Set I I1. He died of apparently self-administered potassium cyanide. Though he published a famous study of morphogenesis in 1952, he was better known in another scientific field. He first gained notice with the paper, "On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem," positing that, with suitable programming, one device could do the work of all devices designed for specific problem solving. For 10 points—name this man, who thus developed a famous universal machine.
answer: Alan Mathison Turing I2. In the 1980s and '90s, under leaders such as Roy Innis, it has emphasized economic empowerment. After its founding in 1942 it focused first on desegregating public accommodations in Chicago, but it had its greatest impact when it expanded its activities to the South—in particular, with nonviolent direct action bearing on the issue of segregated interstate bus routes. For 10 points—the early 1960s "Freedom Rides" were sponsored by what civil rights organization founded by James Farmer?
answer: Congress of Racial Equality or CORE I3. They include Malaita, Santa Isabel, San Cristóbal, New Georgia, and the Santa Cruz group. Geographically, they also include Bougainville and Buka, although politically those islands belong to Papua New Guinea rather than to the independent commonwealth state of this name. For 10 points—what Melanesian island group also including Guadalcanal was named for an ancient Semitic king?
answer: Solomon Islands or the Solomons I4. It is an English county, whose great estates include Chaldicotes, Boxall Hill, Framley Court, and the Duke of Omnium's residence at Gatherum Castle. Plumstead Episcopi, the home of Archdeacon Grantly, lies not far from the principal town, the cathedral city of Barchester. For 10 points—name this fictional county, memorably chronicled in six novels by Anthony Trollope.
I5. Ancient Hellenic texts describe her as the giver of dreams and the nourisher of young children. Literature and art sometimes made her the enemy of Zeus because she gave birth to the Gigantes, who threatened Zeus. This daughter of Chaos was also the mother of the Furies, Cyclopes, and Uranus, whom she married as well. For 10 points—name this mother of the Titans and goddess of the earth.
answer: Gaea I6. The model for this structure was first described by John Carbon and Louis Clarke. It is the site where highly repetitive "satellite" DNA sequences are localized. By convention, in karyotypes, the p arm is drawn above it, while the longer q arm is drawn below. During anaphase its location determines the shape of the chromosome. For 10 points—identify this specialized region of a chromosome to which the spindle fibers attach during cell division, taking its name from its central location.
answer: centromere I7. It resulted in the arrest of Cardinal de Rohan, though he was eventually acquitted. It also resulted in the flogging and life imprisonment of the Comtesse de La Motte, who had attempted to procure a valuable item under the guise of acting on orders from Marie-Antoinette, who was once again seen as immoral and frivolous as a result of this scandal. For 10 points—identify this "affair" in the court of Louis XVI that centered on the titular piece of jewelry.
answer: Affair of the Diamond Necklace (accept any reasonable equivalent using the word "necklace")
I8. Two years each with rancher Keith Holden and the team of Scott Turner and Bob Erickson. Four years with forest ranger Corey Stewart. Three with Jeff Miller and seven with Timmy Martin. Two years with no regular companions. Over 20 seasons, the only constant was trainer Rudd Weatherwax. For 10 points—this describes the long television history of what female character portrayed by a succession of at least six different males?
answer: Lassie I9. He never completed his planned trilogy of oratorios, finishing only The Apostles and The Kingdom. However, he did produce other oratorios, notably Lux Christi, or The Light of Life, and one based on a poem by John Henry Cardinal Newman, The Dream of Gerontius. One of his popular works was based on the countermelody to an unheard theme, which he said was a well-known tune that he would not identify, hence the work's name. For 10 points—name this English composer of Enigma Variations.
answer: Sir Edward (William) Elgar I10. As one word, it is an adjective describing a chemical property. Split into two words, it designates an outfielder who hit 399 homeruns over a 22 year career and led the American League in batting in 1955. The latter, who played until 1974, was a DH more than seven times. The former applies to substances with a pH greater than seven. For 10 points—give either this adjective or this longtime Tiger slugger.
answer: Alkaline or Al Kaline I11. On November 25, 1970, together with four of his followers in the Tate no Kai or "Shield Society," he seized control of a government office at a military headquarters near downtown Tokyo, and there committed ritual suicide as a protest against Japan's post-war weakness. For 10 points—name this writer who had earlier that year completed his four-volume epic of the fading of old Japan, The Sea of Fertility.
answer: Yukio Mishima or Kimitake Hiraoka
I12. He is not Diego Maradona, but he did credit his greatest feat to "the hand of God that guided us all and brought about the victory." That feat involved the disabling of 35 machine guns, killing more than 20 Germans, and taking 132 prisoners—all single-handed, using only rifle and pistol. Played by Gary Cooper in a film biography—for 10 points—name this American Congressional Medal of Honor-winner called by France's Field Marshall Foch the greatest individual hero of World War I.
answer: (Sgt.) Alvin C. York I13. Calculation of it can be made in two ways. The first is similar to the general income tax and is called the addition method, in which all factor payments—wages, interest, rent, and profits—of a firm are added together. The second is the subtraction method, in which the firm decreases this value by subtracting all purchases from other firms from its total sales. For 10 points—name this tax on the amount that a business firm adds to the price of a good during its production and distribution.
answer: value-added tax or VAT I14. He suggested that the planets of the solar system may have derived from a gaseous disk rotating about the Sun and that the disk, in combination with gases from the Sun, broke into fragments and began to condense. This theory of origin arose from his studies of the isotope oxygen-18, and he would theorize a possible gaseous makeup of the Earth's atmosphere, which led to a famous experiment. For 10 points—identify this professor to Stanley Miller, who won a Nobel for his discovery of heavy water.
answer: Harold Urey I15. Following the Almohad capture of his hometown of Córdoba, his family migrated to Cairo, where he soon became chief physician to Saladin. He formulated the Thirteen Articles of Faith, a set of rules for his religion, though his greatest contribution might have come with his 14 books in the field of Jewish law, the Mishneh Torah. For 10 points—identify this influential Jewish philosopher and author of the Moreh Nevukhim, or Guide for the Perplexed.
answer: Maimonides or Rabbi Moses ben Maimon or Rambam I16. Past first-round draft picks made by this basketball team include Pooh Richardson, Felton Spencer, Paul Grant, Isaiah Rider, and Luc Longley. In 1999 they picked 6th, and took Miami of Ohio's Wally Szczerbiak [ZER-bee-ak]. The highest they've ever drafted was #3 in 1992, when they took Christian Laettner. For 10 points—what team made its most successful draft pick to date in 1995, when they looked to the high school ranks to take Kevin Garnett?
answer: Minnesota or Timberwolves I17. It begins with an Invocation addressed to the "American muse, whose strong and diverse heart / So many men have tried to understand." Then, following a prelude titled "the Slaver," we are introduced to two characters, Jack Ellyat of Connecticut and the Georgian Clay Wingate, before the scene shifts to Harpers Ferry. For 10 points—so commences what Pulitzer prize-winning epic poem by Stephen Vincent Benét?
answer: John Brown's Body I18. A secret society founded in the early 1830s by a propagandist exile in France, its slogan was "Unity and Republic, God and People, Thought and Action." Combining nationalism with a program of republicanism, anticlericalism, and vague allusions to socio-economic reform, it represented the radical faction of the early Risorgimento. For 10 points—name this movement founded and led by Giuseppe Mazzini.
answer: Young Italy or Giovine Italia I19. The mirrored background is a study in artificial light with a mass of seated people set off by a chandelier at the top of the canvas. A lively debate rages over whether the woman on the right, with her back to the viewer, is actually a reflection of the central figure who stands facing us. At the bottom right and left are various liquor bottles—not surprising considering the painting's setting. For 10 points—name this painting of Édouard Manet set in a popular Parisian bar.
answer: Bar at the Folies-Bergères I20. Based on the Hermann Sudermann novel A Trip to Tilsit, this 1927 silent film classic starred Janet Gaynor and George O'Brien, and was directed by F. W. Murnau. Its one word title also begins the title of a Dore Schary play, where it takes place "at Campobello," and it names the first section of Ferde Grofé's Grand Canyon Suite. For 10 points—what word sometimes associated with tequila also denotes a daily event on the eastern horizon?
answer: Sunrise I21. Among the five classes of this phylum are Crinoidea and Ophiuroidea. In the Crinoids, the stalk is composed of drum-shaped ossicles, while the main body sheath is plated. The most apparent characteristics of them are the calcite skeleton and the pentamerous symmetry of the adult form. They usually exhibit bilateral symmetry in their larval forms, and many of them can regenerate lost body parts. For 10 points—identify this phylum that includes sea cucumbers, sea urchins, and starfishes.
answer: echinodermata or echinoderm(s)
I22. Chapter 1 is called "The Notice Board." Chapter 15, "The Story of the King's Lettuce," is a story told by Dandelion. Other chapters include "Nuthanger Farm," "General Woundwort," "Bigwig Stands His Ground," and "Hazel Comes Home." For 10 points—identify this best-selling 1972 saga of a maverick band of wild rabbits, the first novel of author Richard Adams.
answer: Watership Down I23. Poet Nikki Giovanni honored him in a book of love poems published in 1997, a year after his death—or was it? Rumors that the public was being hoodwinked about his supposed death have been fueled by the continuing flood of newly released recordings since he was reported gunned down in Las Vegas. For 10 points—name this rapper who the conspiracy-minded have turned into the black Elvis.
answer: Tupac Shakur I24. Condemned in the Papal bull Exsurge domine, he responded by tossing the bull into a public bonfire, along with a copy of Gratian's Decretum, a collection of canon law. In the same fateful year he published the pamphlets The Freedom of the Christian Man, The Babylonian Captivity of the Church, and Address to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation. For 10 points—what excommunicated Augustinian also in that year, 1520, refused to recant his views at the Diet of Worms?
answer: Martin Luther
Hillemann/Maddipoti Singles Tournament - 1999 Set J J1. Named for a Canadian geologist, it is located in the extreme southwest portion of Yukon Territory. First ascended in 1925, at over 19,000 feet it is the second-highest mountain in North America. For 10 points—what peak shares its name with the city that is home to Utah State University, and with Boston's international airport?
answer: Mount Logan J2. His contributions to the city planning of Paris include the Place de Vendôme and the Place de Victoire. He is better known for the Orangerie and the Grand Trianon, which are part of a larger structure on which he collaborated with other architects. Appointed official architect to the king in 1675, he worked with Charles Le Brun in designing the Hall of Mirrors and much of the interior of the palace at Versailles. For 10 points—name this architect whose name still survives as a type of two-sloped roof.
answer: Jules Hardouin Mansart J3. The first line spoken by this Shakespearean character is "there's wood enough within." His last line is "What a thrice-double ass was I, to take this drunkard for a god and worship this dull fool!" He also appears in a dramatic monologue by Robert Browning, wherein he theologizes upon the character of his god, Setebos. For 10 points—name this brutish offspring of the witch Sycorax and servant of Prospero in The Tempest.
answer: Caliban J4. By the late 19th century this chemical process had supplanted the Leblanc process, which used sulfuric acid treated with salt and then roasted with charcoal and chalk. This innovation used salt which was dissolved in water, saturated with ammonia, and then trickled down a tower, at which point carbon dioxide was blown in. For 10 points—identify this chemical process utilized to produce large quantities of sodium carbonate or soda.
answer: Solvay process
J5. When betting on the subject of this position was closed out early in February 1999, bookmakers had the favorite, Wendy Cope, at 5-2 odds. Next, at 7-2, came Carol Ann Duffy, and another woman, Ursula Fanthorpe, was at 4-1. The job, however, went to a male whose odds had been given as no better than 6-1. For 10 points—what post, thanks to the appointment of Andrew, may currently be described as being about "poetry in Motion"?
answer: British poet laureate (accept equivalent answers)
J6. Her February 1999 wedding, held in the kingdom formerly known as Nazilia, and performed by no less a personage than King Blozo himself, was attended by her parents, Nana and Cole, and her brother, Castor—as well as by the groom's father, Capt. Poopdeck Pappy Kidd, and the groom's "adoptid infink" son Swee'pea. For 10 points—what willowy comic book character was finally married this year to her sailor man sweetheart, Popeye?
answer: Olive Oyl J7. Those who took part were under the aegis of the Citizen Army. It went forward as planned even though one of their main leaders, Sir Roger Casement, had been arrested three days earlier. Prime minister Asquith admitted that this event caused the British government to collapse. As described in a famous Yeats poem, 2,000 men under Patrick Pearse seized such strategic points as the Dublin Post Office. For 10 points—identify this April 1916 insurrection in Ireland.
answer: Easter Rising (accept equivalents of "rising" like "rebellion," "revolt," etc.)
J8. Its southern and eastern boundaries were 157th Street and Eighth Avenue, on the northern fringe of Harlem. Early in the 20th century the Eighth Avenue elevated railroad tracks curved north between its fence and the Harlem River, and to the west the boulders and trees of Coogan's Bluff loomed over the grandstand roof. For 10 points—name this structure built in 1890 for the Players' League, but later occupied for decades by baseball's New York Giants.
answer: The Polo Grounds (accept Brotherhood Field)
J9. A Unitarian minister since 1846, and active in helping to found the "Lend a Hand" movement and in support of other good causes, in 1903 he was elected chaplain to the Senate. Novels such as In His Name and East and West were popular successes, but he is best remembered for a single short story first appearing in The Atlantic Monthly in 1863, written to boost patriotism during the Civil War. For 10 points—name this author of the story of Philip Nolan, "The Man Without a Country."
answer: Edward Everett Hale J10. Of all graphical economic tools it is the one most often used in welfare economics, to study the effect of different actions on an individual and general well-being. The classic one is drawn downward from left to right, and from convex to origin, such that if the consumer were given the choice of any two points on it, he would not favor one over the other. Developed by Francis Edgeworth—for 10 points—identify this economic graph with a name suggestive of apathy.
answer: indifference curve J11. After enrolling in the mathematics class of Louis Richard, he would publish his first paper on continued fractions in the Annales de mathematiques. One month later he submitted articles on the algebraic solution of equations to the Academy of Science, and A. L. Cauchy was appointed to referee his paper. His love for Stephanie du Motel led him to fight a duel, which resulted in his death at the age of 21. For 10 points—name this French mathematician best known for his development of group theory.
answer: Evariste Galois [gal-WAH]
J12. In 1734 he was born to Quaker parents in Berks County, Pennsylvania; in 1756 he married Rebecca Bryan in North Carolina's Yadkin Valley; and in 1820 he died in the Femme Osage Valley of Missouri—but it is with another state that he is primarily associated. Elevated to heroic stature by John Filson's widely-read history of the settlement of Kentucky—for 10 points—name this famed frontiersman and builder of the Wilderness Road.
answer: Daniel Boone J13. This island is home to Mount Aso, the active volcano with the world's largest crater. The Bungo strait to the east separates it from Shikoku, while Suo Bay and the Shimonoseki strait separate it from Honshu. For 10 points—the resort of Beppu and ports of Kagoshima and Nagasaki are located on which of Japan's major islands, the southernmost?
answer: Kyushu J14. In it, the octogenarian poet describes death as an embarkation on a ferry, after which he hopes to see his Pilot face to face. It was first published in 1889's Demeter and Other Poems, and subsequent reprintings have generally honored the author's request that it be printed as the final poem in all volumes of his verse. For 10 points—name this short Tennyson poem beginning "Sunset and evening star, / And one clear call for me!"
answer: Crossing the Bar J15. They have a specialized killer version, which attaches to a target and secretes a protein called perforin to puncture and destroy that target cell. Mature ones are usually referred to as of the helper or suppressor variety, and are designated by the numbers 4 and 8 respectively. Produced by stem cells and then travelling to the thymus to mature—for 10 points—identify this immune cell which is designated by a single letter.
answer: T cell(s)
J16. It was this god who mediated the dispute between Tefnut and Ra. He was known to the Egyptians as Djeheuty, and it was actually the Greeks who gave him this better-known name. One tradition has him springing forth from the head of Seth, though he always supported Horus against Seth. He could be represented as a baboon, but was normally depicted as a figure holding a tablet and pen and possessing the head of an ibis. For 10 points—identify this Egyptian god of wisdom.
answer: Thoth (accept early Djeheuty)
J17. While looking for an apartment, Jeanne encounters Paul, an expatriate American trying to purge the memory of his wife's suicide. Their stormy sexual liaison forms the subject matter of this controversial film of 1972. For 10 points—what film that earned both an "X" rating and an Academy Award nomination as best director for Bernardo Bertolucci starred Maria Schneider and Marlon Brando?
answer: Last Tango in Paris or Ultimo tango a Parigi J18. Born Ugo Buoncompagni, he was an implacable foe of Protestantism, proposing the overthrow of England's Queen Elizabeth and proclaiming a day of public thanksgiving following the brutal Saint Bartholomew's Day massacre. As a reformer, however, he corrected a discrepancy that had been accumulating at the rate of 11 minutes a year since AD 325 by decreeing that in 1582 October 4 would be followed by October 15. The old Julian calendar was thus replaced—for 10 points—by what Pope with an unlucky number?
answer: Gregory XIII J19. He pioneered the use of a coarse grating for the measurement of the separation of double stars, and he enunciated the principle of radiative equilibrium. Independently of Arnold Sommerfield, he developed the general rules of quantization and gave the complete theory of the Stark effect. He defined the lower limit for the curvature of space at 2500 light years. For 10 points—name this scientist who theorized a radius beyond which a collapsing celestial object will result in a black hole.
answer: Karl Schwarzschild J20. There are two sea gods on the margins of this fresco blowing their sea shells, while two pairs are in front and behind making love to each other. There are also four cupids, three of which point their arrows at the central figure, the title nymph who is riding across the ocean in a seashell drawn by two dolphins. For 10 points—identify this Raphael fresco whose title subject is the nymph loved by Polyphemus and, in modern times, namesake of the creation of Pygmalion.
answer: Galatea J21. Taken to Frankfurt to be an invalid's companion in the home of Herr Sesemann, she never ceases to yearn for her home above Dörfli in the Silretta Mountains near the Swiss border with Liechtenstein, where she was happy with Alm-Uncle and her friend Peter, a goatherd. For 10 points—name this heroine of a sentimental children's classic from the pen of Swiss author Johanna Spyri.
answer: Heidi J22. 1999 is the 50th anniversary of the invention of this piece of machinery named for inventor Frank. With a top speed of 9 miles per hour it doesn't sound too exciting, yet the Gear Daddies had a novelty hit a few years ago proclaiming their desire to drive one. Of the four Model B's built in 1950, one was made for Sonia Henie; another is preserved in Evelith, Minnesota. For 10 points—name this machine favored by Peanuts character Woodstock to smooth the ice in his birdbath.
answer: Zamboni [Evelith, MN is the site of the U.S. Hockey Hall of Fame]
J23. He spent the final 25 years of his life at his Sutton Place estate near London, surrounded by barbed-wire fences, plainclothes guards, and a pack of German shepherd attack dogs. Certified by Fortune magazine as the richest man in the world in 1957, he was nonetheless a notorious penny-pincher, and refused to pay ransom for his grandson until the kidnappers cut off the boy's right ear. For 10 points—name this Minneapolis-born oil tycoon and endower of a rich Malibu art museum.
answer: J(ean) Paul Getty J24. Though she would make her mark in another field, she wrote poetry under the pseudonym of Anne Singleton for much of her professional life. She explored Japanese culture and North American Indian culture in her popular books The Chrysanthemum and the Sword and Patterns of Culture. For 10 points—identify this teacher of Margaret Mead best known for her work with the Zuni Indians.
answer: Ruth Benedict
Hillemann/Maddipoti Singles Tournament - 1999 Set K K1. "It's only a state of mind," says the tagline to this 1985 movie, which shares its title with a 1994 John Updike novel. Directed by Terry Gilliam, and featuring Robert DeNiro and Jonathan Pryce, the film depicts a horrific future world. For 10 points—what is this film whose one word title also names an equatorial land claimed in 1500 by Pedro Cabral for the crown of Portugal?
answer: Brazil K2. Along with Japanese scientist Kitasato Shibasaburo, he showed that it was possible to provide an animal with passive immunity against tetanus by injecting it with the blood serum of another infected animal. In addition he devised a tuberculosis vaccine for calves. However, his development of serum therapy was most often identified with his development of a diptheria antitoxin in 1892. For 10 points—name this supposed founder of immunology, who in 1901 won the first Nobel in Physiology or Medicine.
answer: Emil von Behring K3. The original five members came together in 1964, and their song "Go Now" reached number one in the U.K. the following year. It was their 1967 album, however, that broke new ground as one of the first "concept" albums, recorded in stereo with the help of a symphony orchestra. That album's biggest hit song, written by Justin Hayward, was inspired by a gift of expensive white bedsheets. For 10 points—name this British band whose Days of Future Passed album contained "Nights in White Satin."
answer: The Moody Blues K4. On its 50th anniversary France's President Auriel claimed that it embodied agreement "on the necessity of safeguarding the spiritual values of which [our two peoples] were the common trustees." More accurately, it was an attempt to resolve longstanding conflicts over colonial policy in Egypt and Morocco. Not yet formally an Anglo-French alliance—for 10 points—what French name is traditionally given this "friendly understanding" of April 8, 1904?
answer: Entente Cordiale K5. After inheriting his mother's estate, this man elucidated his ideas in the publication The New Industrial World. In his first work, Theory of the Four Movements, he advocated a division of society into self-sufficient units called phalansteres, which would be scientifically planned. He planned such communities near Moscow and in the eastern U.S., but they failed. For 10 points—identify this French social theorist of the early 19th century.
answer: Charles Fourier K6. It is the common calling, or profession, of Hans Meyrick in Daniel Deronda, Joe Sibley in Trilby, Horace Isbiter in A Dance to the Music of Time, and Lily Briscoe in To the Lighthouse. Gully Jimson in The Horse's Mouth, and Basil Hallward in The Picture of Dorian Gray are others. For 10 points—name this profession embraced also by Charles Strickland in The Moon and Sixpence, for which he gives up the life of a stockbroker and moves to Tahiti.
answer: painter or artist K7. "Our problems this season were not due to coaching failure," said this team's general manager in sticking with the current coach despite the team's fourth 3-13 season this decade in 1998. In the 1980s, by contrast, they reached the Super Bowl twice, though they lost both times to the 49ers. For 10 points—general manager Mike Brown hopes that coach Bruce Coslet will turn things around for what team, whose offense will depend upon contributions from Jeff Blake, Corey Dillon, and Ki-Jana Carter?
answer: Cincinnati or Bengals K8. In circuit diagrams it is pictured as a triangle with a bar along one vertex, and it is used as a rectifier in regulated power supplies. One common variety of this device is the Zener, which functions via quantum tunneling. It was originally constructed using an evacuated glass tube, but the solid state variety is the primary one in use today. Used to allow current to pass in one direction only—for 10 points—identify this electronic device of which there is a light emitting type.
answer: diode K9. Several characters assume fake roles in this opera, such as those of Signor Fontana, and the Black Hunstman. It opens with the title character and his cronies partaking in a drinking bout, when a Dr. Caius storms into the Garter Inn and accuses the title character of injuring his horse. Caius is soon drunk and has his purse stolen, while the title character sends love letters to Mistress Page and Mistress Ford. For 10 points—identify this Verdi comic opera based on Shakespeare's The Merry Wives of Windsor.
answer: Falstaff K10. His newspaper, founded as an alternative to the New York Gazette, was backed financially by a group that included Lewis Morris, who had been suspended as chief justice of the provincial court for ruling in a salary dispute against governor Cosby. When this man's New-York Weekly Journalattacked Cosby in print, he was charged with seditious libel. For 10 points—name this German-American printer whose jury acquittal stemmed from the novel argument that truth could not be libelous.
answer: John Peter Zenger K11. The name's the same. One is a story of two male siblings and is told by the younger brother about how the elder one killed their younger sister by eating her. It was the first story published by Chinese author Lu Xun [zhun]. The other is the tale of Poprishchin, a civil servant who comes to believe that he is the king of Spain. For 10 points—identify this common title, the better known of which is a Nikolai Gogol depiction of the mind of a lunatic.
answer: Diary of a Madman K12. This organ is believed to be the phylogenic predecessor to the human eye, as it functions as a light receptor in many lower vertebrates in addition to possessing nervous connections to the eye. In humans it is situated just below the ventral portion of the corpus callosum, and can also be referred to as the epiphysis. Known primarily as the gland that secretes melatonin—for 10 points—identify this organ which takes its name from its pine-cone shape.
answer: pineal gland
K13. As an actor, he was a Congressman in 1997's Shadow Conspiracy, and a Senator in 1992's Bob Roberts. He had wanted these roles in real life, too, losing a 1960 New York Congressional race and then a 1982 primary bid for a Senate seat from California. As a writer, he pens mysteries under the pseudonym Edgar Box, but is better known for historical fiction. For 10 points—what author of the 1998 novel The Smithsonian Institution also wrote works such as Julian, Burr, and Myra Breckinridge?
answer: (Eugene Luther) Gore Vidal K14. Employed since 1989 by a subsidiary of Ralston Purina Company, this creation of the ad agency TBWA Chiat/Day has become, fittingly, one of the most durable of advertising characters. When the campaign premiered, viewers were regularly surprised by its appearance in the middle of ads for what turned out to be fictional companies. For 10 points—what pink product icon has now spent a decade drumming up business for Eveready?
answer: the Energizer Bunny (or Energizer Rabbit)
K15. A city on the Saale River a few miles east of Weimar, the well-known Zeiss firm of optical instrument makers was established here in 1846. In 1806 it was the site of a French victory over Prussia, but the town is best known for its university, which particularly flourished in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. For 10 points—at what city's university, where Karl Marx received his doctorate, did the faculty once include von Schlegel, Schelling, Fichte, Schiller, and Hegel?
answer: Jena K16. The heroine of this novel is successively the wife of three men: Logan Killicks; Joe Starks, who becomes the mayor of Eatonsville; and Tea Cake Woods. Janie tells her life story to her friend Phoeby after returning to Eatonsville, an all-black town in Florida that was in fact the childhood home of the novel's author. For 10 points—what is this 1937 novel written by Zora Neale Hurston?
answer: Their Eyes Were Watching God K17. In the 1284 naval battle of Meloria it triumphed over Pisa. In 1381 the Peace of Turin settled its long struggle with Venice for maritime dominance in the eastern Mediterranean. Weakened by the factional strife between Guelphs and Ghibellines, its power was temporarily revived in the 16th century under the dictatorship of Andrea Doria. For 10 points—name this capital of Liguria, the hometown of navigators John Cabot and Christopher Columbus.
answer: Genoa or Genova K18. Derived from the Latin for "nightmare," in modern psychological use the term has been applied to the type of dream that gives one the feeling of a heavy weight on the chest and stomach. In myth, the word has a different meaning, and the legendary Merlin is said to have been fathered by one. In medieval Europe, union with one was supposed by some to result in the birth of witches. For 10 points—give this word that identifies a demon in male form that seeks to have sexual intercourse with sleeping women.
answer: incubus K19. After enrolling at the École des Beaux-Arts, he studied with the painter Jean-Leon Gérôme for three years. Upon returning home to the U.S., he painted mostly portraits of his friends such as Miss Van Buren and Walt Whitman. He was also known for his scenes of boating with such canvases as Max Schmitt in a Single Scull and The Swimming Hole. However, this man might be best known for a painting depicting a scene from Jefferson Medical College. For 10 points—identify this painter of The Gross Clinic.
answer: Thomas Eakins K20. The numbers that comprise it are those whose ternary decimal representations consist entirely of zeros and twos. It contains no isolated points, and is considered to be monotonous on itself. To construct it you consider a line segment of unit length, remove its middle third, and continue to remove the middle thirds of all segments that will result. For 10 points—identify this most famous of mathematical sets.
answer: Cantor set
K21. One of the two men behind its founding was Clifford Roberts, and it was designed by Alistair Mackenzie. It possesses such notable landmarks as Butler Cabin, Eisenhower's Pine and Rae's Creek. Its 15th hole was the site of a dramatic double eagle by Gene Sarazen in 1935. Conquered four times by Palmer and six times by Nicklaus—for 10 points—identify this golf course, which, every April, hosts The Masters.
answer: Augusta NationalGolf Course
K22. He was "begot in the night, betwixt the first Sunday and the first Monday in the month of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighteen." At the crucial moment, with his parents in bed and he about to be conceived, his mother remarked, "Pray, my Dear, have you not forgotten to wind up the clock?" To which his father exclaimed, "Good God! Did ever woman, since the creation of the world, interrupt a man with such a silly question?" For 10 points—who was this literary title character, who wished that his parents "had minded what they were about" when they begot him?
answer: Tristram Shandy, Gent.
K23. One of the bloodier battles of the 19th century, this clash in Lombardy, between the Austrians on one side and the French and Sardinians on the other, was effectively a draw. But an appalled Napoleon III, vomiting as he was escorted from the battlefield, arranged a peace with Emperor Franz Josef soon after. For 10 points—what horrifying battle was also witnessed by Swiss philanthropist Jean Henri Dunant, who was inspired by the sufferings of the wounded there to found the International Red Cross?
answer: Solferino K24. They are often deliberately introduced into solids containing full energy bands, because their presence increases the ability of a material to carry an electrical current. In solid-state physics it is defined as a quasi-positive charge that moves freely through certain types of solids. Simply put, each one is the absence of an electron from an accessible energy state in a solid. For 10 points—identify this word, also associated with Swiss cheese and Courtney Love.
answer: hole (accept "holes")