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Part B: Nazi Economic Policy


Between 1933 and 1939 the German economy recovered, unemployment fell, public works (like road building) were much in evidence and there were strong Nazi claims that a major achievement had been accomplished as a result of their policies. This has been questioned by historians and it is important to gather information not only on what the Nazis did in terms of economic policy but also to consider whether they were, in any way, creating original policies that actually delivered results.
Notes will be needed on the following aspects:


1.

Tackling Unemployment




This involves considering:




(i)

The use of labour in public works




(ii)

Conscription




(iii)

Encouraging women not to work




(iv)

Manipulating statistics.




2.

Economic Revival




This involves considering:




(i)

The rearmament programme




(ii)

Subsidies to farmers




(iii)

Construction work – roads, houses, etc




(iv)

Encouraging the motor industry




(v)

Export subsidies




(vi)

World trade revival.




3.

Economic Management




This involves considering:




(i)

Schacht and the banking system




(ii)

Central control of wages and prices




(iii)

Trying to make Germany more self-sufficient




(iv)

Economic agreement with other countries.



Issue to investigate and discuss


How far was economic recovery a Nazi achievement?

Part C: Nazi Social and Racial Policies


Nazi control over German society made it possible for an attempt to be made to re-shape peoples’ ideas and beliefs. This involved control over the school curriculum and over teaching staff. It also included control over what adults read and heard. The churches, whose ministers and priests preached rather different beliefs, found this a difficult situation and one that led to conflict. The Nazi racial views could now be enforced in an increasingly cruel manner.
This section of the course will require notes on a number of aspects:


1.

Serving the State




This involves considering:




(i)

Service on public works for young people




(ii)

Nazi organisations for the young




(iii)

Re-shaping the school curriculum




(iv)

Purging the teaching profession




(v)

Nazi views on women’s roles in society.




2.

Controlling the Churches?




This involves considering:




(i)

The Nazi Concordat with the Pope




(ii)

Breaking the Concordat – Nazi interference in the Catholic Church




(iii)

Clashes with clergy




(iv)

The attempt to control the Protestant Churches




(v)

Niemoller and protest




(vi)

The Confessional Church and Nazi attacks on it.




3.

Racial Policy




This involves considering:




(i)

The nature of Nazi beliefs




(ii)

Early restrictions on Jews




(iii)

The Nuremberg Laws, 1935




(iv)

Crystal Night




(v)

Further anti-Jewish measures.



Issue to discuss


Why was Nazi policy against Jewish people so little resisted?
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