House Resolution N




Yüklə 2.11 Mb.
səhifə28/30
tarix17.04.2016
ölçüsü2.11 Mb.
1   ...   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30

N

Nahas Pasha, Premier of Egypt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94

Nanking agreement with southern Chinese leaders . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103

Nanking and Canton raids by Japanese . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130

National Committee of Free Germany in Moscow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 336

400 INDEX

Page

National Socialist Party in Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38



National Socialists and Nationalists in German election . . . . . . . . . 26

Nationalist government of Spain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138

Nationalities Statute for Sudetens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155

Naval Limitation Treaty (Germany and Great Britain) . . . . . . . . . . . 65

Nazi organization in Switzerland prohibited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83

Nazi program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169

Nazi putsch in Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48

Negrin, Senor, Premier of Spain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121

Netherlands:

Adhered to monetary agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109

Army capitulated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239

Arrest of fifth columnists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237

Conscription . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148

Defense preparations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234, 237

Devaluation of currency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

German guarantee of neutrality unacceptable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118

Government fled to London . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239

Invaded by Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237

Protest to Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237

Raising of bank rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59

Reaffirmed neutrality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235

Netherlands-Russian diplomatic relations established . . . . . . . . . . . 351

Netherlands Indies:

Declared war against Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309

Invaded by Japanese . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 314

Netherlands Indies, and Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285

Status quo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234, 235

Neuilly Treaty, scrapped by Bulgaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245

Neutral Supervisory Commission for Chaco . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

Neurath, Constantin von, German Foreign Minister . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122

New Britain, Japanese landings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315

New Caledonia, United States landings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327

New Guinea, Japanese landings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315

New Zealand:

Declared war on Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 214

Declared war on Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309

Nicaragua:

Complained to the League on Honduran frontier dispute . . . . . . . . . 133

Withdrawal from the League . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98

Nicaraguan-Honduran agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138

Nine-Power Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134

Failure and adjournment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137

Judged Japan the aggressor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136

Nine-Power Treaty of Washington . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5, 11, 13, 14

Chinese memorandum to signatories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125

Obsolete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169

Signatories invited to meet at Brussels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Violated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132

Nineteen-Point Peace Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

Noel, Leon, French Ambassador in Warsaw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192

On Germany's desire to have the Corridor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196

Report on Danzig . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201

Nomura, Admiral Kichisaburo, Japanese Ambassador in Washington . . . . . . 272

On proposed Roosevelt-Hirohito meeting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 292

Nonintervention Agreement, Germany's conditional acceptance . . . . . . . 101

Nonintervention Committee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108, 119

Ban on volunteers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118

German-Italian withdrawal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122, 123

Given more authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141

And international observers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125

Patrolling Spanish frontier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

Russian threat to withdraw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106

Study of volunteers and financial aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

Supervision scheme and Portugal's refusal to participate . . . . . . . 113, 115

Nonintervention pledge (in Spain) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102

INDEX 401

Page

Nonni River Bridge, battle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8



North African campaign, termination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 360

North African Economic Board (Anglo-American) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 356

North Eastern Administration Committee (in Manchukuo) . . . . . . . . . . 14

Northern Ireland, American Expeditionary Force arrival . . . . . . . . . . 316

Norway:

Declared its neutrality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212



Envoy dismissed by Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235

Full Allied aid promised . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234

German control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235

Government fled to London . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242

Invaded by Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234

Peace aims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337

State of siege . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 365

Sued for armistice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241

Waters, mined by France and Britain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233

Nyon Piracy Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128

Nyon Patrol Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
O
Office of Foreign Economic Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 368

Office of War Information, creation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333

Oil sanctions, application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79, 82

Oslo Powers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203, 204

Oslo:

Protocol of 1939 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123



Martial law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297

Oumansky, Constantin, Russian Ambassador in Washington . . . . . . . . . . 273

Ottawa agreement (July 1932) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
P
Pacific Council in London

(British Commonwealth and the Netherlands) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318

Pacific War Council . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 324

Palestine:

Arab uprising . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156

British troops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168

Disturbances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92, 93

Limiting Jewish immigration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190

Partition plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129, 169

Partition recommended in Peel report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124

Pan American Airways System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 294

Pan-American Conference:

Seventh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113

Eighth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172

At Montevideo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

Panama, invites American republics for consultation . . . . . . . . . . . 215



Panay incident . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139

Pantelleria, surrendered to the Allies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 362

Papen, Franz von, Chancellor of Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 20, 21

On Austro-German relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143

On glory of war . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

Paraguay and the Chaco dispute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

Paraguay:

Accepted arbitration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

Asked ABC and Peru to serve on the League Commission . . . . . . . . . 33

Diplomatic rupture with the Axis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 317

Negotiations with ABC and Peru on Chaco . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

New conciliation formula presented . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

State of war with Bolivia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

Withdrawal from the League . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

Paris:

Declared open city . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243



Diplomatic agents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282

Entry of German troops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243

402 INDEX

Page


Parliamentary government in Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Patijn, Mynheer J. A. N. Dutch Foreign Minister . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138

Pearl Harbor:

Attack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307

Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316

Peel Report on Palestine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124

Peiping autonomy program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77

Persia adhered to Kellogg-Briand Pact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Persian oil dispute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

Peru:


Accepted League's recommendation on Leticia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

Diplomatic rupture with Germany, Italy, and Japan . . . . . . . . . . . 316

Leticia agreement signed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

Pétain and Hitler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259

Pétain, Marshal:

Chief of State in France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269

Decreed basic laws for France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250

On French Fleet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262

On French-German collaboration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293, 306

Protest against Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 348

Replaced Reynaud . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244

Peter II, King of Yugoslavia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274

Address to United States Congress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 334

Philippine Constitution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58, 76

Philippine Government established in Washington . . . . . . . . . . . . 330

Philippine Independence Act . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

Philippine Islands:

A commonwealth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76

American troops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279

Phillips, W., United States Ambassador in Rome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236

President's personal representative in India . . . . . . . . . . . . . 351

Piracy Conference at Nyon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128

Pirow, Oswald, Defense Minister of Union of South, Africa . . . . . . . . 101

Platt amendment, replaced by a treaty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

Ploesti oil fields (Rumania), bombed by Americans . . . . . . . . . . . . 364

Plymouth, Earl, Britain's Under Secretary of State . . . . . . . . . . . . 118

Pope Pius XII:

Acted as intermediary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307

Appeal for peace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204

Poland and Westerplatte . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Poland:

Asked for Anglo-French aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213



Britain's guarantee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196

Called up her reservists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207

To consult Britain and France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206

Declared war on Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311

Demanded Teschen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162, 166

Denied Polish aggression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212

Exclusion law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168

Government fled to London . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246

Invaded by Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216

Kellogg-Briand-Pact signed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Nonaggression pact with Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

Occupied Teschen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167

Protest to Germany on annexation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222

Protest to Lithuania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221

Provisional government at Paris . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219

Rejected an Eastern Locarno pact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50

Rejected demands on Danzig . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183

Rejected German protests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200

Rejected supervision of her minorities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50

Restrictions on imports through Danzig . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66

Took economic reprisals against Danzig . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199

Ultimatum to Czechoslovakia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167

Ultimatum to Lithuania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149

Polish minority in Czechoslovakia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153

Polish-Czechoslovak Committee of Coordination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333

INDEX 403

Page

Polish-Danzig agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33, 47, 68, 116



Polish-German negotiations on Danzig . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111

Polish-Rumanian alliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111

Polish-Russian Conciliation Treaty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

Polish-Russian Cooperation Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291

Polish-Russian Defensive Alliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179

Polish-Russian frontier controversy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 356

Polish-Russian Nonaggression Treaty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Polish-Russian Trade Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178

Polish-Spanish diplomatic rupture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315

Popular Front (in France) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93

Popular front government under Blum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96

Popular front (in Spain) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83

Portugal:

Arms embargo against Spain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103

British supervision of land frontiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118

On colonies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117

Diplomatic rupture with Czechoslovakia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127

Diplomatic rupture with Spain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107

Joined Nonintervention Committee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

Reassured by Hull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284

Post-war bloc (Czechoslovakia,, Greece, Poland, and Yugoslavia) . . . . . 302

Post-war currency stabilization plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 357

Post-War European Charter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 345

Post-War World Council . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 358

Prado, President of Peru . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329, 330

Prague, Russian air force mission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98

Protocol of 1925 and gas warfare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91

Pu-Yi, Henry, crowned Emperor of Manchukuo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41


Q
"Quarantine speech" of President Roosevelt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132

Quebec conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 364

Quezon, Manuel, President of the Philippines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323, 370

Quisling, named Premier of Norway by Nazis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319


R
Radowitz, Herr von, German Consul General in Danzig . . . . . . . . . . . 97

Ramirez, A. P., President of Argentina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 362

Rangoon (Burma) Captured by Japanese . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 322

Rath, Ernst von, assassinated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169

Rawson, General, provisional president of Argentina . . . . . . . . . . . 361

Reber, Samuel, Assistant Chief, Department of State . . . . . . . . . . . 331

Red Sea combat zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277

Regional pacts favored by Britain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118

Reichstag fire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Repatriation of Germans in South Tyrol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196



Reuben James, United States destroyer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311

Reynaud, Paul, Premier of France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232

His pledge to Churchill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240

Rhine buffer zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

Proposal rejected by Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

Rhineland, occupation by German troops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85

Rhineland Pact of Locarno . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85

Ribbentrop, German foreign minister . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142, 172

And M. Bonnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197

On Danzig . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175

Denied German aggression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212

On German colonies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118

Rio de Janeiro, Anti-War Pact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

Riom trial in France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319

Rios, Juan A., President of Chile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318, 345

His new Cabinet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 324

River Plate regional conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270

Riza Shah Pahlevi of Iran abdicated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 298

404 INDEX Page

Robert, Admiral, Governor of Martinique . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331



Robin Moor, United States ship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285

Rome:


Nazi occupation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 367

Bombed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 363

Rome protocol (Austria, Hungary, and Italy) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41, 88

Rome-Berlin Axis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107

Favored by Premier Gombös of Hungary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63

Roosevelt, President:

Additional defense appropriations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250

His administration in Latin American affairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

Appeal to Finland and Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226

Appeal to Hitler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166

Appeal to Hitler and Benes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164

Appeal to Hitler on German-Polish relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203

Appeal to Mussolini . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239, 240, 241

Arming American-flag ships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300

Arms embargo and the Chaco dispute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

Asked for more defense appropriations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239

Asked for more silver in monetary stocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

Asked for rearmament program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141

Asked for repeal of arms embargo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197

And the Bey of Tunis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 346

Chinese Exclusion Act . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 371

President Carmona of Portugal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 346

On defense production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 266

Elected President of United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20, 107, 262

On establishing United States-Russian diplomatic relations . . . . . . 35

On extraordinary inter-American conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82

On First Neutrality Act . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69

Forbade carrying of munitions to China and Japan . . . . . . . . . . . 129

To France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 346

On French Indochina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 290

Geneva Convention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

Good neighbor policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25, 28, 101

Hemispheric defense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258

And Hull on repeal of Neutrality Act . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 303

On increased aid to Allies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273

On intervention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

To Japanese Emperor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307

Joint Mexican-United States Defense Commission . . . . . . . . . . . . 321

On Jones-Wallace controversy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 363

On leasing bases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 254

On lending arms to Britain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265

Message to Mussolini on avoiding war . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68

National emergency proclaimed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216

Nationalized Philippine armed forces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 290

Nazi designs in South America . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302

Neutrality Act not applied to Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 287

On neutrality of United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213

On neutrality revision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198

New neutrality proclamation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223

Order to nationalize silver stocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48

Pan-American Day, address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Peace guarantee for Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186

Personal representative to the Pope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229

To Pétain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 346

Philippine independence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

Pledge to defeat Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296

Post-war planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302

Preservation of peace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113

Promised help to France and to Allies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243, 244

Promised United States aid to Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286

"Quarantine speech" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132

Refugees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 364

Repeal of arms embargo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217
INDEX 405 Page

Roosevelt, President-Continued.

Reply to Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296

Restriction of arms shipment to Cuba . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Resuming talks with Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 294

Russian attack on Finland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226

Russian demands on Finland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220

Second appeal to Hitler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205

Shipments to Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323

Shoot-on-sight order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297

Speech at Rio de Janeiro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110

United States arms embargo and its effect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

United States foreign policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177

Will assist the Advisory Committee on Leticia . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Roosevelt-Camacho conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359

Roosevelt-Churchill conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 334

Roosevelt-Churchill-Inönü conference (Cairo) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 371

Roosevelt-Churchill-Kai-shek conference (Cairo) . . . . . . . . . . . . 370

Roosevelt-Churchill-Stalin conference (Teheran) . . . . . . . . . . . . 371

Roosevelt-Churchill message on Japanese defeat . . . . . . . . . . . . 351

Roosevelt-Churchill message to Italians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 363

Roosevelt-Molotov conversations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331

Rostov:

Captured by Germans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 338



Retaken by Russians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 355

Rumania:


Adhered to the Axis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263

Called up reservists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242

Declared war on United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 312

Dictatorial constitution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145

Entered Bessarabia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286

Kellogg-Briand Pact signed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Nazi troops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258

Nonaggression Pact with Turkey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Payment of war debts td United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Political amnesty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236

Pro-Axis regime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249

Renounced British guarantee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248

Seized British firms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252

Russian ultimatum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247

Transit of Russian forces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160

Rumanian-Brazilian diplomatic rupture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 322

Rumanian-Turkish trade agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 342

Runciman, Lord:

Britain's mediator and advisor in Czechoslovakia . . . . . . . . . . . 157

Report on Czechoslovakia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161

Russia:

Acquired Bessarabia and northern Bukovina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248



Announcement on Estonia and Latvia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244

Arms embargo against Spain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103

Asked for control of ships in Portuguese ports . . . . . . . . . . . . 106

Assurance to France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154

Continued aiding the Spanish Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107

Declined to accept United States protest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68

Demands on Finland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221

Diplomatic rupture with Finland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225

Embargo on British goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Expelled from the League . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228

Incorporated Polish Ukraine into Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223

Invaded by Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285

Invaded Poland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216

Kellogg-Briand Pact signed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Lowered conscript age . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100

Member of the League . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50

Mutual Assistance Pact with Mongolian People's Republic . . . . . . . . 86

Naval treaty with Britain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126

Nonaggression treaty with Baltic states . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

Nonintervention in Spain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100

406 INDEX Page

Russia-Continued.

Opposed to Finnish-Norwegian-Swedish alliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232

Pact of friendship and nonaggression with Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

Peace overtures to Finland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 294

Pledged to respect Finnish neutrality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217

Promised to cooperate with the League Council . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87

Proposal of British-French-United States conference . . . . . . . . . . 148

Protest on alleged Manchukuoan seizure of Chinese Eastern Railway . . . 35

Protest to Finland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Reassured aid to Czechoslovakia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160

Relations with Baltic states . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

Severed diplomatic relations with Poland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359

Threatened to withdraw from Non-Intervention Committee . . . . . . . . 106

Troop concentration in Ukraine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162

United States exports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269

Warped Japan on neutrality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325

Withdrew recognition from German-occupied territories . . . . . . . . . 281

Russo-Finnish Conciliation treaty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Russo-Japanese Fisheries Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323

Russo-Japanese relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337

Russo-Japanese Trade Treaty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284

Russo-Polish Nonaggression Pact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43, 171

Russo-Thailand diplomatic relations established . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273

Russo-Turkish friendship confirmed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 362

Russo-Turkish neutrality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274

Ruthenia:

Autonomy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168, 180

Occupied by Hungary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180

Ryti, Risto, President of Finland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 287


S
Saar:

Demilitarization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

International troops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

Returned to Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

Saar Plebiscite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53, 55

Saint-Germain Treaty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90

Saito, Admiral Hiroshi, Japanese Ambassador in Washington . . . . . . . . 124

and Hull on Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

Salazar, Premier of Portugal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 335

San Martin, Ramon, President of Cuba . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

Sanctions against Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69, 74

Abandoned by Austria, Britain, Canada, and Poland . . . . . . . . . . . 96, 98

Sanctions against Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140

Sardinia, taken by the Allies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 367

Saudi-Arabia:

Armistice with Yemen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

Treaty of friendship with Yemen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

United States Minister . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231

War with Yemen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

Scandinavian states . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217

Schacht, Dr. Hjalmar German Minister of Economics . . . . . . . . . . . . 115

Resignation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137



Scharnhorst, sinking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 372

Schleicher, Kurt von, German Minister of Defense . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Schuschnigg, Kurt von, Chancellor of Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48

Austrian ties with Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141

Austria's will to resist Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145

German mission in Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133

Interviewed by Hitler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143

Invited to Berchtesgaden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142

Rejected national socialism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64

Rejected union with Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64

For plebiscite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145

Relations with Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110

Resignation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146

Schweinfurt, bombed by United States fortresses . . . . . . . . . . . . 369


INDEX 407

Page


Sergius, Metropolitan of Moscow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 367

Sevastopol taken by Germans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 336

Seyss-Inquart, Arthur, Chancellor of Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142, 147

Asked for Schuschnigg's resignation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146

Shanghai:

British withdrawal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 254

Fighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127

Shih-hui, General, head of Chinese Mission to United States . . . . . . . 327

Shiozawa, Kiochi, Japanese admiral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Sicily conquered by Allies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 365

Sikorski, General, Poland's Premier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 362

Silver export to China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51

Silver stock in United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48

Simon, Sir John, Britain's Foreign Secretary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163

Simovitch, General Dusan, of Yugoslavia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74

Sinnan and Spratly Islands annexed by Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183

Singapore:

Australian detachments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279

Naval base opened . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143

Siege . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318

Waters Mined . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271

Sino-Japanese armistice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Sino-Japanese dispute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128

And the Nine-Power Conference at Brussels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135

Slovakia:

Adhered to the Axis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263

Autonomous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167, 189

Slovenia, divided between Germany and Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 280

Smigly-Rydz, Marshal of Poland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198

Smolensk, retaken by Russians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 368

Small nations and Britain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272

Smuts, General, Premier of South African Unions

and mandates of South-west Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133, 138

Social Democratic Party outlawed in Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

Socialist military organization in Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

Solomon Island:

Captured by Japanese . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315

Japanese withdrawal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 345

Invaded by United States forces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 339

South America aided by United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192

South Manchurian Railway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

South Sea Island mandate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137

South Tyrol Germans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196

Soviet News Agency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 356

Spaak, P. H., Belgian Foreign Minister . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

Spain, and Anti-Comintern Pact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183

Appealed to League against Germany and Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110

Arms embargo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99

End of civil war . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183

General strikes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51

Hoped for Russian defeat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 326

Mediation suggested by Uruguay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101

Memorandum on intervention of Portuguese fascists . . . . . . . . . . . 105

Nonintervention pledge of Britain and France . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101

Occupied international zone in Morocco . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244

Open towns bombed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122

Protest against supply of arms to rebels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104

Protest of France on nonintervention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100

Protest to League on Italian intervention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122

Traditional Falangists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

Victory of popular front in elections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83

Spanish-Norwegian diplomatic rupture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 322

Stalin:

On Allied aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 343



Desired a strong Poland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359

408 INDEX

Stalingrad: Page

Not to be stormed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 344

Russian counterattack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 340

Russian victory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 354

Standley, Admiral William H,, United Slates Ambassador in Moscow . . . . . 318

Resignation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 368

Statement on Russians and lend-lease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 357

Starhemberg, Prince, vice chancellor of Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43, 95

Statute of Westminster on position of Dominions . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

Straits Convention and Turkey (1923) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92

Steinhardt, Laurence A., United States Ambassador in Ankara . . . . . . . 318

Stresa Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59

And Eden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143

And German rearmament . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66

Stettinius, Edward R., United States Lend-Lease Administrator . . . . . . 337

Under Secretary of State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 368

Stilwell, General, United States commander in China . . . . . . . . . . . 322, 323

Stimson, Henry, Secretary of State, and Secretary of War . . . . . . . . . 5

Advocated convoys to Britain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 280

Advocated lend-lease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268

On compulsory military service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252

Sudeten:


Demand for autonomy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151

Occupied by Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167

Refusal to negotiate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154

Sudeten problem, Anglo-French help for settlement . . . . . . . . . . . . 153

Sugiyama, General, Japanese Minister of War . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126

Sumatra invaded by Japanese . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319

Supreme Allied Command of Expeditionary Forces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 372

Suvich, Fulvio de, Italian Ambassador in Washington . . . . . . . . . . . 123

Sweden:

Finnish-German demands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 287



Her neutrality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 346

Switzerland:

Adhered to currency agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107

Arms embargo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101

Assured inviolability by Britain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148

Declared its neutrality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152, 212

Devaluation of currency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

National defense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

Nazi party dissolved . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83, 262

Neutrality guaranteed by Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118

Syria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 298

General strikes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

Treaty with France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104

Truce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248

Turkish protest on French propaganda . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154

Syria and Lebanon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283

General strikes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

Syro-Palestine frontier agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

Syrovy, Gen. Jan, Premier of Czechoslovakia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
T
Tangku, Sino-Japanese truce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

Taylor, Myron C., President's personal envoy to the Vatican . . . . . . . 342

Tedder, Air Marshal, Deputy Supreme Commander

of the invasion forces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 355

Teheran Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 371

Terboven, Joseph, German Commissar in Norway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318

Teschen negotiations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164

Thailand:

Declared war on United States and Britain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316

Invaded by Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309

Nonaggression treaty with Britain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243

Thailand-Indochina Peace Treaty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273

Thomas, J. H., British representative on the League Council . . . . . . . 13

Times, on partition of Czechoslovakia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160

Timor occupied by Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320

INDEX 409

Tobruk: Page

Battle of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331

Captured by British . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 348

Captured by Rommel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 334

Togo, Shigenori, Japanese foreign minister . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 303

Tojo, Gen. Hideki, Japanese Premier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301, 340

On American exploitation of Asiatics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306

Trade unions in Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Transylvania, partly lost to Hungary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255

Troyanovsky, A. N., Russian Ambassador in Washington . . . . . . . . . . . 154

Treaty on submarine warfare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108

Tripartite conference (Hull-Eden-Molotov) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 369

Tripoli, captured by Montgomery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 354

Tsahai, Princess of Ethiopia, appeal for aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93

Tunisia:


Allied attack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 360

Battle of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 348

Turkey:

Fortification of the Straits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92



Kellogg-Briand Pact signed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Mutual aid pact with Britain and France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221

Nonaggression pact with Rumania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Non-belligerency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261

Permitted to fortify the Straits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99

Protest to France on Sanjak elections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140

And voting in the Sanjak . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154

Tydings-McDuffie Philippine Independence Act . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58

Tyrrhenian Sea, patrolling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
U
Uchida, Count Yasuya, Japanese Foreign Minister . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Ukranians in Poland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 356

Union of German Officers in Moscow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 367

Union of Polish Patriots in Moscow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359

Union of South Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

Declared war on Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215

Declared war on Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309

Diplomatic rupture with France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327

Mandate of Southwest Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133

United Nations, formation of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

United Nations, conference on food and agriculture . . . . . . . . . . . . 360

United Nations Declarations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 313

United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration . . . . . . . . . 361, 369

United States:

The abandonment of gold standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Affirmed her neutrality in China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

Aim to avoid being drawn into war . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76

Alien registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265

Approval of League's new Chaco Commission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62

American Expeditionary Forces in Northern Ireland . . . . . . . . . . . 316

Arms embargo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

Arms embargo against Bolivia and Paraguay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76

Arms embargo against Italy and Ethiopia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97

Arms embargo against Spain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116

Arms embargo repealed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223

Army of occupation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

Army reorganization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 321

Axis funds frozen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284

Bank holiday . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Bill on arms embargo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

Blacklist of European firms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 314

Blocked nationals list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 290

British flyers trained . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283

Citizens leave Far East . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258

Congress to regulate value of money . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Consul-General in Barcelona . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116

Consuls in Axis-occupied territories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285

410 INDEX

United States-Continued. page

To cooperate with ABC Powers on Chaco dispute . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58, 61

To cooperate with Advisory Committee on Leticia . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Credit to Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302

Currency stabilization agreements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296

Declared war on Bulgaria, Hungary and Rumania . . . . . . . . . . . . . 332

Declared war on Germany and Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311

Declared war on Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308

Defensive measure in the Pacific . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307

Devaluation of dollar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

Disarmament conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

Embargo on arms to Chaco disputants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

Embargo on arms to Italy and Ethiopia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73

Embargo on aviation oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291

Embargo on octane gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228, 252

Entry to World Court barred by Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

Extension of neutrality resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84

First neutrality act . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69

Foreign merchant ships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283

Foundation of international relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 278

Freezing of Danish and Norwegian funds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234

German and Italian consuls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284

German credit balances frozen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Gold clause repealed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Good neighbor policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Good offices offer to China and Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126

Haiti agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Intention to stay out of war . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73

Italian consulates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272

Italian naval attachés . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275

Invited to join the Axis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258

Japanese assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 290

On League's condemnation of Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132

On League and Sino Japanese dispute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Loan to China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30, 256, 264

Mediation in Haiti-Dominican Republic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136

Mediation in Nicaraguan-Honduran dispute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134

Membership in International Labor Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Moral embargo abandoned . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269

Need of naval program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142

Neutrality Act repealed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 303

New neutrality law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121

North African landings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 346

Not involved in Italo-Ethiopian dispute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75

Notes to China and Japan on Manchuria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Opposed to sale of planes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156

Pacific settlement of international disputes . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165

Pledged aid to devastated world . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302

Policy of nonintervention in Spain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100

Proclaimed its neutrality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215

Proposal to arbitrate with Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157, 158

Protest to Britain on Orders in Council . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226, 230

Protest to Russia on Communist activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68

Protest on German use of French Fleet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260

Protest to Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77

Protest to Japan on Nanking bombing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131, 170

Protest to Japan on North China autonomy move . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73

Recognized Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

Refused to recognize Spanish war zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103

Refused to join in mediation of Spanish conflict . . . . . . . . . . . 102

Rejected new order in China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173

Renounced extraterritorial rights in China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 344

Restricted shipments to Cuba . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Right to intervene in Latin America, renounced . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

Requisitioned planes ordered by Sweden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258

INDEX 411

United States-Continued. Page

Sale of planes to France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176

Selective Training and Service Act . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256

On shipment of aircraft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228

Signed nonaggression pact at Buenos Aires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

Submarine donated to Norway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 342

Temporary monetary stabilization rejected . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

On transfer of regions in Western Hemisphere . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245

Two-ocean navy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256

Unlimited national emergency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282

War debts payment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65

Warned Britain of Japanese attack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306

Warned Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 365

Warships attacked by Japanese on Yangtze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139

Warships ordered to Cuban ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

World policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175

United States-Brazilian trade agreements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337

United States-Canadian Joint Economic Committees . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285

United States-Chinese financial agreements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323

United States-Cuban agreement on training facilities . . . . . . . . . . . 334

United States-Cuban military and naval agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . 341

United States-Finnish consular representatives recalled . . . . . . . . . 337

United States-Japanese Commercial Treaty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199, 230

United States-Mexican convention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 339

United States-Mexican Rubber Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 342

United States-Panamanian agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331

United States-Peruvian Economic Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327

United States-Russian diplomatic relations established . . . . . . . . . . 35

United States-Russian Mutual Aid Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333

United States-Uruguayan Commercial Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337

United States of Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117

Uruguay:

And American republics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285

Diplomatic rupture with Spain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

Nazi leaders arrested . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256

Severed diplomatic relations with France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 360


V
Vansittart, Lord, Britain's Under Secretary of Foreign Affairs and

Chief diplomatic advisor at the Foreign Office . . . . . . . . . . . . 141

Vargas, Getulio, President of Brazil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 322

Vatican:


Diplomatic relations with Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 324

Relations with Catholic Center Party in Danzig . . . . . . . . . . . . 134

Vayo, Alvarez del, Spain's Foreign Minister and Spanish,

representative on League Council . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99

Velikie Luki, retaken by Russians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350

Versailles Treaty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219, 220

Examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210

Germany's intentions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94

Hitler's demand for its revision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

Provisions denounced by Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108

Repudiated by Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86

Vichy statement on French Fleet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350

Vienna Nazis and Heimwehr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

Villarreal, Colonel Gudalberto, head of Government in Bolivia . . . . . . 372

Vilna to be kept by Lithuania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233
W
Wafdist party in Egypt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94

Wallace, Vice President Henry A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277

Walwal incident (Ethiopia) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52, 53

Arbitration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63

Ethiopian note to the League . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58

Reported to the League . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

412 INDEX

Page


War criminals trial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 343

War debts payment to United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37, 47

Washington Naval Treaty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54, 89

Wavell, General Sir Archibald, Supreme Commander in

Southwest Pacific and Viceroy to India . . . . . . . . . . . . . 313, 321, 363

Weimar Constitution and the bill of rights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Weizsäcker, German foreign office official . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190

And Coulondre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193

And Henderson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190, 201

Welles, Sumner, Under Secretary of State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192

Advocated lend-lease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194

On German attack of Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273

Resignation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 368

Tour to Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231

On United States in the Far East . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256

Westerplatte police . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Wiedemann, Capt. Fritz, Hitler's aide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157

Wilhelmina, Queen of the Netherlands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 338

Wilson, Sir Horace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165

Wilson, Woodrow, on conquest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

World Economic Conference of London (1933) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28, 31, 33
Y

Yemen:


Armistice with Saudi-Arabia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

Treaty of friendship with Saudi-Arabia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

Yovanovitch, Premier of Yugoslavia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 353

Yugoslavia:

Adhered to the Axis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274

Anti-Nazi coup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274

Army surrendered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 278

Attacked by Hungary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277

Demands by Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ­273

Frontiers assured by Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152

Mobilization ordered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275

Promised aid by Churchill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275


Z
Zamora, President Niceto Alcala, President of Spain . . . . . . . . . . . 94

Zanzibar abolished capitulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126

Zionist organization in Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148

1   ...   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30


Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azrefs.org 2016
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə