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Final Risk Analysis Report for the release of Eueupithecia cisplatensis for the biological control of Parkinsonia (Parkinsonia aculeata)



July 2012

© Commonwealth of Australia

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Unless otherwise noted, copyright (and any other intellectual property rights, if any) in this publication is owned by the Commonwealth of Australia (referred to as the Commonwealth).



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All material in this publication is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia Licence, except for content supplied by third parties, photographic images, logos, and the Commonwealth Coat of Arms.



Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia Licence is a standard form licence agreement that allows you to copy, distribute, transmit and adapt this publication provided that you attribute the work. A summary of the licence terms is available from creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au/deed.en. The full licence terms are available from creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au/legalcode.

This publication (and any material sourced from it) should be attributed as:

Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry Biosecurity (2012) Final risk analysis report for the release of Eueupithecia cisplatensis for the biological control of Parkinsonia (Parkinsonia aculeata). Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Canberra. CC BY 3.0.



Cataloguing data

Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry Biosecurity (2012) Final risk analysis report for the release of Eueupithecia cisplatensis for the biological control of Parkinsonia (Parkinsonia aculeata). Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Canberra



Internet

The Final risk analysis report for the release of Eueupithecia cisplatensis for the biological control of Parkinsonia (Parkinsonia aculeata) is available via daff.gov.au/ba.

Inquiries regarding the licence and any use of this document should be sent to: copyright@daff.gov.au.

Disclaimer

The Australian Government acting through the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry has exercised due care and skill in the preparation and compilation of the information in this publication. Notwithstanding, the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, its employees and advisers disclaim all liability, including liability for negligence, for any loss, damage, injury, expense or cost incurred by any person as a result of accessing, using or relying upon any of the information in this publication to the maximum extent permitted by law.

Cover image: Eueupithecia cisplatensis feeding on Parkinsonia aculeata (Courtesy: Dr Tim Heard, CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences).

Contents



Acronyms and abbreviations ix

Abbreviations of units ix

Summary xi

Introduction 1

1.1Australia’s biosecurity policy framework 1

1.2This risk analysis 1

Method for analysis 3

Assessment of off-target risks 3

1.3Stage 1: Initiation 3

1.4Stage 2: Risk assessment 3

4. Recommendation on release 6

5. Stakeholder responses to draft risk analysis report 6

Appendix A Application to release the defoliating caterpillar Eueupithecia cisplatensis (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) for the biological control of the weed Parkinsonia aculeata (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae) 7

1.Summary 4

2.Information on target species, Parkinsonia aculeata 5

2.1.Taxonomy 5

2.2.Description 5

2.3.Distribution 6

2.4. Ecology 8

2.5. Importance 9

2.6. Information on all other relevant Commonwealth, State and Territory legislative controls of the target species 10

2.7. When the target species was approved for biological control 10



3.Information on the potential agent Eueupithecia cisplatensis 11

3.1. Taxonomy 11

3.2.Description 12

3.3.Brief biology of the agent 13

3.4.Native range of the agent 16

3.5.Related species to the agent and a summary of their host range 16

3.6.The proposed source of the agent 16

3.7.Possible interactions with existing biological control programs (of same or related targets and other targets) 16

3.8.The agent’s potential for control of target 17

3.9.Information on non-target organisms at risk from an agent 17

3.10.Information and results of any other assessments undertaken on the species 17

3.11.Report of host specificity testing 17



4.Where, when and how initial release will be made 32

4.1.Release from quarantine 32

4.2.Distributing in the field 32

4.3.Establishment and evaluation 32



5.Copies of any references referred to in the application 32

6.Acknowledgements 32

7.References 33

Appendix B Method for pest risk analysis 36

Stage 1: Initiation 36

Stage 2: Pest risk assessment 37

Stage 3: Pest risk management 44



Appendix C Biosecurity framework 46

Glossary 51

References 54

Tables

Table 1.1 Nomenclature for qualitative likelihoods 40

Table 1.2 Matrix of rules for combining qualitative likelihoods 40

Table 1.3 Decision rules for determining the consequence impact score based on the magnitude of consequences at four geographic scales 42

Table 1.4 Decision rules for determining the overall consequence rating for each pest 43

Table 1.5 Risk estimation matrix 43

Figures

Figure 1 Map of Australia viii

Figure 2 A guide to Australia’s bio-climate zones viii

Figure 1 Map of Australia

Figure 2 A guide to Australia’s bio-climate zones




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