Lanl master specification

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SECTION 21 1319




This template must be edited for each project.  In doing so, specifier must add job-specific requirements.  Brackets are used in the text to indicate designer choices or locations where text must be supplied by the designer.  Once the choice is made or text supplied, remove the brackets.  The specifications must also be edited to delete specification requirements for processes, items, or designs that are not included in the project -- and specifier’s notes such as these.  Additional tailoring requirements are contained in ESM Chapter 1 Section Z10 Att. F, Specifications.

To seek a variance from requirements in the specifications that are applicable, contact the Engineering Standards Manual Fire POC. Please contact POC with suggestions for improvement as well.

When assembling a specification package, include applicable specifications from all Divisions, especially Division 1, General requirements.

Specification developed for ML-4 projects.  For ML-1 and 2 applications, additional requirements must be added for increased confidence in procurement or execution (and may be added for ML-3), and independent review is required; see ESM Chapter 1 Section Z10 Specifications and Quality sections. Also, for ML-1 (Safety Class) and ML-2 (Safety Significant) sprinkler systems and water supplies only, DOE has issued guidance in DOE-STD-1066; this guidance will exceed NFPA 13 requirements and some expectations in this section, and requirements will need to be added herein.


As a minimum, include the following sections in spec package:

01 2500 Substitution Procedures

01 3300 Submittal Procedures

01 3545 Water Discharge Requirements

01 4219 Reference Standards

01 7700 Closeout Procedures

01 7839 Project Record Documents

09 9100 Painting

Div. 21 Applicable fire alarm system specifications

22 0554 Identification for Plumbing, HVAC, and Fire Piping and Equipment

22 0813 Testing Piping Systems

22 0816 Disinfection of Potable Water Piping




A.Scope of Work: Provide design, shop drawings, project record drawings (as-built), equipment, fabrication, labor, transportation and supervision necessary to install, flush, test and place into service a complete hydraulically designed automatic pre-action sprinkler system. [Provide a detailed scope of work for existing fire sprinkler systems that are to be revised and/or extended. Note the design parameters for the existing system including the design density and area for hydraulically designed systems or type of pipe schedule for older systems that were not hydraulically designed.]

B.Components: System shall consist of, but not be limited to, releasing panel, detection system, interconnecting piping, fittings, control valves, check valves, alarm valve with trim, fire department connection, sprinkler heads, hangers, bracing, Inspector's test stations, drains, sprinkler alarm and other devices for a complete installation in accordance with codes, standards and recommended practice referenced in this Section.


A.The LANL Fire Protection Division will coordinate with the Los Alamos Fire Department to provide the subcontractor with water supply test data for existing fire protection water supplies.

B.The subcontractor is responsible for performing hydraulic calculations for the sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13 that account for all flow and pressure requirements to the location of the flow test hydrant that was used to determine the static and residual pressures. The subcontractor is also responsible for determining the location and elevation of the static and residual test gauge relative to the riser reference point and providing this information on the sprinkler design plans in accordance with NFPA 13 (2010 edition, Sections 22.2.1 & 22.1.3(10)).


A.Design system in accordance with the most current edition of NFPA 13. Modifications to existing systems involving less than 10 sprinklers may be designed in accordance with the Code of Record edition of NFPA 13. Modifications involving 10 or more sprinklers shall comply with the current edition of NFPA 13.

1.At a minimum, design the system to protect an Ordinary Hazard Group II in accordance with NFPA 13, or as specified by the LANL Fire Marshal. A minimum 500 gpm hose stream allowance shall be provided.

2.Conform to extra or special hazard requirements where required or indicated.

3.Conform to NFPA 13 for storage occupancies with potential storage height greater than 12 feet and other special hazard occupancies.

4.System to operate at 7,500 feet altitude.

5.Provide necessary devices and design the system to separate the system into individual and distinct alarm zones. Provide a minimum of one zone per floor.


The following seismic design requirement applies to fire protection sprinkler piping (FPSP) systems located in ”commercial facilities.” They are based on 2015 IBC, ASCE 7-10, NFPA 13-13, & ESM Ch. 5 Sect. II, R9.

The IBC requirements are found in its Sect. 1613, which references ASCE 7. ASCE 7 para., defers to NFPA 13 for the design & construction of FPSP, pipe hangers, and bracing. Other components of fire protection systems (e.g., pumps and control panels, etc.) are subject to the general requirements of ASCE 7.

Referring to subpara. 3 (below), the reason NFPA 13 para. is N/A is the value of Cp that shall be used is stipulated in subpara. 1 (below).

Seismic design for fire sprinkler systems located in Hazard Category 1 – 3 nuclear facilities; or facilities with biological hazards, or significant chemical or toxicological hazards shall be in accordance with ESM Chapter 5 Section III (in addition to the documents referred to in the first author note of this Section template).


B.Seismic Design: Design sprinkler system piping for protection against damage in accordance with NFPA 13 (Section 9.3 of the 2013 edition) subject to the following modifications:

  1. In Para, replace the phrase “where Cp is… Ss” with “where Cp is 0.52.”

    1. For Work in TA-50/55, Cp = 0.42 can be used if desired,

  2. If Para is used to determine the horizontal force, revise it to read as follows: ”The horizontal force…Structures,” and paragraph 1.4.1 of LANL ESM Chapter 5 Section II, “multiplied by…(ASD).”

  3. Para is not applicable.


All submitted items must be approved by FP-DO prior to installation. Submit the following in accordance with project submittal procedures:

A.Hydraulic Calculations prepared in accordance with NFPA 13. Submit calculations with shop drawings.

1.Provide a minimum 10% or 5 psi, whichever is greater, safety factor between the calculated sprinkler flow and pressure demand and the design basis water supply curve. The calculated sprinkler demand shall include a minimum 500 gpm hose stream requirements in accordance with LANL ESM Fire Chapter 2 (D4010, 2.0.M).

2.Include in calculations elevation differences between point of water test and base of riser. Include graphical representation of design basis water supply curve and system demand.

3.The following preliminary flow data is provided to the Subcontractor for bidding purposes: static ______ psig, residual _____ psig, flow _____ gpm, hydrant number ____, hydrant elevation ______ feet.

4.Base system design on actual flow information provided by the LANL. Request actual flow data in a timely manner to maintain project schedules.

B.Seismic Design Project Record Documents. Provide the following:

1.Calculations, prepared in accordance with LANL AP-341-605, that demonstrate compliance with 1.3.C.

2.Drawings, prepared in accordance with the LANL Drafting Manual that convey the design to the constructor.

3.Test and Inspection Plan, prepared in accordance with LANL ESM Chapter 16, as necessary / applicable.

4.Items 1-3 above shall be stamped and sealed by a PE licensed by New Mexico.

C.Catalog Data with selected options marked.

D.Certifications for welders in accordance with NFPA 13.

E.Installation Instructions

F.Materials Part List (Bill of Materials) with manufacturer, model number, and quantity.

G.Shop Drawings using a minimum scale of 1/8" = 1'0" for plans and 1/4" = 1'0" for details. All lettering shall be a minimum of 1/8 inch high.

1.Show information required by NFPA 13, including piping, sprinklers, hangers, flexible couplings, roof construction, electro-mechanical devices, occupancy of each area, and ceiling and roof heights. See Chapter 22 of NFPA 13 for guidance on information required to be included on plans and calculations.

2.Base working plans on actual survey of existing conditions.

3.Show hydraulic reference points and remote areas.

H.Test Reports

I.Operation and Maintenance Manual: Submit system description, system final inspection and Subcontractor's material and test certificates per NFPA 13, of the completed system project record documents.

1.Include in operation and maintenance manuals, instructions, a brief description of type of system installed, routine maintenance work defined by step-by-step instructions, and recommended frequency of performance.

2.Also include in instructions, possible malfunctions with diagnostic methods and suggested correction of each.

3.Describe function of each component or subassembly in the theory of operation brochures.

4.List recommended spare parts (manufacturer, model number, and quantity).

J.Project Record Drawings (As-Built) on CDs and prints indicating as-built conditions showing Work completed under this Section.

1.Base as-built drawings on actual survey of the completed installation.

2.Include notes on all special systems or devices such as dry pendant heads, antifreeze loops and inspector's test stations.

3.Provide revised hydraulic calculations demonstrating water supply restrictions have not been exceeded when conditions of installation are different from those anticipated during preparation of Project Record Documents.

4.The project manager shall submit as-built plans to the LANL Records office in accordance with Section 01 7700 Closeout Procedures and Section 01 7839 Project Record Documents.


A.Provide proof that installation firm has satisfactorily performed at least ten projects of equivalent nature and scope of the Projects herein; and is licensed within the USA to engage in design, fabrication and installation of automatic sprinkler systems for fire protection.


A.Materials and Equipment: Protect materials and equipment from damage during shipping, storage and installation.

B.Plugs and Cover Plates: Protect threaded ends, flanged openings with gasketed metal cover plates to prevent damage during shipment and to prevent foreign materials from entering. Cap or plug drains, vents, small piping, and gauge connections.



A.Alternate products may be accepted; follow Section 01 2500, Substitution Procedures.


A.Provide new fire protection materials and equipment, UL Listed or FM Approved, conforming to requirements of NFPA 13.


A.Provide in accordance with NFPA 13 except that piping 2 inches and smaller shall be Schedule 40 minimum.

B.Provide flange bolting per ASME 16.1 and 16.5 for ductile and steel flanges respectively.


A.Provide Listed or Approved valves and strainers rated at 175 psi or greater working pressure.

B.Check Valves: In sizes 3 inches and larger, provide 3/4 inch NPT drainage taps.

C.Strainers: Provide "Y" type strainers with cast iron body and 30 mesh stainless steel screen.

D.Alarm Valve: Minimum acceptable size is 4 inches. Provide 2 water pressure gauges and necessary valves and trim for alarm valve operation.

1.Provide bypass valve in trim to allow test operation of pressure alarm switch without tripping valve clapper.

2.Equip alarm valve with pressure alarm switch with one normally open contact and one normally closed contact suitable for 24 VDC.


A.Provide pressure gauges designed for use with air or water.

1.Gauge Scale: Dial marking subdivision no finer than 1 percent of maximum scale reading and accurate to 3 percent or less. Provide minimum scale range twice the maximum working pressure (when possible).

2.6VALVE SUPERVISION (tamper Switches)

A.Equip valves, which control water to automatic sprinkler heads, with supervisory switches.

1.Provide valve supervisory switches with single pole double throw switching contacts, housed in gasketed weathertight enclosure, suitable for 24 VDC.

2.Supply supervisory device specifically designed to mount on, and operate reliably with, type of control valve being monitored.

3.Adjust valve position switches to transmit a supervisory signal within two revolutions of valve operating hand wheel or crank (away from its full open position).

4.Control valves in alarm lines, if provided, shall be electrically supervised. Provide alarm control valve with supervisory switch, Potter Electric part number BVS, or approved equivalent, suitable for 24 VDC.


A.All sprinklers shall be listed by a nationally recognized testing laboratory and shall be selected in accordance with their Listing, manufacturer’s instructions, and applicable NFPA requirements. Provide sprinklers as follows:

1.Upright Sprinklers: Brass upright type. Use in areas without suspended ceilings.

2.Dry Pendant Sprinklers: Chrome plated. Use below suspended ceilings.

3.Sprinkler Guards: Provide where sprinklers are exposed to external damage.

4.Corrosion-Resistant Sprinklers: Provide in locations where chemicals, moisture or other corrosive vapors exist.

B.Where indicated, provide other types of sprinklers in accordance with their listing.


A.Provide in areas where there is no ceiling, and when multiple level protection is required, e.g., at open grating or open high roofed areas.

1.Provide compatible listed/approved water shields and/or intermediate level sprinklers in accordance with NFPA 13.


A.Provide fire department connections with 4 inch minimum outlet, two 2-1/2 inch minimum inlets, National Fire Standard threads, cast brass body, clapper in each inlet, plugs, and attached chains.

B.Fire department connections shall be located on the primary fire department approach side of the building and be readily visible from the designated fire lanes and where they will remain unobstructed by equipment, landscaping, parking, or other features.

1.When wall-mounted, locate pumper connections on blank masonry wall, or provide wall with one hour fire barrier for 10 feet in all directions from pumper connection, and identify automatic sprinkler connection.

2.Identify individual devices by raised letters on the individual devices, or attach escutcheon plates of same material.

3.Locate 34 inches (plus or minus 2 inches) from grade level to center of inlet connection.


A.Concrete splash blocks, or other approved methods shall be provided at system exterior drains that do not discharge to a hard covered surface to protect landscape from erosion due to discharge from the drains.



Consult with LANL Fire Protection Group for detector type(s) to be used on this project.


A.Detector Type:

1.Thermal Detectors: Line type or spot type with hollow chamber with no moving parts.

2.Smoke Detectors: Spot type, 24 VDC with alarm light indicator.

3.Optical Detectors.


A.Provide a modular design releasing panel that causes the deluge system to respond to a fire condition detected by one or more detector units.

B.The detector system shall be capable of circuit supervision.

C.Refer to Section [use applicable fire alarm spec no. in Div. 13], Fire Alarm System.



Provide a backflow preventer in a new system when the fire protection system is supplied from a potable water system. Systems supplied from a dedicated fire loop or tank (non-potable water) do not require backflow protection. Refer to Fire Protection Standard Drawing ST-D4010-1 for riser detail with backflow preventer.


A.Backflow preventers shall be one of the following:

1.FEBCO, Model 880V.

2.Wilkins, Model 475V.

B.Reduced pressure type, vertical orientation, ductile iron body epoxy coated internal and external, with UL/FM OS&Y gate valves, flanged ends, test cocks for in-line field testing, pipe support adaptor, and air gap drain kit. Maximum water temperature range 33 to 140 degrees F, maximum rated working pressure 175 psi. Assembly shall be listed in the latest edition of Approved Backflow Prevention Assemblies by the University of Southern California Foundation for Cross Connection Control and Hydraulics Research. Size to match preaction valve.

C.Means shall be provided to drain backflow discharge to outside the building or to a floor drain with sufficient capacity to contain the discharge. The discharge drain pipe size shall be the same nominal diameter as the backflow preventer. The drain pipe shall be routed to the exterior of the building where the exposed pipe opening shall be covered by ¼-inch hardware cloth.

D.Means shall be provided downstream of all backflow prevention valves for flow tests at system demand (NFPA 13, 2010 ed., Section to make sure the backflow prevention device operates correctly by allowing the fire sprinkler demand, including hose stream demand if required, to be flowed through the device at the designed pressure loss.

1.A test header and/or bypass around the fire department connection check valve will be required for Ordinary Hazard and greater sprinkler designs.

2.The test header connection shall be clearly and permanently marked as “BACKFLOW TEST CONNECTION”

3.The test connection control valve shall be supervised in the closed position. Supervision by locking the valve will be acceptable.

4.Means, such as an automatic ball drip valve, shall be provided to prevent accumulations of water at the test connection that are subject to freezing.

2.14Pressure switches

A.Where indicated, provide Potter Model PS40A High/Low Pressure Switches, (suitable for 24 VDC) or approved equivalent, to monitor system air pressure.

B.Provide Potter Model PS10A Pressure Switches, or approved equivalent, (suitable for 24 VDC) to detect a water flow condition in the system.



A.Prior to installation carefully inspect installed Work of other trades, whether pre-existing or part of this Project, and verify that such work is complete to the point where installation of sprinkler system may start.

B.Notify the LANL Subcontract Technical Representative (STR) should conditions exist, not resulting from Work of this Project, that prohibits the installation from conforming to referenced codes, regulations, standards and approved design.

C.Install materials and equipment that are free of moisture, scale, corrosion, dirt and other foreign materials.



1.Install system in accordance with NFPA 13.

2.Do not locate sprinkler heads closer than 12 inches to supply air registers.

3.Visually examine pipe, fittings, valves, equipment and accessories to ensure they are clean and free of burrs, cracks and other imperfections before installation. Clean pipe interiors by flushing.

4.Verify dimensions in field.

5.Drawings show only approximate building outlines and interior construction details as an aid in understanding the scope of Work. Investigate structural and finish conditions affecting the Work and arrange Work accordingly, providing such sprinkler heads, fittings, traps, draining valves, piping, and accessories as required to meet such conditions. Show relevant structural details on Drawings.

6.Do not render inoperative any system without the prior approval of the LANL STR. Coordinate necessary shutdowns of existing systems by notifying the LANL STR a minimum of 7 working days before rendering such systems inoperative.

7.Coordinate sprinkler piping, sprinkler heads and associated equipment with existing ceiling or roof materials, lighting, ductwork, conduit, piping, suspended equipment, structural and other building components.

8.Dispose of equipment removed for completion of this Project as directed by the LANL STR.

9.Provide access openings in areas where concealed sprinkler piping is installed.


1.Mark and identify sprinkler piping in accordance with Section 22 0554, Identification for Plumbing, HVAC, and Fire Piping and Equipment.

2.Conceal sprinkler piping in areas with suspended ceilings. Install piping in exposed areas as high as possible using necessary fittings and auxiliary drains. Keep sprinkler piping a minimum of 7 feet 6 inches above finish floor. Where not possible, run piping at same elevation as existing piping and ducts. Obtain prior approval from the STR.

3.Install Inspector's Test piping at the hydraulically most remote point of the automatic sprinkler system and discharge to exterior of building. Where possible, conceal test piping in wall and provide access panels for valve and sightglass and protect from freezing. Locate Inspector's Test Station in an easily accessible location approved by the LANL STR.

4.Diamond coredrill or sleeve concrete penetrations, then grout and seal with fire-resistive material, securely held in place. Use Listed/approved through penetration fire stop system assemblies for piping penetrating fire resistance rated construction.

C.Hanging, Bracing, and Restraint of System Piping:

1.Install pipe hangers for pipe supports inside buildings in accordance with NFPA 13. Do not hang other piping or equipment from sprinkler pipe.

2.Install the seismic protection of the system piping, including sway bracing, as indicated and in accordance with the version of NFPA 13 indicated. Include the required features indentified therein that are applicable to the specific piping system.

3.Install concrete anchors as indicated and in accordance with Division 05 sections on post-installed anchors

4.Do not hang piping or other equipment from sprinkler pipe.


1.Shop weld pipe and fittings using approved welding fittings. Comply with NFPA 13 for welding methods.

2.Provide a blind flange or grooved cap at each end of welded headers.

3.Comply with 01 4444 -- Offsite Welding and Joining Requirements and 01 4455 -- Onsite Welding and Joining Requirements.

E.Pre-Action Valve: Set plumb and unobstructed. Provide minimum clear distances from walls to centerline of pre-action valve as follows:

1.Rear - 16 inches

2.Sides   24 inches

3.Front   36 inches

F.System Riser: Install riser from underground so that no joint or fitting occurs within the bearing zone of foundation structures or occurs at least 5 feet from any foundation structure.

G.Control Valves: Provide Listed OS&Y fire protection control valves. Installed so open or closed status can be readily seen from finish floor.

1.Install control valves on supply lines (outside protected area) into elevator shaft and elevator equipment room, computer rooms, and identified special protection areas. Control valve to be accessible from floor level. Provide valve with tamper supervision switches.

H.Sprinklers and Accessories:

1.Provide upright sprinklers on exposed piping below ceiling. Dry pendent sprinklers, may be used where necessary due to spacing, location, and position requirements.

2.Provide chrome plated pendent, recessed, or flush mounted sprinklers below finish ceilings. Route supply piping above ceiling.

3.Align sprinklers below ceiling parallel to ceiling features and walls, and locate as close to center as possible in halls and corridors.

4.Provide chrome plated escutcheons where exposed piping passes through finished floors, walls, partitions and ceilings. Secure to pipe with set screws or spring clips.

5.Protect sprinklers subject to mechanical injury with guards as follows:

a.Provide guards in mechanical equipment rooms, electrical equipment rooms, janitor's closets, and storage areas where distance from sprinkler deflector to finish floor is less than 15 feet.

b.In all other areas, provide guards where distance from sprinkler deflector to finish floor is less than 7 feet.

6.Provide one spare sprinkler cabinet, complete with sprinklers of assorted temperature ratings of the type necessary and in use throughout the installation, at each main riser valve. Equip each cabinet per NFPA 13.


1.Install as required by NFPA 13.

2.Post indicator valves (PIVs) shall be provided with a permanent weatherproof placard identifying the building or area protected by the sprinkler system for which the PIV controls the water supply to.

3.Provide a sign attached in the vicinity of control valves to antifreeze systems designating the type of antifreeze installed in the system.

4.Provide a permanent, weatherproof sign noting “BACKFLOW TEST CONNECTION” located on the exterior of the building in the immediate vicinity of the backflow test connection valves.

J.Painting: Paint sprinkler risers, unfinished pumper connection piping, exposed sprinkler piping in stairwells, and sprinkler piping in all equipment rooms with 2 coats of Fire Protection Red. Apply one coat of primer and one coat of paint to match background, on new exposed piping in occupied spaces. Do not paint sprinkler heads. Any sprinkler heads receiving paint require replacement. Comply with Section 09 9100, Painting.

K.Unsupervised Water Supplies: Install approved water flow detection device on underground water supplies entering buildings when fire protection riser is more than 10 lineal feet from exterior of building.

L.Water Supply Control Valve: Where not otherwise provided for, provide water supply control valve(s) conforming to the requirements of NFPA 24.

1.Provide UL Listed or FM Approved valves, with Listed indicating post. When possible, locate valve at least 40 feet from building. PIVs may be located closer than 40 feet from building providing they are located outside the collapse area of the building’s walls. Fire hydrants and post indicator valves proposed to be located closer than 40 feet away from a building shall receive prior approval of the location from the LANL Fire Protection Section.

2.When valve is located less than 20 from building, or a wall post indicating valve is provided, the wall 10 feet in all directions of the valve shall be blank masonry or one hour fire resistance rated construction.

3.Post indicator valves shall be set so that the top of the post is 32 inches to 40 inches above the final grade.

4.Post indicator valves shall be protected against mechanical damage.

M.Special Tools and Devices: Provide one complete set of special tools or special devices required for operation, testing and/or maintenance of equipment furnished under this Section.


A.Install devices or equipment not specifically covered by these Specifications in accordance with manufacturer's instructions.


A.Final connection of new systems to existing underground piping systems will be made by the LANL with materials furnished by the Subcontractor.

B.Final connection of new systems to other existing systems above grade shall be done by the Subcontractor after contacting the LANL STR who will implement the LANL Fire Protection Impairment Procedure. Do all final connections of this type with only one outage per existing system.


A.Sterilize sprinkler system underground piping upstream of alarm valve in accordance with Section 22 0816, Disinfection of Potable Water Piping.

B.Do not sterilize sprinkler system downstream of alarm valve.


A.Area Restoration: Restore areas disturbed by the fire protection system installation to the condition existing prior to start of construction.

B.Field Inspection: Field inspect areas of sprinkler installation for potential interference with ducts, cable trays, electrical or mechanical equipment, and other similar interferences. Carefully coordinate Work under this section with other Work.


A.Hydrostatically test piping in accordance with Section 22 0813, Testing Piping Systems, and NFPA 13.

B.Flush system with water in accordance with NFPA 13 and 24.

C.Comply with the discharge requirements in Section 01 3545, Water Discharge Requirements.

D.Notify LANL STR and the LANL Fire Protection Division representative at least 5 working days in advance to witness all system tests.


A.Inspect new fire protection system in accordance with NFPA 13 and 24, in the presence of the LANL STR. Give advance notice, as specified below, to the LANL STR prior to any tests.

1.Notify the LANL STR upon completion of installation of all materials and equipment. LANL STR will schedule inspection of installation within 5 working days after Subcontractor notification.

2.Correct deficiencies noted during this inspection and correct prior to further testing.



Do not delete the following reference information:

This project spec section is based on LANL Master Specs Section 21 1319 Rev. 5, dated

September 16, 2015.

LANL Project I.D.[ ] Preaction Sprinkler Systems

[Rev. 5, September 16, 2015] 21 1319-

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