Oakeley, Sir Herbert (Stanley)

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Oxford House Choral Society.

London choir founded in 1898. See London, §VI, 2(ii).

Oxford University Press [OUP].

English publishing concern, a division of Oxford University and hence a non-profit organization without shareholders. Its principal editorial centres until the 1970s were in London (from 1880) and the Clarendon Press in Oxford. From 1977 publishing was again centralized in Oxford, though the music department remained in London until 1982. Its publications are distributed by a network of affiliates and agents throughout the world. The firm celebrated its quincentenary in 1978.

The musical activities of OUP were almost entirely a 20th-century development, though in the 19th century it had occasionally brought out works with music, such as Tallis's Preces and Litany (1847) and the Yattendon Hymnal (1899), which used original 17th-century music type cut by Peter Walpergen for John Fell. An interest in books on music began with the Oxford History of Music (1901–5, enlarged 2/1929–38), edited by W.H. Hadow and issued from the Clarendon Press at Oxford, but the real development dates from the employment of the 22-year-old Hubert J. Foss at the London office in 1921. Probably with the encouragement of the Bach specialist W.G. Whittaker, OUP started printing sheet music, and in June 1923 the first publications appeared in the two series Oxford Choral Songs and Oxford Church Music. Within two years a separate music department had been established in London under Foss's management, and a rapid publication programme was started, averaging over 200 works a year during the first decade. There was from the first a strong emphasis on contemporary English music; some works by Britten were published and many by Warlock, all the later works of Vaughan Williams and Gerhard (a naturalized Briton), and virtually the entire output of Lambert, Rawsthorne and Walton. In addition, anthologies such as The Oxford Book of Carols, The Oxford Song Books and The Church Anthem Book were issued and were soon regarded as standard collections. After the completion of the ten volumes of Tudor Church Music (1922–9), financed by the Carnegie United Kingdom Trust, OUP also began to issue new editions of individual works of old English music, especially of the 16th to 18th centuries, including an octavo series of Tudor Church Music, derived initially from the Carnegie edition and still in progress. With a few exceptions such as the complete Chopin edition (1932), edited by Edouard Ganche, OUP generally avoided the publication of the standard repertory until in 1985 Vivaldi's Gloria initiated a series of new editions of staples of the choral repertory. The publication of the collected works of C.P.E. Bach was started in 1989.

Apart from the continuing commitment to music by 20th-century British composers (prominent among whom are Crosse, Hoddinott, Mathias and Rutter), choral, organ and educational music forms the core of OUP activities. In addition, the New York branch (Oxford University Press Inc.) began in the 1960s the separate publication of contemporary American music, including works by Jack Beeson, Ezra Laderman and Libby Larsen as well as various editions, notably Noah Greenberg's edition of The Play of Daniel. The Toronto branch also had its own music division until 1973.

Parallel with its printed music programme, OUP has published a large number of books on music, including such important works as Cobbett's Cyclopedic Survey of Chamber Music, Tovey's Essays in Musical Analysis, the many editions of The Oxford Companion to Music, The New Oxford History of Music and concise Oxford dictionaries of music, opera and ballet. This activity, divided between the Oxford and New York branches, moved exclusively to New York in 1999. Since 1955 it has published the scholarly quarterly Music & Letters, since 1973 the periodical Early Music, and since 1987 the Journal of the Royal Musical Association, while the New York branch took over the publication of the Musical Quarterly in 1989.


C.G. Mortimer: ‘Leading Music Publishers: Oxford University Press, Music Department’, MO, lxiii (1939–40), 187–96

P.A. Mulgan: Oxford Music: the First Fifty Years, '23–'73 (London, 1973)

D. Hinnells: An Extraordinary Performance: Hubert Foss and the Early Years of Music Publishing at the Oxford University Press (Oxford, 1998)


Oxinaga [Oxinagas, Oginaga, Ojinaga, Orinaga, Martínez de Oxinaga], Joaquín de

(b Bilbao, bap. 26 Oct 1719; d Madrid, 24 Oct 1789). Spanish organist and composer. The chapter records of Toledo Cathedral provide the date of baptism. Donostía reported his service as organist at Burgos Cathedral (1740) and in Bilbao (1742). A note by Vicente Pérez in the royal chapel records (E-Mn M.762) indicates his appointment as third organist of the royal chapel on 8 January 1747, a position he still occupied in 1749 when he wrote the dictamen to the works of Elías. He was appointed principal organist of Toledo Cathedral in 1750, assuming the post on 11 December, and became the expert on the organ built by Justo Llaneza for the collegiate church of Talavera de la Reina, Toledo, in 1786. Pérez, in reporting his death, mentioned that he had been in Madrid for the coronation of Carlos IV in 1789.

The few known works by Oxinaga are of high quality. A sonata and two minuets were published by Ruiz-Pipó in Música vasca del siglo XVIII para tecla (Madrid, 1972). Pedrell included a paso in El organista liturgico español (Barcelona, 1905) and three fugues in Antologia de organistas clásicos españoles, ii (Madrid, 1908, 2/1968); one of these corresponds to one of the two fugues (termed intentos) in Rubio’s Organistas de la Real capilla, i (Madrid, 1973). P. Donostia published a sonata on the fifth tone in Música da tecla en el país vasco: siglo xviii (Lecaroz, Navarra, 1953, 2/1976). Oxinaga’s fugues are among the finest Spanish organ pieces of the 18th century, distinguished by their sparkling counterpoint, varied treatment of the subjects and climactic endings. A 1793 inventory from Toledo Cathedral (Barbieri papers, E-Mn) lists an eight-voice mass and Dixit, neither apparently extant.



J.A. de Donostia: ‘Notas de musicografía vasca’, Revista internacional de los estudios vascos, xxvi (1935), 146–50

M.S. Kastner: Contribución al estudio de la música española y portuguesa (Lisbon, 1941)

J.A. de Donostia: Música y músicos en el pais vasco (San Sebastián, 1951)


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