Monkshoods in Chornogora Mts. (Ukrainian Carpathians): what, why and how we should protect?




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Project Update: June 2015
Starting the project

The project “Monkshoods in Chornogora Mts. (Ukrainian Carpathians): what, why and how we should protect?” was started successfully and now it gains momentum. The first step was the developing of field protocol and buying equipment for field investigations.


For these reason I prepared preliminary list of taxa with threat categories and endemic status which will be represented as a short paper “Genus Aconitum in Chornohora Mts. Preliminary analysis” on the conference “Historical and contemporary aspects of the biota studying in Carpathians” during 26th-30th July 2015. This list was developed as a base for cadastre. Also for this reason the GIS map with delimitations of the regions of Ukrainian Carpathians was created.


Taxon

Threat Category

Endemic Status

Subg. Aconitum

Sect. Aconitum

A. ×czarnohorense (Zapał.) Mitka

VU

Eastern Carpathian endemic

A. ×nanum (Baumg.) Simonk.

DD

South-Eastern Carpathian endemic

A. bucovinense Zapał. fo. bucovinense

EN

South-Eastern Carpathian endemic

A. bucovinense Zapał. fo. orthotricha Gáyer

EN

South-Eastern Carpathian endemic

A. firmum Rchb. subsp. firmum

VU

Pan-Carpathian endemic

A. firmum Rchb. subsp. fissurae Nyárády

VU

Pan-Carpathian endemic

A. firmum Rchb. subsp. fussianum Starmühl.

NT

Pan-Carpathian endemic

Sect. Cammarum DC.

A. lasiocarpum (Rchb.) Gáyer subsp. lasiocarpum

VU

Eastern Carpathian endemic

A. lasiocarpum (Rchb.) Gáyer subsp. kotulae (Pawł.) Starmühl. & Mitka

VU

Pan-Carpathian subendemic

A. ×gayeri Starmühl.

LC

Eastern Carpathian endemic

A. degenii Gáyer subsp. degenii fo. degenii

LC

Pan-Carpathian endemic

A. degenii Gáyer subsp. degenii fo. craciunelense Gáyer

LC

Pan-Carpathian endemic

A. degenii Gáyer subsp. degenii var. intermedium (Zapał.) Mitka

LC

Pan-Carpathian endemic

Sect. Acomarum Starmühl.

A. ×cammarum L. em. Fries

LC

none

Subg. Anthora (DC.) Peterm.

Sect. Anthora

A. anthora L.

VU

none

Subg. Lycoctonum (DC.) Peterm.

Sect Lycoctonum DC.

(?) A. lycoctonum L. em. Koelle subsp. lycoctonum

DD

none

A. moldavicum Hacq. subsp. moldavicum

LC

Pan-Carpathian subendemic

A. moldavicum Hacq. subsp. hosteanum (Schur) Graebn. & P. Graebn.

LC

Pan-Carpathian endemic

A. moldavicum Hacq. subsp. simonkaianum (Gáyer) Starmühl.

DD

Eastern Carpathian endemic

Also the protocol for field expeditions was developed. This protocol includes next parts: a) Site selection; b) Sampling of herbarium material; c) Vegetation description by Braun-Blanquet; d) Microclimatic measurements. This step-by-step protocol will help me to realize accurate studies during my field trips and will allow standardising the obtained results.






For microclimatic measurements in field conditions I bought next technical equipment: a) soil moisture meter Rixen M-700S (1 pcs.); b) soil pH and temperature meter Ezodo MP-103S (1 pcs.); c) environment multimeter Flus ET-965 (1 pcs.). This equipment will allows getting clear data about air temperature, air humidity, illumination, soil moisture, soil temperature, and soil pH in localities of investigated Aconitum taxa.


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