The world economic crisis that developed rapidly from the collapse of the USA’s Wall Street Stock Exchange in October 1929 soon made its impact on Germany. In March 1930 Bruning of the Centre Party had become Chancellor and for two years he struggled no deal with the crisis that hit German farming, industry, trade and finance. In the election that Bruning called in September 1930 pro Weimar parties did badly, extreme parties (especially Nazis and Communists) did well. It is against this background, and heavily dependent on President Hindenburg’s support, that Bruning tried to cope with the economic crisis.
Notes will be required on the following aspects:
This involves considering the background to the crisis in Germany including:
Bruning became Chancellor in March 1930. At the end of January 1933, Adolf Hitler became Chancellor. The period between these dates is a critical time in understanding why the parliamentary democracy that had survived since the war finally came to an end. Political dealing between parties took place against the background of the economic depression and the effects that this had on Germany’s voters. The 1930 election saw big gains for the extremes of left and right yet the remaining parties still seemed to fail to collaborate to resist movements determined to end parliamentary democracy. Running through this section is the key question of how far the Weimar Republic brought about its own downfall. Once Hitler became chancellor the parliamentary system was rapidly dismantled.
Notes will be needed on the following aspects: