Heg: CCOT Thesis Practice NAME: _____________________________
ANALYZE THE ECONOMIC CHANGES & CONTINUITIES IN EUROPE B/T 1750-1914.
-Economic changes in Europe in 1750-1914 include the use of railroads to transport goods and the new urbanization, and a continuity was that they used imperialism to spread their trade into other countries.
-Between 1750 and 1914, major changes took place such as increased commercialization and improved transportation and communication, while commonalities still existed such as territorial expansion and exploration.
-In the time period from 1750 to 1914, Europe’s economy shifted from imperialism to colonization as Europeans looked at the expansion as a way to surpass their competitors rather than thinking of them as sources of profit. Yet, the native peoples remained under European rule and continued to be exploited.
-In the period of global industrialization, European economy changed significantly from 1750 to 1914. While starting as an agricultural economy, industrialization spread rapidly with the same leading countries in charge.
-As time progressed, European goods changed from homemade products into factory made ones; these products were all made from the raw materials fed by the colonies.
-In Europe between 1750 and 1914, many changes happened drastically. Railroads became a major part of European commerce and economy a well as the distinct turn to the manufacturing of goods, instead of a major dependency on agriculture. Raw materials, as before, were still a major use and need in European economy.
-From 1750 to 1850, the motivation for expansion of European societies was a desire for riches but from 1850 to 1914, the motivation shifted to greed for more land. The societies still remained important sources for raw materials during 1750 to 1914.
-Europe remained a world power from 1750 to 1914 despite their shift in attitudes from imperialistic views to a more colonial process while remaining under the philosophy of mercantilism.
-While Europe continued to obtain their raw materials mainly from overseas colonies, manufacturing shifted from homes to large factories.
ANALYZE THE CHANGES & CONTINUITIES IN
EUROPEAN INTERACTION WITH AFRICA B/T 1500-1914.
-In the time period from 1500 to 1914, Europeans treated the Africans more like slaves, where as before they were traded with. Yet the Africans were always seen as inferior.
-European interactions with Africa changed from the problem of lack of communication to the introduction of railroads which brought about communication to Europeans on knowledge of success and victories. Their mistreating of Africans and taking advantage of their lack of industrialization was still continued.
-From 1500 to 1750, European traded with Africa for slaves inside small enclaves in coastal towns, but by 1914, Europeans had taken over most of Africa and controlled all of its activities.
-From 1500 to 1914, Europe continued to heavily rely on Africans to do their hard labor; however, from 1500 to 1750, Europeans used Africans as a source of slaves whereas from 1750 to 1914, they shifted to depending on Africans to grow crops.
-Little change occurred in European interactions with Africa between 1750 and 1914 because the Europeans continued to try and profit by exploiting the Africans despite gaining greater access to the interior of the continent rather than just the coastline.
-In the time between 1500 and 1914, Africa and Europe had a changing contact experience. Throughout this whole period, slaves were traded for guns and materials. But in the beginning it was an economic interest that turned to a social and imperial experience. Also, slave trade started to fade toward the 1900s.
-In Africa, small numbers of European continued to dominate large African populations from port cities, while socially there was a shift to separation and tension between races, with new restrictions on mixed marriages.
-A change in European interactions with Africa between 1500 and 1914 was that by the late 19th century, Europeans were able to militarily dominate Africa. A continuity is that Europeans always felt they were cultural superior to Africans.
ANALYZE THE SOCIAL CHANGES & CONTINUITIES IN EUROPE B/T 1750-1914.
-Throughout the time period from 1750 to 1914, Europe was able to recognize women’s moral roles as well as emphasize the importance of leisurely culture, but the social hierarchy of Europe remained the same.
-European society changed from an aristocratic noble class to revolutionized citizens with equal rights in France with the spread of revolution throughout the nation. Continued methods of having a social hierarchy was continued, with the exception of a new “working” class.
-During the period of 1750-1914, intellectual advances and ideas continued to thrive, at the same time, revolutions and reform movements kept coming up throughout the period. However in the lives of most people, the focus of life shifted from work to leisure.
-People as always were divided according to their wealth, but as the social gap widened and property-less people increased, intellectual ideas such as socialism arose in trying to create a classless society.
-Between 1750 and 1914, social changes existed where status rested more on money rather than birth or privilege, and radical movements emerged such as feminism and socialism, while industrialization continued to develop and expand.