House Resolution N




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D

Dakar, British withdrawal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256

Daladier, Eduard, Premier of France:

Appeal to Hitler for peaceful settlement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205

Given plenary powers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151

Out of French cabinet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241

Danish Rigsdag and wearing of uniforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Danish–United States agreement on Greenland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277

Danubian states cooperation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95

Danzig:


A German city . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188

All political meetings forbidden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97

Anti-Jewish riot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134

Annexed to Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212

Control of foreign exchange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65

Declared against non-Nazis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99

Devaluation of Gulden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

Dissolution of Social Democratic Party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106

Interference with mail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129

National Socialist Party, membership of civil servants . . . . . . . . 98

New parties forbidden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135

Seizure of trade-union headquarters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

Visit of Nazi Gauleiter Albert Forster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97

Danzig Jews, deportation order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173

Danzig police . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Danzig Senate:

Demands on Poland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199

Requests to League Council . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82

Danzig Volkstag, Nazi victory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121

Danzig–Polish:

Agreement on treatment of nationals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

Harbor agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115

Darlan, Admiral:

On French collaboration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282

Assassinated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 352

On French Fleet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 352

On north Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 349

Davies Joseph E., President's special emissary to Stalin . . . . . . . . . 360

Davis, Norman, United States representative at Nine-Power Conference . . . 134

Dawes, Gen. Charles, United States Ambassador in London . . . . . . . . . 8


INDEX 383
Page

Debuchi, Katsuji, Japanese Ambassador in Washington . . . . . . . . . . . 23

DeGraeff, A. C. Foreign Minister of the Netherlands . . . . . . . . . . . 83

Del Rio, President of Ecuador . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350

Denmark:

Diplomatic rupture with Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 287

German ultimatum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 365

Gold export . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Invaded by Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234

Martial law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 366

United States consuls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 288

Deutschland, bombed by Loyalists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122

Devers, Gen. J. L., American commander in European theaters . . . . . . . 360

Dieppe, Allied commando landings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 340

Dirksen, Herbert von, German Ambassador in London . . . . . . . . . . . . 193

On British public opinion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196

Dobruja, wanted by Bulgaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245

Dodds, Dr. H. W. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 358

Dollfuss, Engelbert, Chancellor of Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

On Austria's independence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 409

Exit of his government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40, 43

Killed in Nazi putsch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48

New cabinet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

Dominican Republic:

Conciliation with Haiti . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 140

Declared war on Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309

Honduras agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142

Doolittle, Gen. J. H., bombing of Tokyo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 326

Draft declaration of discussion with Indian leaders . . . . . . . . . . . 324

Dunkirk, evacuation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241

Dutch delegates at the Fourteenth Assembly on German Refugees . . . . . . 35

Dutch Guiana (Surinam), occupied by United States . . . . . . . . . . . . 304

Dutch Harbor, bombed by Japanese . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 332

East European Mutual Security Pact, German rejection . . . . . . . . . . . 42

East Indies, battle of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 321

Eastern Locarno Pact, rejection by Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49

Ecuador:


Abandoned sanctions against Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90

Member of the League . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49

Ecuador–Peru frontier agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 317

Eden, Anthony, British foreign secretary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265, 280

On Albania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 352

On appeasement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117

On Britain's conciliation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130

On Britain's prime policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283

On British–Italian interests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107

Condemns Germany's unilateral repudiation of Versailles Treaty . . . . 86

On French National Committee of Liberation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 363

Idea of revenge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126

Italian withdrawal from Spain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144

The League on Palestine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129

League sanctions against Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140

"Quarantine" speech . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133

Resignation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144

On Rival ideologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116

On Sanctions against Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69

Egypt:


Constitution of 1923 restored . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78

Diplomatic rupture with Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 361

Member of the League . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122

Treaty of friendship with Saudi Arabia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94

Egypt–Saudi–Arabia treaty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121

Egypt–Thailand diplomatic rupture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 321

384 INDEX

Page


Eisenhower, General:

Commander of United States forces in European areas . . . . . . . . . . 334

Commander in Chief of Allied forces in north Africa . . . . . . . . . . 355

Italy's surrender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 361

El Alamein (Egypt), battle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 336

Emergency Consultative Committee of Political Defense . . . . . . . . . . 372

Estonia:

Incorporated into Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251

Nonaggression pact with Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192

Signed Kellogg-Briand Pact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Suppression of a coup d'état . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78

Estonian–Russian:

Conciliation pact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Mutual assistance pact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218

Nonaggression treaty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Ethiopia:

Accepts Committee of Five's proposals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71

Agreed on a neutral zone in Ogaden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57

Appealed to League Committee of Thirteen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85

Appeal to the League . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55, 57, 68, 88, 90

Appeal to United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66

Asked for arbitration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57

Asked the League Council to consider the dispute in special session . . 58

Complaint to the League . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

Consented to arbitrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58

Declared war on the Axis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350

Desired to arbitrate frontier question . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60

General mobilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72

Italian conquest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93

Placed under Italian sovereignty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94

Protest to the League . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52

Requested League's financial aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

Requested for neutral observers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65, 71

Signed United Nations Declaration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 364

Ethiopian–Italian fighting at Walwal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52

Ethiopian–Italian joint communiqué on nonaggression . . . . . . . . . . 51


F
Far Eastern Advisory Committee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131

Far Eastern Committee (of the League) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130

Farinacci, Roberto, Fascist Party secretary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143

Fascist Grand Council, resolution on control of foreign trade . . . . . . 83

Fatherland front in Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145

Faulhaber, Michael Cardinal von . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 330

Fighting France, repudiated Munich Pact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 343

Finland:


Allied aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231

Appeal to the League . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226

Appeal to world for help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227

Asked conciliation or arbitration with Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225

Attacked by Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286

British demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 298

Counterproposals to Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222

Declared her neutrality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212

Invaded by Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226

Invited to conference by Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219

Kellogg–Briand Pact signed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Mobilized . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220

Memorandum to the League . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227

Neutrality to be respected by Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217

Payment of war debts to United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Refused military base to Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223

Rejected new Russian demands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223

$10,000,000 credit by United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227

Will continue to fight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300

Finnish soviet, set up by Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226

INDEX 385

Page


Finnish–German trade agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 357

Finnish–Norwegian–Swedish defensive alliance contemplated . . . . . . . . 232

Finnish–Russian agreement on Aaland Islands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258

Finnish–Russian: negotiations broken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223

Finnish–Russian: nonaggression treaty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

Denounced by Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225

Finnish–Russian peace treaty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231

Five–Power Committee for Italo–Ethiopian dispute . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69

Five–Power conference (Belgium, Britain, France, Germany, and Italy) . . . 100

Flandin, Pierre Etienne Premier of France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64

Forbes, W. C., United States Ambassador in Tokyo . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Formose, French vessel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228

Forster, Albert, Nazi Gauleiter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97

Made head of Danzig State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202

Four–power conference at Munich . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166

Four–Power Pact in Rome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Four freedoms enunciated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267

Franc, devaluated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123

France:


Abandoned sanctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96

Accepted German economic collaboration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281

Airforce expansion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155

Anglo–American declaration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

Appeal to the League on German rearmament . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59

Appeal to the United States for help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243

Armistice with Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245, 246

Armistice with Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246

Arms embargo to Spain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100

Assurance given to England . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74

Bank rates raised . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63

Cabinet rule by decree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181

Declared war on Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 214

Diplomatic rupture with Great Britain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249

Diplomatic rupture with Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 288

Diplomatic rupture with United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 347

Direct German .Polish negotiation urged . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205

Extension of conscript service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57

General strike . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171

Independence at home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246

Italian danger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176

Last warning to Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211

Law prohibiting enlistment of volunteers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116

Liberty in naval matters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66

Loyalty to Czechoslovakia and Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145

National Council . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269

On nonintervention measure in Spain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100

North African military facilities not open to the Axis . . . . . . . . 292

Parliament dissolved . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249

Partial mobilization order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164

Pledged aid to Czechoslovakia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159

Proposed peace plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91

Protest to Germany on Lorraine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262

Rebuked by Roosevelt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281

Respect for Belgian neutrality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207

Supported British partition proposal of Czechoslovakia . . . . . . . . 62

Treaty with Syria providing independence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104

Ultimatum to Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 214

United States on French fleet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245

Urged Poland to conciliate Danzigers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204

Weakened position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160

Withdrawal of restrictions on gold deliveries . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119

Yielded Shanghai sector to Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246

Francois Poncet, Andre, French Ambassador in Berlin . . . . . . . . . . . 116

386 INDEX

Page
Franco, Gen. Francisco Beginning of civil war in Spain . . . . . . . . . . 99

Forming the Spanish traditional Falangists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

Made commander in chief of Nationalist Army . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

Proposed belligerent rights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123

Recognized by Austria and Hungary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141

Recognized by Germany and Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109

Recognized by Portugal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153

Recognized by United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184

Franco-Mussolini conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270

Frank, Dr. Bans, Bavarian Minister of Justice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Free France Committee and United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316

Free France declared war on Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309

Free French forces, United States aid promised . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 328

Free French government formed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260

Free French National Council . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 298

French Antilles, and United States relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359

French Committee of .National Liberation, recognized by Great Britain,

Russia, and United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 361,365

French Consultative Assembly in Algiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 367

French Fleet:

Scuttled at Toulon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350

Sunk at Oran . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249

Trench Indochina, given dominion status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267

French Indochina-Thailand .

Armistice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270

Peace treaty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 280

French-Belgian general staff agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85

French-British peace efforts, defended by Hoare . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77

French-German defensive peace postponed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172

French-German good neighbor pact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172

French-Italian:

Trade agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231

Treaty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55

French-Japanese agreement on Indochina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256

French-Japanese protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291

French-Russian:

Consultative pact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52

Mutual assistance pact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

Nonaggression and conciliation pact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

French-Soviet Pact, incompatible with Locarno pact. . . . . . . . . . . 83

French-Spanish frontier closed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155

French-Turkish:

Agreement on Turco-Syrian frontier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122

Defensive alliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193

Treaty of friendship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156

Frick, Dr. Wilhelm, German Minister of Interior . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137

Fulbright resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267

Funk, Dr. Walter, German economic minister . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137

Furanghi, Ali, Premier of Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296


G
Gas warfare, condemned by the League . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154

Gaulle, Gen. Charles de:

Appeal to French . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295

Broadcast to the French . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350

Free French .Russian alliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315

Frenchmen in North . Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 347

Geneva Convention, President Roosevelt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

Geneva Convention of 1864 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 345

Geneva Disarmament Conference (1932) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Germany s withdrawal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

George, King II of Greece . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 276

German battleships: escape of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319

German colonies, Australia rejects return of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87

German National Socialist Party in Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

INDEX 387

Page


German Nationalist Party in Danzig . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121

German Nazis, deportation from Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

German refugees, international aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

German reparations payment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

German-Danish nonaggression treaty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191

German-Italian trade agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231

German-Italian-Japanese:

Alliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256

Military convention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315

German-Japanese Anti-Comintern:

Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115

Military alliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111

German-Polish:

Agreement on Upper Silesia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125

Declaration of 1934 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188

Minorities declaration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135

German-Rumanian economic agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . 182, 201, 228, 235, 334

German-Russian:

Agreement on partitioning Poland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217

Barter agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267

5-year nonaggression plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195

Neutrality treaty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Nonaggression agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202

Trade treaty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231

German-Slovak treaty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224

German-Swedish agreement on transit of soldiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 364

German-Turkish:

Financial agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168

Friendship Pact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285

Trade Agreements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 358

Treaty on chrome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 343

Germany:


Absence from nine-power conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134

Agitation for colonies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116

Air force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57

Annexed Polish territory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222

Announcement of moratorium on Dawes-Young plan . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

Army maneuvers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158

Arrest of Polish Jews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168

Assurance of non-delivery of arms to Spain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100

Citizenship laws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71

Claim equality of armaments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50

Claim to equality recognized . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

Communications cut with Warsaw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 310

Compulsory military service introduced . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57

Condemned by Locarno Powers for reoccupying demilitarized zone. . . . . 86

Conscript labor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155

Counter-blockaded Britain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216

Declared war on United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 310

Demands accepted by Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143

Desire for peace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

Eastern Nonaggression Pact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59

Elections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

End of Polish campaigns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218

Enforcement of arms embargo to Spain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

For bilateral naval agreement with Britain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84

For demilitarized zones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85

For 25 year nonaggression pact with France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85

Foreign policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177

4-year plan for autarchy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104

Friendship with Yugoslavia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191

Invasion of Poland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210

Most-favored-nation agreement with France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126

National Socialist Party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

Naval program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158

Naval treaty with Britain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126


388 INDEX
Germany-Continued. Page

19-point peace plan proposed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

Nonaggression offer rejected by Finland, Norway, and Sweden . . . . . . 190

Nonaggression pact with Poland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

Not a peaceful country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

Occupation of Rhineland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85

Ordered troop concentration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161

Polish frontier and military incidents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205

Protest against League Council as discriminating against Germany . . . 61

Protest on French-Soviet pact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83

Protest to Poland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200

Rearmament . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59

Refugees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

Refusal to join Russia to guarantee Baltic countries . . . . . . . . . 42

Refusal to return to the League . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139

Reichsmark export prohibited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78

Rejected an eastern Locarno pact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49

Rejected British ultimatum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213

Rejected United States note on hemispheric solidarity . . . . . . . . . 248

Restoration of colonial possessions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103

Social Democratic Party outlawed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

Spartan spirit among German youth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

At Stresa Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59

Took over unoccupied France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 348

Trade relations with Brazil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156

Unilateral repudiation disapproved by the powers . . . . . . . . . . . 60

United States Ambassador's recall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170

War against bolshevism "a European mission" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

Withdrawal from disarmament conference of Geneva . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Withdrawal from the League . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Would sink armed merchantmen without warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219

Gilbert, Prentiss, United States consul at Geneva . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 7

Gilbert and Ellice Islands, United States attack . . . . . . . . . . . . . 345

Giral, Jose, resignation of his government in Spain . . . . . . . . . . . 103

Giraud, General:

Commander in chief of French forces in Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . 349,352

In Washington . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 357

Godesburg demands, rejected by Czechoslovakia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164

Goebbels, Josef, German Propaganda Minister . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117

Goering, Field Marshal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172

Not, satisfied with Danzig . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193

Successor to Hitler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211

Goga, Octavian, Premier of Rumania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145

Gold bloc agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51

Gold standard:

Abandonment by United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

International restoration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Gombös, Julius, Premier of Hungary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63

Gondra Pact of 1923 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140

Good-neighbor policy, United States dedication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Good offices:

Offered by Belgium and the Netherlands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223

Offered by United States to Russia and Finland . . . . . . . . . . . . 225, 240

Graf Spee Battle of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228

Grandi, Count Dino, Italian Ambassador in London . . . . . . . . . . . . 144

Great Britain:

Aid pledged to Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286

Appeasement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117

Arms embargo to Ethiopia and Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66, 68

Assurance of support to France and Belgium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109, 123

Declared state of war against Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213

Declared war on Finland Hungary, and Rumania . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307

Declared war on Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308

Determined to fight alone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245

Devoted to the League . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74

Embargoed Russian goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Enactment of arms embargo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102


INDEX 389
Great Britain-Continued. Page

Fleet in eastern Mediterranean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69

For oil embargo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84

Increased armament program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145

Last warning to Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211

Memorandum to League Committee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91

Neutrality in Spanish civil war . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100

No action taken in the Mediterranean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74

Not hostile to Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193

Off the gold standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Offer of compensation for Ethiopia to Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66

Offer to France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244

Order in council on control of German exports . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224

Payment of war debts to United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Plan on independent Palestine state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190

Protest against German troops at Cadiz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

Refused Russian call for a conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150

Regrouping of powers, resented by Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193

Search for support of countries interested in peace . . . . . . . . . . 190

Suggested strict control of arms shipment to Spain . . . . . . . . . . 107

Supported Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243

Ultimatum to Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213

Virtually blockaded Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216

Voluntary service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176

Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273

Great Powers and aggression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91

Great Powers and battleships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155

Great Wall of China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63

Greater East, Asia, Japan's new policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253

Greco-Turkish treaty of friendship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152

Greece:

Attacked by Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 276



Attacked by Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260

Armistice with Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279

British withdrawal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 280

Coup d'état . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73

German-Italian demands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259

Monarchy favored by plebiscite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76

Monarchy reestablished by coup d'état . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73

Peaceful relations assured by Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243

Promise to Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237

Threatened by Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249

Greenland:

Defense of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277

United States consulate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236

Greenwood, Arthur, on study of post-war problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267



Greer, United States destroyer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297, 311

Greiser, Arthur President of Danzig Senate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67, 97

Protest to Polish government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192

Grew Joseph, United States Ambassador in Tokyo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

On American resentment of Japanese in China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

Dispatch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135

Instruction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128

On Japan's intentions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54

Report on German-Japanese military alliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111

Warns Hull on Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255, 302, 304

Gromyko, Andrea A., Russian Ambassador in Washington . . . . . . . . . . . 365

Grosny oil fields (Caucasus) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 340

Guadalcanal, Battle of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 348

Guadaloupe, French warships immobilized . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331

Guatemala, withdrawal from the League . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95

Guseff, Fyodor, Russian Minister in Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 344


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