Introduction to Alice Introduction: General Outline, Vocabulary and Quizzes Introduction part 1




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Verna Sodano-Richards

DeKalb School of the Arts

Alice Workshop – Georgia Tech Sept 2007



Introduction to Alice

Introduction: General Outline, Vocabulary and Quizzes


Introduction part 1

Students open and learn the parts of the Alice window.

Go over the parts of Alice


  • Toolbar

  • World Window

  • Object tree

    • Tiles

    • Plus sign next to tile means object is made of other objects.

  • Details Area

  • Methods Editor Area

  • Events Area

  • Play button

    • Speed slider

    • Pause

    • Resume

    • Restart

    • Stop

    • Take picture

Camera

World view What you see in your “viewfinder”

Viewpoint Camera’s position. Including direction.

Camera Controls are under the world view. Move faster by dragging your mouse off the controls.


Mouse Mode buttons

The mouse mode buttons are to the right of the World window

Click on an object

If you want to only move a subpart check “affect subpart”



  • Move freely

  • Up and own

  • Right and left

  • Forward and back

  • Tumble

  • Resize

  • Copy


Views

Above the Mouse Mode buttons

single view

quad view

In quad view the mouse mode button for moving objects up or down is grayed out. The right and front view buttons support up and down. You can also use the Move objects freely to move up and down.

Also scroll and zoom appear in this mode.

measurement in meters

(review meter)

Origin (0,0,0)

To see an object’s coordinates (center point) Click the object’s tile, properties in the Details panel Find Point of view


X – axis

Y – axis

Z - axis

Introductory Quiz part 1 – True and False


  1. You can choose between several world templates in Alice.

  2. Click Add Objects to see the Gallery.

  3. When you add an object it creates a tile in the object tree

  4. There is only one way to add an object to the world.

  5. Some objects are made up of parts.


Introduction part 2

Students can go to Tutorial 1 and work through the tutorial independently.


Introduction part 3

Background knowledge – How does the programming language, Alice, work? The words used in this mini-lesson will give students a common vocabulary as well as some background knowledge.


Vocabulary Development (Word Wall – As required for High Schools that Work)

Materials cardstock - (code these words on back by unit/lesson - Alice/Background)


Computer

A computer is a device that follows instructions



Machine language

Instructions given to a computer in 1s and 0s (on/off)



Binary number– on/off

A binary number has only 1s and 0s



Programming language

A programming language is a vocabulary and a set of grammatical rules that allow users to give instructions to a computer.



Algorithm

An algorithm is a well defined sequence of logical steps that must be taken in order to perform a task.



Compiler/interpreters

A compiler or interpreter translates a programming language into machine language.



Keywords

Words that make up a programming language.



Operators

Operators are symbols that represents an action +

Boolean operator tests for true or false

Relational operator compares



Syntax

Rules for writing statements



Statements - code

Programming statements consist of keywords, operators, punctuation and other allowable items.



Executable program

File that contains the machine language instructions of the program.



Opacity – Amount one can see through an object.
Introductory Quiz part 3– True or False

  1. A computer follows instructions.

  2. A programming language does not need to be interpreted for a computer.

  3. An algorithm is a detailed, logical, step by step sequence of instructions for a task.

  4. It is very tedious to write in zeros and ones, so we invented programming languages.

  5. Computers know only how to understand zeros and ones.


Introduction part 4

Classes – a blueprint of an object (gallery)


Objects – Objects have specific characteristics and actions they can perform. They can be made up of parts (which are also objects).

Properties –object’s characteristic common properties are color and opacity.

Methods – actions the object performs
Introductory Quiz part 4 – Short answer


  1. What is a class?

  2. What is stored in the gallery, a class or an object?

  3. What is an instance?

  4. How can you tell the difference between a class and an object?

  5. What mode does Alice go into when you add and object?


Introduction part 5
3D object

Center point – where the center of the object is located. An object rotates around a center point.

Bounding box – yellow

The colors also help you find the orientation of the object in the world.

X – axis – magenta - width

Y – axis – green - height

Z-axis – blue depth
As compared with - 2D object

Width and height


Wireframe – set the filling property to wireframe when you want to see inside the object for the center point.

Subpart Select the subpart in the object tree. Click in the + sign to find the sub part.


pitch – right left axis

roll - forward backward axis



yaw – up down
Introductory Quiz part 5 – Mixed answer


  1. The center of an object has to be in the center of the object. Yes No

  2. The center of the world in the coordinates is called the _______________.

  3. Wire frame is helpful in finding the center point of an object. Yes No

  4. All objects have subparts. Yes No




  1. Circle the one direction that describes the axis.

X axis

Width

Height

Depth

Y axis

Width

Height

Depth

Z axis

Width

Height

Depth




  1. Circle one color that represents the axis in Alice.

X axis

green

blue

yellow

magenta

Y axis

green

blue

yellow

magenta

Z axis

green

blue

yellow

magenta


Answer Key

Introductory Quiz part 1 – True and False

  1. You can choose between several world templates in Alice. True

  2. Click Add Objects to see the Gallery. True

  3. When you add an object it creates a tile in the object tree. True

  4. There is only one way to add an object to the world. False

  5. Some objects are made up of parts. True


Introductory Quiz part 3– True or False

  1. A computer follows instructions. True

  2. A programming language does not need to be interpreted for a computer. False

  3. An algorithm is a detailed, logical, step by step sequence of instructions for a task. True

  4. It is very tedious to write in zeros and ones, so we invented programming languages. True

  5. Computers know only how to understand zeros and ones. True


Introductory Quiz part 4 – Short answer

  1. What is a class? A class is a blueprint of an object.

  2. What is stored in the gallery, a class or an object? A class is stored in the gallery.

  3. What is an instance? It is an object.

  4. How can you tell the difference between a class and an object? The object is written lowercase and the class is written in uppercase.

  5. What mode does Alice go into when you add and object? Alice goes into scene editor mode when an object is added.


Introductory Quiz part 5 – Mixed answer


  1. The center of an object has to be in the center of the object. No

  2. The center of the world in the coordinates is called the origin.

  3. Wire frame is helpful in finding the center point of an object. Yes

  4. All objects have subparts. No




  1. Circle the one direction that describes the axis.

X axis

Width

Height

Depth

Y axis

Width

Height

Depth

Z axis

Width

Height

Depth




  1. Circle one color that represents the axis in Alice.

X axis

green

blue

yellow

magenta

Y axis

green

blue

yellow

magenta

Z axis

green

blue

yellow

magenta








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