Plant species inventoried in the Homegardens in the three districts of Barak Valley, Assam. Species Family Local name Uses




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S1. Plant species inventoried in the Homegardens in the three districts of Barak Valley, Assam.


Species Family Local name Uses

Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. ex Benth. Fabaceae Akashmoni Ornamental, timber, nitrogen fixer

Actephila excelsa (Dalz.) Muell.-Arg. Euphorbiaceae Sundhi Timber, fuelwood

Actinodaphne angustifolia (Blume) Nees Lauraceae Tejpat sundhi Timber

Adenanthera pavonina L. Fabaceae Roti gaach/ Timber, ornamental, seeds used as weights by jewelers

Saada chandan



Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr. Rutaceae Bael Religious, medicinal, fruit, commercial value of fruits

Aglaia hiernii Visw. & Ramech. Meliaceae Raata Timber, fuelwood

Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth. Fabaceae Assame Siris Timber, nitrogen fixer, shade tree

Albizia odoratissima (L.f.) Benth. Fabaceae Kala siris Timber, nitrogen fixer, shade tree

Albizia procera (Roxb.) Benth. Fabaceae Loha Siris Timber, nitrogen fixer, shade tree

Albizia saman (Jacq.)Merr. Fabaceae Mokka tetul Ornamental, timber, nitrogen fixer

Alphonsea ventricosa (Roxb.) Hook. f. & Thomson Annonaceae Pakhna kola Timber

Alseodaphne owdenii R. Parker Lauraceae Maricha sundhi Timber

Alstonia scholaris (L.) R. Br. Apocynaceae Chatim Medicinal, timber, twig used as toothbrush

Annona reticulata L. Annonaceae Aata Medicinal, fruit, fuelwood

Annona squamosa L. Annonaceae Sitaphal Medicinal, fruit, fuelwood

Species Family Local name Uses

Anthocephalus chinensis (Lam.) Rich. & Walp. Rubiaceae Kadam Religious, timber

Aporusa octandra (Buch-Ham: ex D.Don) Vick. Euphorbiaceae Lalka Fuelwood

Aquilaria malaccensis Lamk. Thymelaeaceae Agar Fragrance oil, timber, religious, commercial value of tree for

agarwood

Ardisia solanacea (Poir.) Roxb. Myrsinaceae Unknown Fuelwood

Areca catechu L. Arecaceae Supari/ Kwa Masticatory, timber, leaf for fencing,commercial value of fruits

Artocarpus chama Buch-Hum. Moraceae Sonapati chaam Fruit, timber, boat making, agricultural implements

Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. Moraceae Kaathal Fruit, vegetable, timber, fodder,commercial value of fruits,

agricultural implements

Artocarpus lacucha Buch.-Ham. Moraceae Dewachaam Fruit, timber

Averrhoa carambola L. Averrhoaceae Kamranga Medicinal, fruit, fuelwood

Azadirachta indica A. Juss. Meliaceae Neem Medicinal, religious, timber

Baccaurea ramiflora Lour. Euphorbiaceae Bhubi Fruit, fuelwood

Bambusa assamica Barooah & Borthakur Poaceae Mirtinga Construction

Bambusa balcooa Roxb. Poaceae Kaata baruah Construction, paper making
Species Family Local name Uses

Bambusa cacharensis R. Majumder Poaceae Bethua Construction, agriculture, fishing implements, roofing and

fencing

Bambusa nutans Wall. ex Munro. Poaceae Bakaal Construction

Bambusa vulgaris Schrader Poaceae Jai baruah Construction, fencing, paper making

Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertn. Barringtoniaceae Pani Hijal Fuelwood, boat making, small timber

Bauhinia malabarica Roxb. Fabaceae Kanchan lakri Ornamental, nitrogen fixer

Bauhinia racemosa Lam. Fabaceae Kanchan Ornamental, fencing, timber nitrogen fixer

Bauhinia variegata L. Fabaceae Kanchan lakri/ Timber, fencing, nitrogen fixer

Rakta chandan



Beilschmiedia roxburghiana Nees. Lauraceae Maricha sundhi Timber, fuelwood

Bombax ceiba L. Bombacaceae Semul tula Timber, fibre, commercial value of fruits

Bridelia glauca Blume Phyllanthaceae Kassaphal Fuel wood

Bridelia tomentosa Blume Phyllanthaceae Phutphute Fuelwood

Butea monosperma (Lam.)Taub. Fabaceae Palash Timber, fodder

Callicarpa arborea Roxb. Verbenaceae Pakhiranga Fuelwood

Carallia brachiata (Lour.) Merr. Rhizophoraceae Mathan Timber

Species Family Local name Uses

Carica papaya L. Caricaceae Papaya/ Awathabee Fruit, Vegetable, medicinal, commercial value of fruits

Caryota urens L. Arecaceae Chaal gua Timber, fruit

Castanopsis indica (Roxb. ex Lindl.) A.DC. Fagaceae Rongphul Small timber, fuelwood

Castanopsis purpurella (Miq.) N.P. Balakr. Fagaceae Saada kaata Timber

Chaetocarpus castanicarpus (Roxb.) Thw. Euphorbiaceae Jhokhi jaam Timber

Chrysophyllum lanceolatum (Bl.) DC. Sapotaceae Pithali Fruit, timber

Cinnamomum tamala Nees. & Eberm. Lauraceae Tejpata Spice, commercial value of leaf

Citrus grandis (L.) Osbeck. Rutaceae Jambura/ Nobap Fruit, fuelwood, commercial value of fruits

Citrus medica L. Rutaceae Jamir Fruit, medicinal

Citrus reticulata Blanco. Rutaceae Komla Fruit, fuelwood, commercial value of fruits

Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeek Rutaceae Not known Fruit, medicinal

Cocos nucifera L. Arecaceae Narikal Fruit, timber, medicinal, leaf for fencing, commercial value of

fruits

Crataeva nurvala Ham. Capparidaceae Barun Timber

Croton joufra Roxb. Euphorbiaceae Putla Fuelwood
Species Family Local name Uses

Cryptocarya amygdalina Nees Lauraceae Aampati sundhi Timber, fuelwood, agricultural implements

Cynometra polyandra Roxb. Fabaceae Ping Timber, religious

Dendrocalamus sp. Poaceae bhulka bans construction, agricultural implements

Derris robusta (Roxb. ex DC.) Benth. Fabaceae Kesiyar siris Fencing, shade tree

Dillenia indica L. Dilleniaceae Chailta Fruit, medicinal, small timber

Dysoxylum binectariferum (Roxb.) Hook. f. Meliaceae Raata Timber

Dysoxylum reticulatum King Meliaceae Jungle raata Timber

Ehretia acuminata R.Br. Boraginaceae Kaala huja Timber

Ehretia acuminata R.Br. var.serrata (Roxb.) Johns. Boraginaceae Kaala huja Timber

Elaeocarpus floribundus Bl. Elaeocarpaceae Jalpui Fruit

Elaeocarpus varunua Buch.-Ham. ex Mast. Elaeocarpaceae Jungle jalpui Fuelwood, small timber

Erioglossum rubiginosum Bl. Sapindaceae Jaam Fruit, fuelwood

Erythrina variegata L. Fabaceae Madar/ Farad Fencing, timber, nitrogen fixer, medicinal

Eucalyptus maculata Hook. var. citriodora Bailey. Myrtaceae Vicks Timber, essential oil

Eurya acuminata DC. Theaceae Ghumri chapata Fuelwood

Ficus benghalensis L. Moraceae Bot Religious, timber

Species Family Local name Uses

Ficus hispida Vahl. Moraceae Dumur Fuelwood, fodder

Ficus nervosa Heyne. ex Roth. Moraceae Junglee dumur Fuelwood

Ficus racemosa L. Moraceae Jogya dumur Fuelwood, fodder

Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch. Flacourtiaceae Lukluki Fruit, fuelwood

Friesodielsia fornicata (Roxb.) D. Das Annonaceae Saada dhamin Small timber, fuel wood

Garcinia kydia Roxb. Clusiaceae Sakhrol Fruit, fuelwood

Garcinia xanthocymus Hook. f. Clusiaceae Tepu tenga/ Belphoi Fruit, fuelwood

Gigantochloa albociliata (Munro) Kurz. Poaceae Kaala sundhi Construction, agriculture, roofing and fencing

Glochidion assamicum Hook.f. Euphorbiaceae Lalka Fuelwood

Glochidion lanceolarium (Roxb.) Voigt. Euphorbiaceae Lalka Small timber, fuelwood

Glochidion zeylanicum var. arborescens Euphorbiaceae Phutphute Fuelwood

(Blume) Chakrab. & M.Gangop.



Gmelina arborea Roxb. Verbenaceae Gambhar/ Wuang Timber, fodder

Grewia microcos L. Tiliaceae Dhamin Timber, fuelwood

Grewia nervosa (Lour.) Panigr. Tiliaceae Patwa Timber, fuelwood, fodder

Indigofera zollingeriana Miq. Fabaceae Indigofera Ornamental, small timber, nitrogen fixer

Species Family Local name Uses

Jatropha curcas L. Euphorbiaceae Bherenda Fencing, medicinal

Lagerstroemia reginae Roxb. Lythraceae Jarul Timber, Boat making, agricultural implements

Lannea coromondelica (Houtt.) Merr. Anacardiaceae Jeol Medicinal fencing

Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit Fabaceae Telikadam Fruit and leaf as vegetables, nitrogen fixer

Licuala peltata Roxb. Arecaceae Chophi Leaf fencing, fruit, small timber

Litchi chinensis (Gaertn.) Sonner. Sapindaceae Lechu Fruit, timber, fuelwood, cash

Litsea glutinosa (Lour.) Robins Lauraceae Champa sundhi Timber, agricultural implements

Litsea monopetala (Roxb.) Pers. Lauraceae Bot sundhi Timber, agricultural implements

Litsea salicifolia (Roxb. ex Wall.) Hook. Lauraceae Tejpat sundhi Timber, fuelwood

Macaranga indica Wight. Euphorbiaceae Mali Fuelwood

Macaranga lowii King. Euphorbiaceae Gulli lakri Fuelwood

Madhuca latifolia (Roxb.) Macbr. Sapotaceae Mahua Timber

Maesa montana A.DC. Myrsinaceae Panpatti Fuelwood

Maesa ramentacea (Roxb.) A. DC. Myrsinaceae Panpatti Fuelwood

Mallotus nudiflorus (L.) Kulju & Welzen Euphorbiaceae Gurail Timber

Mangifera indica L. Anacardiaceae Aam Fruit, timber, religious, commercial value of fruits

Species Family Local name Uses

Mangifera sylvatica Roxb. Anacardiaceae Jungli aam Timber

Melia azedarach L. Meliaceae Bukam/ Maha neem Timber, fuelwood, fodder

Melocanna baccifera (Roxb.) Kurz. Poaceae Muli Construction

Mesua ferrea L. Clusiaceae Nageshwar Timber

Mesua floribunda (Wall.) Kostel Clusiaceae Korol Timber

Meyna spinosa Roxb. ex Link. Rubiaceae Monphol Fruit, fuelwood, medicinal

Michelia champaca L. Magnoliaceae Champa Timber

Mitragyna rotundifolia (Roxb.) O. Kurtze. Rubiaceae Karam/ Jungle kadam Religious, timber

Morinda angustifolia Roxb. Rubiaceae Bamon lakri Fuelwood

Moringa oleifera Lam. Moringaceae Sajna Fruit, vegetable, fencing, medicinal

Musa sp. Musaceae Kola Fruit, religious, commercial value of fruits

Myristica fragrans Houtt. Myristicaceae Jaiphal Spice, commercial value of fruits

Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent. Bignoniaceae Nauka lakri Fuelwood

Palaquium polyanthum (Wall. ex G.Don) Baill. Sapotaceae Kurtaa Timber

Parkia timoriana (A. DC.) Merr. Fabaceae Longchak Fruit as vegetables

Phoenix dactylifera L. Arecaceae Khejur Fruit

Species Family Local name Uses

Phyllanthus emblica L. Euphorbiaceae Amla Fruit, medicinal, small timber

Plumeria rubra L. var. acutifolia (Poir.) Bailey. Apocynaceae Kaathali champa Ornamental

Podocarpus neriifolia D.Don Podocarpaceae Jinari Timber, fuelwood

Polyalthia longifolia (Sonn.) Thwaites Annonaceae Debdaru Ornamental

Premna bengalensis Cl. Verbenaceae Bhaad/ Pongtha Timber, fuelwood

Psidium guajava L. Myrtaceae Sophre Fruit, fuelwood

Pterospermum lanceaefolium Roxb. Sterculiaceae Dhamin Timber

Sapium baccatum Roxb. Euphorbiaceae Bolosh Timber for pools and construction

Saraca asoca (Roxb.) Willd. Fabaceae Ashok Timber, religious

Saurauia roxburghiia Wall. Actinidiaceae Pani kadam Timber, fuelwood

Schima wallichii (DC.) Korth. Theaceae Bonak Timber, fuelwood

Schizostachyum dullooa (Gamble) Majumder. Poaceae Dolu Fencing and roofing

Schleichera trijuga Willd. Sapindaceae Kusum Timber, fuelwood

Semecarpus anacardium L.f. Anacardiaceae Bhela Timber, fuelwood, Dye

Spondias dulcis L. Anacardaceae Heining bilati Fruit

Spondias pinnata (L.f.) Kurz. Anacardiaceae Amra/ Heining Fruit, fencing, medicinal

Species Family Local name Uses

Sterculia foetida L. Sterculiaceae Jungli badaam Timber, fuelwood

Sterculia villosa Roxb. Sterculiaceae Udaal Fibre, timber, dye

Stereospermum personatum (Hassk.) Chatterjee Bignoniaceae Parul Timber, fuelwood

Streblus asper Lour. Moraceae Sheora Religious, medicinal, twig used as toothbrush

Styrax serrulatum var virgatum Roxb. Styracaceae Phutphute chapata Fuelwood

Syzygium cerasoides (Roxb.) Myrtaceae Botpati jaam Timber

Chatterjee & Kanjilal.f.



S. cuminii (L.) Skeels. Myrtaceae Kaala Jaam Fruit, timber, fodder

S. cuminii var. microcarpum Thwaites. Myrtaceae Khude jaam Timber, fruit

S. formosum (Wall.) Masam. Myrtaceae Lal jaam Timber, fruit

S. fruticosum DC. Myrtaceae Jungle jaam Fruit, small timber, fuelwood

S. jambos (L.) Alston. Myrtaceae Gulaab jaam Fruit, timber

S. praecox (Roxb.) Rathakr. & N.C.Nair Myrtaceae Unknown jaam Fruit, fuelwood, small timber

S. praetermissum (Gage) N.P. Balakr. Myrtaceae Kadajaam Timber, fruit

S. tetragonum Wall. ex. Kurz Myrtaceae Junglee jaam Timber, fuelwood

Tamarindus indica L. Fabaceae Tetul Fruit, timber

Species Family Local name Uses

Tectona grandis L. Verbenaceae Shegun Timber

Terminalia bellerica (Gaertn.) Roxb. Combretaceae Bairaguti/ Behera Timber, fruit, fuelwood

Terminalia chebula Retz. Combretaceae Hurtuki Religious, medicinal, timber

Terminalia cuneata Roth. Combretaceae Arjun Religious, medicinal

Tetrameles nudiflora R.Br. Tetramelaceae Golgol tula Timber

Toona ciliata M. Roem. Meliaceae Kuma Timber, fodder, fuelwood, agricultural implements

Vatica lanceaefolia (Roxb.) Bl. Dipterocarpaceae Dhuna/ Macrup Aromatic oleoresins, timber, commercial value of oleoresins

Vitex altissima L.f. Verbenaceae Mon awal Fuelwood, boat making, agricultural implements

Vitex pubescens Vahl. Verbenaceae Awal Fuelwood, boat making, agricultural implements

Zanthoxylum limonella (Dennst.) Alston. Rutaceae Bajrang Timber, cork from base of prickles of trunk made into

gambling articles

Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. Rhamnaceae Boroi Fruit, fuelwood


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