Interventions to prevent unintentional injury to children in the home. Search protocol and search strategies

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Interventions to prevent unintentional injury to children in the home.

Search protocol and search strategies
Note: the following should be read in conjunction with the "Review protocol:

Interventions to prevent unintentional injury in children in the home.”

This Annex relates to the search strategies for all reviews covered under the named intervention(s) above
Searches will be performed to find relevant primary research using a comparative design, qualitative studies, and cost-effectiveness studies. The reference list of systematic reviews of found studies will also be utilised. Searches will be conducted in medical, social science and policy databases along with a search for grey literature.

All searches will be limited to those in English published since 1990, where possible.

PART 1: Bibliographic Databases
The following databases will be searched. Use of “core and topic specific” based on NICE guidance wording:
From the “core databases”:

  • ASSIA (Applied Social Science Index and Abstracts)


  • Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effectiveness (DARE); NHS EED; HTA (all in the CRD database)

  • HMIC (or Kings Fund catalogue and DH data)


  • PsycINFO

  • Social Science Citation Index

  • Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews [predominantly for reference checking]

  • EconLit

    From the “topic-specific databases”:

Search Strategy

Search Strategies for the bibliographic databases will be based on text words and thesaurus headings applicable to the individual database. The searches will be carried out in 3 parts but the results will be de-duplicated against each other before the screening process.

The Medline search strategy examples follow and will be “translated” according to the appropriate thesaurus terms for each individual database. Where a database does not have a thesaurus or does not have a search facility to incorporate thesaurus searching, text words only will be used. All searches where possible will be limited to English language and with a publication or database entry date from 1990-current.
Ovid MEDLINE(R) 1950-current (online version)

Search a): Safety Devices AND injuries in the home

1. (accident* or injur*).tw.

2. (home* or house* or residen*).tw.

3. 1 and 2

4. Accidents, Home/

5. exp Accident Prevention/

6. 1 or 4 or 5

7. Protective Devices/

8. (safety adj2 (device* or equipment* or appliance*)).mp.

9. ((fire* or smoke* or carbon or CO) adj2 alarm*).tw.

10. ((fire* or smoke* or carbon or CO) adj2 detector*).tw.

11. (temperature adj3 (restrictor* or restricter*)).tw.

12. (thermostat* or TMV).tw.

13. ((cut-off or cut off) adj2 (tap* or valve*)).mp. [mp=title, original title, abstract, name of substance word, subject heading word]

14. water AJD2 tap*.tw.

15. (temperature adj3 (control* or regulat*)).tw.

16. (anti-scald* or anti scald*).mp.

17. (stair* gate* or stair* guard*).mp.

18. ((bed* or bath*) adj3 (guard* or gate*)).mp.

19. fireguard*.mp.

20. (fire* adj2 guard*).mp.

21. door* guard*.tw.

22. ((oven* or stove*) adj2 guard*).mp.

23. ((child* or resistant* or lock*) adj4 container*).tw.

24. ((cupboard* or appliance*) adj4 (lock* or latch*)).tw.

25. ((window* or door*) adj2 (locks or latch*)).tw.

26. rail guard*.tw.

27. (safe* adj2 (glass* or film)).tw.

28. (wall adj2 strap*).tw.

29. (door adj3 (cover* or jamm* or stop*)).tw.

30. (bath* adj4 (mat* or rail* or handle*)).tw.

31. (corner adj2 cushion*).tw.

32. ((electrical* or blind*) adj2 cord).tw.

33. ((outlet or radiator*) adj2 cover*).tw.

34. (thermometer* adj2 room*).tw.

35. socket* cover*.tw.

36. (window* adj2 (guard* or safe* or mechanism* or bar*)).mp.

37. ((poison adj2 cabinet) or harness).tw.

38. or/7-30

39. 6 and 38

40. limit 39 to (english language and yr="1990 - 2009")

41. (animals not humans).sh.

42. 40 not 41
Search b): Type of scheme AND injuries in the home

1. (accident* or injur*).tw.

2. (home* or house*).tw.

3. 1 and 2

4. Accidents, Home/

5. exp Accident Prevention/

6. 4 or 3 or 5

7. (giveaway* or give-a-way).mp.

8. distribut*.mp.

9. discount*.mp.


11. home deliver*.tw.

12. (low-cost* or (low adj2 cost*)).tw.

13. loan*.tw.

14. (subsidized or subsidised).tw.

15. (fit or fitted).tw.

16. instal*.tw.

17. (provision* or provid*).mp.

18. suppl*.tw.

19. scheme*.tw.

20. or/7-19

21. 6 and 20

22. (device* or equipment*).mp.

23. 21 and 22

24. limit 23 to (english language and yr="1990 - 2009")

25. (animals not humans).sh.

26. 24 not 25

Search c): Home Assessments AND injuries

1. (accident* or injur*).tw.

2. (resident* or home* or house*).tw.

3. 1 and 2

4. Accidents, Home/

5. exp Accident Prevention/

6. 4 or 3 or 5

7. (home adj4 visit*).tw.

8. inspect*.tw.


10. (safety adj2 (assessment* or check*)).tw.

11. home visit*.tw.

12. safety consult*.tw.

13. (home adj2 (assessment* or evaluation*)).tw.

14. 8 or 13 or 9 or 11 or 7 or 12 or 10

15. 6 and 14

16. limit 15 to (english language and yr="1990 - 2009")

17. (animals not humans).sh.

18. 16 not 17

19. (1 or 5) and 2

20. 19 or 4

21. (visit* or inspection* or assessment* or check* or evaluation* or (safety adj consult*)).tw.

22. 20 and 21

23. limit 22 to (english language and yr="1990 - 2009")

24. 23 not 17

25. 18 or 24

Part 2: Organisation web-sites and in-house databases:

Websites of the following relevant organisations will also be searched for published and unpublished research:

  • Child Accident Prevention Trust (

  • Children in Wales (

  • Injury Observatory for Britain & Ireland (

  • Public Health Observatory website for the South West (lead on Injuries)

  • The Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents (

  • International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention (

  • Integris (EU Injuries programme for coordinating injury data)

  • Eurosafe

And may include the following, should time and resources allow:

PART 3: Additional Searches

If, as a results of the above searching methods, additional terminology is found for schemes, key devices, and/or home assessments these will be done as an additional search in the core databases.

Named programmes will also be searched for separately (e.g. Dangerpoint and Sure Start). Named programmes will be searched for on the core databases and through a general web-site engine such as Google.

PART 4: Citation and Reference Searching

Where a reference is found pertaining to a includable piece of research with incomplete data or only an interim report has been identified a citation search will be conducted. The reference lists of recent (2004-2009) systematic reviews and/or key reports will be searched for potentially missed studies. Should time and resources allow further systematic review reference lists will be searched.


Experts’ literature and contact suggestions will be followed up.

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