How does government involvement or non-involvement manifest itself in your country’s cctld?




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annex
(to TSB Circular 160)

Please return this questionnaire, duly completed, to the following address:

Telecommunication Standardization Bureau/ITU
Place des Nations
CH-1211 Geneva 20 (Switzerland)
Fax: +41 22 730 5853
E-mail: tsbsg2@itu.int


Reply to the questionnaire on Member States' Experiences with ccTLDs

Name of your Administration: National Electronics and Computer Technology Center (NECTEC)

ccTLD code: th

Country: Thailand

Contact person: Thaweesak Koanuntakool, c/o Kanchana Wanichkorn

Tel.: +66-2-644-8150 ext. 647 Fax.: +66-2-644-6653

Email: htk@nectec.or.th, kanchana@nectec.or.th
Instructions: Please fill out the following questions either on this survey or in a separate document to the best of your knowledge. See page 11 for definitions of terms used in this survey.

I GOVERNMENT-CCTLD ISSUES:


  1. Government involvement in the domain

  1. How does government involvement or non-involvement manifest itself in your country’s ccTLD? [Please indicate the situation(s) which best describe(s) your ccTLD and provide details]

  • Is there direct control of the ccTLD? No.

    • Is the ccTLD part of a government ministry? No.

    • Is the ccTLD a subsidiary company of a government agency or ministry? No.

  • Is there a formal contract between the government and the ccTLD? No.

  • Is there an ongoing, formal relationship between the government and the ccTLD? No.

  • Has there been a governmental endorsement of the ccTLD’s role and management? No.

  • Is there an informal, unofficial or ad hoc relationship between the government and the ccTLD? Yes.

  • Is there no relationship between the government and the ccTLD? No.

Details:

Representatives from Ministry of Information and Communication Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Interior, and the Royal Thai Police are members of Thai-NIC (THNIC)’s advisory committee which makes recommendations on public policy issues.




  1. Are there any plans to change the situation? [If so, please indicate which situation you expect would prevail in the future.]

  • Yes?

  • N
    X
    o?




  1. What is the status of government-ccTLD relations? [Please indicate the situation(s) which best describe(s) your ccTLD and provide details]

  • Is there legislation that grants the government ultimate authority over the ccTLD? No.

  • Has the government made recent efforts to:

    • Pass legislation that affects the ccTLD? No.

    • Establish a commission or body to examine ccTLD management or legislation? Yes.

    • Speak in parliament, a national legislature, in public or in other circumstances about ccTLD management issues? Yes.

    • Consider formalizing the ccTLD-government relationship? No.

  • Does your country’s ccTLD make decisions independently of the government? Yes.

Details:

The current THNIC administrator (.th ccTLD manager) is a member of the National Internet Policy Taskforce which governs the national Internet-related activities.


In response to a consultation of the THNIC administrator to the National Internet Policy Taskforce regarding her interest in transferring her right to manage the .th domain names to a non-profit organization, a working group has been created by the National Internet Policy Taskforce to study how to restructure THNIC to better serve the public. Upon a recommendation of the working group based on results of several public hearings and with an approval of the National Internet Policy Taskforce, a non-profit organization called Thai Internet Domain Name Association (THIDA) will be created to take charge of administering the .th domain names.


  1. Are there any plans to change the situation? [If so, please indicate which situation you expect would prevail in the future.]

Yes. Once THIDA is established, one of its 15 board members will be elected from the .go.th administrators from the government sector.


  1. Which government agencies are responsible for government-ccTLD relations? [Please indicate the situation(s) which best describe(s) your ccTLD and provide details]

  • T
    X
    elecommunications regulatory body?

  • Ministry of Telecommunications?

  • Ministry of Science and/or Technology?

  • Ministry of Justice?

  • Other?

Details: No government agency has a direct responsibility (by laws) in overseeing the government-ccTLD relations. However, the National Information and Communication Technology Committee Secretariat (NITS) operated under the umbrella of the new Ministry of Information and Communication Technology has been so far a liaison between the government and THNIC in administering issues related to government-ccTLD relations. (NITS was previously operated under the umbrella of Ministry of Science and Technology before the establishment of Ministry of Information and Communication Technology.)


  1. Are there any plans to change the situation? [If so, please indicate which situation you expect would prevail in the future.]

  • Yes?

  • N
    X
    o?




  1. Internet Governance Participation

  1. Does the government send a representative to or otherwise participate in meetings of the Government Advisory Committee (GAC) of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (GAC)? [If not, please provide details]

  • Y
    X
    es?

  • No?




  1. Does the government or ccTLD send a representative to or otherwise participate in ICANN meetings? [If not, please provide details]

  • Y
    X
    es?

  • No?




  1. I. Please indicate whether there are contracts between the government and ICANN and/or the ccTLD and ICANN:

  • Between ICANN and the government? No.

  • Between ICANN and the ccTLD? No.

II. Please indicate the key factors that contributed to the ccTLD or government deciding to formalize the relationship.

Not applicable. There is no plan to formalize the relationship between the government and THNIC at the moment.
III. Did any impediments arise in formalizing this relationship?


  • Yes?

  • No?

Not applicable.


II CCTLD STRUCTURE & POLICIES:


  1. General




  1. What kind of structure best defines the ccTLD? [Please indicate the situation(s) which best describe(s) your ccTLD and provide details]

Details: Dr. Kanchana Kanchanasut, a professor at Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), has been the sole authorized .th registrar since 1988.


  1. How does your country’s ccTLD meet its operating costs? [Please indicate the situation(s) which best describe(s) your ccTLD and provide details]

Details:

THNIC covers its operating costs through domain name registration and maintenance fees.





  1. Board composition

If your ccTLD has a board of directors or advisors, please give details about the following:

  1. What is the size of the board?

THNIC has an advisory committee consisting of approximately 15 members from both government and private sectors.



  1. Is there public participation in the nomination or voting process for board members? [If yes, please provide details]

  • Yes?

  • N
    X
    o?

Details:

The current practice is that THNIC invited Internet-related and other interest parties to send a representative to be on its advisory committee. However, once THIDA is established, the board of directors will be elected from THIDA’s members.




  1. If there is government involvement on the board, what role does it play?

  • Chairperson

  • V
    X
    oting member in a government capacity

  • Voting member in a personal capacity

  • Non-voting member in a government capacity

  • Non-voting member in a personal capacity


General ccTLD policy

  1. Please rate the following objectives of your ccTLD from 1 to 9, where most important is 1 and least important is 9.

9 Registration size of the TLD

7 Low cost of registration

8 Ease of registration

3 Efficiency of domain name system in your country

2 The local Internet community’s cooperation in the ccTLD management

4 Preservation of the public interest in the domain name system

5 Align with the government’s general telecommunication policy or other policies

1 Protection of intellectual property rights

6 Transparency and accountability in ccTLD management


  1. Has the board/executive had any consultations in the past three years about the future policy direction or structure of the ccTLD? [If yes, please explain or provide references.]

  • Y
    X
    es?

  • No?

Details:

As mentioned earlier, the THNIC administrator has consulted the National Internet Policy Taskforce on how to restructure THNIC to better serve the public. Upon a recommendation of the working group created to study this issue and with an approval of the National Internet Policy Taskforce, a non-profit organization called Thai Internet Domain Name Association (THIDA) will be established to take charge of administering the .th domain names.




  1. Are the ccTLD’s goals and objectives consistent with your country’s telecommunication policy? [Please provide details or references].

  • Y
    X
    es?

  • No?


  1. Does your ccTLD actively pursue the public interest in the domain name system in your country? [Please provide details or references].

  • Y
    X
    es?

  • No?

Details:

At least once a year, THNIC holds a seminar and/or participates in Internet-related exhibitions/trade shows to discuss domain name administering issues with the public and local Internet community.


Policy making approach

  1. How does/has your ccTLD formulate its policies? [Please indicate the situation(s) which best describe(s) your ccTLD and provide details or references]

  • Through public consultations

  • Through public elections

  • T
    X
    hrough government initiatives or directives

  • Through board of directors

  • T
    X
    hrough employee/manager initiatives

Details:

THNIC policies have been generally made through the consultation of its advisory board.




  1. Who supervises and/or approves the policies (apart from general supervision by anti-trust authorities)?

  • c
    X
    cTLD itself (no external supervision apart from anti-trust authorities)

  • Government agency

  • Other [pleases explain]




  1. WHOIS policy

  1. Has your country’s ccTLD established a WHOIS policy that addresses public access to registrant information? [If yes, please provide details or references]

  • Yes?

  • N
    X
    o?

Details:



  1. Dispute Resolution Policy

  1. Has your country’s ccTLD implemented a domain name dispute resolution policy?

  • Yes?

  • N
    X
    o?



  1. If yes, is the policy:

  • A national implementation of the ICANN UDRP

  • A Country-specific policy modeled on the ICANN UDRP [please give details]

  • A Country-specific policy unlike the ICANN UDRP

  • Based on the ccTLD best practices for the prevention and resolution of Intellectual Property disputes published by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)


If your country’s ccTLD has implemented a domain name dispute resolution policy, who provides the dispute resolution services?

  • Local commercial arbitration providers

  • International commercial arbitration providers

  • ccTLD conducts its own

  • Government or non-profit service




  1. Internationalized Domain Names (IDN) policy

  1. Does your country’s ccTLD have a policy on IDN? [If yes, please provide details or references]

  • Yes?

  • N
    X
    o?

Details:

In collaboration with the National Electronics and Computer Technology Center (NECTEC), a working group will be created to study policy options on IDN.



III Commercial issues:


  1. Does your country’s ccTLD have local presence requirements or restrictions for registration? [If yes, please provide details or references]

  • Y
    X
    es?

  • No?

Details:

All registrations must have local presence. See more detail in 2).




  1. Does your country’s ccTLD have other restrictions on registration? [If yes, please provide details or references]

  • Y
    X
    es?

  • No?

Details:

co.th: for commercial entities and business entities. Applicants must be commercial entities which are registered within Thailand. A foreign company which is not registered may only apply for such a domain if it has a representative in Thailand and its local representative must itself be registered within Thailand and be authorized by the foreign company to apply for the registration of the domain name.

in.th: for any kind of organization or individual.

ac.th: for academic institutions. Applications for domain names under this category must be educational institutions registered within Thailand.

go.th: for government use. Applicants must be members of the Royal Thai Government.

net.th: for Internet Service Providers (ISPs) with verification from the Communication Authority of Thailand or their sub-ISPs with verification from their respective ISPs.

or.th: for non-profit organizations.

mi.th: for military use.




  1. What registrar model does your country’s ccTLD employ?

  • O
    X
    nly the ccTLD can register domains

  • A subsidiary of the ccTLD manages domain registration

  • The ccTLD has contracted out the registration of domains to a single company

  • The ccTLD has contracted out the registration of domains to multiple registrars

  • The ccTLD operates a competitive and open reseller model




  1. What is the price for ccTLD domain registration in your country? [Please indicate the cost of a one-year registration]

$US 40 for the first two years

$US 20 per year after the first two years




  1. Are there different registration prices for non-residents?

  • Yes?

  • N
    X
    o?




  1. Who supervises and/or approves the prices for ccTLD domain registration in your country (apart from general supervision by anti-trust authorities)?

  • c
    X
    cTLD itself (no external supervision apart from anti-trust authorities)

  • government agency

  • other [please provide detail]




  1. How fast is your country’s ccTLD registration process? [Please indicate the situation(s) which best describe(s) your ccTLD and provide details]

  • W
    X
    e provide immediate online registration

  • We have an email-based registration process

  • We have a mail-in/fax registration process

  • W
    X
    e verify each registration individually to confirm it meets all registration requirements


IV ccTLD Background:


  1. Please provide any additional documentation, url references, or other information that is relevant to the ccTLD in your country. We would in particular appreciate any available information on the historical development of your ccTLD.

http://www.thnic.net

Place des Nations Telephone +41 22 730 51 11 Telex 421 000 uit ch E-mail: itumail@itu.int

CH-1211 Geneva 20 Telefax Gr3: +41 22 733 72 56 Telegram ITU GENEVE www.itu.int



Switzerland Gr4: +41 22 730 65 00
ITU-T\COM-T\COM3\CIRC\160E


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