Health, safety and environment specification




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HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT SPECIFICATION

Fire and Explosion Risk Management
DOCUMENT ID - SP 1075

REVISION - 2.0

DATE - - 15/07/02








Authorised for Issue by the HSE IC 15/07/02

Document Authorisation

Document Authority

Document Custodian

Document Author

‘dapo Oguntoyinbo

Ref. Ind: CSM

Date: 15/07/02


Hamad Khalfeen

Ref. Ind: CSM/11

Date: 15/07/02


Hamad Khalfeen

Ref. Ind: CSM/11

Date: 15/07/02

The following is a brief summary of the four most recent revisions to this document. Details of all revisions prior to these are held on file by the Document Custodian.




Version No.

Date

Author

Scope / Remarks

Rev 2.0

June 2002

Hamad Khalfeen

Editorial changes, new format

Rev 1.0

July 1998




Updated to Incorporate Fire & Explosion Strategies

Rev 0.0

March 1990




Original issue as ERD 88-02














User Notes:
The requirements of this document are mandatory. Non-compliance shall only be authorised by CSM through STEP-OUT approval.
A controlled copy of the current version of this document is on PDO's EDMS. Before making reference to this document, it is the user's responsibility to ensure that any hard copy, or electronic copy, is current. For assistance, contact the Document Custodian.
This document is the property of Petroleum Development Oman, LLC. Neither the whole nor any part of this document may be disclosed to others or reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any means (electronic, mechanical, reprographic recording or otherwise) without prior written consent of the owner.
Users are encouraged to participate in the ongoing improvement of this document by providing constructive feedback.



Contents

1.0 Introduction 5

1.1 Purpose 5



1.1.1 Objectives 5

1.2 Scope 5

1.3 Definition 6

1.4 Deliverables 6

1.5 Roles and Responsibilities 6

1.6 Performance Monitoring 6

1.7 Review and Improvement 6

1.8 Reporting Format 7



2. Performance Requirements 8

2.1 Basis 8

2.2 Role of Pre-Fire Planning in System Design 9

2.3 FERM Engineering and Design Principles 9

2.4 Application of Fire and Explosion Strategies During Design 10

2.4.1 Modifications to Existing Facilities 10

2.4.2 Green Field Facilities 10

3.0 Detection and Protection Requirements 13

3.1 General 13



3.1.1 Fire Proofing of Supporting Structures 13

3.2 Hydrocarbon Handling Facilities 13



3.2.1 Wellheads 13

3.2.2 Oil/Gas Inlet Manifolds 13

3.2.3 Gathering, Production Stations & Storage Tanks 13

3.2.4 Gas Processing Facilities 21

3.2.5 Booster Stations 22

3.3 Utility Facilities 23



3.3.1 Power Stations 23

3.3.2 Control and Auxiliary Rooms 23

3.3.3 Electrical Substations and Switchgear Rooms 23

3.4 Office Buildings, Residential And Industrial Areas 23



3.4.1 General 23

3.4.2 Plans and Procedures 24

3.4.3 Office Buildings 24

3.4.4 Residential Areas 25

3.4.5 Industrial Areas 25

3.5 Airstrips 26



3.5.1 Aircraft rescue and fire fighting 26

3.5.2 Mobile Equipment 26

3.5.3 Air strip buildings 26

4.0 Detection Specifications 27

4.1 Detection Systems 27

4.2 Gas Detection 27

4.2.1 Flammable Gas Detection Philosophy 27

4.3 Fire Detection 28



4.3.1 Optical Flame Detection 28

4.3.2 Bimetallic Heat Detection 28

4.3.3 Fusible Plug Heat Detection 28

4.3.4 Fusible Link Heat Detection 28

4.3.5 FQB Heat Detection 29

4.3.6 Smoke Detection 29

4.4 Audible, Visual and Manual Alarm Call Points 30



4.4.1 Hydrocarbon Handling and Utility Facilities 30

5.0 Fire Protection Systems 31

5.1 Fire Water Systems 31



5.1.1 Fire Water Network – General 31

5.1.2 Fire Water Storage Tank 32

5.1.3 Fire Water Pumps 32

5.1.4 Hydrants 32

5.1.5 Monitors 33

5.2 Water Application Systems 33



5.2.1 Sprinkler Systems 34

5.2.2 Waterspray (Deluge) Systems 34

5.3 Foam Systems 35



5.3.1 General 35

5.3.2 Foam Concentrate 35

5.3.3 Foam Proportioning Systems 36

5.3.4 Foam Application Systems/Equipment 39

5.3.5 Foam Deluge Systems 45

5.3.6 Portable Foam Application Equipment 45

5.4 Fine Water Spray Systems 46

5.5 Gaseous Extinguishing Agent Systems 46

5.6 Portable Extinguishers 46



5.6.1 General 46

5.6.2 Standards for Portable Fire Extinguishers 46

6.0 Alarms and Executive Actions 47

6.1 General 47

6.2 Gas Turbines 47

7.0 Abbreviations 49

8.0 References 51

APPENDIX A - Relevant Standards, Specifications & Codes 52

APPENDIX B - Assessment of Business Risk Due To Fire and Explosion 56

APPENDIX C - Facility Group Categories 57

APPENDIX D - Typical Alarms and Executive Actions 59

Appendix E - Worked Examples 65


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