Set G G1. In the second part of this long story we are once again treated to the irrationality of the narrator as he intrudes upon a planned farewell party for Zverkov, an army officer. The party ends in disaster for him, as does his relationship with the young prostitute Lisa. The first part is composed entirely of the narrator's philosophizing, and serves as a veiled attack on the radical thinkers of mid-19th century Russia. For 10 points—name this Dostoyevsky story alternately known as Memoirs from a Dark Cellar.
answer: Notes from (the) Underground or Zapiski iz podpolya (accept early "Memoirs from a Dark Cellar")
G2. This mathematician was a child prodigy, beginning his university education at the age of eleven. He applied his theoretical description of Brownian motion to quantum phenomena to show how quantum theory is consistent with other branches of science. His World War II work with guided missiles and their operation via feedback, and their comparison with human mental processes, led to his most famous work. For 10 points—identify this founder of cybernetics.
answer: Norbert Wiener G3. It is often used with regards to comparisons of spending between local currency and national currency. Its application can now clearly be seen in Italy where citizens are trying to unload their lira as the euro becomes the dominant currency. It claims that coins that have full value in terms of precious metals tend to disappear when circulated with debased currency. For 10 points—identify this law that, simply put, states that bad money drives out good.
answer: Gresham's law
G4. It has a wax mouthpiece covered with resin, and its end is sometimes placed in a tin can for resonance. It is made from bamboo or a hollow sapling and is about five feet long, though ceremonial varieties might be two or three times longer. Used in such ritual events as sunsets, circumcisions, and funerals, this instrument of the wind family is also known as a straight wooden trumpet. For 10 points—identify this musical instrument known for its droning sound and used by northwest Australian aboriginals.
answer: didgeridoo or didjeridu (prompt on "wooden trumpet" or "drone pipe")
G5. Its pretext was the shooting in Paris of diplomat Ernst vom Rath. Police were ordered not to interfere, and the toll included 91 dead, hundreds seriously injured, and thousands more terrorized. Primarily conducted by Reinhard Heydrich on orders from Joseph Goebbels, it included the destruction of 7,500 businesses and 177 synagogues. For 10 points—identify this November 1938 night of violence against Jewish persons and property, known by its German name meaning "Night of Crystal."
answer: Kristallnacht (accept Night of Crystal or Crystal Night before end)
G6. Her lover, Ada Russell, was the subject of many of her poems including "The Letter" and "Opal." Her first collection of poetry, titled in deference to Shelly's "Adonais," was A Dome of Many-Coloured Glass. She won a Pulitzer for the volume titled What's O'Clock, and works like Can Grande's Castle and Pictures of the Floating World firmly established her reputation as leader of the Imagist movement. For 10 points—what woman wrote A Critical Fable, an update of a poem by her uncle, James Russell?
answer: Amy Lowell (prompt on just "Lowell")
G7. It ran on Broadway for 873 performances, with Robert Coote in a comic role, M'el Dowd and Roddy McDowall in villainous ones, and the three stars in a romantic triangle. Opening at the Majestic Theater December 3, 1960, it subsequently became a metaphor, the "dark side" of which was explored by writer Seymour Hersh in a 1997 work. For 10 points—the original cast of what Lerner and Loewe musical featured Julie Andrews, Richard Burton, and Robert Goulet?
answer: Camelot G8. Present in all land vertebrates, in humans the upper end of it presents a large C-shaped notch, the semilunar, or trochlear, notch. On the upper border of the notch is the olecranon process, while on the lower border is the coronoid process. At the lower end of this bone is the styloid process. By articulating with the trochlea of the humerus it forms the elbow joint. For 10 points—name this inner of the two forearm bones, the one that is not the radius.
answer: ulna G9. The bassist/singer and drummer both came from the Graham Bond Organisation, while the guitarist came from John Mayall's Bluesbreakers. Original songs like "N.S.U." and "I Feel Free" helped launch this band's first album into the British Top Ten. Successive albums included Disraeli Gears and Wheels of Fire. For 10 points—name this musical trio consisting of Jack Bruce, Ginger Baker, and Eric Clapton, which had hits with "Sunshine of Your Love" and "White Room."
answer: Cream G10. His campaign was a calculated triumph of manufactured image over substance. "Let him say not one single word about his principles, or his creed," declared campaign manager Nicholas Biddle, who instead emphasized the supposed humble origins of his "Log Cabin and Hard Cider" candidate. For 10 points—name this man actually born into a wealthy Virginia family, elected U.S. President on the Whig ticket in 1840.
answer: William Henry Harrison G11. Also known as Elissa, she was the daughter of the Tyrian king Mutto. When her husband, Sychaeus, was slain by her brother Pygmalion, she fled to another region, where she purchased a tract of land from the local chieftain, Iarbas. In one story version, to escape Iarbas's lustful pursuit of her, she constructed a funeral pyre, on which she stabbed herself. You will learn of a different explanation for her suicide if you read Virgil. For 10 points—name this reputed founder of Carthage and one-time lover of Aeneas.
answer: Dido G12. As the novel opens the action quickly moves from Paris to a pub in Dover on the English shore. Some of the exploits of the title character have already been revealed to the chagrin of the French revolutionaries. It is unknown whether he is an exiled French nobleman or an English lord, only that he has many disguises and always leaves a blood-red flower. We later learn that his true name is Sir Percy Blakeney in—for 10 points—what famous novel of Baroness Orczy?
answer: The Scarlet Pimpernel G13. This city's tourist attractions include the Burrell Museum, Hunterian Museum, Kelvingrove Art Galleries, and St. Mungo's Cathedral, named for its 6th-century founder. Once primarily associated with adjectives such as "sooty" and "slum-ridden," in the 1990s its renewal was marked by official recognition as a European "City of Culture." For 10 points—what port on the river Clyde is the largest city in Scotland?
answer: Glasgow G14. "It's a miracle," he said at a July 25, 1999 news conference. "Fifteen or 20 years ago, I wouldn't be alive." That day he collected two bouquets, a blue vase, 2.2 million francs, and a yellow jersey, as a French military band played the Star-Spangled Banner. For 10 points—what leader of the U.S. Postal Service team, less than three years after being diagnosed with testicular cancer, was victorious in the 86th Tour de France bike race?
answer: Lance Armstrong G15. The Scottish scientist Joseph Black first made the observations that led to this quantity. Black compared equal masses of different substances and measured a value through a certain temperature interval. Dulong and Petit first noted that measurements of this value for a substance allow calculations of that substance's atomic weight. For 10 points—identify this quantity defined as the amount of heat, in calories, required to raise the temperature of one gram of a substance by one degree Celsius.
answer: specific heat or heat capacity (did not mention phase in the question)
G16. Derived from the Welsh, and developed by Edward I for use in the highlands against the Scots, it represented a revolutionary delivery of military force. With a range reaching 300 yards and a rapidity of up to ten to twelve arrows per minute in comparison to the crossbow's two, what weapon—for 10 points—was employed to great effect by the English in the Hundred Years War?
answer: longbow G17. During the latter part of his short life he wrote a prose parody titled The Story of Venus and Tannhauser, though it would be heavily censored when published in the posthumous collection Under the Hill. He was dismissed from his position as art editor of the quarterly The Yellow Book after his associate, Oscar Wilde, was revealed to be homosexual. Most often identified with the Art Nouveau movement in England—for 10 points—identify this leading English illustrator of the 1890s.
answer: Aubrey (Vincent) Beardsley G18. "It was sheep-shearing time in Southern California; but sheep-shearing was late at the Señora Morenos." So begins this 1884 novel in which an elopement between the title heroine and her lover Alessandro ends in tragedy. For 10 points—name this historical romance noted for its sympathetic portrayal of American Indians, written not by Beverly Cleary but by Helen Hunt Jackson.
answer: Ramona G19. The Bank of Scotland PLC recently dropped plans to pursue a telephone banking venture with this American, following the storm of criticism over his public reference to Scotland as a "dark place," where "you can't believe how strong the homosexuals are." For 10 points—these remarks were broadcast in May on the 700 Club television program of what conservative evangelist and former presidential aspirant?
answer: Pat Robertson G20. It began February 2, 1950, when a blond hat-check girl from the Stork Club was questioned by psychiatrist Richard Hoffman, former New Jersey governor Harold Hoffman, critic Louis Untermeyer, and columnist Dorothy Kilgallen. Later inquisitors included Bennet Cerf, Arlene Francis, and Steve Allen, who first asked "is it bigger than a breadbox?" For 10 points—John Daly spent 17 years hosting what show, on which Yankee shortstop Phil Rizzuto was the first "mystery guest" offered to the blindfolded panelists?
answer: What's My Line? G21. In 1838 it became mandatory for log entries in all ships in the Royal Navy. In 1874 it was altered to include observations of the state of the sea and phenomena on land as criteria. It can range from values of 0 to 17, with anything between 12 and 17 being indicative of a hurricane. Rarely in use today, the actual setup involves a table of values that refer to an anemometer taking measurements at various heights. For 10 points—identify this wind force scale named for the British admiral who devised it.
answer: Beaufort Wind Force Scale
G22. He made the mistake of falling ill in 1657, after which he was deposed and held prisoner by one of his sons for the last eight years of his life. But then filial piety had not been his own leading characteristic either, as he had rebelled against his own father, and kept his mother in strict confinement after proclaiming himself Mogul emperor. For 10 points—name this grandson of Akbar and unfortunate father of Aurangzeb, the builder of the city of New Delhi and of the Taj Mahal.
answer: Shah Jahan or Shah Jehan or Khurram Shihab-ud-din Muhammad
G23. He came full circle in one of his latter publications, Subjective Synthesis, in which he broke away from the socialist ideas of his original mentor Saint-Simon. Ironically he suffered a nervous breakdown despite having mastered and given lectures on his "system of positive philosophy." For 10 points—identify this Frenchman, the founder of positivism and coiner of the word "sociology."
answer: Auguste Comte G24. Its author acknowledged a debt to Jessie Weston's From Ritual to Romance, and to the "Adonis," "Attis," and "Osiris" volumes from Frazer's Golden Bough. It is dedicated to "the better crafstman," who in this case is Ezra Pound. The shortest section is the fourth, "Death by Water," and other section titles include "The Fire Sermon," "A Game of Chess," and "The Burial of the Dead." Opening with "April is the cruelest month"—for 10 points—name this much-admired poem of T. S. Eliot.
answer: The Waste Land
Hillemann/Maddipoti Singles Tournament - 1999 Set H H1. It is the name of the 1982 Paul McCartney album containing his memorial to John Lennon, "Here Today." It is also the name of a once rural pastime in England, which was actually an Olympic event from 1900 to 1920. Five men competed on each side, with three lines marked on the ground. It utilized a rope with a handkerchief tied around the center and two others tied six feet on either side. For 10 points—identify this game in which each team tries to drag the other across a center line.
answer: tug-of-war H2. His claim to the throne was legally weak, deriving from his mother Margaret Beaufort's illegitimate descent from John of Gaunt. But he beheaded the earl of Warwick, whose claim was stronger, and put down challenges from such pretenders as Edmund de la Pole, earl of Suffolk; the imposter Lambert Simnel, and Perkin Warbeck. For 10 points—what monarch proclaimed himself king by the grace of God, as evidenced by the victory given him at the battle of Bosworth Field?
answer: Henry VII (prompt on Henry "Tudor")
H3. He served as canon of the cathedral of Modena, though he is known more as a scientist. His exhaustive observations, made during dissection of human cadavers, are outlined in the monumental Observationes anatomicae. He named the palate and the cochlea and described the semicircular canal. A great friend of Vesalius, he primarily concentrated on the anatomy of reproductive organs. For 10 points—identify this Italian who described the tubes connecting the ovaries to the uterus.
answer: Gabriel Fallopius or Fallopio or Fallopia (do not accept "Fallopian")
H4. We are told that its Emperor, ruling from the palace at Belfaborac, is Golbasto Momaren Evlame Gurdilo Shefin Mully Ully Gue, delight and terror of the universe, whose dominions extend five thousand blustrugs (about twelve miles in circumference), to the extremities of the globe. The admiral of the realm, Skyresh Bolgolam, obliges the Man-Mountain, as a condition of freedom, to help destroy the enemy fleet of the Island of Blefuscu. For 10 points—name this island country, where Lemuel Gulliver is shipwrecked in his first voyage.
answer: Lilliput H5. Eleven years after The Mod Squad, this film revived the acting career of Clarence Williams III. The first work of director Albert Magnoli, its box-office earnings amounted to nearly ten times what it cost to make, and its score won an Oscar—though on the negative side, a "Razzie" nomination as Worst New Star went to female lead Apollina Kotero. For 10 points—what 1984 film featuring songs such as "Let's Go Crazy" and "When Doves Cry" made an international star out of Prince?
answer: Purple Rain H6. In 395 BC, during an invasion of Boetia, he was killed at Haliartus—a land battle. His greatest victories were at sea—off Notium in 407 BC and at Aegospomati in 405, where he destroyed the Athenian fleet. For 10 points—in 404 BC the Peloponnesian War was brought to an end when Athens capitulated to what Spartan admiral?
answer: Lysander H7. The power of this work was recognized by Felix Weingartner, who orchestrated it. Its four movements are, respectively, Allegro; Assai vivace; Adagio sostenuto; and Allegro risoluto. Its second movement is a joyful scherzo with a struggle in the middle, while the fourth is a gigantic fugue in three voices. This "No. 29 in B flat Sonata" is Opus 106. For 10 points—name this Beethoven piano sonata that takes its name from the German for "pianoforte."
answer: Hammerklavier (accept early "Beethoven's piano sonata number 29" or "Beethoven's Opus 106")
H8. One of its applications is for an explanation of the isotope affect, in which the temperature at which unresisted electrical flow appears is reduced if heavier atoms of the element making up the material are introduced. It also provides a means for the experimental measurement of the energy required to separate Cooper pairs. It was developed in 1957, and led to a 1972 Nobel for its three discoverers. For 10 points—identify this theory of superconductivity developed by Bardeen and two others.
answer: BCS theory of superconductivity (or Bardeen, Cooper, and Schrieffer theory)
H9. The general in charge of directing the U.S. Selective Service system from 1941 through the 1960s shares his surname with that of the actress now appearing as Celia Hoover in 1999's film version of Breakfast of Champions—better known, perhaps, for roles such as Madame Merle in The Portrait of a Lady and Mary Magdalene in The Last Temptation of Christ. For 10 points—what name shared by Lewis and Barbara is also that of the sweetest-smelling town in Pennsylvania?
answer: Hershey H10. Set during the Risorgimento, it was the only novel of its author, a Sicilian prince, and was published posthumously in 1958. The title character, nicknamed for the animal appearing on his family crest, is also a Sicilian prince, Don Fabrizio. For 10 points—what acclaimed novel by Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa is named for a large carnivore of the cat family?
answer: The Leopard or Il gattopardo H11. Expelled from the New York Psychoanalytic Institute in 1941 due to disagreements with Freudian theory, this psychologist went on to write Our Inner Conflicts, analzying various neuroses. Seen as the forerunner of Carl Rogers, she stressed the present, and suggested that patients could psychoanalyze themselves. For 10 points—name this analyst who contested Freud's concept of "penis envy" as a bogus notion that sought to diminish female psychology.
answer: Karen Horney H12. Author of the 1954 autobiography My Lord, What a Morning, this Philadelphia native in 1984 was the first recipient of New York City's Eleanor Roosevelt Human Rights Award. This was not the first time that this African-American had been linked with Mrs. Roosevelt and issues of human rights. In 1939 Roosevelt resigned from the Daughters of the American Revolution to protest the DAR's refusal to permit—for 10 points—what contralto's scheduled performance in Washington's Constitution Hall?
answer: Marian Anderson H13. They are encased in a tough inelastic membrane known as a neurilemma, formed by associated interstitial cells. Throughout most of their length they are covered by Schwann cells, except for regular interruptions that are termed nodes of Ranvier. They are preceded by a hillock, and their endings are referred to as terminals. For 10 points—identify these nerve fibers that carry impulses away from the cell body.
H14. They were expected to learn the silsilah, the spiritual line of descent of their fraternity. Within their fraternities organized following the 12th century, an established leadership and a prescribed discipline obliged each postulant to serve his shaykh, or master. Members of the Sufi brotherhood, they are noted for their main ritual, the dhikr [deek-er], and the particular actions taken during it. For 10 points—name these religious figures famed for their dancing, howling, and whirling.
answer: dervish or Darwish (prompt on early "Sufi")
H15. The title heroine is the daughter of ill-adapted immigrants, and her father commits suicide as he is unable to adjust to life in America. She later enters domestic service, survives a near-rape at the hands of Wick Cutter, and bears a baby out of wedlock. Her childhood friend, the narrator, has become a lawyer for the railroad and is unhappily married. For 10 points—identify this tale of unrequited love between Jim Burden and the Bohemian title character, a novel by Willa Cather.
answer: My Antonia H16. Ruffian, one of the greatest fillies ever, dies in a match race. Billy Jean King wins her sixth Wimbledon, while Arthur Ashe upsets Jimmy Connors in the mens final. UCLA wins its 10thand last championship for John Wooden, and Bobby Fischer is stripped of his world chess title. For 10 points—name this sporting year that also saw the "Thrilla in Manila" and a body-English World Series Game 6 home run by Carlton Fisk.
answer: 1975 H17. This artist often studied the severed heads of victims of the guillotine and made many studies of the inmates of hospitals and institutions of the criminally insane, which is not surprising, as he was a patient in such places. His 1822 canvas Insane Woman represents this experience, though he is best known for his depiction of an event which occurred off the west coast of Africa in 1816. For 10 points—identify this man who chronicled the ordeal of the Algerian survivors of a shipwreck in his Raft of the Medusa.
answer: Théodore Géricault H18. The Avon River flows through the heart of this city before joining its waters with Pegasus Bay. The principal town of the Canterbury Plains, it is its country's third-largest city, but the largest on its own island, being more than twice the size of Dunedin. For 10 points—identify this religiously-named city on New Zealand's South Island.
answer: Christchurch H19. Rykov, Kamenev, and Zinoviev were all tried and executed for the murder of this Leningrad party boss. His December 1934 assassination was probably at Stalin's order, but the killing was used to launch further purges. For 10 points—prior to defecting to the West, Rudolph Nureyev and Mikhail Baryshnikov both danced for the Leningrad ballet company named for what slaughtered Communist?
answer: Sergei Mironovich Kirov H20. His first book, which led Newsweek to dub him the "unlikely heir to the English tradition of literary nonsense," offered such verse as "I wandered hairy as a dog / to get a goobites sleep." In 1965 his second book's title story told of Jesus [HAY-ZOOZ] El Pifco, a "garlic-eating, stinking, little yellow greasy Fascist bastard Catholic Spaniard" who "immigrateful" to Scotland. For 10 points—what author of two books, A Spaniard in the Works and In His Own Write, also had two wives, Cynthia Powell and Yoko Ono?
answer: John (Winston) Lennon H21. In a recent Dilbert strip, Asok the Intern was chastised for "getting caught up in the emotion" and doing it during a staff meeting. Nobody seems to know exactly when or where it started, but in the 1980s it swept through crowds at stadiums everywhere. It quickly grew irritating, but at least gave fans some exercise whenever it circled back around to their section. For 10 points—what is this phenomenon not to be confused with Japanese artist Hokusai's famous prints of cresting water?
answer: the wave H22. The system he devised as a 16-year-old in 1825 modified a scheme invented by Captain Charles Barbier, a French artillery officer, to allow soldiers to communicate on a battlefield at night when they dared not strike a light. For 10 points—what teenager, who had accidentally stuck a knife in his eye at age three, greatly improved the practicality of Barbier's invention by reducing the size of the cell from twelve to only six embossed dots?
answer: Louis Braille H23. It is the most distinctive twinned crystal—meaning that it occurs with another crystal—and it is often found as two six-sided trigonal scalahedrons. Its greatest concentration comes from the Hunan province of China, and it is the source of the pigment vermillion. Possessing a Moh's number between 2 and 2.5—for 10 points—identify this soft red mineral, also known as mercury sulfide, which is the main commercial source of mercury.
answer: cinnabar (accept early mercury sulfide or HgS)
H24. 35th in population among the U.S. states, its eight percent population loss between the 1980 and 1990 census-taking was the highest in the country. It is home to battlefields such as Droop Mountain and Carnifex Ferry, near Summerville Lake, and the Spruce Knob-Seneca Rocks National Recreation Area lies in its eastern panhandle. With the highest mean elevation of any state east of the Mississippi, this is—for 10 points—what Mountain State?
answer: West Virginia