Seeding Round B
(85 tossups, plus 4 extras)
B1. The song stayed on the charts 140 weeks, 81 of them in the Top Ten. The album had the music industry's first-ever "Platinum Album" award created for it. The song's writer and vocalist, Doug Ingle, called it a "Lewis and Clark expedition of sound"; Ron Bushy provided the legendary drum solo. For 10 points—what 17-minute epic released in 1968 by Iron Butterfly was originally conceived as a short piece titled "In the Garden of Eden"?
B2. It names a land in Antarctica; mountains in Burma, New Zealand, and Papua New Guinea; lakes in New South Wales, Quebec, and East Africa; a river in Argentina, province in Zimbabwe, district in Hong Kong, state in Australia, and cities all over the map—including the capitals of a Mexican state, a Canadian province, and the Seychelles. For 10 points—what geographic name on which the sun never sets was frequently chosen to honor the only child of Edward, duke of Kent?
B3. "I was ever of opinion," it begins, "that the honest man who married and brought up a large family, did more service than he who continued single and only talked of population." This book's clergyman narrator does indeed bring up a large family: four sons and two daughters—one of which, Olivia, is abducted and seduced by the villainous Squire Thornhill. This and a succession of other trials are borne with fortitude by the narrator, Dr. Charles Primrose. For 10 points—name this Oliver Goldsmith work.
answer: The Vicar of Wakefield
B4. It was named for the place where the shogun, Takauji, established his headquarters. Both the Golden Pavilion and Silver Pavilion were constructed during this period which also saw the Omin War and sengoku jidai, a century of military struggle. The Sung style of ink painting reached its height, and the unique arts of the tea ceremony and Noh drama were developed. For 10 points—name this period of Japanese history from 1338 to 1573 that is alternately known as the Ashikaga period.
answer: Muromachi period or shogunate (accept early buzz of Ashikaga)
B5. Along with volatilization this process is used to rid Group III elements of their inert impurities. Since iodine will undergo this process in an open vessel, it is best weighed in a stoppered bottle. Freeze-drying of food under a vacuum involves water undergoing it. For 10 points—identify this term that signifies the conversion of a substance from the solid to the vapor state without its becoming a liquid.
B6. He took the light heavyweight championship at the age of 39 with a 15 round decision over Joey Maxim, and, despite his advanced age for a boxer, held it for a record nine years. Over a 27 year career in the ring he recorded a record 141 knockouts, and was the only boxer to fight both Rocky Marciano and Muhammed Ali. For 10 points—what pugilist who died in December 1998 is the only member of the International Boxing Hall of Fame named Archie?
answer: Archie Moore
B7. They live in an underground kingdom called Patala-loka, filled with resplendent palaces. Brahma is said to have relegated them to the nether regions, and he commanded them to bite only the truly evil. Three notable ones are Sesa, upon whom rests the created world; Vasuki, who was used as a rope to churn the cosmic ocean of milk; and Taksaka, the tribal chief of snakes. For 10 points—name these semidivine beings of Indian mythology, often depicted as cobras, that are said to be half human and half serpent.
answer: naga (masculine) or nagi (feminine) or nagas or nagis (plurals)
B8. The first section contains several poems such as "Cotton Song," "Face," and "Beehive." Interspersed between the poems are accounts of various women, mostly black, with such names as Avey, Fern, and Esther. The final section is actually a short novella entitled "Kabnis." The second section is set in Washington D.C., though the primary setting for the work is the fields of Georgia. For 10 points—identify this work of the Harlem Renaissance, the best known book of Jean Toomer.
B9. Janet Reno, Yasir Arafat, and Muammar Qaddafi were among the foreign dignitaries in attendance at the June 16, 1999 inauguration of this recently-elected president, who surprised many the next day by naming Jacob Zuma as deputy president, rather than Mangosutho Buthelezi. For 10 points—name the longtime ANC activist who has now succeeded Nelson Mandela as president of South Africa.
answer: Thabo Mbeki
B10. Best known for large-scale compositions like The Marriage at Cana; in 1555, probably at the summons of the prior of San Sebastiano in Venice, this man began decoration of the church that was to become his burial place. In 1573 he was summoned by the Tribunal of the Holy Office to defend his Last Supper for such irrelevant objects as a dog and a jester holding a parrot. Thus—for 10 points—what Venetian painter changed that painting's name to Christ in the House of Levi?
answer: Paolo Veronese or Paolo Caliari
B11. The correct order of magnitude of the mass of this body was predicted by astronomer Viktor Safronov using the accretionary theory of the planetary system, though American A. G. W. Cameron offers a different explanation for its size, age, and distance from the Sun. Unlike its nearer counterpart, this body is spherical and is theorized to have been involved in the formation of Charon and Pluto. For 10 points—name this vast area of small bodies that orbits the sun at about one light-year, and is theorized to be the source of long-period comets.
answer: Oort cloud
B12. His work with Merton H. Miller led to their namesake theorem, which states that the market value of a company's stock depends primarily on investors' expectations of what the company will earn in the future. He invented a technique for calculating these future earnings, though he is best known for his analysis of personal savings, termed the life-cycle theory. For 10 points—identify this Italian-born American economist who won the Nobel in 1985 and shares his surname with an artist.
answer: Franco Modigliani
B13. He lost a leg at the Battle of Chickamauga, a couple of months after he had been seriously wounded at Gettysburg, where he commanded an assault on the Union left at Little Round Top. He didn't enjoy much success the next year either, as he was defeated by the Union Army of the Cumberland twice in Tennessee, at Franklin and Nashville. However—for 10 points—what Confederate officer suffered his greatest defeat at the hands of Sherman when he could not hold Atlanta?
answer: John Bell Hood
B14. An Austrian writer who came to the United States in the year of the Anschluss, he employed the stream-of-consciousness technique in his 1945 novel about the last 18 hours in the life of an ancient poet. His major work before leaving Europe was a trilogy chronicling the disintegration of European society from 1888 to 1918; its volumes are titled The Romantic, The Anarchist, and The Realist. For 10 points—name this author of The Death of Virgil and The Sleepwalkers.
answer: Hermann Broch
B15. In the last lines of this film, Jean Harlow comments that she'd been reading "a nutty kind of a book" [. . . ] "all about civilization, or something," in which "the guy says that machinery is going to take the place of every profession." "Oh, my dear!" responds Marie Dressler, "That's something you need never worry about . . . " So ends—for 10 points—what classic 1933 George Cukor comedy written by George Kaufman and Edna Ferber, about the interwoven lives of the guests at a socialite dinner party?
answer: Dinner at Eight
B16. His early investigations concerned minerals and the natural gas found near Baku, and he discovered the oxidation of sugars to yield saccharic acid. His 1834 text became a standard in Russian chemistry and was the inspiration for Josiah Gibbs' research. His greatest discovery was a consequence of the first law of thermodynamics, and was an early statement of the law of conservation of energy. For 10 points—identify this Russian chemist whose law states that the heat absorbed or evolved during a reaction is a fixed quantity.
answer: Germain Henri Hess
B17. Its validity bore on a 15th-century conflict between King Alfonso of Aragon and Pope Eugenius IV over who was to have secular authority in the kingdom of Naples. Alfonso's claim was bolstered when his royal secretary, Lorenzo Valla, conclusively proved this document to be a forgery. For 10 points—name this spurious grant to the papacy of temporal dominion in the West, purportedly made by its namesake Roman emperor.
answer: the Donation of Constantine or Constitutum Constantini
B18. After earning a degree in electrical engineering from Wisconsin in 1918, this son of a Danish immigrant conducted performance surveys and market share audits for a number of businesses before launching a commercial service based on a new invention called the Audimeter, which could track when a radio set was turned on and where its dial was set. For 10 points—the ratings indices of what man became tops in the business after adaptation to television?
answer: A(rthur) C(harles) Nielsen
B19. He highlighted the fearful consequences of bad behavior in examples such as "Rebecca, Who Slammed Doors for Fun and Perished Miserably," "Jim, Who Ran Away from his Nurse and was Eaten by a Lion," and "Matilda, Who Told Lies and was Burned to Death." These and other Cautionary Tales were the 1907 creation—for 10 points—of what English writer born in France?
answer: (Joseph) Hilaire (Pierre) Belloc
B20. This opera is scored for four principal actors, twelve singers doubling as dancers and actors, a solo violinist, and an ensemble of keyboards, winds, and voices. Three musical themes recur within the work and are linked to three primary visual sets: trains, a trial/bed setting, and a spaceship/field setting. They are metaphors used to illustrate such things as transcendence, escape from nuclear disaster, and the theory of relativity. For 10 points—identify this opera by Philip Glass.
answer: Einstein on the Beach
B21. Removed in 1939 from special duty in Palestine because he had become too ardently a Zionist, after leading the troops who ousted the Italians from Ethiopia he was promoted to brigadier general in India, from where he trained and led a force of guerilla raiders into the jungles of Japanese-held Burma. For 10 points—what colorful leader of the guerilla "Chindits" bore the unusual first name of "Orde"?
answer: Orde Charles Wingate
B22. In most mammals it is this specific stage of the feritilized egg that stimulates formation of the placenta by attaching itself to the uterine lining. It is the first stage at which ecto-, meso-, and endoderms are differentiated as three varying groups of cells, and it is ended by the invagination of cells at one or both of its poles. It is defined as a hollow sphere of cells produced by an embryo during repeated cleavage of a fertilized egg. For 10 points—identify this embryonic structure that is composed of blastomeres.
B23. This work, really three closely-related novellas, centers on the character Thomas Hudson, an American painter who, during World War II, engages in secret anti-German submarine activities. It was not published until 1970, nine years after the death of its author. For 10 points—what posthumous Hemingway novel takes its title from its setting, the islands of Bimini and Cuba, both located in the middle of the Gulf Current?
answer: Islands in the Stream
B24. In this sociological study published in 1916 the author argued that persons of superior ability actively seek to confirm and aggrandize their social position. Thus the best-equipped lower-class members become upper-class and maintain a superiority of the elite. For 10 points—identify this work, seen as the forerunner to fascism, the chief work of Vilfredo Pareto.
answer: Mind and Society or Trattato di sociologia generale
B25. A hesitant faculty decided to admit her only on the unanimous agreement of the all-male student body, and the students voted her in partially as a practical joke. Her degree was awarded in 1849 by upstate New York's Geneva Medical College. For 10 points—what sister-in-law of feminist Lucy Stone, the first woman to receive a medical degree in the U.S., shares her surname with the Hollywood fashion-arbiter known familiarly as Mr. B?
answer: Elizabeth Blackwell
B26. Some of his less-successful works are those set in the Magic Kingdom of Landover. His best-known books chronicle the lives of various generations of the half-elven, half-human Ohmsford family, their quests, and their relationship with the dark druid Allanon. Gaining his fame as the author of the Shannara series of books—for 10 points—name this man, who has recently novelized Episode 1: The Phantom Menace.
answer: Terry Brooks
B27. It flourished around the beginning of the Pleistocene epoch to sometime in the Middle Pleistocene. Its fossil remains were first found in the 1890s by Eugene Dubois and a fully intact one was found at the site of Ternifine in Algeria. Its immediate predecessor is thought to be Homo habilis, though some claim that it was preceded by Australopithecus. Once called Pithecanthropus—for 10 points—identify this proto-human species that preceded Homo sapiens.
answer: Homo erectus (accept early Pithecanthropus)
B28. Its subtitle says that it comprises "all the parts you can remember, including 103 good things, 5 bad Kings and 2 genuine dates." Indeed, one of those genuine dates is in the title. For 10 points—name this humorous classic, a "memorable history of England" penned by W. C. Sellar and R. J. Yeatman, whose title date references the Norman Conquest.
answer: 1066 and All That
B29. A 1978 earthquake destroyed part of this city located at the neck of the Khalkidhikí peninsula, but spared the famous 15th-century White Tower. The birthplace of Kemal Atatürk, and headquarters of the Young Turk movement, it is not, however, located in Turkey. Named for the wife of its founder, the Macedonian king Cassander, it served as capital of the Roman province of Macedon. For 10 points—name this city, Greece's second-largest, to whose church St. Paul addressed two epistles.
answer: Thessaloníki or Thessalonica or Salonica
B30. His friend William Blake said of this artist, "The only man that e'er I knew / who did not make me almost spew." He was noted for his 1801 publication Lectures on Painting, but it was his canvases that evoked discussion. In such works as Lady Macbeth and Perseus Returning the Eye of the Graii, he revealed his fascination with the horrifying and fantastic. For 10 points—name this artist who depicted a woman in the throes of a violently erotic dream in his canvas The Nightmare.
answer: Henry Fuseli
B31. A native of Largo, in the county of Fife, Scotland, he died on board the H.M.S. Weymouth, in 1721, ten years after returning to England on the privateer Duke, and 18 years after his appointment as sailing master of the galley Cinque Ports. A plaque placed in the 1860s on a height on Juan Fernandez island commemorates the four years and four months he lived there, in complete solitude. For 10 points—name this voluntary castaway, the real life inspiration for Defoe's Robinson Crusoe.
answer: Alexander Selkirk
B32. After Enugu was captured, Aba, Umuahia, and Owerri each served for a time as provisional capitals. Its leader, Lieutenant Colonel Chukumeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, eventually fled the country as it faced military reversals and mass starvation, and it surrendered in January 1970. For 10 points—name this short-lived secessionist state created in 1967 by Ibo [EE-bo] people seeking independence from Nigeria.
answer: Republic of Biafra
B33. They can be easily demonstrated by Raoult's law, as they often exist for most ideal solutions. Examples of them include the depression of the freezing point of a solvent caused by dissolved particles, the rise of the boiling point in a nonvolatile solution, and the pressure of an ideal gas. For 10 points—identify this property of a substance that depends on the number of particles present, not their nature.
answer: colligative properties
B34. In a 1964 work this Brandeis University professor stated that only a small group of independent students and those in poverty could break free from the materialism of capitalism. In a 1955 work he argued for the erotic liberation of the unconscious and the political liberation of the masses. Author as well of Reason and Revolution—for 10 points—name this German-American philosopher best known for One-Dimensional Man and Eros and Civilization.
answer: Herbert Marcuse [mar-KOO-za]
B35. Although he was born in Belgium and lived his last 33 years in Paris, he wrote in Spanish, and was an Argentine citizen. In 1963 he published his experimental masterpiece, featuring the existentialist antihero Horacio Oliveira. In this novel, after the first 56 chapters, the reader is invited to re-read them in a different order, with some later chapters thrown in. For 10 points—identify this author of Hopscotch.
answer: Julio Cortázar
B36. Though the title character always remained the same, this show had two different families, the first of which was the Pembrokes, who appeared in the 1984 and 1985 seasons. After a one year hiatus, it reappeared in 1987 with the Powell family, and Ellen Travolta playing Lillian, the title character's mother. Its cast also included Nicole Eggert, but Willie Aames stole the show as Buddy Lembeck. For 10 points—identify this '80s sitcom starring Scott Baio.
answer: Charles in Charge
B37. In the presidential election of this year Democrats circulated the forged "Morey Letter" purporting to show that the Republican nominee was soft on Chinese exclusion. The campaign lacked for major issues, with both parties waffling on currency, giving tepid lip-service to civil service reform, and nominating compromise candidates. In the end less than 10,000 votes separated the major candidates, while another 300,000 was drawn off by James B. Weaver of the Greenback-Labor party. For 10 points—in what year was Winfield Scott Hancock narrowly defeated by James A. Garfield?
B38. Anselme Payen first discovered them after he had already discovered cellulose, pectin, and dextrin. Ptyalin is the most common one of them produced by the body, and the beta variety are the principle components of the diastase mixture, which is used to convert cereal grains to fermentable sugars. For 10 points—identify this class of enzymes, best known in their alpha variety in the saliva, that catalyze the hydrolysis of starch into smaller carbohydrate molecules.
B39. The year he won the Cy Young award his record was 25-4, plus two more victories over the Reds in the World Series. It didn't hurt to have as teammates a pair of outfielders who combined that season for 115 home runs. Playing from 1950 to 1967, his 22 World Series starts is the all-time record. For 10 points—name this money pitcher for the Yankees, known as the "Chairman of the Board."
answer: Edward Charles "Whitey" Ford
B40. After volunteering in the American Revolution he returned to France, made a fortune in land speculation, and then spent his wealth on a salon for scientists. Calling for the reorganization of society on the basis of ability and brotherhood rather than wealth, his ideas had some posthumous vogue due to the efforts of disciples such as Bazard and Enfantin. For 10 points—name this utopian socialist author of The Industrial System and The New Christianity, a French count.
answer: Claude Henri de Rouvroy, comte de Saint-Simon
B41. This killer once responsible for the death of millions received a stay of execution in May 1999. Held now in the very strictest security, and previously scheduled for elimination in June, reprieve came in the form of a World Health Assembly vote to delay until 2002 destruction of the last known remaining samples of this once-deadly virus. For 10 points—name this causative agent for a disease declared eradicated worldwide in 1978, against which Edward Jenner provided the first immunizations.
answer: the smallpox virus or variola
B42. After touring Europe studying and sketching architectural monuments, he returned to the U.S. in 1941 to join the firm of Howe and Stonorov. Bucking the International style, two of his most famous designs are the Yale University Art Gallery and the Yale Center for British Art, which was completed after his death. For 10 points—identify this eminent post-World War II American architect best known for the University of Pennsylvania Richards Medical Research Building, and the Salk Institute in La Jolla, California.
answer: Louis I. Kahn
B43. She used the pseudonym of Alice or A. C. Eliot to publish her first stories in the Atlantic Monthly, the most famous of which might be "A White Heron." In the next decade she would accept her mentor William Dean Howell's advice to collect her sketches in one volume, and the result was titled Deephaven. Though she gained fame for her novel The Country Doctor—for 10 points—what New England author is best known for her book of tales and sketches, The Country of the Pointed Firs?
answer: Sarah Orne Jewett
B44. An independent state in the Lesser Antilles, it lies between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines to the south and Martinique to the north. Its control passed from the French to the British in 1814, with full independence within the Commonwealth in 1979. For 10 points—name this island with capital at Castries, named for a Sicilian martyr.
answer: St. Lucia
B45. When his cousin was murdered and replaced by the praetorian prefect Macrinus, he stepped in as emperor. The family of his mother, Julia Soaemias, were hereditary high priests of Baal at Emesa, a position that gave him his adopted name. His open homosexual orgies outraged Roman opinion, and weakened his position, allowing his adopted heir, Alexander Severus to succeed him. For 10 points—identify this successor to Caracalla, who received his name due to his worship of the sun god Elah-Gabal.
answer: Heliogabalus or Elagabalus or Varius Avitus Bassianus
B46. Situated within five miles of Lambton, its great house "was a large, handsome stone building, standing well on rising ground, and backed by a ridge of high woody hills." Its future mistress feels that she had never seen a place "where natural beauty had been so little counteracted by an awkward taste." For 10 points—the shades of what fictional Derbyshire estate, according to Lady Catherine, were to be polluted by the marriage of Elizabeth Bennet to Fitzwilliam Darcy?
B47. Two men in long black top hats converse in the upper left of the painting, but the viewer's eyes are drawn to the family group in the foreground. At the right is a young boy asleep on his grandmother's back. His grandmother is holding a basket and displays a permanent weariness. At the left is the mother, who is breastfeeding her baby. For 10 points—name this artistic depiction of underprivileged travelers, the masterpiece of Honoré Daumier.
answer: The Third-Class Carriage or Wagon de IIIe Classe
B48. It begins with the addition of carbon dioxide to phosphoenolpyruvate, or PEPA, and ends with the regeneration of that PEPA molecule. It is best seen in sugarcane and maize, and requires specific anatomical traits that are evident in its mesophyll and bundle sheath cells. For 10 points—identify this type of photosynthesis that uses a special mechanism of carbon fixation for drier climates, and which takes its name from the number of carbons in the two acids involved.
answer: C4 photosynthesis or C4 pathway (do not prompt on "photyosynthesis")
B49. His teenaged daughter Anoushka released her own first album in October 1998, after several years of accompanying him in concerts—first on tambura, and then on the same instrument he made famous in the West, in good measure due to the prominence he enjoyed as a major influence on the late 1960s Beatles. For 10 points—name this man synonymous with the hypnotic drone of the sitar.
answer: Ravi Shankar
B50. This author's novels include the Sailor from Gibraltar; The Afternoon of Monsieur Andesmas; Destroy, She Said; and Summer Rain. Her first successful novel, dealing with a poor French family living in French Indochina, where she grew up, was 1950's The Sea Wall. For 10 points—identify this French writer perhaps best known for screenplays such as those for India Song and Hiroshima mon amour.
answer: Marguerite Duras or Donnadieu
B51. In April 1999 the British Department of Trade and Industry blocked a $1 billion bid by British Sky Broadcasting to take over its ownership. In May the team won the so-called "treble," taking the Premier League title May 16, the FA Cup six days later, and then defeating Bayern Munich 2-1 in Barcelona to win the European Champions Cup. For 10 points—name this top English soccer club whose stars include Teddy Sheringham, Dwight Yorke, and David Beckham.
answer: Manchester United
B52. They first caught public attention in the Papuan "Vailala Madness" of 1919. As a result of them, numerous symbolic landing strips, wharves, and warehouses were built throughout Melanesia. They were based on the observation of local residents of the delivery of supplies to colonial officials. For 10 points—give the name of these religious movements that believe in the coming of a new age of blessing initiated by the arrival of a special supply of goods from supernatural sources.
answer: cargo cult
B53. According to biographer Francisco Palou, he flogged himself during his own sermons, and insisted on always travelling on foot, despite crippling leg ulcerations. Born on the island of Mallorca [my-YOR-ka] in 1713, at age 16 he became a Franciscan novice and chose for his confirmation name that of the legendary friend of St. Francis, Brother Juniper. For 10 points—name this priest sent by his order to northern California, the founder of nine missions from San Diego to San Francisco.
answer: Junípero Serra
B54. As part of the famous "Four Brothers" sax section of the Woody Herman band after 1947, his solo on Herman's recording of "Early Autumn" won raves. In 1962, following three years of semi-retirement in Denmark, he collaborated with guitarist Charlie Byrd on the Jazz Samba album, and then scored a smash hit in 1963 with vocalist Astrud Gilberto on "The Girl from Ipanema." For 10 points—name this popular jazzman given credit for making Brazilian bossa nova a permanent part of the jazz repertoire.
answer: Stan Getz
B55. A radioactive form of this compound can be incorporated into the RNA messengers of genes to reveal the path they travel from the chromosome to the site of protein synthesis in the cytoplasm. It is a colorless, crystalline organic compound of formula C4H4N2O2, and is one of the two RNA pyrimidines along with cytosine. For 10 points—identify this nitrogenous base that is not present in DNA and takes the place of thymine.
B56. In scholarly writings he used the pseudonym "Hylacomylus," which he coined by combining the Greek for "wood" with the Latin for "lake" and the Greek for "mill." This was in fact a version of his own real name, in which "wood," "lake," and "miller" are combined in another tongue. For 10 points—name this cartographer whose admiration for Vespucci's Mundus Novus led him to apply to the new world the name "America."
answer: Martin Waldseemüller
B57. "When I was twenty-seven the stock-market crash came. When I was twenty-eight, my personal crash came. Then I guess I woke up. So, when I was almost thirty, I began to make my living from writing. This is the story of a Negro who wanted to make his living from poems and stories." So begins I Wonder as I Wander, the second volume of autobiography by—for 10 points—what writer whose stories often centered around the character "Simple"?
answer: (James Mercer) Langston Hughes
B58. From the first discussion of this opera with librettist Felice Romani, through the adaptation of the original text by Eugene Scribe, its completion took three weeks. Its most famous aria, "Una furtiva lagrima," is sung by the hero, who joins the army to raise enough money to woo his beloved away from Belcore. It features the quack Doctor Dulcamara, whose title concoction eventually brings Nemorino and Adina together. For 10 points—name this Donizetti opera.
answer: The Elixir of Love or L'Elisir D'Amore
B59. Sometimes known as "the Precursor" to distinguish him from Simón Bolívar, in 1810 he became commander-in-chief of insurgent forces in the early Venezuelan struggle for independence. Named head of the new republic, he suffered reverses in 1812 and ended his days in a Spanish dungeon. For 10 points—name this Venezuelan who probably was not informed by the Spanish of his right to a lawyer.
answer: Francisco de Miranda
B60. Max was an American League second-baseman nicknamed "Camera Eye." Henry Rowley composed the song "Home, Sweet Home." Jim and Elizabeth were American writers, one the author of The Day Lincoln Was Shot and the other of the poetry collection North and South. For 10 points—what ecclesiastical surname did they share with a member of the Rat Pack?
B61. Near the end of his life this son of Agenor traveled with his wife Harmonia to Illyria, where they were both turned into serpents. When his sister Europa was kidnapped by Zeus, this man and his brothers, Cilix and Phoenix, set out to find her. The oracle at Delphi told him to follow a cow near the oracle and found a city where that cow died. After numerous hardships—for 10 points—what Greek hero sowed some serpent's teeth into the earth to found the city of Thebes?
B62. His namesake encephalopathy, caused by a thiamine deficiency, is described in his monumental Textbook of Brain Disorders. This German opposed the concept of the brain as an equipotential organ acting en masse, seeing it instead as an interaction between connected areas. His description in 1874 of a lesion in the posterior temporal region, and the resulting effect, helped prove his theories. For 10 points—identify this man best known for his description of aphasias, and who, like Paul Broca, has a language-related area of the brain named after him.
answer: Carl Wernicke
B63. He took office following his predecessor's resignation in the wake of a spy scandal. His government fell eight years later when the Free Democrats withdrew from the coalition with the Socialists and joined with the Christian Democrats; he subsequently became publisher of Die Zeit. For 10 points—name this fifth chancellor of West Germany, the Social Democrat replaced in 1982 by Helmut Kohl.
answer: Helmut Schmidt
B64. Gavin McLeod may have been a captain on The Love Boat, but years earlier he was merely seaman "Happy" Haines on this other television sitcom. Airing from 1962 to 1966, the show also featured Yoshio Yoda as Fuji, Bob Hastings as Lt. Carpenter, Joe Flynn as Captain Binghamton, and Tim Conway as the hapless Ensign Parker. For 10 points—name this series following the comedic adventures of the crew of PT-73, which starred Ernest Borgnine.
answer: McHale's Navy
B65. He was much admired as an orator during his 32 years in the House of Commons, and Macaulay wrote that the impression produced by his so-called "Begum" speech "was such as has never been equaled." Yet today he is remembered far more for his work prior to entering Parliament, as a dramatist. For 10 points—name the playwright whose creations included Sir Lucius O'Trigger, Lady Sneerwell, Sir Benjamin Backbite, Lydia Languish, and of course that "progeny of learning" Mrs. Malaprop.
answer: Richard Brinsley Sheridan
B66. Mathematically it is represented by the letter "n" and can be set equal to the velocity of light of a given wavelength in empty space divided by its velocity in a substance. Its value is highest for diamond, at 2.417, and it is slightly less than 1 for an X-ray, meaning that an X-ray entering a piece of glass will be bent away from the normal. For 10 points—identify this measure of the bending of a ray of light when passing from one medium to another.
answer: refractive index or index of refraction
B67. Wearing uniform number 23 to honor not Michael Jordan, but the 23rd Psalm, this 6'-2" forward is no stranger to championships, having led Christ the King High to four New York state titles, and then winning three national titles in college. The East's top vote-getter in balloting for the July 14 All-Star game, she has made a quick impact since being this year's top draft pick in the WNBA. For 10 points—name this current Washington Mystic and former Lady Vol whose teammates call her "Meek."
answer: Chamique Holdsclaw
B68. By age ten he was an apprentice in the workshop of Ghiberti. His earliest frescoes are in the Chiostro Verde, or Green Cloister, of Santa Maria Novella in Florence. His obsession with perspective can be seen in his fresco The Flood, but is even better seen in his series of three panels commemorating the victory, in 1432, of the Florentine forces under Tolentino over their arch-rival, Siena. For 10 points—name this artist best known for the center panel, The Battle of San Romano.
answer: Paolo Uccello or Paolo di Dono
B69. It addressed the following "interesting subjects": "the origin and design of government in general, with concise remarks on the English Constitution"; "of monarchy and hereditary succession"; of the "present state of American affairs"; and "of the present ability of America, with some miscellaneous reflections." The point of its argument was that "'TIS TIME TO PART." The colonial cause was identified with that of all mankind in—for 10 points—what best-selling political pamphlet of 1776?
answer: Common Sense; Addressed to the Inhabitants of America (by Thomas Paine)
B70. In the 1870s he published a series of papers explaining the second law of thermodynamics by using the laws of mechanics and applying the theories of probability to the motions of atoms. His constant is equal to 1.380662 times 10 to the negative 23rd joules per Kelvin, and he derived the theorem of the equipartition of energy, a law of which he is now co-namesake along with Maxwell. For 10 points—identify this Austrian whose name is linked in another derivation with that of Josef Stefan.
answer: Ludwig Boltzmann
B71. In mid-May 1999 he announced new security measures, including appointment of a "security czar," for the U.S. national laboratories overseen by his department, stung by revelations of nuclear data thefts by the Chinese. For 10 points—name this Clinton-administration Secretary of Energy, not to be confused with Nixon and Ford-administration cabinet official Elliot.
answer: Bill (or William) Richardson
B72. It was four years after winning a Pulitzer Prize in Drama that he began writing the young adult fiction for which he is now probably best known. His publications of the 1990s have included The Fifth-Grade Safari, David & Della, and The Doom Stone. For 10 points—what playwright of The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds made his young adult reputation with books such as My Darling, My Hamburger, and The Pigman?
answer: Paul Zindel
B73. Its adherents envisaged a society in which positive law would be in harmony with natural law. It had its origins in a publication of 1758 which demonstrated the economic relation between a workshop and a farm, purporting that only the farm added to a nation's wealth. For 10 points—name this school of 18th century economics, centered in France and springing from the Tableau économique of François Quesnay.
answer: physiocracy or physiocrat(s)
B74. Since ionization dissipates energy in relatively small amounts, these charged particles are extremely penetrating, and constitute that part of cosmic rays that penetrates several miles below the Earth's surface. Unlike mesons, they never react through the strong interaction; rather, they decay by the weak interaction into an electron and two kinds of neutrinos. For 10 points—name this subatomic particle similar to the electron but 207 times heavier.
B75. As a child she survived on the streets of Cairo as a pickpocket. Later she would battle Amal Farouk, the Shadow King, and adopt the young boy Mijnari. At one point, she defeated Callisto to assume leadership of the Morlocks. Actually named Ororo Munroe, she leaves the village where she is worshipped as a goddess when first approached by Professor X. For 10 points—identify this female X-Man, named for her weather-controlling abilities.
answer: Storm (accept early Ororo Munroe)
B76. The idea for it was provided by the visionary Barbara Juliane von Krudener, and it was eventually signed by all major European rulers except the Prince Regent of Britain, the Ottoman sultan, and the Pope. It was seen as a weak and ephemeral association by such contemporaries as Viscount Castlereagh [VIE-count KAS-sul-ray] and Metternich. Designed to promote the influence of Christian principles in Europe—for 10 points—name this union formed in 1815 by Alexander I, Francis I, and Frederick William III.
answer: Holy Alliance
B77. Dongting Lake in its north is responsible for this province's name, meaning "south of the lake." Shaoyang, Zhuzhou, and Xiangtan are major cities, but the capital is Changsha. For 10 points—name this Chinese province, the birth place of Mao Zedong, which is familiar to Western restaurant-goers for its deliciously spicy food.
B78. Also known as La Regla Lucumi, it is monotheistic, holding the god Olorun or Olodumare as supreme. It tells that Olorun interacts with the human world through emisarries known as orishas. Also of importance to this religion is magic, which is usually gained by the Iyawo of the tribe. For 10 points—identify this traditional Yoruba religion of the peoples of Nigeria and Benin that derives its name from the Spanish for "saint."
B79. Of the several types, some of the common varieties are Becker's and myotonic. Becker's begins in later childhood or adolescence, but is not nearly as devastating as the often fatal Duchenne's type, which affects only young male children. By the age of five years there is difficulty in getting up, inability to run, enlargement of the calf muscles, and eventual susceptibility to pulmonary infection leading to death. For 10 points—name this disease that causes increasing weakness in muscle tissue.
answer: muscular dystrophy (prompt on "dystrophy")
B80. Working for a time as a spy in the intelligence service of King Charles II of England, this writer later found success with such works as Sir Patient Fancy, The City Heiress, and The Rover. However, her best-known work was influenced by her time spent in Suriname, where she witnessed a slave rebellion. For 10 points—identify England's first professional woman writer, author of the short novel, Oronooko.
answer: Aphra Behn
B81. In 1973 he resigned as governor to head the Commission on Critical Choices for America. During each of his three previous terms as governor he also sought to switch jobs, failing in bids for presidential nominations in 1960, 1964, and 1968. For 10 points—what liberal, who suffered the indignity of being booed by his own party at the 1964 Republican convention, was sworn in as vice president in December 1974?
answer: Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller
B82. Original members included the D.O.C., the Arabian Prince, and Antoine Carraby aka DJ Yella. Their discography includes the EP 100 Miles and Runnin', containing the hilariously explicit "Just Don't Bite It." MC Ren was one of the main rappers of this group, which hit it big with Straight Outta Compton. For 10 points—name this rap group that included Dr. Dre, Ice Cube, and Eazy-E.
answer: NWA or Niggaz With Attitude
B83. As a song it consists of coplas, improvised satirical verses, sung to melodies improvised according to set rules. As a dance, in one version it is danced by two men as a contest of skill. The first dancer sets the rhythm and steps, and the second elaborates. In the more popular version, it begins slowly, with rhythm marked by castanets, snapping fingers, and the stamping of feet. For 10 points—name this genre of Spanish folk song and exuberant Spanish courtship dance.
B84. The story of how Toby returned to civilization separately from his companion, Tom, forms a short "sequel" to this novel's revised edition. Describing "a four month's residence in a valley of the Marquesas," it is based upon the real-life experiences of two deserters from the whaling ship Acushnet, one of whom was the author himself, Herman Melville. For 10 points—identify this novel subtitled "A Peep at Polynesian Life."
answer: Typee, a Peep at Polynesian Life
B85. John Elliotson pioneered the use of this instrument in England. It originated as a perforated wooden cylinder, which was replaced by the monaural variety of this device, though the binaural one is primarily used today. It consists of two flexible tubes attaching one end portion with spring-connected metal tubes with earpieces. For 10 points—identify this instrument invented by Rene Laennec [lay-nek] that is used to listen to sounds produced within the body, chiefly the heart or lungs.
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Extras for Seeding Round B
B86. One of its martyrs, executed in 1915 on a disputed murder charge, was the compiler of the The Little Red Song Book. During World War I it sought to gain leverage over the government by tying up copper production in the west, but many of its leaders were imprisoned. For 10 points—identify this radical labor organization, founded in Chicago in 1905, whose members included the martyred Joe Hill as well as Big Bill Haywood.
answer: IWW or Industrial Workers of the World or Wobblies
B87. Bounded on the east by the Oiapoque River, on the west by the Maroni River, and on the south by the Tumuc-Humuc Mountains, its northern coast, containing more than 90% of the population, lies along the Atlantic Ocean. Off the coast sit the Iles du Salut, one of which became particularly notorious in the latter half of the 19th century as a penal colony. For 10 points—what French Overseas Department containing Devil's Island has its capital at Cayenne?
answer: French Guiana or La Guyane française
B88. A minor playwright himself, he is a character in Shaw's The Devil's Disciple, though Shaw apparently invented the nickname given him in the play, "Gentleman Johnny." In his own best-known play, a 1786 comedy, he lampoons the vulgarity of the rich Alscrip family. For 10 points—what playwright of The Heiress is remembered principally as the British general compelled to surrender to the Americans at Saratoga?
answer: John Burgoyne
B89. This 84 amino-acid polypeptide hormone is produced by the ambiguously named chief cells. An ancillary function of it is to regulate body acidity by blocking renal tubular reabsorption of bicarbonate. One of its mechanisms of action is to stimulate osteoclasts, the large, bone-dividing cells of the body. Another way it raises serum calcium levels is by enhancing the absorption of calcium in the bowel. For 10 points—identify this antagonist to calcitonin, a hormone produced by the parathyroid glands.
answer: parathyroid hormone or PTH
Hillemann/Maddipoti Singles Tournament - 1999