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TG/165/3 E





INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR THE PROTECTION

OF NEW VARIETIES OF PLANTS

UNION INTERNATIONALE POUR LA PROTECTION

DES OBTENTIONS VÉGÉTALES

INTERNATIONALER VERBAND ZUM SCHUTZ VON PFLANZEN-ZÜCHTUNGEN

UNIÓN INTERNACIONAL PARA LA PROTECCIÓN

DE LAS OBTENCIONES VEGETALES



GUIDELINES



FOR THE CONDUCT OF TESTS
FOR DISTINCTNESS, UNIFORMITY AND STABILITY



DILL


(Anethum graveolens L.)




GENEVA

1999

Copies of this document are available on request at the price of 10 Swiss francs each, including surface mail, from the Office of UPOV, 34, chemin des Colombettes, P.O. Box 18, 1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland


This document or parts of it may be reproduced, translated and published without obtaining the specific consent of UPOV, provided that the source is acknowledged.


* * * * * * *








TG/165/3
ORIGINAL: English
DATE: 1999-03-24



INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR THE PROTECTION

OF NEW VARIETIES OF PLANTS

UNION INTERNATIONALE POUR LA PROTECTION

DES OBTENTIONS VÉGÉTALES

INTERNATIONALER VERBAND ZUM SCHUTZ VON PFLANZEN-ZÜCHTUNGEN

UNIÓN INTERNACIONAL PARA LA PROTECCIÓN

DE LAS OBTENCIONES VEGETALES


GUIDELINES
FOR THE CONDUCT OF TESTS
FOR DISTINCTNESS, UNIFORMITY AND STABILITY




DILL


(Anethum graveolens L.)






These Guidelines should be read in conjunction with document TG/1/2, which contains explanatory notes on the general principles on which the Guidelines have been established.





TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE

I. Subject of these Guidelines ........................................................................... 3


II. Material Required ........................................................................................ 3
III. Conduct of Tests .......................................................................................... 3
IV. Methods and Observations ............................................................................ 3
V. Grouping of Varieties ................................................................................... 4
VI. Characteristics and Symbols ........................................................................ 4
VII. Table of Characteristics ............................................................................... 5
VIII. Explanations on the Table of Characteristics .............................................. 10
IX. Literature ..................................................................................................... 13
X. Technical Questionnaire ............................................................................. 14

I. Subject of these Guidelines


These Test Guidelines apply to all varieties of Anethum graveolens L.

II. Material Required


1. The competent authorities decide when, where and in what quantity and quality the plant material required for testing the variety is to be delivered. Applicants submitting material from a State other than that in which the testing takes place must make sure that all customs formalities are complied with. The minimum quantity of seed to be supplied by the applicant in one or several samples should be:
100 g.
The seed should at least meet the minimum requirements for germination capacity, moisture content and purity for marketing seed in the country in which the application is made. The germination capacity should be as high as possible.
2. The plant material must not have undergone any treatment unless the competent authorities allow or request such treatment. If it has been treated, full details of the treatment must be given.

III. Conduct of Tests


1. The minimum duration of tests should normally be two similar growing periods.
2. The tests should normally be conducted at one place. If any important characteristics of the variety cannot be seen at that place, the variety may be tested at an additional place.
3. The tests should be carried out under conditions ensuring normal growth. The size of the plots should be such that plants or parts of plants may be removed for measurement and counting without prejudice to the observations which must be made up to the end of the growing period. Each test should include 100 single spaced plants which should be divided between 2 or more replicates. Separate plots for observation and for measuring can only be used if they have been subject to similar environmental conditions.
4. Additional tests for special purposes may be established.

IV. Methods and Observations


1. Unless otherwise indicated, all observations determined by measurement, weighting or counting should be made on 60 plants or parts taken from each of 60 plants.
2. All observations on the leaf and on the foliage, excluding those of young plant, should be made before the appearance of the main umbel. All observations on the leaf should be made in the middle of the stem.
3. All observations on the umbel, the color and waxiness of stem should be made when the umbel is fully developed.
4. The assessment of the height of the plant and the number of primary branches should be made at the time of full flowering.

V. Grouping of Varieties


If necessary, the collection of varieties to be grown should be divided into groups to facilitate the assessment of distinctness. Characteristics which are suitable for grouping purposes are those which are known from experience not to vary, or to vary only slightly, within a variety. Their various states of expression should be fairly evenly distributed throughout the collection.

VI. Characteristics and Symbols


1. To assess distinctness, uniformity and stability, the characteristics and their states as given in the Table of Characteristics should be used.
2. Notes (numbers), for the purposes of electronic data processing, are given opposite the states of the different characteristics.
3. Legend
(*) Characteristics that should be used on all varieties in every growing period over which the examinations are made and always be included in the variety descriptions, except when the state of expression of a preceding characteristic or regional environmental conditions render this impossible.
(+) See Explanations on the Table of Characteristics in Chapter VIII.
VII. Table of Characteristics/Tableau des caractères/Merkmalstabelle/Tabla de caracteres




English

Français

Deutsch

Espańol


Example Varieties

Exemples


Beispielssorten

Variedades ejemplo


Note/


Nota

1.



Young plant: anthocyanin coloration

Jeune plante: pigmentation anthocyanique

Jungpflanze: Anthocyanfärbung

Planta joven: pigmentación antociánica










absent

absente

fehlend

ausente




1




present

présente

vorhanden

presente

Ambrozja

9

2.

Young plant: attitude of leaves (3 to 5 leaves stage)

Jeune plante: port des feuilles (stade 3 à 5 feuilles)

Jungpflanze: Haltung der Blätter (3 bis 5 Blatt­stadium)

Planta joven: porte de las hojas (estado de 3 a 5 hojas)










erect

dressé

aufrecht

erecto

Indyjski

1




semi-erect

demi-dressé

halbaufrecht

semierecto

Hanak

3




horizontal

horizontal

waagerecht

horizontal

Kronos

5

3.
(*)


Plant: density of foliage

Plante: densité du feuillage

Pflanze: Dichte des Laubes

Planta: densidad del follaje










loose

lâche

locker

laxa

Indyjski

3




medium

moyenne

mittel

media

Sari

5




dense

dense

dicht

densa

Hanak

7

4.

Plant: number of primary branches

Plante: nombre de ramifications primaires

Pflanze: Anzahl Zweige erster Ordnung

Planta: número de ramificaciones primarias










few

petit

gering

bajo




3




medium

moyen

mittel

media




5




many

grand

groß

alto




7

5.
(*)
(+)


Plant: height

Plante: hauteur

Pflanze: Höhe

Planta: altura










short

courte

niedrig

baja

Indyjski, Krezus

3




medium

moyenne

mittel

media

Sari

5




tall

haute

hoch

alta

Hanak, Szmaragd

7

6.
(+)


Stem: length of main stem

Tige: longueur de la tige principale

Stengel: Länge des Hauptstengels

Tallo: longitud del tallo principal










short

courte

kurz

corta

Indyjski, Krezus

3




medium

moyenne

mittel

media

Ambrozja

5




long

longue

lang

larga

Szmaragd

7

7.

Stem: diameter (at middle third)

Tige: diamètre (au tiers moyen)

Stengel: Durchmesser (im mittleren Drittel)

Tallo: diámetro (en el tercio central)










small

petit

klein

pequeño

Indyjski

3




medium

moyen

mittel

medio

Amat

5




large

grand

groß

grande

Hanak, Kronos

7

8.
(*)


Stem: blue hue

Tige: teinte bleue

Stengel: Blauton

Tallo: matiz azul










absent

absente

fehlend

ausente

Hanak, Indyjski

1




present

présente

vorhanden

presente

Ambrozja

9

9.

Stem: intensity of green color

Tige: intensité de la couleur verte

Stengel: Intensität der Grünfärbung

Tallo: intensidad del color verde










light

claire

hell

claro

Hanak, Indyjski

3




medium

moyenne

mittel

medio

Krezus

5




dark

foncée

dunkel

oscuro

Lukullus

7

10.

Stem: waxiness

Tige: pruine

Stengel: Wachsschicht

Tallo: cerosidad










absent or very weak

absente ou très faible

fehlend oder sehr gering

ausente o muy débil

Diwa

1




weak

faible

gering

débil

Hanak

3




medium

moyenne

mittel

media

Budakalaszi

5




strong

forte

stark

fuerte

Szmaragd

7




very strong

très forte

sehr stark

muy fuerte

Ambrozja

9






English

Français

Deutsch

Espańol


Example Varieties

Exemples


Beispielssorten

Variedades ejemplo


Note/


Nota

11.

Leaf: shape

Feuille: forme

Blatt: Form

Hoja: forma










triangular

triangulaire

dreieckig

triangular

Ambrozja, Lukullus

1




rhomboidal

losangequé

rhombisch

romboidal




2




oblong

oblongue

rechteckig

oblonga




3

12. (+)

Leaf: density of feathering

Feuille: densité des segmentes foliaires

Blatt: Dichte des Fiederblatts

Hoja: densidad del laciniado










loose

lâche

locker

laxa

Indyjski

3




medium

moyenne

mittel

media

Lukullus

5




dense

dense

dicht

densa

Hanak

7

13. (h+)

Leaf: width of segments

Feuille: largeur des segments

Blatt: Breite der Fiedern

Hoja: anchura de las lacinias










narrow

étroite

schmal

estrecha

Indyjski

3




medium

moyenne

mittel

media

Lukullus

5




broad

large

breit

ancha

Krezus, Kronos

7

14. (+)

Leaf: length

Feuille: longueur

Blatt: Länge

Hoja: longitud










short

courte

kurz

corta

Indyjski

3




medium

moyenne

mittel

media

Amat

5




long

longue

lang

larga

Hanak

7

15. (+)

Leaf: width

Feuille: largeur

Blatt: Breite

Hoja: anchura










narrow

étroite

schmal

estrecha

Indyjski

3




medium

moyenne

mittel

media

Ambrozja

5




broad

large

breit

ancha

Sari

7






English

Français

Deutsch

Espańol


Example Varieties

Exemples


Beispielssorten

Variedades ejemplo


Note/


Nota

16.
(*)


Leaf: blue hue

Feuille: teinte bleue

Blatt: Blauton

Hoja: matiz azul










absent

absente

fehlend

ausente

Hanak, Indyjski

1




present

présente

vorhanden

presente

Amat, Ambrozja

9

17.

Leaf: intensity of green color

Feuille: intensité de la couleur verte

Blatt: Intensität der Grünfärbung

Hoja: intensidad del color verde










light

claire

hell

claro

Hanak, Indyjski

3




medium

moyenne

mittel

medio

Stella

5




dark

foncée

dunkel

oscuro

Lukullus

7

18.

Leaf: waxiness

Feuille: pruine

Blatt: Wachsschicht

Hoja: cerosidad










weak

faible

gering

débil

Hanak

3




medium

moyenne

mittel

media

Budakalaszi

5




strong

forte

stark

fuerte

Ambrozja

7

19.
(*)


Main umbel: diameter

Ombelle principale: diamètre

Hauptdolde: Durchmesser

Umbela principal: diámetro










small

petit

klein

pequeño

Indyjski

3




medium

moyen

mittel

media

Amat

5




large

grand

groß

grande

Kronos

7

20.
(+)


Main umbel: number of peduncles

Ombelle principale: nombre de pédoncules

Hauptdolde: Anzahl Doldenstrahlen

Umbela principal: número de pedúnculos










few

petit

gering

bajo

Indyjski

3




medium

moyen

mittel

media

Sari

5




many

grand

groß

alto

Szmaragd, Kronos

7

21.
(*)



Time of appearance of main umbel

Époque d’appari-tion de l’ombelle principale

Zeitpunkt des Erscheinens der Hauptdolde

Época de aparición de la umbela principal










early

précoce

früh

temprana

Indyjski

3




medium

moyenne

mittel

media

Ambrozja

5




late

tardive

spät

tardía




7

22.



Time of beginning of flowering

Époque du début de floraison

Zeitpunkt des Blühbeginns

Época del comienzo de la floración










early

précoce

früh

temprana

Indyjski

3




medium

moyenne

mittel

media

Ambrozja

5




late

tardive

spät

tardía




7

VIII. Explanations on the Table of Characteristics


Ad. 5 and 6: Plant: height (5) and Stem: length of main stem (6)

Ad. 12: Leaf: density of feathering




3

5

7

loose

medium

dense


Ad. 13: Leaf: width of segment
Segment




3

5

7

narrow

medium

broad


Ad. 14 and 15: Leaf: length (14) and width (15)



Ad. 20: Main umbel: number of peduncles






3

5

7

few

medium

many

IX. Literature
Chroboczek, E., 1977: “Odmianoznawstwo Roslin Warzywnych”, Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Rolnicze i Lesne, Warszawa
Dachler, M. and Pelzmann, H., 1989: “Heil- und Gewürzpflanzen, Anbau-Ernte-Aufbereitung”, Österreichischer Agrarverlag, Wien
Heeger, E. F., 1989: “Handbuch des Arznei- und Gewürzpflanzenbaues”, Dt. Bauernverlag, 2. Aufl.
Heeger, E. F. and Brüchner, K., 1950: “Heil- und Gewürzpflanzen, Arten- und Sortenkunde”,

Dt. Bauernverlag


Lizgunowa, T., 1948: “Ukrop. Owoszcznyje kultury i kormowyje korniepody. Rukowodstwo

po aprobacii sielsko-chozjastwiennych kultur”, Moskwa


Madaus, G., 1938: “Lehrbuch der biologischen Heilmittel”, Georg Thieme Verlag

X. Technical Questionnaire










Reference Number









(not to be filled in by the applicant)










TECHNICAL QUESTIONNAIRE

to be completed in connection with an application for plant breeders’ rights

1. Species Anethum graveolens L.


DILL

2. Applicant (Name and address)




3. Proposed denomination or breeder’s reference







4. Information on origin, maintenance and reproduction of the variety


5. Characteristics of the variety to be indicated (the number in brackets refers to the corresponding characteristic in the Test Guidelines; please mark the state of expression which best corresponds).







Characteristics

Example Varieties

Note

5.1
(5)


Plant: height










short

Indyjski, Krezus

3[ ]




medium

Sari

5[ ]




tall

Hanak, Szmaragd

7[ ]

5.2
(16)


Leaf: blue hue










absent

Hanak, Indyjski

1[ ]




present

Amat, Ambrozja

9[ ]

5.3
(19)


Main umbel: diameter










small

Indyjski

3[ ]




medium

Amat

5[ ]




large

Kronos

7[ ]

5.4
(21)


Time of appearance of main umbel










early

Indyjski

3[ ]




medium

Ambrozja

5[ ]




late




7[ ]



6. Similar varieties and differences between these varieties




Denomination of similar variety

Characteristic in which the similar variety is different o)

State of expression of similar variety

State of expression of candidate variety

______________

o) In the case of identical states of expressions of both varieties, please indicate the size of the difference.

7. Additional information which may help to distinguish the variety




7.1 Resistance to pests and diseases



7.2 Special conditions for the examination of the variety


7.3 Other information






8. Authorization for release




  1. Does the variety require prior authorization for release under legislation concerning the protection of the environment, human and animal health?

Yes [ ] No [ ]




  1. Has such authorization been obtained?

Yes [ ] No [ ]


If the answer to that question is yes, please attach a copy of such an authorization.



[End of document]


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