Los Angeles City College Library apa (5th ed.)




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Los Angeles City College Library


APA (5th ed.)

Print Sources


Printed Sources

STUDY AID







APA (AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION) STYLE - CITING PRINT SOURCES








References

1 AUTHOR




Alic, M. (1986). Hypatia's heritage: A history of women in
science from antiquity through the nineteenth century.
Boston: Beacon.



2 to 6 AUTHORS




Babcock, B. A., & Parezo, N. J. (1988). Daughters of the desert:
Women anthropologists and the Native American southwest,
1880-1980. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.



MORE THAN 6 AUTHORS




Cunningham, G., MacDonald, P. C., Gant, N. F., Leveno, K. J.,
Gilstrap, L. C., Hankins, G. D., et al. (1996). Williams
obstetrics (20th ed.). Stamford, CT: Appleton & Lange.



EDITORS AS AUTHORS




Daniels, P., & Ruddick, S., (Eds.). (1977). Working it out: 23
women writers, artists, scientists, and scholars talk about
their lives and work
. (Rev. ed.) New York: Pantheon.



FAMILIAR REF. BOOK




Davis, C. W. (1988). Curie, Marie Sklodowska. In Collier's
encyclopedia
(Vol. 3, pp. 450-452). New York: Collier's
Encyclopedia.



LESS FAMILIAR REF. BOOK




Gingerich, O. (1970). Cannon, Annie Jump. In C. C. Gillispie
(Ed.), Dictionary of scientific biography (Vol. 3, pp.
49-50). New York: Scribner's.



SELECTION

REPRINTED IN A COLLECTION




Harris, N. (1990). Literary and linguistic scholarship in a
postliterate age. In R. D. Denham (Ed.), Myth and metaphor:
Essays, 1974-88
(pp. 18-27). Charlottesville: University
Press of Virginia. (Original work published 1984)



WEEKLY MAGAZINE




Manthorpe, C. (1985, March 7). Feminists look at science. New
Scientist, 116
, 29-31.



MONTHLY MAGAZINE




Stark, E. (1987, June). Motherhood and science do mix. Psychology
Today, 21,
14.



JOURNAL




Taylor, A. (1998). We know we belong to the land: The
theatricality of assimilation in Rodgers and Hammerstein's
Oklahoma! PMLA, 113, 77-89.



DAILY NEWSPAPER




Tilgham, S. M. (1993, January 26). Science vs. women--A radical
solution. New York Times, pp. F1, F3, F5-7.


Note: Double-space all reference entries unless instructor allows single-spacing with double-spacing between entries.



REFERENCE CITATIONS IN TEXT
Reference citations in text (or parenthetical notes) - a short notes embedded in text of your paper in which you acknowledge the source of quotations or paraphrases of someone else's words. Some common formats of APA style parenthetical notes are shown below:

I.One Work by One Author

Rogers (1994) compared reaction times . . .

In a recent study of reaction times (Rogers, 1994) . . .

II.One Work by Two Authors

Always cite both names every time the reference occurs in text.




III.One Work by Three, Four, or Five Authors

Cite all authors the first time the reference occurs; in subsequent citations, include only the surname of the first author followed by et al. (with a period after “al”).

Wasserstein, Zappulla, Rosen, Gerstman, and Rock (1994) found [first citation in text]

Wasserstein et al. (1994) [subsequent first citation per paragraph thereafter]

IV.One Work by Six or More Authors

Cite only the surname of the first author followed by et al. (with a period after “al”). and the year for the first and subsequent citations. In the reference list, however, provide the initials and surnames of the first six authors and shorten any remaining authors to et al.

Kosslyn et al. (1992)


When quoting, always provide the author's last name, year, and specific page citation.

V.Quotation less than 40 words within text:

He contended, "For the man who is extremely and dangerously hungry, no other interests exist but food" (Maslow, 1943, p.348).



VI.Quotation of 40 or more words (indent five spaces from the left margin):

Miele (1993) found the following:



The “placebo effect,” which had been verified in previous studies,
disappeared when behaviors were studied in this manner. Furthermore,
the behaviors were never exhibited again [emphasis added], even when
reel [sic] drugs were administered. Earlier studies were clearly
premature in attributing the results to a placebo effect. (p. 276)


Revised September 2012 by B. Vasquez. and A. Mezynski


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