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Disclaimer: Many of those listed are species provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention based on reports from state health departments or are results released by other state and federal agencies. The USGS National Wildlife Health Center has not verified the identification of the species provided by these agencies. For a list of dead birds that have tested positive for WNV, please visit the CDC website: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/birdspecies.htm


Note: Species included in this list are wild animals unless followed by a “c,” which denotes either a captive or farmed animal(s). Virus or viral RNA was detected in animal tissue unless followed by an “a,” which denotes detectable antibodies only have been reported. An animal reported as positive may not necessarily indicate illness or death was due to WNV infection, and a positive antibody test result may not indicate clinical illness was reported in the species tested.

Last updated March 28, 2005




BIRDS





Order

Family

Common Name

Scientific Name

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Wood Duck

Aix sponsa

Cinnamon Tealc

Anas cyanoptera

Mottled Duck

Anas fulvigula

Eurasian Wigeonc

Anas penelope

Mallard

Anas platyrhynchos

Puna Tealc

Anas puna

Bronze-winged Duck (Spectacled Duck)c

Anas specularis

Yellow-billed Duck (African Yellow-billed)c

Anas undulata

Greater White-fronted Goose

Anser albifrons

Domestic Goose (Greylag Goose)ac

Anser anser

Chinese Goosec

Anser cygnoides

Lesser Scaupc

Aythya affinis

Greater Scaupc

Aythya marila

Canvasback

Aythya valisineria

Canada Goose

Branta canadensis

Barnacle Gooseac

Branta leucopsis

Red-breasted Goosec

Branta ruficollis

Nene Goose (Hawaiian Goose)c

Branta sandvicensis

Buffleheadc

Bucephala albeola

Common Goldeneyec

Bucephala clangula

Muscovy Duck

Cairina moschata

Emperor Goosec

Chen canagica

Greater Magellan Goose (Andean Goose)ac

Chloephagapicta leucoptera

Abyssinian Blue-winged Gooseac

Cyanochen cyanopterus

Trumpeter Swanac

Cygnus buccinator

Tundra Swanc

Cygnus columbianus

Mute Swan

Cygnus olor

Hooded Merganserc

Lophodytes cucullatus

Smewc

Mergellus albellus

Common Merganserc

Mergus merganser

Rosybilled Duck (Pochard)ac

Netta peposaca

Ruddy Duck

Oxyura jamaicensis

Apodiformes

Apodidae

Chimney Swift

Chaetura pelagica

Trochilidae

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Archilochus colubris

Anna's Hummingbird

Calypte anna

Rufous Hummingbird

Selasphorus rufus

Caprimulgiformes

Caprimulgidae

Lesser Nighthawk

Chordeiles acutipennis

Common Nighthawk

Chordeiles minor

Casuariiformes

Dromaiidae

Emuc

Dromaius novaehollandiae

Charadriiformes

Charadriidae

Ruddy Turnstone

Arenaria interpres

Piping Plover

Charadrius melodus

Killdeer

Charadrius vociferus

Laridae

Inca Ternc

Larosterna inca

Herring Gull

Larus argentatus

Laughing Gull

Larus atricilla

California Gull

Larus californicus

Ring-billed Gull

Larus delawarensis

Great Black-backed Gull

Larus marinus

Grey Gullac

Larus modestus

Thayer's Gull

Larus thayeri

Black Skimmer

Rhynchops niger

Scolopacidae

Western Sandpiper

Calidris mauri

Ciconiiformes

Ardeidae

Great Egret

Ardea alba

Great Blue Heron

Ardea herodias

Cattle Egret

Bubulcus ibis

Green Heron

Butorides virescens

Snowy Egret

Egretta thula

Least Bittern

Ixobrychus exilis

Yellow-crowned Night-heron

Nyctanassa violacea

Black-crowned Night-heron

Nycticorax nycticorax

Cathartidae

Turkey Vulture

Cathartes aura

Black Vulture

Coragyps atratus

King Vultureac

Sarcoramphus papa

Ciconiidae

Saddle-billed Storkac

Ephippiorhynchos senegalensis

Marabou Storkac

Leptopilos crumeniferus

Lesser Adjutant Storkac

Leptoptilos javanicus

Threskiornithidae

Scarlet Ibis

Eudocimus ruber

Waldrappac

Geronticus eremita

Columbiformes

Columbidae

White-crowned Pigeon

Columba leucocephala

Rock Dove (Feral Pigeon)

Columba livia

Mauritius Pink Pigeonac

Columba mayeri

Inca Dove

Columbina inca

Common Ground-Dove

Columbina passerina

Luzon Pigeon (Bleeding Heart Pigeon)ac

Gallicolumba luzonica

Eurasian Collared-Dove

Streptopelia decaocto

White-winged Dove

Zenaida asiatica

Zenaida Dovec

Zenaida aurita

Mourning Dove

Zenaida macroura

Coraciiformes

Alcedinidae

Belted Kingfisher

Ceryle alcyon

Micronesian Kingfisherc

Halcyon cinnamomima

Bucerotidae

Abyssinian Ground Hornbillc

Bucorvus abyssinicus

Cuculiformes

Cuculidae

Yellow-billed Cuckoo

Coccyzus americanus

Falconiformes

Accipitridae

Cooper's Hawk

Accipiter cooperii

Northern Goshawk

Accipiter gentilis

Sharp-shinned Hawk

Accipiter striatus

Cinereous Vulturec

Aegypius monachus

Wedge-tailed Eaglec

Aquila audax

Golden Eagle

Aquila chrysaetos

Red-tailed Hawk

Buteo jamaicensis

Rough-legged Hawkc

Buteo lagopus

Red-shouldered Hawk

Buteo lineatus

Broad-winged Hawk

Buteo platypterus

Ferruginous Hawk

Buteo regalis

Swainson's Hawk

Buteo swainsoni

Northern Harrier

Circus cyaneus

Swallow-tailed Kite

Elanoides forficatus

White-tailed Kite

Elanus leucurus

Bald Eagle

Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Mississippi Kite

Ictinia mississippiensis

Osprey

Pandion haliaetus

Harris' Hawkc

Parabuteo unicinctus

Falconidae

Merlin

Falco columbarius

Prairie Falcon

Falco mexicanus

Peregrine Falcon

Falco peregrinus

Gyrfalconc

Falco rusticolus

American Kestrel

Falco sparverius

Galliformes

Numididae

Crested Guineafowlac

Guttera Pucherani

Odontophoridae

California Quail

Callipepla californica

Northern Bobwhite

Colinus virginianus

Mountain Quail

Oreortyx pictus

Phasianidae

Chukarc

Alectoris chukar

Ruffed Grouse

Bonasa umbellus

Greater Sage Grouse

Centrocercus urophasianus ssp. phaios

Blue-eared Pheasantc

Crossoptilan aurifum

Domestic Chicken (Red Junglefowl)c

Gallus gallus

Green Junglefowlac

Galus varius

Monal Pheasantc

Lophophorus ihuysii

Impeyan (Himalayan) Pheasant (Monal)c

Lophophorus impeyanus

Bulwer's Wattled Pheasantac

Lophura bulweri

Turkey (domestic & wild)

Meleagris gallopavo

Common Peafowlc

Pavo cristatus

Ring-necked Pheasant

Phasianus colchicus

Mount Peacock-Pheasantac

Polypectron inopinatum

Crested Partridgeac

Rollulus roulroul

Blyth's Tragopanc

Tragopan blythii

Satyr Tragopanc

Tragopan satyr

Greater Prairie Chicken

Tympanuchus cupido

Argus Pheasantac (unspecified)

various

Gaviiformes

Gaviidae

Common Loon

Gavia immer

Gruiformes

Aramidae

Limpkin

Aramus guarauna

Gruidae

Demoiselle Craneac

Anthropoides virgo

West African Crowned Craneac

Balearica pavonina pavonina

Wattled Craneac

Bugeranus carunculatus

Whooping Craneac

Grus americana

Mississippi Sandhill Cranec

Grus canadensis pulla

Red-crowned Craneac

Grus japonensis

Siberian Craneac

Grus leucogeranus

Hooded Craneac

Grus monacha

Black-necked Craneac

Grus nigricollis

White-naped Craneac

Grus vipio

Rallidae

American Coot

Fulica americana

Common Moorhen

Gallinula chloropus

Purple Gallinule

Porphyrula martinica

Virginia Rail

Rallus limicola

Clapper Rail

Rallus longirostris

Musophagiformes

Musophagidae

Lady Ross' Turaco (Plantain-Eater)ac

Musophaga rossae

Passeriformes

Bombycillidae

Cedar Waxwing

Bombycilla cedrorum

Cardinalidae

Northern Cardinal

Cardinalis cardinalis

Blue Grosbeaka

Guiraca caerulea

Indigo Bunting

Passerina cyanea

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

Pheucticus ludovicianus

Black-headed Grosbeak

Pheucticus melanocephalus

Dickcissel

Spiza americana

Cinclidae

American Dipper

Cinclus mexicanus

Corvidae

Western Scrub-Jay

Aphelocoma californica

Mexican Jay

Aphelocoma ultramarina arizonae

American Crow

Corvus brachyrhynchos

Common Raven

Corvus corax

Hooded Crowc

Corvus corone comix

Chihuahuan Raven

Corvus cryptoleucus

Fish Crow

Corvus ossifragus

Blue Jay

Cyanocitta cristata

Steller's Jay

Cyanocitta stelleri

Eurasian Jayc

Garrulus glandarius

Pinyon Jay

Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus

Clark's Nutcrackerc

Nucifraga columbiana

Black-billed Magpie

Pica hudsonia

Yellow-billed Magpie

Pica nuttalli

Emberizidae

Lark Sparrow

Chondestes grammacus

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

Song Sparrow

Melospiza melodia

Savannah Sparrow

Passerculus sandwichensis

Fox Sparrow

Passerella iliaca

California Towhee

Pipilo crissalis

Eastern Towhee

Pipilo erythrophthalmus

Spotted Towhee

Pipilo maculatus

Black-chinned Sparrow

Spizella atrogularis

Field Sparrow

Spizella pusilla

Golden-crowned Sparrow

Zonotrichia atricapilla

White-crowned Sparrow

Zonotrichia leucophrys

Estrildidae

Gouldian Finchc

Erythrura gouldiae

Nutmeg Mannikin

Lonchura punctulata

Zebra Finchc

Taeniophygia guttata

Fringillidae

European Goldfinchc

Carduelis carduelis

Pine Siskin

Carduelis pinus

Lesser Goldfinch

Carduelis psaltria

American Goldfinch

Carduelis tristis

Cassin's Finch

Carpodacus cassinii

House Finch

Carpodacus mexicanus

Purple Finch

Carpodacus purpureus

Evening Grosbeak

Coccothraustes vespertinus

Hooded Oriole

Icterus cucullatus

Society Finchc

Lonchura domestica

Red Crossbill

Loxia curvirostra

Common Canaryc

Serinus canaria




Barn Swallow

Hirundo rustica

Cliff Swallow

Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

Purple Martin

Progne subis

Bank Swallow

Riparia riparia

Tree Swallow

Tachycineta bicolor

Icteridae

Red-winged Blackbird

Agelaius phoeniceus

Bobolink

Dolichonyx oryzivorus

Rusty Blackbird

Euphagus carolinus

Brewer's Blackbird

Euphagus cyanocephalus

Baltimore Oriole

Icterus galbula

Orchard Oriole

Icterus spurius

Brown-headed Cowbird

Molothrus ater

Boat-tailed Grackle

Quiscalus major

Great-tailed Grackle

Quiscalus mexicanus

Common Grackle

Quiscalus quiscula

Western Meadowlark

Sturnella neglecta

Laniidae

Loggerhead Shrike

Lanius ludovicianus

Mimidae

Gray Catbird

Dumetella carolinensis

Northern Mockingbird

Mimus polyglottos

Brown Thrasher

Toxostoma rufum

Paridae

Tufted Titmouse

Baeolophus bicolor

Varied Titc

Parus varius

Black-capped Chickadee

Poecile atricapilla

Carolina Chickadee

Poecile carolinensis

Mountain Chickadee

Poecile gambeli

Parulidae

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Dendroica caerulescens

Yellow-rumped Warbler

Dendroica coronata

Prairie Warblera

Dendroica discolor

Yellow-throated Warbler

Dendroica dominica

Magnolia Warblera

Dendroica magnolia

Yellow Warbler

Dendroica petechia

Blackpoll Warbler

Dendroica striata

Townsend's Warbler

Dendroica townsendi

Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas

Kentucky Warbler

Oporornis formosus

Northern Parula

Parula americana

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapillus

Northern Waterthrush

Seiurus noveboracensis

Orange-crowned Warbler

Vermivora celata

Tennessee Warbler

Vermivora peregrina

Nashville Warbler

Vermivora ruficapilla

Canada Warbler

Wilsonia canadensis

Hooded Warbler

Wilsonia citrina

Wilson's Warbler

Wilsonia pusilla

Passeridae

House Sparrow

Passer domesticus

Sittadae

White-breasted Nuthatch

Sitta carolinensis

Pygmy Nuthatch

Sitta pygmaea

Sturnidae

European Starling

Sturnus vulgaris

Thraupidae

Western Tanager

Piranga ludoviciana

Scarlet Tanager

Piranga olivacea

Summer Tanagera

Piranga rubra

Palm Tanagerc

Thraupis palmarum

Timaliidae

White-crested Laughingthrushac

Garrulax leucolophus

Troglodytidae

Cactus Wren

Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus

Carolina Wren

Thryothaurus ludovicianus

House Wren

Troglodytes aedon

Winter Wren

Troglodytes troglodytes

Turdidae

Veery

Catharus fuscescens

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

Gray-cheeked Thrush

Catharus minimus

Swainson's Thrush

Catharus ustulatus

Wood Thrush

Hylocichla mustelina

Varied Thrush

Ixoreus naevius

Mountain Bluebird

Sialia currucoides

Western Bluebird

Sialia mexicana

Eastern Bluebird

Sialia sialis

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

Tyrannidae

Olive-sided Flycatcher

Contopus cooperi

Pacific-slope Flycatcher

Empidonax difficilis

Hammond's Flycatcher

Empidonax hammondii

Traill's Flycatcher

Empidonax traillii/alnorum

Great Crested Flycatcher

Myiarchus crinitus

Black Phoebe

Sayornis nigricans

Eastern Phoebe

Sayornis phoebe

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher

Tyrannus forficatus

Eastern Kingbird

Tyrannus tyrannus

Western Kingbird

Tyrannus verticalis

Vireonidae

Black-whiskered Vireo

Vireo altiloquus

Warbling Vireo

Vireo gilvus

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

Pelecaniformes

Pelecanidae

American White Pelican

Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

Brown Pelican

Pelicanus occidentalis

Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested Cormorant

Phalacrocorax auritus

Guanay Cormorantc

Phalacrocorax bougainvillei

Phoenicopteriformes

Phoenicopteridae

Chilean Flamingoc

Phoenicopterus chilensis

Greater (American) Flamingoc

Phoenicopterus ruber ruber

Piciformes

Picidae

Northern Flicker

Colaptes auratus

Red-bellied Woodpecker

Melanerpes carolinus

Red-headed Woodpecker

Melanerpes erythrocephalus

Acorn Woodpecker

Melanerpes formicivorus

Lewis' Woodpecker

Melanerpes lewis

Gila Woodpecker

Melanerpes uropygialis

Downy Woodpecker

Picoides pubescens

Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus

Red-breasted Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus ruber

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

Podicipediformes

Podicipedidae

Clark's Grebe

Aechmophorus clarkii

Pied-billed Grebe

Podilymbus podiceps

Psittaciformes

Aratingidae

Blue-crowned Conurec

Thectocercus acuticaudata

Cacatuidae

Cockatoo (unspecified)c

Cacatua spp.

Cockatielc

Nymphicus hollandicus

Psittacidae

Red-crowned Parrotc

Amazona viridigenalis

Macaw (unspecified)c

Ara spp.

Canary-winged Parakeetc

Brotogeris versicolurus

Violet-necked Lorikeetc

Eos beckstein

Red Loryc

Eos bornea

Blue-streaked Lorikeetc

Eos reticulata

Pacific Parrotlet

Forpus coelestis

Black-capped Loryc

Lorius lory

Budgerigarc

Melopsittacus undulatus

Crimson Rosellac

Platycercus elegans

Dusky Loryc

Pseudos fuscata

African Grey Parrotc

Psittacus erythacus

Thick-billed Parrotc

Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha

Rainbow Lorikeetc

Trichoglossus haematodus

Sphenisciformes

Spheniscidae

Black-footed (Jackass) Penguinc

Spheniscus demersus

Humboldt Penguinc

Spheniscus humboldti

Magellan Penguinac

Spheniscus magellanicus

Strigiformes

Strigidae

Northern Saw-whet Owl

Aegolius acadicus

Boreal Owlc

Aegolius funereus

Short-eared Owl

Asio flammeus

Long-eared Owl

Asio otus

Burrowing Owl

Athene cunicularia

Verreaux's Eagle Owl (Milky Eagle Owl)ac

Bubo lacteus

Great Horned Owl

Bubo virginianus

Elf Owl

Micrathene whitneyi

Snowy Owlc

Nyctea scandiaca

Eastern Screech Owl

Otus asio

Flammulated Owlc

Otus flammeolus

Western Screech Owl

Otus kennicottii

Tawny Owlc

Strix aluco

Great Grey Owlc

Strix nebulosa

Spotted Owlc

Strix occidentalis

Barred Owl

Strix varia

Northern Hawk Owlc

Surnia ulula

Tytonidae

Barn Owl

Tyto alba

Struthioniformes

Struthionidae

Ostrichac

Struthio camelis

Tinamiformes

Tinamidae

Elegant Crested Tinanouc

Eudromia elegans



MAMMALS





Order

Family

Common Name

Scientific Name

Artiodactyla


Bovidae

Domestic Cattleac

Bos taurus

Mountain Goatc

Oreamnos americanus

Domestic (Suffolk) Sheepc

Ovis aries

Camelidae

Llamac

Lama glama

Alpaca (Suri)c

Lama pacos

Cervidae

Mule Deerc

Odocoileus hemionus

White-tailed Deer

Odocoileus virginianus

Reindeerc

Rangifer tarnadus

Suidae

Babirusaac

Babyrousa babyrousa

Carnivora

Canidae

Domestic Dogc

Canis familiaris

Timber Wolfc

Canis lupus

Felidae

Domestic Cat

Felis catus

Snow Leopardac

Panthera uncia

Mustelidae

Striped Skunk

Mephitis mephitis

Phocidae

Harbor Sealc

Phoca vitulina

Procyonidae

Red Pandaac

Ailurus fulgens fulgens

Ursidae

Black Beara

Ursus americanus

Chiroptera

Vespertilionidae

Big Brown Bat

Eptesicus fuscus

Little Brown Bat

Myotis lucifugus

Northern Long-eared Bat

Myotis septentrionalis

Lagomorpha

Leporidae

Domestic Rabbitc

Oryctolagus cuniculus

Perissodactyla

Equidae

Mulec




Donkeyc

Equus asinus

Domestic Horsec

Equus equus przewalski caballus

Rhinocerotidae

Great Indian Rhinocerosac

Rhinoceros unicornis

Primata

Cercopithcidae

Rhesus Macaqueac

Macaca mulatta

Pigtail Macaqueac

Macaca nemestrina

Barbary Macaquec

Macaca sylvanus

Olive Baboonac

Papio cynocephalus anubis

Lemuridae

Ring-tailed Lemurac

Lemur catta

Proboscidea

Elephantidae

Indian (Asian) Elephantac

Elephas maximus indicus

Rodentia

Sciuridae

Black-tailed Prairie Dogs

Cynomys ludovicianus

Gray Squirrel

Sciurus carolinensis

Fox Squirrel

Sciurus niger

Eastern Chipmunk

Tamias striatus


REPTILES



Order

Family

Common Name

Scientific Name

Crocodylia

Alligatoridae

American Alligatorc

Alligator mississippiensis

Squamata

Varanidae

Crocodile Monitorac

Varanus salvadorii







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