List of plant species at Terre Noire Blackland Prairie Natural Area – 252 taxa – updated 12 December 2004




Yüklə 64.1 Kb.
tarix21.04.2016
ölçüsü64.1 Kb.
List of plant species at Terre Noire Blackland Prairie Natural Area – 252 taxa – updated 12 December 2004
Scientific name Common name Strata Freq. Habitat Source
Acacia angustissima var. hirta prairie acacia tree 2 __ 1

Agalinis skinneriana Skinner's false foxglove herb 5 A, B 1

Agrimonia sp. harvestlice herb 16

Agrostis perrenans upland bentgrass herb 2 E 15

Allium canadense var. mobilense wild purple onion herb 3 A 3

Ambrosia artemisiifolia annual ragweed herb 2 D 8

Ambrosia bidentata lanceleaf ragweed herb 3 F 14

Ambrosia trifida giant ragweed herb 2 A, B 6

Ampelopsis arborea pepper vine herb 3 B, C, E 1

Amphicarpa bracteata American hog peanut herb 2 B, E 4

Andropogon glomeratus bushy bluestem herb 5 A 1

Andropogon virginicus var. virginicus broomsedge bluestem herb 5 A 1

Anemone berlandieri tenpetal thimbleweed herb 3 A 3

Antennaria parlinii subsp. fallax largeleaf pussytoes herb 2 B 6

Apocynum cannabinum hemp dogbane herb 2 A 3

Aralia spinosa devil’s walking stick shrub 1 B 5

Arisaema dracontium green dragon herb 2 B 4

Aristida purpurascens arrowfeather three–awngrass herb 3 A 14

Arnoglossum plantagineum Indian plantain herb 2 A 2

Asclepias hirtella green milkweed herb 1 A 4

Asclepias purpurascens purple milkweed herb 1 C 18

Asclepias tuberosa butterflyweed herb 2 A 6

Asclepias variegata redring milkweed herb 1 B 6

Asclepias viridiflora green comet milkweed herb 3 A 1

Asclepias viridis green-flowered milkweed herb 3 A 6

Asplenium platyneuron ebony spleenwort herb 1 B 4

Aster anomolus manray aster herb 3 B 2

Aster cordifolius common blue wood aster herb 3 B 2

Aster c.f. ericoides var. prostratus white heath aster herb 4 A, D 10

Aster novae-angliae New England aster herb 3 A 1

Aster oblongifolius aromatic aster herb 3 A 1

Aster patens late purple aster herb 1 A 10

Aster prealtus var. prealtus willow-leaved aster herb 3 A, D 13

Aster sp. (long leaves not prealtus) aster herb 2 A 13

Aster turbinellus smooth violet prairie aster herb 5 A 1

Berchemia scandens Alabama supplejack woody vine 3 B, C 1

Bignonia capreolata crossvine woody vine 2 C 2

Boltonia diffusa smallhead doll's daisy herb 3 A 4

Bricknelia eupatorioides false boneset herb 2 A 10

Buchnera americana American bluehearts herb 2 A 1, 17

Callicarpa americana American beauty berry shrub 2 B, C 6

Campsis radicans trumpet creeper woody vine 3 C, D, E 3

Carex annectans var. annectens yellow-fruit caric sedge herb 2 D 3

Carex caroliniana Carolina caric sedge herb 2 C 13

Carex cherokeensis Cherokee caric sedge herb 4 B, C, D 2

Carex glaucoidea blue caric sedge herb 2 B 4

Carex c.f. meadii Mead’s caric sedge herb 3 A 2

Carex c.f. oklahomensis Oklahoma''s caric sedge herb 2 D 3

Carex c.f. stipitata awl-fruited caric sedge herb 2 D 3

Carya alba mockernut hickory tree, sap 3 C 3

Carya cordiformis bitternut hickory tree, sap, shrub 16

Carya myristiciformis nutmeg hickory tree, sap 1 C 1

Carya texana black hickory tree, sap, shrub 3 B, E 4

Celtis leavigata sugarberry tree, sap 2 C 7

Centrosema virginianum spurred butterfly pea herb __ C 2

Cercis canadensis var. canadensis eastern redbud tree, sap, shrub 3 B 1

Chamaecrista fasciculata partridge pea herb 5 A 2

Chamaesyce cordifolia * ? heartleaf sandmat herb 3 A 1

Chamaesyce nutans eyebane sandmat herb 1 A 10

Chasmanthium latifolium inland woodoats herb 2 D 6

Chasmanthium laxum var. sessiliflorum longleaf woodoats herb 4 B, C, E 6

Cirsium altissimum tall thistle herb 3 A 1

Cirsium discolor field thistle herb 2 A 3

Claytonia virginica Virginia spring beauty herb 2 A, C 2

Clematis virginiana devil's darningneedles herb 1 B 6

Clitoria mariana butterfly pea herb __ __ 2

Comandra umbellata subsp. umbellata bastard toadflax herb 2 A 9

Coreopsis lanceolata lanceleaf tickseed herb 4 A 2

Cornus drummondii rough-leaf dogwood shrub 3 B 1

Cornus florida flowering dogwood tree, sap, shrub 2 A, C, E 2

Cornus foemina stiff dogwood shrub 2 A, C 3

Croton capitatus hogwort herb __ A 2

Croton monathogynus prairie tea herb 4 A 2

Cryptotaenia canadensis Canada honewort herb 2 D 6

Cuscuta sp. dodder herb 2 A 9

Dalea candida var. candida white prairie clover herb 1 A 11

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea purple prairie clover herb 3 A 1

Daucus carota Queen Anne's lace herb 16

Delphinium carolineanum Carolina larkspur herb 3 A 6

Desmanthus illinoensis Illinois bundleflower herb 3 A 2

Desmodium obtusum rigid tick trefoil herb 3 A 1

Desmodium perplexum paniculate tick trefoil herb 3 B 13

Dichanthelium boscii Bosc's rosettegrass herb 16

Dichanthelium clandestinum deertongue rosettegrass herb 3 B 13

Dichanthelium dichotomum cypress rosettegrass herb 2 B 13

Digitaria cognata * Carolina crabgrass herb 5 A 1

Diospyros virginiana American persimmon tree, sap 3 B 1

Echinacea pallida pale purple coneflower herb 4 A 1

Echinacea purpurea eastern purple coneflower herb 4 A 1

Elymus c.f. canadensis Canada wild rye herb 2 A, B 10

Elymus villosus hairy wild rye herb 2 C, D 10

Elymus virginicus Virginia wild rye herb 5 B, C 1

Erigeron annuus eastern fleabane herb __ _ _

Erigeron philadelphicus Philadelphia fleabane herb 2 A 2

Erigeron tenuis slenderleaf fleabane herb 3 A 3

Eryngium yuccifolium rattlesnake master herb 5 A 1

Eupatorium altissimum tall thoroughwort herb 2 A 2

Eupatorium coelestinum blue mistflower herb 5 A, C 1

Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum clasping boneset herb 2 D 6

Euphorbia bicolor snow-on-the-prairie herb 5 A 1

Euphorbia corollata flowering spurge herb 4 A 3

Fragaria virginiana Virginia strawberry herb 2 __ _

Frangula caroliniana Carolina buckthorn sap, shrub 4 C, E 1

Fraxinus americana white ash tree, sap, shrub 2 B 1

Fraxinus pennsylvanica green ash tree, sap, shrub 3 C, E 1

Galium circaezans licorice bedstraw herb 2 B 4

Galium pilosum hairy bedstraw herb 2 B 9

Gaura longiflora biennial beeblossum herb 5 A 1

Geum sp. avens herb 16

Glandularia canadensis rose mock vervain herb 3 A, B 1

Gleditsia tricanthos honey locust tree, sap, shrub 2 C, E 1

Gnaphalium obtusifolium var. obtusifolium sweet everlasting herb 3 A 2

Hedyotis nigricans diamondflowers herb 5 A 1

Helianthus grosseserratus sawtooth sunflower herb 5 A 1

Helianthus hirsutus hairy sunflower herb 3 C, E 2

Heliopsis helianthoides smooth ox-eye herb 2 B 6

Heliotropium tenellum pasture heliotrope herb 3 A 1

Hypericum hypericoides St. Andrew's cross herb 2 B 13

Hypericum perforatum * common St. John's wort herb 3 A 1

Hypericum sphaerocarpum roundseed St. John’s wort herb 3 A 9

Hypoxis hirsuta hairy yellow star grass herb 4 A 2

Ilex decidua deciduous holly shrub 3 B 1

Iris sp. iris herb 12

Juglans nigra black walnut tree, sap, shrub 16

Juncus effusus soft rush herb 1 D 8

Juncus scirpoides sedge rush herb 3 C 1

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana eastern red cedar tree, sap, shrub 5 A, B 1

Lactuca floridana Florida wild lettuce herb 1 B 6

Leersia virginica white-grass herb 16

Lespedeza cuneata * Asian bushclover herb 2 A 3

Liatris aspera tall blazingstar herb 4 A 2

Liatris squarrosa spreading blazingstar herb 5 A 1

Liquidambar styraciflua sweetgum tree, sap, shrub 3 C, E 2

Lobelia spicata highbelia herb 4 A, D 1

Lonicera japonica * Japanese honeysuckle herb 3 C, E 2

Lonicera sempervirens var. sempervirens trumpet honeysuckle herb 2 C 2

Lythrum alatum var. lanceolatum lanceleaf winged loosestrife herb 3 A 1

Maclura pomifera osage orange tree, sap, shrub 3 C, E 1

Manfreda virginica false aloe herb 5 A 1

Matelea sp. (brown flowers, burnt rubber smell) climbing milkvine herb 1 B 13

Medicago lupulina * black medic herb 2 A, D 3

Melilotus alba * white sweet clover herb 3 A, C 2

Melilotus officinalis * yellow sweet clover herb 2 A 8

Mimosa quadrivalvis var. nuttallii Nuttall's sensitive brier herb 2 A 1

Mimulus sp. monkey flower herb 16

Minuartia patula pitcher's sandwort herb 2 A 7

Mitreola petiolata (Cynoctonum mitreola) lax hornpod herb 1 A, C 1

Morus rubra red mulberry herb 2 C 6

Myrica cerifera wax myrtle shrub 2 A, D 2

Narcissus pseudonarcissus daffodil herb 12

Nothoscordum bivalve crowpoison herb __ A 2

Nyssa sylvatica blackgum herb 3 B, E 6

Oenothera speciosa white evening primrose herb 1 A 6

Onosmodium molle var. occidentale western marbleseed herb 2 A 1

Ostrya virginiana hop hornbeam herb 3 C, E 3

Oxalis stricta yellow wood sorrel herb 2 A, D 3

Oxalis violacea violet wood sorrel herb 1 B 3

Panicum anceps beaked panicgrass herb 5 A 1

Panicum flexile wiry witchgrass herb 5 A 1

Panicum virgatum switchgrass herb __ A 2

Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper woody vine 4 B, C, E 2

Paspalum floridanum Florida crowngrass herb 5 A 1

Passiflora incarnata purple passionflower herb 2 D 9

Passiflora lutea yellow passionflower herb 2 B 6

Pedicularis canadensis Canada lousewort herb 1 B 4

Penstemon digitalis smooth beardtongue herb 1 B 6

Phlox pilosa var. pilosa downy phlox herb 2 B, E 6

Pinus echinata shortleaf pine tree 1 A 2

Pinus taeda loblolly pine tree, sap, shrub 5 B 1

Piptochaetium avenacea blackseed speargrass herb 2 B 9

Platanus occidentalis American sycamore tree, sap, shrub 2 C, D 1

Poa pratensis * Kentucky bluegrass herb __ __ 1

Polygala sp. milkwort herb 16

Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas fern herb 1 E 6

Populus deltoides subsp. deltoides eastern cottonwood tree, sap, shrub 2 C, D 1

Prunella vulgaris * ? heal-all herb 3 A, C, D 3

Prunus munsoniana wild goose plum tree 12

Prunus rivularis creek plum tree 12

Pyrrhopappus c.f. carolinianus Carolina desert chickory herb 2 A 13

Quercus alba white oak herb 2 A, B 3

Quercus falcata Spanish oak tree 2 A, B 7

Quercus marilandica var. marilandica blackjack oak tree, sap, shrub 2 A, C 2

Quercus muehlenbergii chestnut oak tree, sap, shrub 3 B, C 1

Quercus nigra water oak tree, sap 2 C, E 7

Quercus phellos willow oak tree 2 C, E 7

Quercus shumardii Shumard’s oak tree, sap 3 B 7

Quercus stellata post oak tree, sap 3 A, B, D, E 7

Quercus velutina black oak tree 2 B, E 7

Ranunculus abortivus small-flowered crowfoot herb 1 C 4

Ratibida pinnata pinnate prairie coneflower herb 2 A 2

Rhus copallinum winged sumac shrub 2 A 2

Rhus glabra smooth sumac shrub 2 A 2

Rhynchosia latifolia prairie snoutbean herb 4 A 4

Rosa carolina Carolina rose herb 3 A 6

Rubus flagellaris northern dewberry woody vine 3 C, D, E 2

Rudbeckia hirta black-eyed susan herb 5 A 2

Rudbeckia c.f. missouriensis Missouri orange coneflower herb __ __ 1

Rudbeckia subtomentosa sweet coneflower herb 3 A, D 2

Ruellia humilis var. humilis fringeleaf petunia herb 3 A 1

Ruellia strepens limestone wild petunia herb 2 A, B, C 3

Rumex crispus curly dock herb 16

Saccharum alopecuroides silver plumegrass herb 2 B 10

Salix nigra black willow tree, sap, shrub 16

Salvia azurea pitcher sage herb __ A 1

Salvia lyrata lyreleaf sage herb 2 A 2

Sanicula canadensis Canada black snakeroot herb 3 C 3

Schizachyrium scoparium divergent bluestem herb 5 A 2

Schrankia nuttallii var. nuttallii sensitive brier herb 2 A 1

Scirpus atrovirens green bulrush herb 2 D 2

Scirpus pendulinus drooping bulrush herb 3 D 3

Scleria sp. nutsedge herb 2 B 13

Scleria verticillata nutsedge herb 1 A 19

Setaria parviflora marsh bristlegrass herb 3 A 9

Sideroxylon lanuginosum subsp. lanuginosum chittimwood shrub 3 B 1

Silphium integrifolium rosin-weed herb 5 A 1

Silphium laciniatum var. laciniatum compass plant herb 5 A 1

Sisyrinchium angustifolium narrowleaved blue-eyed grass herb 2 A 2

Smilax bona-nox saw greenbrier woody vine 4 C, E 2

Smilax rotundifolia roundleaf greenbrier woody vine 4 C, E 2

Solidago canadensis Canada goldenrod herb 5 A 1

Solidago nemoralis old field goldenrod herb 5 A 1

Solidago rigida subsp. rigida stiff goldenrod herb 5 A 1

Solidago rugosa Drummond's goldenrod herb 2 A, B 13

Sorghastrum nutans Indian grass herb 5 A 1

Sorghum halepense * Johnson grass herb 2 F 17

Spigelia marilandica woodland pink root herb 2 C 6

Sporobolus compositus var. compositus tall dropseed herb __ __ 1

Strophostyles leiosperma slick-seed fuzzybean herb 4 A, D 1

Stylosanthes biflora sidebeak pencilflower herb 4 A 4

Symphytum officinale common comfrey herb __ __ __

Tipularia discolor cranefly orchid herb C 1

Toxicodendron radicans eastern poison ivy woody vine, herb 5 B, C, E 2

Tradescantia hirsuticaulis hairy-stem spiderwort herb 2 B 6

Tradescantia hirsutiflora hairy-flower spiderwort herb 1 B 6

Tradescantia ohiensis smooth spiderwort herb 1 E 8

Tragia ramosa branched noseburn herb 2 __ 1

Tragia urticifolia common noseburn herb 2 A 2

Trepocarpus aethusae whitenymph 16

Tridens flavus var. flavus tall purpletop herb 5 A 1

Triodanis perfoliata var. perfoliata round-leaved Venus' looking glass herb 3 A 13

Ulmus alata winged elm tree, sap, shrub 3 C, E 1

Ulmus americana American elm tree, sap, shrub 2 C, D 1

Vaccinium arboreum farkleberry shrub 2 B 14

Vaccinium pallidum blue ridge blueberry shrub 2 B 14

Vaccinium stamineum deerberry shrub 2 B 14

Verbesina alternifolia yellow ironweed herb 2 C 4

Vernonia baldwinii subsp. baldwinii Baldwin's ironweed herb 3 A 2

Vernonia missurica Missouri ironweed herb 5 A 1

Viburnum rufidulum rusty blackhaw shrub 3 B 1

Vicia sativa var. sativa common vetch herb 16

Viola palmata early blue violet herb 3 B 6

Yucca arkansana Arkansas soapweed herb 1 A 8


* = non-native species 11/252= 4.3%
Fungi

Scientific name Common name Strata Freq. Habitat Source


Aminita sp. aminita


Strata

tree: > 5 in dbh and > 20 ft tall

sapling: 0.4 to < 5 in dbh and > 20 ft tall

shrub: usually 3 to 20 ft tall; multi-stemmed, brushy shrubs small trees and saplings

woody vine: vines that are woody

herb: graminoids, forbs, ferns, fern allies, herbaceous vines, tree seedlings


Habitat: Frequency

A = prairie 5 = abundant

B = calcareous woodlands 4 = common

C = wooded area near stream (wooded drainages) 3 = occasional

D = open areas near stream 2 = infrequent

E = pine plantation 1 = rare

F = powerline ROW
Sources:

1 = Stephen Walker and Chris Wilson, 23 August 1996 site visit.

2 = Scott Simon, 9 April 1997 site visit.

3 = John Beneke, Scott Simon and Amy Wilson, 15 May 1997 site visit.

4 = Scott Simon, Stacy Smith and Steven Walker, 15 May 97 site visit and monitoring.

5 = Scott Simon, fall site visit.

6 = Mike Fuhr, Scott Simon, Douglas Zollner, 18 May 1998 site visit.

7 = Douglas Zollner, 25 April 1999 site visit.

8 = Scott Simon, 16 May 1999 site visit.

9 = S. Simon, D. Zollner and ANPS, 23 May 1999 site visit.

10 = S. Simon and D. Zollner, 3 October 1999 site visit.

11 = D. Zollner, 22 June 2000 site visit.

12 = D. Zollner, 17 March 2001 site visit.

13 = S. Simon, D. Zollner, D. Gosse, 23 May 2001 site visit.

14 = S. Simon and J. Fox, 29 Aug 2001 site visit.

15 = S. Simon, D. Zollner, L. Moore, 2 Dec 2001 site visit.

16 = S. Simon, early 2002 site visit.

17 = Bill Shepherd and Lyndall York, 2 Sept 2002 site visit.

18 = Mark Clark, 18 May 2004 site visit.

19 = Maria Seamon monitoring – Theo Witsell ID; September 2004.


Nomenclature according to:

Smith, E. B. 1994. Keys to the Flora of Arkansas. University of Arkansas Press. Fayetteville, AR. 363 pp. w/ exceptions.


Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azrefs.org 2016
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə