Oakeley, Sir Herbert (Stanley)

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Ovcharenko, Halyna (Ivanovna)

(b Novodruzhevka settlement, Lugansk province, 9 July 1963). Ukrainian composer. A graduate of Ishchenko's class at the Kiev Conservatory (1987), she taught at the Lysenko Middle School (1990–93) before lecturing at the pedagogical institute in Sumy. She is a laureate of the Kiev Festival competition (1992 and 1995) and of the Leontovych Prize (1992). The main trend in her work is determined by rural folklore (she has sung in and directed folk ensembles) and folk music forms the basis of all of her compositions. In her attempts to breathe symphonic life into folksong, she has encountered the problem of amalgamating folk sources and frequently complex contemporary techniques. She is especially attracted to choral cycles; Chumats'ki pisni (‘Songs of the Oxcart Drivers’) is based on seasonal texts and games, while the more recent Opalyonnaya mal'va (‘The Sun-Scorched Mallow’) deals with the Chernobyl tragedy. In Predkovichne (‘Ancestry’) she exhibits a deep sympathy for the pagan roots of Ukrainian culture and its relevance to the position of humanity in the universe.


(selective list)

Children's Pictures, 6 pieces, 1v, pf, 1980; 5 Preludes, pf, 1982; Pf Sonata, 1985; Cant., solo vv, children's choir, orch, 1987; Chumats'ki pisni [Songs of the Oxcart Drivers] (cant.), male chorus, 1989; Vesnovyi [Vernal song], choir, 1989; Dribushechki [Rapid Platter Dance], orch, 1992; Opalyonnaya mal'va [The Sun-Scorched Mallow] (cant.), solo vv, spkr, chorus, orch, 1992; Toccata, tpt, 1993; Charivniy svit u skalkakh l'odu [The Wizard World in Pieces of Ice], 2 pf, 1994; Gopak, 2 pf, 1994; Everlasting (trad.), vv, orch, 1995; Khytalasya tisha u nebi [The Lulling Silence of Heaven], brass qnt, 1995; 2 Pieces for an Inspired Clarinetist, 1995; Invocation of Rain (trad.), 1v, 4 perc, 1996; Negative of Sketch (op, S. Vitkevich), 1996; Str Qt, 1996; Transformations, orch, 1997; Moods (W.B. Yeats), choir, 1997; Illusion, 18 solo str, 1997; Le nonsense (E. Lear), hp, authentic voices, 1998; Studies in Witchcraft, orch, 1999

MSS in UA-Km; Ukraine Ministry of Culture


Ovchinikov, Vladimir

(b Belebey, 2 Jan 1958). Russian pianist. He studied in Moscow with Anna Artobolevskaya and Aleksey Nazedkin. He was runner-up to Ivo Pogorelich in the Montreal Competition in 1980, two years later won a joint silver medal of the Tchaikovsky Competition in Moscow with the British pianist Peter Donohoe and was the winner of the Leeds International Piano Competition in 1987. Thereafter his career took off particularly in Britain, with a solo début at the Barbican, London, in 1987 and his London concerto début with the Philharmonia two years later; by this time he had already appeared in recitals in the festivals at Aldeburgh, Cheltenham, Edinburgh and Lichfield. He toured Japan in 1989 and has appeared in Canada and the USA as well as throughout Europe. His recordings include piano trios by Rachmaninoff and Shostakovich and Tchaikovsky's First Concerto with the LPO under Yury Simonov; he has also made a particularly fine disc of the Liszt Etudes d'exécution transcendante. During the 1990s he consolidated his reputation as an interpreter of Russian music and the 19th-century virtuoso Romantics, notable especially for his strong, flexible technique and powerful projection.


Ovchinnikov, Vyacheslav Aleksandrovich

(b Voronezh, 29 May 1936). Russian composer and conductor. He graduated from the Moscow Conservatory where he studied composition with Bogatïryov; he undertook postgraduate studies with Khrennikov, and attended the conducting class of Lev Ginzburg (1955–66). He is a member of the Union of Composers and of the Union of Cinematographers. From the mid-1950s he worked under contract with film studios in Russia and abroad, and on commissions for Russian radio and television. At the start of the 1970s he toured as a conductor, later holding posts with the Bangkok Royal SO (1989–84) and as professor at the University of Kansas (1990–91).

Orchinnikov’s chief area of success is film music; an acknowledged master of this genre, he has composed more than 40 film scores. His collaboration with S. Bondarchuk in Voyna i mir (‘War and Peace’) won an Oscar in 1967; he has been awarded a grand medal for his film music (Great Britain). His works feature in the repertories of such musicians as Aleksandr Gauk (who conducted the première of Symphony no.1, 1961), David Oistrakh, Leonid Kogan, Emil Gilels, Vladimir Ashkenazy, Maxim Shostakovich, Dmitry Levayn and others. He made his conducting début at a Rachmaninoff commemorative evening in which his own Ėlegiya pamyati S.V. Rakhmaninova (‘Elegy in memory of S.V. Rachmaninoff, 1973’) received its first performance.


Stage: Pesnya pesney [The Song of Songs] (ballet, L. Yakobson), 1962–4; Na zare tumannoy yunosti [The Misty Dawn of Youth] (op, Ovchinnikov, L. Vasil'yeva), 1: 1972–82, 2: 1996; Voyna i mir [War and Peace] (ballet, V. Smirnov-Golovanov), 1965

Choral and orchestral: Sergey Radonezhskiy, orat, solo vv, chorus, orch, 1958–96; Geroichskaya poėma ‘Yuriy Gagarin’ [Heroic Poem ‘Yury Gagarin’], chorus, orch, 1962; Vremena goda [The Seasons], 1963–96; arr. of 5 works by Rachmaninoff, chorus, orch, 1973; Ėlegiya pamyati S.V. Rakhmaninova [Elegy in Memory of S.V. Rachmaninoff], lyric S, chorus, orch, 1973, pt2, 1981; Pesn'-ballada o stroitelyakh BAMa [Song-Ballad about the Builders of the Baykal-Amur Railway], cant., B, chorus, orch, 1974

Choral: Malen'kaya ballada [A Little Ballad] (R. Burns); Veter prinyos izdaleka [The Wind has Brought from Afar] (A. Blok); Tam neba osvetlyonnïy kray [There the Deforested Tract of Heaven] (Blok); Vokaliz [Vocalize], all 1955; Osenneye [Autumnal] (V. Firsov), 1972

Vocal: Ave Maria, S, chbr, ens, 1960; settings (for 1v, pf) after I. Bunin, H. Heine, A. Maykov, A.S. Pushkin

6 syms.: Sym., 1954, rev. 1970; no.1, 1955–7; no.3, 1965; No.5 ‘Saval'skaya’ [The Saval], 1975–7; no.4, with chorus, 1984–5;

Other orch: Al'bom dlya yunoshestva [An Album for the Young], 1955–72; P'yesa pamyati Ravelya [Piece in Memory of Ravel], 1956; Festival, sym. poem, 1957; Yarmarka [The Fair], sym. picture, 1958, rev. 1976; Russkiy prazdnik [A Russian Holiday], ov., 1960; Voyna i mir [War and Peace], suite from film score, 1962–5; Val's-poėma [A Waltz-Poem], 1968

Concs.: vn, orch, 1963–96; vc, orch, 1964–96; pf, orch, 1970–96

Vn, pf: Ballada, 1956; Napev [Melody], 1964; Sonata, 1965; Yaponskaya poėma [Japanese Poem], 1966

Pf: Sonata-ballada [Sonata-Ballade], 1959; Suite, 1960–2; Sonata ‘Metamorfozï’ [Metamorphoses], 1970; P'yesï [Pieces], 1993–6; Tsikl p'yes [Cycle of Pieces], 1995–6

Film scores (dirs. in parentheses): Andrey Rublyov (A. Tarkovsky); Arsenal [The Arsenal] (A. Dovzhenko); Avariya [The Accident] (V. Zhalakyavichus); Boris Godunov (S. Bondarchuk); Dolgaya schastlivaya zhizn' [A Long and Happy Life] (G. Shpalikov); Doroga k moryu [The Road to the Sea] (Yu. Alaverdov); Dvoryanskoye gnezdo [Nest of the Gentry] (A. Mikhalkov-Konchalovsky); Ėto sladkoye slovo – svodoba [That Sweet Word is Freedom] (Zhalakyavichus); Ivanovo detstvo [Ivan’s Childhood] (Tarkovsky); Katok i skripka [The Skating Rink and the Violin] (Tarkovsky); Legenda (S. Khenchinsky); Mal'chik i golub [The Boy and the Dove] (Mikhalkov-Konchalovsky); Oni srazhalis'za Rodinu [They Fought for their Homeland] (Bondarchuk); Pervïy uchitel' [The First Teacher] (Mikhalkov-Konchalovsky); Prishyol soldat s fronta [A Soldier Came From the Front] (N. Gubenko); Step' [The Steppes] (Bondarchuk); Takiye vïsokiy gorï [Such High Mountains] (Yu. Solnsteva); Voyna i mir [War and Peace] (Bondarchuk); Zemlya [The Ground] (Dovzhenko); Zvenigora (Dovzhenko)

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