Higher still




Yüklə 484.63 Kb.
səhifə10/16
tarix17.04.2016
ölçüsü484.63 Kb.
1   ...   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   ...   16

Part A: Nazi Consolidation of Power in Germany


Once installed as Chancellor and with the powers provided by Hindenburg’s declaration of a state of emergency as well as the Enabling Law, Hitler moved swiftly to assert full control over the political system. The death of Hindenburg enabled him to gather in presidential power too. However, his political skills also showed themselves in a refusal to push through too rapid a revolution; he was determined to carry the Army and big business with them rather than alarm them by a rush of radical measures. Those (among whom SA leaders loomed large) who did not agree with this caution were dealt with brutally.
Notes will be required on the following:


1.

The Elimination of Democracy




This involves considering:




(i)

The dissolution of other parties; Germany as a one party state




(ii)

A one party election; the use of plebiscites




(iii)

The destruction of Länder democracy and abolition of the Reichsrat




(iv)

Death of Hindenburg and Hitler as Führer




(v)

The Cabinet empowered to pass laws.




2.

The Elimination of Enemies




This involves considering:




(i)

Reasons for tension between Hitler and the SA leaders




(ii)

Reasons for action




(iii)

The ‘Night of the Long Knives’




(iv)

The elimination of other potential enemies




(v)

Why this brutality was accepted.




3.

The Assertion of control over the Army




This involves considering:




(i)

The Army oath of loyalty to Hitler




(ii)

The removal of Blomberg and other leaders




(iii)

The appointment of new leaders




(iv)

The absolution of the War Ministry; Hitler as Commander in Chief.




4.

The Spread of Nazi Organisations




This involves considering:




(i)

The end of free trade unions; the Labour Front




(ii)

The creation of a unified police; Himmler, Heydrich and the Gestapo




(iii)

Himmler and the growth of an independent SS




(iv)

The use intimidation, violence, concentration camps




(v)

Nazi organisations for the young, teachers, doctors, civil servants, etc.




5.

Propaganda




This involves considering:




(i)

The importance of Goebbels




(ii)

The use of the media




(iii)

The use of rallies and marches.

Issues to consider


  • How effective was the very centralised Nazi state?




  • Did it work smoothly?




  • Did it contain rivalries, feuds, etc, and if so, was this deliberate?



1   ...   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   ...   16


Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azrefs.org 2016
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə