Nomination Form for listing a key threatening process under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (epbc act)




Yüklə 215.36 Kb.
səhifə5/5
tarix01.03.2016
ölçüsü215.36 Kb.
1   2   3   4   5

New 1080 baiting code of practice in Tasmania
The Tasmanian Government recently released a range of tighter controls on the use of 1080 in a new Code of Practice.
Under the new Code of Practice, there will be further requirements for land managers to demonstrate the need to use 1080; applicants must have property based game management plans in place before a permit can be issued; a system of on-site inspections to document crop damage will be developed; and there will be further requirements to investigate alternative control methods (Jackson, Media Release December 2005).
While these tightened controls are a positive step, the Code of Practice still allows individual land managers to handle and distribute 1080 poison for all vertebrates and the impact on non-target wildlife, including threatened species will be measured with self-assessments by land managers (Tasmanian Conservation Trust, Media Release December 2005). The nominees are concerned the Code relies too heavily on self regulation and self assessment by landholders with vested interests in continuing their 1080 use and is unenforceable. Under this new Code of Practice 1080 baiting is still a threat to wildlife in Tasmania.
The federal Government’s 2004 election commitment to phase out 1080 use on private land in Tasmania by 2005 has not been complied with.
Conclusion:
The nominator has presented evidence to indicate that a number of native species are impacted on by 1080 baiting campaigns. However, information on the potential impact of 1080 bating on a number of species identified in this nomination is limited because it has been poorly researched.
The nominator considered excising Western Australia from the nomination because native species in that state have an inherited tolerance, but the dingo does not share this tolerance and it is a species targeted in 1080 programs in Western Australia. Therefore, we recommend the TSSC consider the threat the poison poses in Western Australia solely in relation to the dingo.
The nominator has presented sufficient evidence that indicates that 1080 baiting would cause the tiger quoll, spot-tailed quoll, spotted-tail quoll (Dasyurus maculatus maculatus – south east mainland population) to be listed in a higher category of endangerment and is a contributing factor in the endangerment of the dingo in the eastern states, such that it qualifies for listing as a key threatening process.
References:


  • 1080 Working Group of the Vertebrate Pests Committee (2001). Report to the Vertebrate Pests Committee: 1080 Policies, Practices and Procedures Australia and New Zealand.




  • Animal and Plant Control Commission (1993). Policy on Management of Dingo Populations ion South Australia, URL: http://www.pir.sa.gov.au/byteserve/sus_res/animal_plant/dingopolicy.pdf




  • Anon, 1080 Summary Information Toxicity of sodium fluoroacetate to native species from different parts of Australia. Department of Agriculture, Western Australia. URL: http://agspsrv34.agric.wa.gov.au/agency/pubns/miscpubs/011_2002/toxicity.htm




  • Australian Dingo Conservation Association (2005). URL: http://www.dingoconservation.org/index.html#faqs




  • Australian Pesticides & Veterinary Medicines Authority (2005a). The Reconsideration of Registrations of Products Containing Sodium Fluoroacetate (1080) and their Associated Labels. Preliminary Review Findings, Canberra, Australia. http://www.apvma.gov.au/chemrev/1080_prelim_review_findings.pdf




  • Australian Pesticides & Veterinary Medicines Authority (2005b). Media Release 23 May 2005: Public comment sought on initial findings of 1080 review, Canberra, Australia. http://www.apvma.gov.au/media/mr0502.shtml




  • Belcher, C. A. (2000). Ecology of the tiger quoll, Dasyurus maculatus in south-eastern Australia. PhD. Thesis, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.




  • Belcher, C. (2000a). The Range, Status and Distribution of the Spot-tailed Quoll (Dasyurus maculatus) in the Otway Ranges. Report to NRE for West Victoria RFA.




  • Belcher, C. L. (2000b). The Ecology of the Tiger Quoll, Dasyurus maculatus in south-eastern Australia. PhD Thesis, Deakin University.




  • Belcher C.A. (1999). The Range, Status and Distribution of the Tiger Quoll in the Otway Ranges, West Region , Regional Forest Agreement (RFA) Area. Consultants report to the Department of Natural Resources and Environment. Ecosystems Environment Consultants, RMB 4269, Timboon, 3268 (on EA’s RFA website).




  • Belcher C.A. (1998). Susceptibility of the tiger quoll, Dasyurus maculatus, and the eastern quoll, D. viverrinus, to 1080-poisoned baits in control programmes for vertebrate pests in eastern Australia. Wildlife Research 25: 33-40.



  • Bell, P. and Mooney N. (1998). Recovery Plan for the Wedge-tailed Eagle 1998-2003, Department of Primary Industries, Water and Environment, Tasmanian. URL: http://www.deh.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/recovery/wedge-tail/




  • Cairns and Far North Environment Centre (2005). Campaign Issues: Invasive Species. URL: http://www.cafnec.org.au/Campaigns/invasivespeciescapeyork.cfm




  • CALM (Department of Conservation & Land Management) (2005). Good Neighbour Policy draft, September 2005, Government of Western Australia.




  • Davidson, S. (2004). The Great Dingo Dilution. ECOS 118, Jan-Mar 2004.




  • Denny M. (2001). Application of Sodium Monofluoroacetate (1080) as a Poison in Vertebrate Pest Control in Australia: A Review. Consultants report to Humane Society International, Sydney.




  • Department of Environment and Conservation (NSW) (2005), Aerial baiting for wild dogs: the impact on spotted-tailed quoll populations, URL: http://www.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/npws.nsf/Content/aerial_baiting_quolls




  • Department of Environment and Heritage (2004). Administrative Guidelines on Significance: Supplement for the Tiger Quoll (southeastern mainland population) and the use of 1080. URL: http://www.deh.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/guidelines/tiger-quoll/index.html




  • Department of Primary Industries, Water and Environment (2005). The Fox Free Tasmanian Taskforce, URL: http://www.dpiwe.tas.gov.au/inter.nsf/WebPages/LBUN-5K46YA?open#FoxBaits




  • Eldridge S.R., Shakeshaft B.J. and Nano, T.J. (2002). The impact of wild dog control on cattle, native and introduced herbivores and introduced predators in central Australia. Unpublished report to the Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra. URL: http://www.affa.gov.au/content/output.cfm?ObjectID=FC46F90F-8EEC-47BA-A1B5D471EAF62A65




  • Fleming, P., Corbett, L., Harden, R. and Thomson, P. (2001). Managing the impacts of dingoes and other wild dogs. Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra, Australia. URL: http://affashop.gov.au/product.asp?prodid=12079




  • Garnett, S.T. and Crowley, G.M. (2000). The Action Plan for Australian Birds, Natural Heritage Trust, Commonwealth of Australia. URL: http://www.deh.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/action/birds2000/index.html




  • Glenn A.S. and Dickman C.R. (2003a). Monitoring bait removal in vertebrate pest control: a comparison using track identification and remote photography. Wildlife Research 30: 29-33.




  • Glenn A.S. and Dickman C.R. (2003b). Effects on bait station design on the uptake of baits by non-target animals during control programs for foxes and wild dogs. Wildlife Research 30: 147-149.




  • House of Representatives Standing Committee on Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (2005). Taking Control: a national approach to pest animals, November 2005. The Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia. URL: http://www.aph.gov.au/house/committee/primind/pestanimals/report.htm




  • Humane Society International (October 2004). Letter to the Minister for Environment & Heritage, Senator Campbell.




  • IUCN (2004). Species Information: Canis lupus ssp. dingo, The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. URL: http://www.redlist.org/search/details.php?species=41585




  • Jackson, J. (December 2005). New Code of Practice to Aid 1080 Reduction. Media Release 22/12/05: Minister for Environment and Planning. URL: http://www.media.tas.gov.au/release.php?id=16812




  • King DR (1989). An assessment of the hazard posed to northern quolls (Dasyurus hallucatus) by aerial baiting with 1080 to control dingoes. Australian Wildlife Research 16: 569-574.




  • Kortner, G. and Watson, P. (2005). The immediate impact of 1080 aerial baiting to control wild dogs on a spotted-tailed quoll population. NSW Department of Environment and Conservation. Wildlife Research 32(8) 673–680. URL: http://www.publish.csiro.au/nid/144/paper/WR05014.htm




  • Landcare (2004). Directions on the use off Foxoff® baits in Victoria, Landcare Notes. Department of Sustainability and Environment. URL: http://www.dpi.vic.gov.au/dpi/nreninf.nsf/9e58661e880ba9e44a256c640023eb2e/2c303c045a023cb7ca256f17000381a4/$FILE/LC0348.pdf




  • Landcare (1999). Directions for the use of 1080 Predator bait for wild dog control in Victoria, Landcare Notes. Department of Sustainability and Environment. URL: http://www.dpi.vic.gov.au/dpi/nreninf.nsf/9e58661e880ba9e44a256c640023eb2e/0589f647b87d700fca256f17000382b1/$FILE/LC0354.pdf




  • Martin G.R. and Twigg L.E. (2002). Sensitivity to sodium fluoroacetate (1080) of native animals from north western Australia. Wildlife Research 29: 75-83.




  • McIlroy, J.C. (1986). The sensitivity of Australian animals to 1080 poision IX.* Comparisons between the major groups of animals and the potential danger non-target species face from 1080 poioning campaigns. Australian Wildlife Research 13: 39-48.




  • McIlroy, J.C. (1984). The sensitivity of Australian animals to 1080 poison. VII. Native and introduced birds. Australian Wildlife Research 11: 373-385.




  • McIlroy, J.C. (1983b). The sensitivity of Australian animals to 1080 poison. VI. Bandicoots. Australian Wildlife Research 10: 507-512.




  • McIlroy, J.C. (1983a). The sensitivity of Australian animals to 1080 poison. V. The sensitivity of feral pigs, Sus scrofa, to 1080 and its implcations for poisoning campiagns. Australian Wildlife Research 10: 139-148.




  • McIlroy, J.C. (1982b). The sensitivity of Australian animals to 1080 poison. III. Marsupial and Eutherian herbivores. Australian Wildlife Research 9: 487-503.




  • McIlroy, J.C. (1982a). The sensitivity of Australian carnivorous mammals to 1080 poison. In Archer, M. (ed) Carnviorous Marsupials Roy. Zool. Soc. NSW, Sydney.




  • McIlroy, J.C. (1981b). The sensitivity of Australian animals to 1080 poison. II. Marsupial and Eutherian carnivores. Australian Wildlife Research 8: 385-399.




  • McIlroy, J.C. (1981a). The sensitivity of Australian animals to 1080 poison. I. Intra specific variation and factors affecting acute toxicity. Australian Wildlife Research 8: 369-383.




  • Meek, P.M. and Shields, J. (2001). Positive Dingo Management: how not to throw out the baby with the bath water in Dickman C.R. and Lunney D. ed. (2001), A Symposium on the Dingo, Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Southwood Press, Marrickville NSW.




  • Murray, A. (1998). Tigers and 1080: The Threat Posed by Buried Poison Baits to Spotted-tailed Quolls in the Australian Alps National Parks. NRE Report to Natural Heritage Working Group of the Australian Alps Liaison Committee.




  • Murray, A. J., Belcher, C. A., Poore, R. N. and Darrant, J. (2000). The ability of spotted-taled quolls to locate and consume meat baits deployed during simulated aerial baiting program. Report to the Australian Alps Liaison Committee and the New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service.




  • Murray, A.J. (1996). Tigers and 1080: The threat posed by buried poison baits to spotted-tailed quolls in the Australian Alps National Parks. A report to the Natural Heritage Working Group of the Australian Alps Liaison Committee, Dept. Natural Resources and Environment, Victoria.




  • Murray, A.J. and Poore, R.N. (2004). Potential impact of aerial baiting for wild dogs on a population of spotted-tailed quolls (Dasyurus maculatus). Wildlife Research 31(6): 639-644. URL: http://www.publish.csiro.au/paper/WR03067.htm




  • National Parks and Wildlife Service, NSW, Threatened Species Information: Eastern Quoll. URL: http://www.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/PDFs/tsprofile_eastern_quoll.pdf




  • Nature Conservation Branch (undated). Quolls in Tasmania. Department of Primary Industries, Water & Environment (Tasmania). URL: http://www.bushcare.tas.gov.au/php/factsheets/Quolls.pdf




  • Paine, M. (2005). Victims of fox 1080 target. The Mercury, 33/04/05, Tasmania.




  • Parks Flora and Fauna Division (June 2001). Flora and Fauna Guarantee Action Statement. URL: http://www.oren.org.au/issues/endspp/Tigerquoll/DraftTQAS.htm#6




  • Premier Paul Lennon, excerpt, State of the State Address, House of Assembly 2004. URL: http://www.forestrytas.com.au/forestrytas/pages/topic_1080_sos_address.html




  • Savolainen P., Leitner T, Wilton A., Matisoo-Smith E and Lundeberg J. (2004). A detailed picture of the origin of the Australian dingo, obtained from the study of mitochondrial DNA. Population Biology 101: no. 33, 12387-12390. URL: http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/101/33/12387




  • Sharp, T. and Saunders, G. (2004). Ground baiting of rabbits with 1080, NSW Department of Primary Industries. URL: http://www.deh.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/publications/humane-control/rab002-ground-baiting-rabbits-1080.pdf




  • Statham H.L. (1996). Impact of 1080 on non-target species and priorities for research. A report to the Browsing Animal Research Council. URL: http://www.browsingdamage.org.au/Hstatham96.doc




  • Tasmanian Conservation Trust (December 2005). Government talks big but acts small on new 1080 poison code of practice. Media Release 22/12/05.




  • Threatened Species Scientific Committee (2004). Dasyurus maculatus maculatus (Spot-tailed Quoll, Spotted-tailed Quoll, Tiger Quoll): Advice to the Minister for the Environment and Heritage from the Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC) on Amendments to the list of Threatened Species under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act). URL: http://www.deh.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/species/tiger-quoll.html




  • Wilton A. N. (2001). DNA Methods of Assessing Dingo Purity, pages 49-56 in Dickman C.R. and Lunney D. ed. (2001), A Symposium on the Dingo, Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Southwood Press, Marrickville NSW.





1   2   3   4   5


Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azrefs.org 2016
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə