycinum Moris

Amsinckia hispida (Ruiz & Pav.) I.M.Johnston

Amsinckia angustifolia Lehm.

Lithospermum hispidum Ruiz & Pav.
Amsinckia lycopsoides (Lehm.)Lehm.

Benthamia lycopsoides (Lindl. ex Lehm.) Druce

Lithospermum lycopsoides Lehm.
Amsinckia menziesii (Lehm.)A.Nelson & Macbride

Echium menziesii Lehm.

Amsinckia intermedia Fisch. & C.A. Mey.



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