Pest Plants and Animals (Pest Animals) Declaration 2015 (No 1) – Rationale and summary of new and amended provisions




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Attachment E

Pest Plants and Animals (Pest Animals) Declaration 2015 (No 1) – Rationale and summary of new and amended provisions


  1. Declaration of additional deer species

Deer species belonging to the genera Cervus (eg, Red Deer) and Dama (eg, Fallow Deer) are currently declared as pest animals in the ACT. Red Deer and Fallow Deer are categorised as extreme threat species with extreme pest risk status in nationally-endorsed risk assessments1,2.
It is proposed to make a new pest animal declaration to add species of the genera Rusa and Axis for the purpose of including the six deer species with established wild populations in Australia. Representative species of Rusa and Axis, including Chital Deer (Axis axis) and Rusa Deer (Rusa timorensis formerly Cervus timorensis), are both categorised as extreme threat species with extreme pest risk status in nationally-endorsed risk assessments3,4.
The addition of the genus Rusa will declare Sambar Deer (Rusa unicolor, formerly Cervus unicolor) as a pest animal in the ACT. There is no nationally-endorsed risk assessment for Sambar Deer, and although documented evidence of environmental impacts is limited, it is accepted that this species poses risks similar to or greater than other deer species. Anecdotal reports of environmental damage from Sambar Deer are beginning to be received in relation to areas of Namadgi National Park, even though population numbers are currently low. Research to quantify actual impacts of Sambar Deer is currently being undertaken by the ACT Parks and Conservation Service, NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, and Parks Victoria.
The declaration of Axis species, which are not established in the ACT, is aimed at mitigating any potential incursion from NSW or deliberate introduction from an Australian jurisdiction.
Note that declaration of a species as a pest animal does not by itself impose a requirement for land managers to control the species in the ACT. A requirement to control deer would need to be prescribed in a legislated Pest Animal Management Plan or through amendment of the

ACT Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005.





  1. Declaration of cats as Wild Cats

Predation of wildlife by cats is recognised as a Key Threatening Process under the

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (Cwlth) and is the subject of a national Threat Abatement Plan5. On 15 July 2015, environment ministers from all Australian jurisdictions agreed to remove any unnecessary barriers to the effective and humane control of feral cats in their jurisdictions6. New technologies currently under development for baiting feral cats7 should facilitate control programs once they have been approved for use by the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority.
It is proposed to declare cats that are not owned by people as pest animals in the ACT. Cats will be declared as ‘Wild Cats’ to be consistent with other pest animals currently declared as ‘Wild’ because animals of the same species are also kept by people as pets or livestock. Declaration of Wild Cats would allow for the development of a Pest Animal Management Plan under the ACT Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005 should the ACT Government consider this beneficial. A Pest Animal Management Plan can be used to prescribe the area for control and the methods to be used in mandatory government-coordinated cat control programs.


  1. Declaration of nationally-listed noxious fish as pest animals

Ornamental fish species are assessed for their potential risk as pest animals by the Freshwater Fish Expert Group of the national Invasive Plants and Animals Committee. High-risk ornamental fish species are included on a national noxious fish list with the agreement of all Australian jurisdictions. The purpose of the national noxious fish list is to prevent the sale and keeping of species that would adversely impact on communities, fisheries or the environment if they were to establish wild populations. Where wild populations are already established in some areas of Australia, listing helps to prevent further spread of the species to uninfested areas.
It is proposed to add all nationally-listed noxious fish not currently declared as pest animals in the ACT to the pest animals declaration (see list at end of document). The majority of fish species are declared as ‘Prohibited’ pest animals to prevent their supply or keeping, with the exception of Carp which are indistinguishable from Koi Carp kept by people. Gambusia spp. and Weatherloach (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus), which are already declared as pest animals in the ACT, have been declared as ‘Prohibited’ pest animals to discourage activities that could lead to further spread of these species.
One group of related species known as Tilapia (Oreochromis spp., Sarotherodon spp. and Tilapia spp.) are declared as ‘Notifiable’ as well as ‘Prohibited’ pest animals. ‘Notifiable’ pest animals need to be notified to the Director-General of the Territory and Municipal Services Directorate within 2 working days after the day of detection in the ACT. One species of Tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) is listed by the IUCN as one of 100 of the World’s Worst Invasive Alien Species and an incursion of this species has recently been detected in northern NSW. Tilapia can tolerate a wide range of environmental conditions and have been recognised for their invasive potential in the Murray-Darling Basin.


  1. Declaration of Redfin Perch

Redfin Perch (Perca fluviatilis) is not included on the national noxious fish list but it is intended to declare this species as a ‘Prohibited’ pest animal because of its known and potential impacts in the ACT and other Australian jurisdictions.
Redfin Perch prey on other fish and invertebrates, can destroy fisheries in enclosed water, and carry Epizootic Haematopoietic Necrosis (EHN) Virus which they can transmit to susceptible native fish including the threatened species Macquarie Perch (Macquaria australasica) and Silver Perch (Bidyanus bidyanus). Redfin Perch is common in lowland waters of the ACT. The purpose of declaring this species as ‘Prohibited’ from supply or keeping is to discourage activities that could lead to the spread of Redfin Perch into uninfested waters in the ACT.
Declaration of Redfin Perch as a pest animal is consistent with its classification as a Class 1 Noxious Fish in NSW. Heavy penalties apply to possessing, selling and importing live Class 1 Noxious Fish in NSW.


  1. Addition of ‘Prohibited’ status to declared European Wasp and European Red Fox

The European Wasp and the European Red Fox have been declared as pest animals in the ACT since 2005. It is intended to declare them as ‘Prohibited’ pest animals to discourage reckless supply, reckless use of machinery, keeping or reckless disposal of these species under the provisions of the ACT Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005. These are activities that are likely to lead to further spread of these species in the ACT. As the European Wasp and European Red Fox are not kept as domestic pets or livestock, the majority of the ACT community would be unaffected by this declaration.
Fish species proposed for addition or amendment in the new pest animal declaration
The following table does not include those fish species already declared as pest animals for which the declaration will remain unchanged. Currently declared fish species can be viewed at

http://www.legislation.act.gov.au/di/2005-255/default.asp
Fish species already declared as pest animals that will have their declaration amended to reflect name changes or changes in declaration status are highlighted in yellow.


Fish

Name

Common Name

Notifiable1

Prohibited2

Acestrorhynchidae family Acestrorhynchus microlepis

Pike Characin




X

Acipenser baerii baerii

Siberian Sturgeon




X

Acipenser baerii baicalensis

Baikal Sturgeon




X

Acipenser brevirostrum

Shortnose Sturgeon




X

Acipenser dabryanus

Yangtze Sturgeon




X

Acipenser fulvescens

Lake Sturgeon




X

Acipenser gueldenstaedtii

Russian Sturgeon




X

Acipenser medirostris

Green Sturgeon




X

Acipenser mikadoi

Sakhalin Sturgeon




X

Acipenser multiscutatus

Japanese Sturgeon




X

Acipenser naccarii

Adriatic Sturgeon




X

Acipenser nudiventris

Fringebarbel Sturgeon




X

Acipenser oxyrinchus destotoi

Gulf Sturgeon




X

Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus

Atlantic Sturgeon




X

1 Notifiable pest animal: a pest animal whose presence must be notified to the director-general (declared under s16(2)(a) of the Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005).

2 Prohibited pest animal: a pest animal whose supply or keeping is prohibited (declared under s16(2)(b) of the Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005).



Fish continued

Name

Common Name

Notifiable1

Prohibited2

Acipenser persicus

Persian Sturgeon




X

Acipenser ruthenus

Sterlet




X

Acipenser schrenckii

Amur Sturgeon




X

Acipenser sinensis

Chinese Sturgeon




X

Acipenser stellatus

Starry Sturgeon




X

Acipenser sturio

European Sturgeon




X

Acipenser transmontanus

White Sturgeon




X

Alfaro cultratus

Knife-edged Livebearer




X

Alfaro huberi







X

Allomogurnda nesolepis

Yellowbelly Gudgeon




X

Ameiurus brunneus

Snail Bullhead




X

Ameiurus catus

White Catfish




X

Ameiurus melas

Black Bullhead




X

Ameiurus natalis

Yellow Bullhead




X

Ameiurus nebulosus

Brown Bullhead




X

Ameiurus platycephalus

Flat Bullhead




X

Ameiurus serracanthus

Spotted Bullhead




X

Anabas cobojius

Gangetic Climbing Perch




X

Apeltes quadracus

Four Spined Stickleback




X

Astyanax aeneus

Banded Tetra




X

Astyanax fasciatus

Banded Astyanax




X

1 Notifiable pest animal: a pest animal whose presence must be notified to the director-general (declared under s16(2)(a) of the Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005).

2 Prohibited pest animal: a pest animal whose supply or keeping is prohibited (declared under s16(2)(b) of the Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005).


Fish continued

Name

Common Name

Notifiable1

Prohibited2

Atractosteus spp. (3 spp.)

American, Armoured or Alligator Gars




X

Centropomus spp. (12 spp.)

Snooks




X

Chaca spp. [replaces Chaca bankanensis, C. burmensis and C. chaca]

Angler, Frogmouth and Squarehead Catfishes




X

Ctenopoma argentoventer

Silverbelly Ctenopoma




X

Ctenopoma kingsleyae

Tailspot Ctenopoma




X

Ctenopoma multispine

Manyspined Ctenopoma




X

Ctenopoma muriei

Ocellated Labyrinth Fish




X

Ctenopoma nigropannosum

Twospot Climbing Perch




X

Ctenopoma ocellatum

Eyespot Ctenopoma




X

Ctenopoma weeksii

Mottled Ctenopoma




X

Culaea inconstans







X

Dormitator latifrons

Pacific Fat Sleeper




X

Dormitator lebretonis







X

Dormitator maculatus

Fat Sleeper




X

Eleotris amblyopsis

Large Scaled Spiny Cheek Sleeper




X

Eleotris sandwicensis

Sandwich Island Sleeper




X

Erpetoichthys calabaricus

Reedfish




X

Gambusia spp.

Gambusia Mosquito Fish




X

Catla Gibelion catla

Catla




X

1 Notifiable pest animal: a pest animal whose presence must be notified to the director-general (declared under s16(2)(a) of the Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005).

2 Prohibited pest animal: a pest animal whose supply or keeping is prohibited (declared under s16(2)(b) of the Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005).

Fish continued

Name

Common Name

Notifiable1

Prohibited2

Gobiomorphus gobioides

Giant Bully




X

Gobiomorphus huttoni

Redfin Bully




X

Gobiomorus dormitor

Bigmouth Sleeper




X

Gobiomorus maculatus

Pacific Sleeper




X

Helicophagus leptorhynchus







X

Helicophagus waandersii







X

Hemichromis fasciatus

Banded Jewelfish




X

Heterandria bimaculata

Twospot Livebearer




X

Himantura kittipongi







X

Himantura krempfi

Marbled Freshwater Whip Ray




X

Himantura oxyrhyncha

Marbled Whipray




X

Huso huso

Beluga




X

Hydrocynus spp. Hydrocynus goliath

Pike Characin, Giant Tigerfish




X

Aristichthys Hypophthalmichthys nobilis

Bighead Carp




X

Hypseleotris cyprinoides

Tropical Carp-gudgeon




X

Hypseleotris tohizonae







X

Citharinidae - Ichthyborinae – entire subfamily

African Pike-characin, Tubenose Poacher, Fin Eaters




X

Ictalurus balsanus

Balsas Catfish




X

1 Notifiable pest animal: a pest animal whose presence must be notified to the director-general (declared under s16(2)(a) of the Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005).

2 Prohibited pest animal: a pest animal whose supply or keeping is prohibited (declared under s16(2)(b) of the Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005).

Fish continued

Name

Common Name

Notifiable1

Prohibited2

Ictalurus dugesii

Lerma Catfish




X

Ictalurus furcatus

Blue Catfish




X

Ictalurus lupus

Headwater Catfish




X

Ictalurus mexicanus

Rio Verde Catfish




X

Ictalurus ochoterenai

Chapala Catfish




X

Ictalurus pricei

Yaqui Catfish




X

Ictalurus punctatus

Channel Catfish




X

Lates microlepis

Forktail Lates, Sea Bass




X

Lates niloticus

Nile Perch




X

Lebiasina bimaculata

Twospot Lebiasina




X

Lepidosiren paradoxa

South American Lungfish




X

Lepisosteus spp. (4 spp.)

American, Armoured or Alligator Gars




X

Leptolebias aureoguttatus







X

Leptolebias marmoratus

Marbled Pearlfish




X

Leptolebias minimus

Barred Tail Pearlfish




X

Leptolebias opalescens

Opal Pearlfish




X

Misgurnus anguillicaudatus

Weatherloach




X

Barbodes Neolissochilus hexagonolepis

Copper Mahseer




X

1 Notifiable pest animal: a pest animal whose presence must be notified to the director-general (declared under s16(2)(a) of the Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005).

2 Prohibited pest animal: a pest animal whose supply or keeping is prohibited (declared under s16(2)(b) of the Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005).

Fish continued

Name

Common Name

Notifiable1

Prohibited2

Notropis spp.

Shiners




X

Noturus albater

Ozark Madtom




X

Noturus baileyi

Smoky Madtom




X

Noturus crypticus

Chucky Madtom




X

Noturus elegans

Elegant Madtom




X

Noturus eleutherus

Mountain Madtom




X

Noturus exilis

Slender Madtom




X

Noturus fasciatus

Saddled Madtom




X

Noturus flavater

Checkered Madtom




X

Noturus flavipinnis

Yellow Madtom




X

Noturus flavus

Stonecat




X

Noturus funebris

Black Madtom




X

Noturus furiosus

Carolina Madtom




X

Noturus gilberti

Orangefin Madtom




X

Noturus gladiator







X

Noturus gyrinus

Tadpole Madtom




X

Noturus hildebrandi hildebrandi

Least Madtom




X

Noturus hildebrandi lautus







X

Noturus insignis

Margined Madtom




X

Noturus lachneri

Ouachita Madtom




X

Noturus leptacanthus

Speckled Madtom




X

Noturus maydeni

Black River Madtom




X

1 Notifiable pest animal: a pest animal whose presence must be notified to the director-general (declared under s16(2)(a) of the Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005).

2 Prohibited pest animal: a pest animal whose supply or keeping is prohibited (declared under s16(2)(b) of the Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005).

Fish continued

Name

Common Name

Notifiable1

Prohibited2

Noturus miurus

Brindled Madtom




X

Noturus munitus

Frecklebelly Madtom




X

Noturus nocturnus

Freckled Madtom




X

Noturus phaeus

Brown Madtom




X

Noturus placidus

Neosho Madtom




X

Noturus stanauli

Pygmy Madtom




X

Noturus stigmosus

Northern Madtom




X

Noturus taylori

Caddo Madtom




X

Noturus trautmani

Scioto Madtom




X

Oreochromis spp.

Tilapia

X

X

Oxydoras spp. (4)

Ripsaw Catfish, Black Doras, Black Shielded Catfish




X

Oxyeleotris heterodon

Sentani Gudgeon




X

Oxyeleotris siamensis







X

Oxyeleotris urophthalmoides







X

Oxeleotris urophthalmus







X

Pangasianodon gigas

Mekong Giant Catfish




X

Pangasianodon hypophthalmus

Sutchi Catfish




X

Pangasius conchophilus







X

Pangasius elongatus







X

Pangasius krempfi







X

Pangasius kunyit







X

1 Notifiable pest animal: a pest animal whose presence must be notified to the director-general (declared under s16(2)(a) of the Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005).

2 Prohibited pest animal: a pest animal whose supply or keeping is prohibited (declared under s16(2)(b) of the Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005).

Fish continued

Name

Common Name

Notifiable1

Prohibited2

Pangasius larnaudii

Spot Pangasius




X

Pangasius macronema







X

Pangasius nasutus







X

Pangasius nieuwenhuisii







X

Pangasius pangasius

Yellowtailed Catfish




X

Paratrygon aiereba

Discus Ray




X

Trychomycteridae family Paravandellia oxyptera

Parasitic Catfish




X

Perca fluviatilis

Redfin Perch




X

Phoxinus erythrogaster

Southern Redbelly Dace




X

Polyodon spathula

Mississippi Paddlefish




X

Protopterus aethiopicus

Marbled Lungfish




X

Protopterus amphibius

Gilled Lungfish




X

Protopterus dolloi

Slender Lungfish




X

Psephurus gladius

Chinese Swordfish




X

Pylodictis olivaris

Flathead Catfish




X

Rutilus rutilus

Roach




X

Sarotherodon spp.




X

X

Schilbe intermedius

Silver Catfish




X

Schilbe marmoratus

Shoulderspot Catfish




X

Tilapia spp. (all species except T. buttikoferi)

Redbelly Tilapia

X

X

1 Notifiable pest animal: a pest animal whose presence must be notified to the director-general (declared under s16(2)(a) of the Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005).

2 Prohibited pest animal: a pest animal whose supply or keeping is prohibited (declared under s16(2)(b) of the Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005).


Fish continued

Name

Common Name

Notifiable1

Prohibited2

Tinca tinca

Tench




X

Tomeurus gracilis







X

Tor spp. (17)

River Carp, and Deccan, Hump Backed, Jungha, Putitor and Thai Mahseer




X

1 Notifiable pest animal: a pest animal whose presence must be notified to the director-general (declared under s16(2)(a) of the Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005).

2 Prohibited pest animal: a pest animal whose supply or keeping is prohibited (declared under s16(2)(b) of the Pest Plants and Animals Act 2005).


1 http://www.pestsmart.org.au/risk-assessment-for-australia-red-deer

2 http://www.pestsmart.org.au/risk-assessment-for-australia-fallow-deer

3 http://www.pestsmart.org.au/risk-assessment-for-australia-chital-deer

4 The Risk Assessment for Australia - Rusa Deer (Cervus timorensis) is not available online.

5 http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened

6 http://www.environment.gov.au/about-us/mem

7 http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive-species/feral-animals-australia/feral-cats


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