Set D D1. After an apprenticeship aboard North Sea coal carriers he joined the Royal Navy, and helped secure the capture of Quebec in the Seven Years War by his expert survey of the St. Lawrence river. He was rewarded in 1768 by promotion to lieutenant and command of the Endeavour on its voyage around Cape Horn to Tahiti. For 10 points—what man also captained the Resolution, Adventure, and Discovery on further South Sea voyages before being killed by natives in Hawaii?
answer: James Cook D2. There are actually two women who hold this title. One was named Nimue, and used her magic to imprison her famous lover under a tree or a rock. The other was Vivien, and was said to be wicked and have been killed by Balin. The first was the object of Merlin's love, while the second was supposedly from France where she raised Lancelot. For 10 points—identify this legendary figure who gifted Arthur with Excalibur.
answer: The Lady of the Lake or Dame du Lac D3. Her product "made women womanly, men manly, and turned boys into Eagle Scouts," according to advertising promises. In the 1990s she is thinner and more stylish than when she first appeared in the 1890s, and she now wears earrings rather than a bandana. The subject of M. M. Manring's 1998 study Slave in a Box—for 10 points—name this sometimes controversial advertising icon whose image still adorns syrup containers and pancake boxes.
answer: Aunt Jemima D4. Their existence was confirmed during the study of cloud-chamber photographs of cosmic rays. Stable in a vacuum, they produce gamma radiation by quickly reacting with electrons of ordinary matter via annihilation. They have the same mass and magnitude of charge as an electron. For 10 points—identify this particle first posited by Dirac and then discovered by Carl Anderson; a positively charged antiparticle to the negative electron.
answer: positron(s) or positive electron(s)
D5. As the novel opens, one of the central characters has been summoned back to his hometown by his mother's fatal illness, and now lives with a rollicking medical student and an Englishman called Haines. The first three episodes deal with him, while the fourth episode moves on to another character, who is worrying about his wife's infidelity with Blazes Boylan. For 10 points—identify this account of June 16, 1904 and of the lives of Stephen Dedalus and Leopold and Molly Bloom.
answer: Ulysses D6. He first began exhibiting his art in Paris with the nouveaux realistes, and when he moved to New York in 1964 his creations were termed Art Povera. The first of his larger works was Dockside Packages, which he would follow up with several pieces including Corridor Store Front. In 1985 he wrapped the Pont Neuf in cloth, and ten years later wrapped the Reichstag in metallic silver fabric. For 10 points—identify this Bulgarian born artist, noted for his massive outdoor sculpting creations.
answer: Christo Javacheff
D7. John Dyott played Abel Murcott, John Matthews played Richard Coyle, and Harry Hawk played the title role of Asa Trenchard. The part of Florence was played, as it had been more than 1000 times previously, by Laura Keene. In their most famous performance, they got no farther than Act III, Scene 2. For 10 points—name this play staged at Ford's Theater in Washington, April 14, 1865.
answer: Our American Cousin D8. Alec is unfaithful to Leslie, who gets revenge by sleeping with their friend Kevin, a writer. Billy, a failing musician, is constantly cheating on his wife Wendy. Kirby, now in law school, pursues a medical student named Dale Beaverman, who is played by Andie MacDowell. They are all friends in this movie with a title track that became a hit for John Parr. For 10 points—name this 1985 Brat Pack movie starring Demi Moore, Rob Lowe, Judd Nelson, and Emilio Estevez among others.
answer: St. Elmo's Fire D9. To utilize it you need a large enough population to ignore fluctuation, no migration in or out of the population, and no mutations to the alleles being studied. It states that two or more gene alleles will have the same frequency in the gene pool in every generation unless an outside agent acts to change that frequency. For 10 points—identify this algebraic equation describing genetic equilibrium within a population; an equation named for the German physician and British mathematician who formulated it.
answer: Hardy-Weinberg law or principle
D10. It stretches about 600 miles north-south through the provinces of Tarapacá and Antofagasta. Across its center runs the Loa, the only stream descending from the mountains through this region that regularly reaches the Pacific. For 10 points—name this nitrate- and copper-rich—but extremely water-deprived—desert of northern Chile.
answer: Atacama Desert or Desierto de Atacama D11. It is an epistolary novel, though its first 51 letters are addressed to God. A later one begins, "Dear Nettie, I don't write to God no more, I write to you." In the end Nettie returns from Africa to be reunited with her sister Celie. For 10 points—name this award-winning 1983 novel by Alice Walker.
answer: The Color Purple D12. Drafted by St. Louis in 1974, he went to college instead, and as a shortstop led the Minnesota Gophers to the 1977 College World Series. But it was in the other World Series that he really shone: he played in two, becoming in one the first player to get five hits in a World Series game, and in the other going 12 for 24 and being named Series MVP. For 10 points—who thus batted a combined .418 in the 1982 and 1993 Series, playing respectively for the Brewers and Blue Jays?
answer: Paul Leo Molitor D13. Eighteen mountain ranges and 24 rivers are said to have been crossed by the 30,000 or so who completed the entire 6,000 miles. Three times longer than Napoleon's retreat from Moscow, it lasted a full year before arrival in Yenan. For 10 points—what term does history use to describe the difficult mass journey west from Jiangxi and then north to Shensi province undertaken in 1934-35 by China's Red Army?
answer: the Long March or changzheng D14. A third sect, the Obaku, was established in 1654 by the Chinese monk Yin-yuan, and practices nembutsu, the continual invocation of Amida. The priest Ensai founded its first sect, the Rinzai, which emphasizes sudden shock and meditation. The Soto sect, transmitted to Japan by Dogen, prefers the method of sitting in meditation. They all hold that the Buddha-nature is inherent in everyone but lies dormant due to ignorance. For 10 points—identify this in-vogue school of Mahayana Buddhism.
answer: Zen Buddhism (prompt on "buddhism" before "Buddha-nature")
D15. Discovered by William Lassell in 1846, it is, like Io and Venus, known to be volcanically active—but its volcanoes are ice volcanoes erupting liquid nitrogen and methane products. It has been observed by only one spacecraft, Voyager 2, in 1989, which led to the discovery that this is the largest moon to exhibit retrograde motion. This could be explained by a capture scenario, which is applied to many of its sister moons like Nereid. For 10 points—name this largest satellite of Neptune.
answer: Triton D16. "It was a queer, sultry summer, the summer they electrocuted the Rosenbergs, and I didn't know what I was doing in New York." So begins this autobiographical novel published early in 1963 under the pseudonym Victoria Lucas. Filled with symbols of imprisonment and death, it details the mental breakdown of its central character, Esther Greenwood. For 10 points—what novel is this, published only a month before the suicide of its author, Sylvia Plath?
answer: The Bell Jar D17. Two things were notable about Nancy Mace's 1999 graduation from this institution: one, she received her diploma from her father, retired Brigadier General J. Emory Mace, who is the school's current commandant; and two, she thus became its first female graduate. A total of 42 other female cadets are also now enrolled at—for 10 points—what state-run military college in Charlestown, South Carolina?
answer: the Citadel D18. He was such a prodigy that the composer Reinhold Glier twice came to this boy's house during the summer months to teach him composition and theory. His Scythian Suite was actually the result of reworking the music for his ballet Ala and Lolli when his friend, Sergei Diaghilev, rejected the ballet. For 10 points—identify this Soviet composer known for his Lieutenant Kije Suite, the opera Love for Three Oranges, and the symphonic tale Peter and the Wolf.
answer: Sergei Prokofiev D19. In studying this organ's phylogeny we know that it exists in two lobes in primitive vertebrates, thus the presence of two ducts in the human, the duct of Wirsung and the duct of Santorini. One of its major secretions into the bloodstream is somatostatin, which, ironically, inhibits the release of two of its other major secretions. The only organ to be both exo- and endocrine—for 10 points—name this organ that through the alpha and beta cells of the islets of Langerhans produces the hormones glucagon and insulin.
answer: pancreas D20. "I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures." The immediate issue was containing the spread of Communism by providing economic assistance to Greece and Turkey; the date of the speech was March 12, 1947. For 10 points—what two-word name is generally applied to this statement of foreign policy by a U.S. president?
answer: Truman Doctrine D21. Celebrated in an annual April Fool's Day convention held in Des Moines, they were invented in 1970 by designer Jerry Rosengarten, whose first one was a reversible navy-blue. Today Rosengarten blames their bad image on second-rate companies that starting making cheap knockoffs in colors like powder blue and mint green. For 10 points—what quintessentially 1970s menswear used polyester in pursuit of casual versatility?
answer: leisure suits
D22. Edith Hamilton called this play the "most savage piece of antiwar literature ever written." A fierce indictment of the barbarous cruelties inflicted by victors over the defeated, it received a chilly reception when produced in Athens in 415 BC, only months after Athenians had killed the men and enslaved the women and children of Melos. For 10 points—what play by Euripides dramatized similar atrocities suffered by title characters such as Andromache, Cassandra, and Hecuba?
answer: The Trojan Women or Troades D23. Along with his wife Rose, he published several books in which he argued for a negative income tax, or guaranteed income, to supersede centralized, bureaucratized social welfare services. The most famous of these works might have been Capitalism and Freedom, though this laissez-faire economist and University of Chicago professor is better known for his 1963 A Monetary History of the United States. For 10 points—identify this winner of the 1976 Nobel in Economics.
answer: Milton Friedman D24. This colorful figure once assigned Jewish police to a visiting Nazi delegation. Elected to Congress in 1916, he left his mark when he co-sponsored the 1932 act which forbade court restraint of strikes, boycotts, and peaceful picketing. Known as the "Little Flower," he gained popularity for fighting corruption and supporting labor in his position as mayor. For 10 points—identify this namesake of a New York City airport.
answer: Fiorello (Henry) La Guardia
Hillemann/Maddipoti Singles Tournament - 1999 Set E E1. Though trained in Milwaukee as a school teacher, this Russian-born emigrant was better known later in life as a minister—specifically, minister of labor, 1949-56; foreign minister, 1956-66; and prime minister, 1969-74. These jobs, of course, all came long after emigrating to Palestine in 1921 with her husband, Morris. For 10 points—name this woman who resigned as prime minister amid criticism over unpreparedness for the 1973 Arab-Israeli war.
answer: Golda (Mabovitch) Meir or Meyerson E2. His papers, published posthumously, were issued in 1971 as The Farther Reaches of Human Nature. He did most of his work while he was head of the psychology department at Brandeis from 1951 to 1969. In the publications Toward a Psychology of Being and Motivation of Personality he set forth his most famous theory. For 10 points—name this psychologist who rated self-actualization at the highest level in his hierarchy of needs.
answer: Abraham H. Maslow E3. Also present in higher apes, wombats, and rodents, in all of these organisms it possesses a lumen, or cavity where it joins the cecum. Of unknown function in humans, in non-human herbivores it is larger and serves as a site in which cellulose can be trapped and subjected to prolonged digestion. Its lymphatic tissue is similar to that of the tonsils, allowing for frequent infection and swelling. For 10 points—identify this organ of the abdominal cavity that can usually be removed without danger.
answer: vermiform appendix E4. A 1974 TV version directed by Gene Kelly starred Bobby Riha and Ted Cassidy, while a 1982 TV version starred Dennis Christopher and Elliot Gould. A 1952 film featured Lou Costello as the title hero, Bud Abbott as the non-canonical "Dinkelpuss," and Buddy Baer as the Giant. For 10 points—what fairy tale is this, in which separate worlds are connected by an overgrown legume?
answer: Jack and the Beanstalk E5. This painting was inspired by a poem by Angelo Poliziano, one of the leading Humanists of the day. On the right lies the supposed garden of the Hesperides, though it is blocked out by the nymph Pomona holding a brocaded mantle. On the left, in an intertwined mass, are Chlorys and Zehpyrus, who is blowing the west wind. In the center is the giant cockle shell out of which the subject rises. For 10 points—name this most famous painting of Sandro Botticelli.
answer: (The) Birth of Venus E6. After clearing all the jelly-fish out of the way, which generally takes some time, you form two lines, advance, change partners, retire, throw your partner as far out to sea as you can, swim after, and turn a somersault—all during the first figure. "You have no idea what a delightful thing [it] is!" the Mock Turtle tells Alice. For 10 points—what is this dance in which the seals, turtles, salmon and so on are each partnered with a lobster?
answer: the Lobster Quadrille E7. He was the third of six sons born to Philippa of Lancaster, the daughter of John of Gaunt, by King John, the founder of the Aviz dynasty. His life was monkish—he wore a hair shirt, and was said to have died a virgin. He did have his passions, however—crusading against Moorish Morocco, and charting the unknown coast of Africa. An observatory and maritime school was established at Sagres, near the port of Lagos, by—for 10 points—what Portuguese prince and patron of exploration?
answer: Henry the Navigator E8. A Louisiana country boy who lived in a log cabin way back in the woods, he used to sit beneath the trees by the railroad track, where the engineers would see him sitting in the shade, playing to the rhythm that the drivers made. He never learned to read or write so well, but people passing by would stop and say "oh my that little country boy could play." For 10 points—whose mama told him someday he would be a man, the leader of a big old band, according to a 1958 rock 'n' roll hit by Chuck Berry?
answer: Johnny B. Goode E9. The fine-grained version of this mineral is called sericite. It is economically important because its low iron content makes it a good electrical and thermal insulator. An abundant silicate that contains potassium and aluminum, it typically occurs in metamorphic rocks, where it forms crystals and plates, or in granites, in fine-grained sediments. Often referred to as isinglass, it is a member of the common mica family. For 10 points—identify this mineral that could also refer to a citizen of Moscow.
answer: muscovite (accept "isinglass" on early buzz; prompt on early "mica")
E10. Consisting of 70, 447 acres centered on the Little Missouri River, it is divided into the North Unit, South Unit, and Elkhorn Ranch Unit. Elkhorn Ranch had originally been established in 1884 by the park's namesake, who first came to the area in 1883 to hunt bison and other game. For 10 points—what tract of land located in western North Dakota is the only national park named for an American president?
answer: Theodore Roosevelt National (Memorial) Park
E11. He broke the siege of Samaria by defeating Benhadad II of Damascus, and once again defeated the Assyrian king at Aphek. The son and successor of Omri, he gave his daughter Athaliah's hand in marriage to the crown prince of Judah. Though he showed sorrow for the murder of Naboth, which was instigated by his wife, this man was held accountable for the murder by Elijah. For 10 points—name this Biblical king, the husband of Jezebel.
answer: Ahab E12. Ordinarily quite chaste, he is smitten in Chapter 15 by a group of Galician females who spurn his advances—upon which he is soundly drubbed by the Galician's owners, a troop of Yanguesan carriers. Described as a pitiful hack of skin and bones with more cracks in his hoof than there are quarters in a Spanish real [ray-ALL], his master nonetheless compares him favorably with the Cid's Babieca and Alexander's Bucephalus. For 10 points—name this literary horse, the mount of Don Quixote.
answer: Rosinante or Rozinante E13. It will become the Earth's pole star by about AD 14,000 because of the precession of the equinoxes. This main sequence star of spectral type A, at a distance of about 26 light-years, is one of the Sun's closest neighbors. It is the brightest star in its constellation, which is situated between Hercules and Cygnus. For 10 points—identify this fourth brightest star in the night sky, the brightest in the northern constellation of Lyra.
answer: Vega E14. He is the only person in the world whose trophy case includes an Olympic gold medal, the Maurice Podoloff Trophy, the Eddie Gottlieb Trophy, and the "Red" Auerbach Trophy. These were earned as a member of the 1992 dream team, as a three-time NBA MVP, as Rookie of the Year in 1980, and as coach of the year in 1998. For 10 points—name this NBA Hall of Famer and current coach of the Indiana Pacers.
answer: Larry Bird E15. The Japanese one includes all households, urban or rural, except one-person households and those headed by farmers or fishermen. The U.S. one includes only wage or salary earners regardless of dependency and living status. It is inferior to a constant-utility plot when calculated for most analytical purposes. For 10 points—identify this measure of living costs based on changes in retail prices.
answer: consumer price index or CPI E16. Phineas Parkhurst Quimby treated her for a spinal problem in 1862, and it was his theories, somewhat altered, and linked to passages of scripture, that formed the basis for her own message. A believer in demonology, she blamed misfortunes such as the death of her third husband, Asa, on the "malicious animal magnetism" of former disciples. For 10 points—who denied the reality of illness as the founder of the Church of Christ (Scientist)?
answer: Mary Baker Eddy E17. Introduced in 1940 by a company originally based in Tacoma, they were first sold in paper tubes, and within a few years were packed into American GI rations. Decades later the band Van Halen stipulated by contract that a backstage stash of three pounds of them must be provided for all of their concerts, purged of two unwanted colors. For 10 points—what crunchy confection created by Forrest Mars was the subject of a mid-'70s "red scare" over the use of Red Dye No. 2?
answer: M&M's E18. According to historian Pierre Dan, it was taken to Algiers by the pirate Khair-ed-Din, and removed from there a century later by the English adventurer Sir Francis Verney. Thereafter it can be traced from Sicily to Spain to Paris to Constantinople, and it was probably during the Carlist trouble in Spain that it was painted or enameled over to look like nothing more than a fairly interesting black statuette. For 10 points—such is the history, Caspar Gutman tells Sam Spade, of what literary bird?
answer: The Maltese Falcon (prompt on the "black bird")
E19. For some years after leaving college he made his living as a trombone player in the Carl Rosa opera company and various orchestras. His lesser-known operas included The Perfect Fool and At the Boar's Head. Looking to non-Western sources for inspiration, his fascination with Hindu literature gave rise to his "Sanskrit" period, which included such works as the two operas Sita and Savitri. For 10 points—name this English composer best known for his orchestral suite The Planets.
answer: Gustav Holst E20 The three major kinds of the reaction variety of this device are the Francis, the Kaplan, and the Deriaz. The smokejack is a predecessor to it and was first sketched by Leonardo da Vinci. It is grouped into three general types—the water, steam, and gas varieties. For 10 points—name this device in which the kinetic energy of a moving fluid is converted to mechanical power utilizing a system of fixed and moving fanlike blades arrayed about the circumference of a wheel or cylinder.
answer: turbine E21. Once married to actress Carolyn Jones—Morticia on The Addams Family—his own television connection began with a role as "Gas Station Man" in a 1955 episode of I Love Lucy. Since then, his TV credits have included Daniel Boone, The Mod Squad, Starsky and Hutch, Charlie's Angels, and The Love Boat. Sharing his surname with a type of tossup now nearly extinct—for 10 points—name the successful producer whose cast for Beverly Hills 90210 included his daughter Tori.
answer: Aaron Spelling E22. The first people subject to Assyria to successfully revolt, their kingdom became a Middle Eastern power under the reign of Cyaxares [sy-AX-ur-ees], who united with Nabopolassar of Babylonia to take Nineveh and succeed to power over Assyria. Cyaxares was succeeded by his son Astyages [ass-TEE-uh-jezz], who was, however, overthrown about 550 BC by Cyrus the Great. For 10 points—the kingdom of what people was thus subsumed by the Persian empire?
answer: Medes (accept Media)
E23. Of his death in 1939 it was written, "What instruments we have agree / The day of his death was a dark cold day." The subject of an elegy by W. H. Auden beginning "He disappeared in the dead of winter," this poet had also written his own epitaph: "Cast a cold eye / On life, on death. / Horseman, pass by!" For 10 points—what poet so anticipated his burial "in Drumcliff churchyard . . . under bare Ben Bulben's head"?
answer: William Butler Yeats E24. In mathematics those of the higher orders can be broken down into combinations of the simpler ones. They are defined as three-dimensional closed curves that are formed by interlacing and looping a piece of string in any fashion and then joining the ends. Two examples of the sixth order, which are products of two trefoils, are the square and granny varieties. For 10 points—name this term that also identifies a measure of speed at sea equal to one nautical mile per hour.
Hillemann/Maddipoti Singles Tournament - 1999 Set F F1. To classical Greeks, its meanings ranged from a technique of refutation in debate to a method for systematic evaluation of definitions. Kant, prefacing it with "transcendental," called it a useless attempt to utilize the categories of knowing beyond the bounds of phenomena. Its best known use, actually originated by Fichte, involves arriving at a truth by stating a thesis, developing a contradictory antithesis, and resolving them in a synthesis. For 10 points—name this process most associated with Hegel.
answer: dialectic F2. This episode, when exposed, led to two years of undeclared naval hostilities ended by the Treaty of Morfontaine in 1800. It consisted of a demand for a $12 million loan, and payment of a $250,000 bribe to Talleyrand, as prerequisite to even discussing a treaty with American negotiators Marshall, Gerry, and Pinckney. For 10 points—what diplomatic incident is commonly referred to by the American commissioner's codenames for Talleyrand's three agents?
answer: the XYZ Affair
F3. They are four in number—Uncle Billy, the Duchess, Mother Shipton, and John Oakhurst. Deciding to head over the mountains to Sandy Bar, they are caught in a deadly blizzard, which brings out the selfless side of the gambler and the two prostitutes, though not of Uncle Billy, the thief. For 10 points—these are what group of exiles run out of town by a vigilante committee in a short story by Bret Harte?
answer: The Outcasts of Poker Flat F4. Created by the Jay Ward Studios, this product pitchman was launched nationally in 1963, first with voice by Daws Butler, and since 1988 by George Adams. Saying that "he has dedicated his life to defeating the Soggies," a trio of crusading Iowans has gathered thousands of "signatures" to an online petition which they intend to present to Quaker Oats, calling for his promotion to Admiral. For 10 points—what character's namesake cereal varieties include "Peanut Butter" and "With Crunchberries"?
answer: Cap'n Crunch F5. He has a unit of acceleration named for him that is equal to a change in the rate of motion of one centimeter per second squared. After completing a treatise on the center of gravity in solids, he was the first to suggest the use of pendulums in clocks. In addition, he discovered phases of Mercury, sunspots, and that the Milky Way was composed of stars. For 10 points—identify this inventor of the astronomical telescope, an Italian astronomer who discovered the first four moons of Jupiter.
answer: Galileo Galilei
F6. Birthplace of the composer Jean Philippe Rameau, it is a transportation hub of eastern France and capital of the Côte-d'Or department. Its 15th-century palace of justice hearkens back to its glory days as the historic capital of Burgundy. For 10 points—name this French town noted among lovers of fine food and drink for its famous black currant liqueur and for its namesake mustard.
answer: Dijon F7. This group assumed power July 19, 1979, two days after the country's repressive president fled to Paraguay. They retained control until the general elections of February 1990, when they were ousted by a coalition led by the editor of the opposition paper La Prensa. Named for a guerilla leader executed in 1934 by order of General Anastasio Somoza—for 10 points—identify this revolutionary organization that brought Daniel Ortega to power in Nicaragua.
answer: the Sandinistas or Sandinista National Liberation Front or FSLN F8. In Edward Bond's 1973 novel Bingo he commits suicide. In Anthony Burgess's 1964 novel Nothing Like the Sun, he contracts syphilis from the prostitute Lucy Negro. In Rudyard Kipling's short story "Proofs of Holy Writ," he discusses the new King James Bible with Ben Jonson. For 10 points—what character is this, who in a 1998 movie falls in love with Viola de Lesseps, played by Gwyneth Paltrow?
answer: William Shakespeare F9. The current building was designed by P. J .H. Cuypers in the Gothic Revival style and reopened in 1885. Originally stationed at the town of Trippenhuis, its galleries originated with a royal museum built by Louis Bonaparte in 1808. Most of the collection came from a group of paintings originally intended for Paris, which included The Syndics of the Cloth Guild and The Jewish Bride. For 10 points—name this site that houses Rembrandt, Hals, and numerous other Flemish painters, a museum in Amsterdam.
answer: Rijksmuseum F10. It provides an effective means of studying such phenomena as electron paramagnetic resonance. Often used in astronomy, in measuring the magnetic field of the Sun and other stars, it was first observed as a broadening of the yellow D-lines of sodium in a flame held between strong magnetic poles. For 10 points—identify this phenomenon that takes place when a light source is placed in a magnetic field, causing the splitting of a spectral line into two or more components.
answer: Zeeman effect
F11. His father Mike was a member of the Iranian Olympic boxing team, though this athlete chose a different sport. He is usually cheered on by his strength trainer Gil Reyes and his coach Brad Gilbert. In June 1999 he joined a select group by completing the career grand slam with his win in the French Open. For 10 points—identify this flamboyant American tennis player, who recently ended his three-year marriage with Brooke Shields.
answer: Andre Agassi F12. The word "pecuniary" figures in five of the first 14 chapters of this book, and the author discusses such concepts as the primitive ownership of women. In its introductory section the author posits that the title institution can be found in its best development in higher barbarian cultures, such as feudal Japan or Europe. For 10 points—identify this sociological work which introduced the term "conspicuous consumption" and was written by Thorstein Veblen.
answer: The Theory of the Leisure Class F13. He dies in a Serbian village where he owns a copper mine, and his last words are reported as "Men like me ought to live a thousand years. Good night!" Years earlier he told his friend, the narrator of the novel in which he appears, that there is one sin that God will not forgive in a man—to be called by a woman to share her bed and not to do so. For 10 points—what vibrant character, portrayed on film by Anthony Quinn, is the namesake hero of a novel by Nikos Kazantzakis?
answer: Alexi Zorba or Zorba the Greek
F14. Because of his shining golden teeth, this son of nine mothers is also known as Gullintani. His hall is Himinbjorg—the Cliffs of Heaven—and his horse is Gulltop. It was this god who created the three divine races of mankind, and it was he who returned the necklace brisingamen to Freya after it was stolen by Loki. For 10 points—identify this Norse god of light, the owner of Gjallerhorn and watchman of Bifrost.
answer: Heimdall F15. It is one of the oldest diseases in medical literature, as its classic treatment, the compound colchicine, is one of the oldest drugs in therapeutics. Most patients are men over 30, and the disease accounts for at least five percent of all problems in the field of systemic arthritis. It is a hereditary disorder that results in attacks of severe inflammation in one or more joints of the extremities. For 10 points—name this condition that is characterized by faulty metabolism of uric acid.
answer: gout F16. The onetime owner of California's Catalina Island, he was the first major U.S. employer to standardize the two-day weekend. Originally selling soap, and then baking powder, he switched products after arriving in Chicago in 1891, and began marketing varieties he called "Lotta," "Vassar," and "Sweet Sixteen Orange." In a few years he was the nation's leading purchaser of advertising. For 10 points—name this namesake of a Chicago skyscraper and an athletic park, who owed his fortune to Spearmint.
answer: William Wrigley, Jr.
F17. Her film characters have included Alice Sutton, Shelby Eatenton Latcherie, Vivian Ward, Darby Shaw, Julianne Porter, and Tinkerbell—though she turned down the female lead in Shakespeare in Love. Her $10 million salary for Mary Reilly was a new record in 1996, but is peanuts compared to the combined $32 million she's commanded in 1999 playing characters named Anna Scott and Maggie. For 10 points—what high-paid megastar stars this summer in Runaway Bride and Notting Hill?
answer: Julia Roberts F18. Praised by Tertullian as "the explorer of everything interesting," his interests included architecture, military science, poetry, music, and all things Greek—including the beautiful youth Antinoüs. As emperor he rebuilt the Pantheon, promoted Hellenism, and put down the Bar Kokhba insurrection in Palestine, caused in part by his banning of circumcision. For 10 points—what successor to Trajan was also responsible for building a defensive barrier across northern Britain?
answer: Hadrian or Adrian or Publius Aelius Hadrianus
F19. He should have fallen into the hands of the murderous Ghazis, had it not been for the devotion and courage shown by Murray, his orderly, who threw him across a pack-horse and succeeded in bringing him safely to the British lines. This at the battle of Maiwand in the second Afghan war, when he was struck in the shoulder by a Jezail bullet. For 10 points—name this army surgeon invalided back to London, where he subsequently took up lodging at No. 221B, Baker Street.
answer: Dr. John H. Watson F20. Its primary mechanism is actuated by a circular permanent magnet that is rotated 1,000 revolutions per a set value by a flexible shaft. The magnet turns within a movable metal cup, and the circuit is completed by a circular stationary field plate surrounding the cup. The faster the magnet rotates, the greater the pull on an indicating pointer, which is attached to a shaft driven by gears at the rear of the transmission. Often coupled to an odometer—for 10 points—identify this extremely useful vehicular instrument.
answer: speedometer F21. It was the birthplace of two U.S. presidents, and the site where a third was sworn into office, at Wilcox Mansion. Its name probably derives, not from any animal, but from a mispronunciation of the French for "beautiful river." For 10 points—name this large American city whose "beautiful river," spanned by the Peace Bridge to Canada, is the Niagara.
answer: Buffalo, NY
F22. In form it comprises a half-hour setting of the Latin hymn "Veni, Creator Spiritus" and an hour-long setting of the final scene of Goethe's Faust. The first part is characterized by a powerful E flat Major chord followed by a choral statement of the hymn with great fanfares on orchestral brass. For 10 points—identify this musical piece whose subtitle was the creation of a press agent, as this Mahler symphony can be performed convincingly by a "mere" 600 players and singers.
answer: Symphony of a Thousand or Mahler's 8th Symphony (do not need "Mahler" after his name is mentioned)
F23. Vilified during World War I for her pacifism, she was later awarded the Nobel Peace Prize as a founder and longtime president of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. She was 29 when, together with her college friend Ellen Starr, she launched her most famous experiment in social reform. For 10 points—what progressive reformer and peace activist is this, who titled her 1910 autobiography Twenty Years at Hull House?
answer: Jane Addams F24. At its first appearance May 26, 1896 it was just under 41. American Cotton Oil; American Sugar; American Tobacco; Chicago Gas; Distilling & Cattle Feeding; General Electric; Laclede Gas; National Lead; North American (utility); Tennessee Coal & Iron; U.S. Leather, preferred; and U.S. Rubber were the initial 12, though the number later rose to 20 and then to the present 30. For 10 points—identify this industrial stock average.
answer: the Dow Jones industrial average