Organization europeenne et mediterraneenne pour la protection des plantes




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EUROPEAN AND MEDITERRANEAN PLANT PROTECTION ORGANIZATION
ЕВРОПЕЙСКАЯ И СРЕДИЗЕМНОМОРСКАЯ ОРГАНИЗАЦИЯ ПО КАРАНТИНУ И ЗАЩИТЕ РАСТЕНИЙ
ORGANIZATION EUROPEENNE ET MEDITERRANEENNE POUR LA PROTECTION DES PLANTES

04/10819


PPM Point 8.3

Report of a Pest Risk Management: Xylotrechus namanganensis

This summary presents the conclusions of the pest risk management which has been conducted on the pest, according to EPPO Standard PP 5/4(1) Pest Risk Management Scheme.



The text in italics is to guide the assessor as to what information should be presented, it will not appear on the final summary.



Pest:

Xylotrechus namanganensis Heyden (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)


Assessors:

EPPO Panel on Quarantine Pests for Forestry

Date:

2003-10-01


IDENTIFICATION OF THE PATHWAYS

1 Pathways studied in the pest risk management
Pathway 1: Plants for planting

Plants for planting of host trees may carry all stages of the pest under the bark, in the wood and on the surface.


Pathway 2: Untreated wood

Untreated wood of host plants may carry all stages of the pest inside.


Pathway 3: Packaging wood material

Packaging wood of host plants may carry all stages of the pest inside.


2 Other pathways

No other pathways have been identified


IDENTIFICation of POSSIBLE measures for pathways
Pathway 1: Plants for planting of Juglans, Prunus, Malus, Morus, Crataegus, Elaeagnus, Populus, Ulmus, Celtis, Salix, Betula, Alnus and Platanus originating in countries where Agrilus planipennis occurs
Measures related to consignments:

The following measures have been identified:



  • plants for planting should be dormant and without leaves and plant debris (this measure reduces the risk but is not sufficient and should be combined with other measures);

  • border inspection.


Measures related to the crop or to places of production:

  • pest-free area.



Pathway 2: Untreated wood of Juglans, Prunus, Malus, Morus, Crataegus, Elaeagnus, Populus, Ulmus, Celtis, Salix, Betula, Alnus and Platanus originating in countries where Agrilus planipennis occurs
Measures related to consignments:

The following measures have been identified:



  • debarking (this measure reduces the risk but is not sufficient and should be combined with other measures);

  • kiln drying;

  • chemical-pressure-impregnation treatment.


Measures related to the crop or to places of production:

  • pest-free area.



Pathway 3: Packaging wood material of Juglans, Prunus, Malus, Morus, Crataegus, Elaeagnus, Populus, Ulmus, Celtis, Salix, Betula, Alnus and Platanus originating in countries where Agrilus planipennis occurs
Measures related to consignments:

Measures of the ISPM 15 have been recognized sufficient.


Measures related to the crop or to places of production:

No measures related to the crop or to places of production have been identified



EVALUATION OF THE MEASURES IDENTIFIED IN RELATION TO THE RISKS PRESENTED BY THE PATHWAYS
CONCLUSION: SELECTION OF MEASURES


Plants for planting of Juglans, Prunus, Malus, Morus, Crataegus, Elaeagnus, Populus, Ulmus, Celtis, Salix, Betula, Alnus and Platanus from countries where Xylotrechus namanganensis occurs

PC and, if appropriate, RC
Dormant and without leaves and plant debris
Area freedom for Xylotrechus namanganensis according to EPPO Phytosanitary Procedure No …

Non-squared wood of Juglans, Prunus, Malus, Morus, Crataegus, Elaeagnus, Populus, Ulmus, Celtis, Salix, Betula, Alnus and Platanus from countries where Xylotrechus namanganensis occurs

PC and, if appropriate, RC
Debarked
Free from grub holes greater than 3 mm across

or

Kiln drying



or

Chemical-pressure-impregnation treatment by EPPO Phytosanitary Procedure N° …



or

Area freedom for Xylotrechus namanganensis according to EPPO Phytosanitary Procedure No …



Squared wood of Juglans, Prunus, Malus, Morus, Crataegus, Elaeagnus, Populus, Ulmus, Celtis, Salix, Betula, Alnus and Platanus from countries where Xylotrechus namanganensis occurs

PC and, if appropriate, RC
Free from grub holes greater than 3 mm across

or

Kiln drying



or

Chemical-pressure-impregnation treatment by EPPO Phytosanitary Procedure N° …



or

Area freedom for Xylotrechus namanganensis according to EPPO Phytosanitary Procedure No …



Packing wood of Juglans, Prunus, Malus, Morus, Crataegus, Elaeagnus, Populus, Ulmus, Celtis, Salix, Betula, Alnus and Platanus from countries where Xylotrechus namanganensis occurs

See ISPM 15



Appendix

For each possible category of measures in the pest risk management scheme, this table could identify specifically the ones which were considered suitable ("possible" in bold) and the ones which were not suitable (with a brief justification)
The Panel should decide whether such a summary table is useful, and whether it belongs to the pest risk management, or to the report of the pest risk management


categories of MeasureS

Pathway n° 1

Pathway n° 2

Pathway n° 3

Detection of the pest in consignments by inspection or testing








Measures of ISPM 15

general visual inspection

yes

yes

targeted visual inspection

yes

yes

specified testing

no

no

import under special licence/permit and post-entry quarantine

no

no

Removal of the pest from the consignment by treatment or other phytosanitary procedures







specified treatment

no

Kiln drying or Chemical-pressure-impregnation

removal of parts of plants from the consignment

Free from leaves and plant debris

Debarking

Prevention of establishment by limiting the use of the consignment







import under special licence/permit and specified restrictions

no

no

Prevention of infestation of the commodity







specified treatment and/or period of treatment (crop)

no

no

consignment should be composed of specified cultivars

not suitable

not suitable

specified protected cultivation

no

no

specified age of plant, growth stage or time of year of harvest

Dormant

no

specific handling/packing methods

not relevant

not relevant

certification scheme

no

no

Establishment and maintenance of pest freedom of a crop, place of production or area







pest freedom of the crop

no

no

pest-free place of production

no

no

pest-free place of production and appropriate buffer zone

no

no

pest-free area

yes

yes

Prohibition

no

no

Internal measures







surveillance and/or eradication campaign

no

no





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