Guide to Ancient Egypt By Stuart Wier First appeared as




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Back to Contents Daily Life in Ancient Egypt Life in Ancient Egypt and Assyria. G. Maspero. Appleton and Company: New York, 1926. Life in Ancient Egypt. Adolf Erman. Trans. By H.M. Tirard. MacMillan and Company: London, 1894. Dated, but interesting for comparison purposes. Life of the Ancient Egyptians. Eugen Strouhal; with photographs by Werner Forman; foreword by Geoffrey T. Martin; [translated by Deryck Viney]. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1992. 279 p. (200 color illus., 90 black-and-white). The author is an anthropologist and archeologist. Color photos of Egyptian art or antiquities illustrate most every page. Very good for topic. Travel in the Ancient World. Lionel Casson. Johns Hopkins U. Press, 1994. 391 p. Egypt: Ancient culture, Modern land. Jaromir Malek, ed. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. 1993. 192 p. ancient and modern life The Cat in Ancient Egypt. Jaromir Malek. London: British Museum Press, 1993. 144p. By an accomplished scholar and writer, and one supposes, a cat lover. The Ancient Egyptians: Life in the Nile Valley. Viviane Koenig; illustrations by Veronique Ageorges; translated by Mary Kae LaRose. Brookfield, Conn. Millbrook Press, 1992. 64 p. Peoples of the past Translation of: Au Bord du Nil. Originally published Paris Editions Nathan, 1990. Sports and Games of Ancient Egypt. Wolfgang Decker; translated by Allen Guttmann. New Haven Yale University Press, 1992. 212 p. Fish and Fishing in Ancient Egypt. Douglas J. Brewer, Renee F. Friedman. Warminster, England: Aris & Phillips, 1989. 109 p. The Natural history of Egypt; v. 2 [what is vol 1?] Ancient Egyptian Society. David O'Connor. Pittsburgh, PA: Carnegie Museum of Natural History, 1990. 40 p. Egyptian Life, Miriam Stead, British Museum, 1989. 72p. [DMNS Lib.] All objects are in the British Museum. Egyptian Civilization: Daily Life, Anna Maria Donadoni Roveri, Electra (Milan), 1987. Shire Egyptology Series, "written by experts for the student." Shire Publications Ltd., Cromwell House, Church Street, Princes Risborough, Buckinghamshire HP179AJ England. (All in DMNS Library): 1. Mummies. Barbara Adams. 2. Gods and Myths. Angela Thomas. 3. Painting and Relief. Gay Robins. 4. Textiles. Rosalind Hall. 5. Pottery. Colin Hope. 6. Pyramids and Mastaba Tombs. Philip Wilson. 7. Predynastic Egypt. Barbara Adams. 8. Towns and Cities. Eric Uphill. 9. Food and Drink. Hilary Wilson. 10. Akhenaten's Egypt, Angela Thomas. 11. Coffins. John Taylor. 12. Household Animals Rosalind and Jack Janssen. 13. Metalworking and Tools. Bernd Scheel. 14. Rock-cut tombs. Aidan Dodson. 15. Medicine. Carole Reeves. 16. Warfare and Weapons. Ian Shaw. 17. Graeco-Roman Egypt. Simon Ellis. 18. Faience and Glass and 3 more new ones. Ancient Lives: Daily Life in Egypt of the Pharaohs John Romer. Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1984. 235 p. Surprisingly different from his excellent PBS series of the same name; more detailed and refined. Valley of the Kings workmen's village. Pharaoh's People: Scenes from Life in Imperial Egypt, T.G.H. James, Bodley Head, London; University of Chicago 1984. Vizier, judge, scribe, craftsman and others portrayed in detail. [DMNS Lib.] People of the Nile: Everyday Life in Ancient Egypt. John Romer. New York: Crown, 1982. 224 p. Informed, concise, lots of fine color photographs, and pleasant to read. Egypt's Golden Age: The Art of Living in the New Kingdom 1558-1085 B.C. Exhibit Catalog. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. 1982. Everyday Life in Egypt in the Days of Ramesses the Great, Pierre Montet, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1981. [DMNS Lib.] Ancient Egyptian Furniture. Geoffrey Killen. Warminster, Eng.: Aris & Phillips, 1980. Ancient Egyptian Mirrors: from the earliest times through the Middle Kingdom. Christine Lilyquist. Munchen; Berlin: Deutscher Kunstverlag, 1979. illus. A revision of the author's thesis, New York University. Red Land, Black Land: Daily Life in Ancient Egypt. Barbara Michaels (Barbara Mertz). Rev. ed. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1978. 385 p. Horizon Book of Daily Life in Ancient Egypt, Lionel Casson, McGraw, 1975. Travel in the Ancient World. Lionel Casson. London: Allen and Unwin, 1974. Ancient Egyptian Dances. Irena Lexova; with drawings made from reproductions of ancient Egyptian originals by Milada Lexova; Brooklyn, N.Y.: Dance Horizons, [1974?] 95 p. Sport in Ancient Egypt. A.D. Touny, Steffen Wenig. Leipzig: Edition Leipzig, 1969. 189 p. Thebes in the time of Amenhotep III, Elizabeth Riesfstahl, Univ. Oklahoma, 1964. Well written, with a few illustrations. Models of Daily Life in Ancient Egypt, from the Tomb of Meket-Re at Thebes. Herbert Eustis Winlock, Cambridge, Published for the Metropolitan Museum of Art by Harvard University Press, 1955.106 p. Publications of the Metropolitan Museum of Art Egyptian Expedition, v. 18 The Scepter of Egypt, 2 vols., W.C. Hayes, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1953; Cambridge 1959; New York 1990. "Good survey of material culture." [DMNS Lib.] The Home Life of the Ancient Egyptians. Nora Scott. New York, 1947. [DMNS Lib.] Toilet articles from Ancient Egypt, from the Charles Edwin Wilbour Memorial collection in the Brooklyn Museum. Brooklyn Museum, 1943. 14p. Back to Contents Exhibit Catalogs & Museum Guides Egypt's Dazzling Sun: Amenhotep III and his World. Arielle P. Kozloff, Betsy M. Bryan, and Lawrence Berman, Indiana University, 1992. 580 p. 565 illus. This period considered by some to be the golden age of Egyptian art. [DMNS Lib.] Also other publishers for this traveling exhibit. In the Tomb of Nefertari: Conservation of the wall paintings. Malibu, Calif. J. Paul Getty Museum, 1992. 88 p. "Published on the occasion of an exhibition at the J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, November 12, 1992-February 21, 1993." Egypt and Nubia, John Taylor, British Museum, 1991. For a new permanent exhibit. Reflections of greatness: Ancient Egypt at the Carnegie Museum of Natural History. Diana Craig Patch. Pittsburgh, Pa.: The Museum, 1990. 118 p. Ancient Egyptian Art in the Brooklyn Museum. Richard A. Fazzini et al. Brooklyn, N.Y.: The Brooklyn Museum and Thames and Hudson, 1989. Mummies and Magic The Funerary Arts of Ancient Egypt. Sue D'Auria, Peter Lacovara, and Catherine H. Roehrig. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1988. 276 p. Very detailed catalog for an exhibit from Boston in Dallas 1990-2000. Beyond the Pyramids: Egyptian Regional Art from the Museo Egizio, Turin. Gay Robins, ed. 96 pp. 54 color plates, 100 b&w photos. From the First Intermediate Period and Middle Kingdom. Includes important essays on the period. Pharaohs and Mortals: Egyptian art in the Middle Kingdom. catalogue by Janine Bourriau; with a contribution by Stephen Quirke. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press; Cambridge Fitzwilliam Museum, 1988. 167 p. Exhibition organized by the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge 1988. "This is an excellent treatise on Middle Kingdom art, which seeks to weave the art of the period into the historical development of the Middle Kingdom." Through Ancient Eyes: Egyptian portraiture: an exhibition organized for the Birmingham Museum of Art, Birmingham, Alabama, April 21-July 31, 1988. by Donald Spanel. 159 p. Ramses II: The Great Pharaoh and His Time, Rita Freed, Denver Museum of Natural History, 1987. [DMNS Lib.] The Egypt of the Pharaohs at the Cairo Museum, Jean Pierre Corteggiana, Scala, 1987, 191 p. The pieces in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. Official Catalog of the Egyptian Museum Cairo, Mohamed Saleh and Hourig Sourouzian, Prestel-Verlag, 1987, 268 p. Egyptian Sculpture, T.J.H. James and W. V. Davies, Harvard University Press, 1983. 72 p. Survey of the Egyptian Sculpture Gallery of the British Museum. Egypt's Golden Age: The Art of Living in the New Kingdom 1558-1085 B.C. Exhibit Catalog. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. 1982. The British Museum and Ancient Egypt, T. G. H. James, London 1981. Africa in antiquity: the arts of ancient Nubia and the Sudan. Brooklyn, N.Y.: Brooklyn Museum, 1978. 2 v. Catalog of the exhibition held at the Brooklyn Museum, September 30-December 31, 1978. Treasures of Tutankhamun. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1974. The Tut exhibition catalog has beautiful photographs and good text, if you can find a used copy. Ancient Hierakonpolis. Barbara Adams; with an introd. by H. S. Smith. Warminster, Eng., Aris & Phillips, 1974. 87 p. Catalogue of objects in the Petrie Collection in the Dept. of Egyptology, University College London. Akhenaten and Nefertiti. Cyril Aldred. Viking 1973. 231 p. Exhibition catalog of 175 items. "One of the best books on the subject." Egyptian Museum, Cairo. Sergio Donadoni. NY: Newsweek, 1969. 173 p. 135 Color photos of the best pieces. Ancient Egypt as represented in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. William Stevenson Smith, curator of Egyptian art. 4th ed., fully revised. Boston, 1960 215 p. Egyptian Sculpture of the Late Period, 700 B.C. to 100 A.D. B. V. Bothmer. New York: Brooklyn Museum, 1960. Exhibit catalog. The Scepter of Egypt, 2 vols., W.C. Hayes, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1953; Cambridge 1959; New York 1990. History as illustrated by art, household objects, etc., from the Met collection. Also an excellent catalog of the Met's Egyptian collection. "Dated info, but good survey of material culture." [DMNS Lib.] Back to Contents Exploration & Excavations in Egypt, & Early Travels Cities in the Delta II. Mendes. Preliminary Report on the 1979 and 1980 Seasons. Karen Wilson. Undena Publications: Malibu, California, 1982. Cities of the Delta III. Tell El-Maskhuta. Preliminary Report on the Wadi Tumilat Project 1978-1979. Undena Publications: Malibu, California, 1982. Archaeological report. Discovering Ancient Egypt. Rosalie David. New York, N.Y.: Facts on File Publications, 1993. 192 pages. Ms. David is an authority on Egypt. River in the Desert: Modern travels in ancient Egypt. Paul William Roberts. New York: Random House, 1993. 394 p. The Search for Ancient Egypt, Jean Vercoutter, 207 p., Abrams 1992; Thames and Hudson 1992. 208 p. Small paperback but excellent color illustrations from nineteenth century accounts of discoveries and travels. Vercoutter, a French Academician, worked in Egypt. The Monuments of Egypt: The Napoleonic Edition. Charles Gillespie and Michel Dewachter, eds. NY: Princeton Architectural Press, ca. 1990. [DMNS Lib.] The First Hundred Years: Egyptology at University College London 1892 - 1992, R. Jansen, UCL, 1992. The Rape of the Nile: Tomb Robbers, Tourists, and Archaeologists. Brian M. Fagan. NY: Scribners, 1975; revised 1992. 407 p. "... a lively account of those who ventured in Egypt - from the ancients themselves to the flamboyant plunderers of the 19th century." "fascinating" The Golden Age of Travel 1880-1939. Alexis Gregory. New York: Rizzoli, 1991. The chapter "Egypt" has good illustrations, including a picnic lunch in a tomb with servants and Champagne. The Discovery of Egypt, Fernand Beaucour, Flammarion, 272 p., ca. 1990. Napoleon to the founding of the Egyptian Museum of Cairo. Excavating in Egypt - The Egypt Exploration Society, 1882 - 1982, T.G.H. James, editor, University of Chicago, 1983. many historical photos. The works of this important organization after its first one hundred years. [DMNS Lib.] The Rediscovery of Ancient Egypt: artists and travellers in the 19th century. Peter A. Clayton. London Thames and Hudson, 1982. 192 p. [DMNS Lib.] The British Museum and Ancient Egypt, T. G. H. James, London 1981. Excavating in Egypt. Herbert Winlock. New York: Metropolitan Museum, 1975. Who Was Who in Egyptology, W. Dawson and E. P. Uphill, Egyptian Exploration Society London, 1972. Does not include workers living in 1969. Thousands of Years; an Archaeologist's Search for Ancient Egypt. John A. Wilson. New York, Scribner 1972 218 p. The Genesis of British Egyptology 1549 - 1906. John David Wortham. Oklahoma, 1971. A History of Egyptian Archeology, Fred Bratton, Crowell, 1968. Gods, Graves, and Scholars. C. W. Ceram. Alfred Knopf, 2nd ed., 1967. 441 p. 125 pages on Egypt. The Discovery of Egypt, Leslie Greener, Viking, New York, 1967; Marlboro 1990. Signs and Wonders upon Pharaoh, John Wilson, University of Chicago, 1964. An excellent history of archaeology in Egypt, with emphasis on American workers. Very good annotated bibliography. The World of the Past. Jacquetta Hawkes. 2 vols. Alfred Knopf, 1963. Essays and accounts by excavators and scholars. "The Egyptian World" is in volume 1. The Egyptian Department and Its Excavations. Dows Dunham. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts. 1958. 151 p. Tombs, Temples & Ancient Art. Joseph Lindon Smith. Norman: University of Oklahoma, 1956. Tanis, douze annees de fouilles dans une capitale oubliee du delta egyptien. Pierre Montet. Paris, 1942. Montet, not Indiana Jones, excavated Tanis. Travels in Egypt 1880-1891: Letters of Charles Wilbour, Jean Capart, ed. Brooklyn Museum, 1936. The Glory of the Pharaohs. A. E. P. B. Weigall. New York, 1933. Seventy Years in Archaeology, W. M. Flinders Petrie, New York, H. Holt and Company 1932. Reminiscences. A. H. Sayce. London, 1923. Methods & Aims in Archaeology. W. M. Flinders Petrie, New York, B. Blom, 1972. 208 p. Reprint of the 1904 edition. Narrative of the Operations and Recent Discoveries within the Pyramids, Temples, Tombs, etc., Giovanni Battista Belzoni, John Murray, London, 1822, 2 volumes. Back to Contents Films: Documentary With the rapid growth of cable television in the past three years, this section is now missing the recent programs. "The Face of Tutankhamun" five part BBC series on TutAnkhAmun's artifacts. For sale, in somewhat reduced length, in US. Some weaknesses typical of popular television productions. 1992. "This Old Pyramid" PBS television 1992. Egyptologist Mark Lehner, a leader of the Giza Plateau Mapping Project, talks about the Pyramids and oversees construction of small replica pyramid to test some plausible construction ideas. Fun, informative, and believable. 90 minutes. on videotape "Scenes from the Excavation of King TutAnkhAmen's Tomb" New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. Silent b&w cinema footage by the MMA's photographer Harry Burton. Not yet for sale. "Egypt The Habit of Civilization" by Michael Wood. Part of the PBS "Legacy” television series. Maryland Public Television and Central Independent Television; New York: Ambrose Video Publishing, 1991 57 min. Overview of Egypt from ancient times until the Muslim takeover, with focus on religion. Wood sees living links connecting ancient Egypt to modern culture, especially in religious ideas and practices. Very effectively presented. "Legend of the Nile," Denver Museum of Natural History, 1988. "Pyramid" narrated by David MacCauley, PBS television special, 1988. One hour. Inspired by MacCauley's book "Pyramid," this includes footage of MacCauley on-site explaining the pyramids and an animated story of the building of The Great Pyramid. Aside from the speculative court intrigue in the animated part, most everything here is correct or possibly so, as far as we can tell. "Ancient Lives" a five-part PBS television series for PBS by John Romer (his books are listed above under Daily Life), circa 1984. Very good; uses the worker's village of Dier El Medina as a starting point for several topics about daily life and history in the late New Kingdom. Has a charm I find very appealing. Warning: This is a dangerous program; it may make you want to become an Egyptologist. You may spend excessive time reading about a vanished civilization and end up poking around desert valleys west of Thebes. Don't forget to wear a hat, to leave outside holes which you crawl into. "In the Beginning," written and narrated by Kenneth Clark, 1976, a British work financed by Readers Digest. The best general overview of ancient Egypt on film. 58 minutes. Clark one of the top art historians of his generation, who made the BBC "Civilisation" program. Back to Contents Hieroglyphs & the Egyptian Philology - Basic Books A brief introduction to this topic gives you basic ideas and some common written phrases. Beyond that you discover you are learning an ancient and forgotten language along with a writing system. Hieroglyphs are not picture writing, and there were two other scripts used to write Egyptian. The first book listed here is generally regarded as the best introductory book for adults. The first four books listed here are recommended by Bob Hanawalt of the ESS as ones suitable for a serious student of hieroglyphs. Students not able to attend ESS classes may take a course of instruction in hieroglyphs by mail from the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago. Hieroglyphs without Mystery, Karl-Theodor Zauzich, Austin: University of Texas, 1992. 121 pages. One of the best introductions. German original edition 1980. Egyptian Grammar, Alan Gardiner, Aris and Phillips, 3rd ed., 1982. 682 p. "The bible of hieroglyphs." This is used in beginning and graduate courses on hieroglyphs. Useful introductory material on several topics for beginners here, too. Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian, Raymond Faulkner, Oxford, 1988. "A required text for any serious hieroglyph study." A dictionary of hieroglyphs: look up what hieroglyphs mean. English/Egyptian Index of Faulkner's Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian. David Shennum. Malibu, California: Undena Press. Egyptian hieroglyph equivalents to English words listed alphabetically; the reverse of the order in Faulkner's book. Sold by the Oriental Institute, Chicago. The Story of Writing, Alphabets, Hieroglyphs and Pictographs. Andrew Robinson.[1995?] 224 p. Middle Egyptian. John B. Callender. Undena Publications: Malibu, California, 1975. An Outline of Middle Egyptian Grammar. For Use in Academic Instruction. Helmut Brunner. Trans. Boyo Ockinga. Graz, 1979. Another method or alternative to Gardiner’s approach. Mittelägyptisch Grammatik für Anfänger. Erhart Graefe. 5th ed. Harrassowitz Verlag: Weisbaden, 1997. Another approach to Middle Egyptian for beginners. Ancient Egyptian Language. Easy Lessons in Egyptian Hieroglyphics with Sign List. E.A. Wallis Budge. 8th ed. London, 1966. Papyrus. Richard Parkinson and Stephen Quirke. Austin: University of Texas, 1995. 96 p. many illustrations. Hieroglyphs from A to Z: A Rhyming book with ancient Egyptian stencils for kids. Peter Der Manuelian. Boston: Museum of FIne Arts, 1991. Egyptian Hieroglyphic Grammar. With Vocabularies, Exercises, Chrestomathy (A First-Reader), Sign-List and Glossary. S.A.B. Mercer. London, 1926. Who were the Pharaohs. Stephen Quirke. British Museum, 1990. 80 p. [US: Dover Publications]. Brief biography of prominent pharaohs; not children's book. Hieroglyph name of each is shown. Ancient Egyptian Calligraphy A Beginners Guide to Writing Hieroglyphs, Henry G. Fischer, Metropolitan Museum, NY, 1988. [DMNS Lib.] How to read the names of the Pharaohs. Erika Scott. 1988. Pharaonic names and translations. Reading the Past Egyptian Hieroglyphs, W. V. Davies, 1987, University of California, 64 pages. Good introduction; leaves you wanting more. Introducing Egyptian Hieroglyphs, and, More About Egyptian Hieroglyphs. Barbara Watterson, Scottish Academic Press 1987. Good introduction to both the signs and to Egyptian grammar, an unusual feature for introductory books on hieroglyphs. The Sons of Re: Cartouches of the Kings of Egypt, John Rose, Deanprint Limited U.K., 1985. The kings, and their names in hieroglyphs. Forgotten Scripts: Their Ongoing Discovery and Decipherment, Cyrus H. Gordon, Basic Books, 1982. The Rosetta Stone, Carol Andrews, 62 p., British Museum, 1981; Peter Bendrick NY 1985. Brief, good, adult level. The Story of Decipherment, M. Pope, London, 1975. Fun with Hieroglyphs, Catherine Roehrig, Metropolitan Museum of Art. A project kit for children to use hieroglyphs to write English; includes 24 rubber stamps of the hieroglyphs which come closest to being an alphabet. Since there are few hieroglyphs for vowel sounds, this is make-believe, but fun. Good to stimulate children's interest. Late Egyptian Grammar. Jaroslav Cerny, Sarah Israelit Groll, Christopher Eyre. 3rd ed. Biblical Institute Press: Rome, 1984. The “bible” for anyone interested in learning late Egyptian. Back to Contents Philological Topics See also books listed under Literature, below. The Rosetta Stone. E.A. Wallis Budge. London, 1922. Translation and commentary on this key to the decipherment of Egyptian hieroglyphs. The Predynastic Origin of Egyptian Hieroglyphs. Evidence for the Development of Rudimentary Forms of Hieroglyphs in Upper Egypt in the Fourth Millennium B.C. William S. Arnett. University Press of America: Washington, D.C., 1982. Die Inscriften der ägyptischen Frühzeit III. Peter Kaplony. Weisbaden, 1963. Solid work on the archaic script of the ancient Egyptians. Egyptian Hieroglyphs of the First and Second Dynasties. Hilda U. Petrie. London, 1927. Dated, but still important work on archaic ancient Egyptian. The Egyptian Book of the Dead The Book of Going Forth by Day. translated by Raymond Faulkner; preface by Carol Andrews. Chronicle Books. [1995] "The first authentic presentation of the complete papyrus of Ani." The finest English translation of the text." Hieroglyphs and English text side by side. Large format. The Rhind Mathematical Papyrus. Gay Robins and Charles Shute. New York: Dover. 88 p. Includes 24 color plates of the papyrus. Original in British Museum. Before Writing, Denise Schmandt-Besserat, University of Texas, 700 pages, 1992. The Epigraphic Survey Annual Report 1990-1991, Peter F. Dorman, The Oriental Institute. A recent report from this decades-long undertaking to record ancient inscriptions. Aspects of the military documents of the Ancient Egyptians. Anthony John Spalinger. New Haven Yale University Press, 1982, 1983. 258 p. The Name of the Dead: TutAnkhamun Translated, Hany Assaad, Bebben, 1979 "Excellent book for hieroglyph students- doubles as a practical workbook." The Palermo Stone and the Archaic Kings of Egypt. Patrick O'Mara. La Canada, CA: Paulette, 1979. [DMNS Lib.] Ramesside Inscriptions. K. A. Kitchen. Oxford: Blackwell, 1979, 1980. 3 vols. transliteration of all the principle texts relating to Ramesses II. "mammoth project" Vol II has 928 pages. Kadesh Inscriptions of Ramesses II. A. H. Gardiner. Oxford: Griffith Institute, 1975. 65 p. The Report of Wenamun. Hans Goedicke. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1975 vii, 192 p. Egyptian language papyri translated The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts, translated into English by R. O. Faulkner Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1969. 88 p. The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts Supplement of Hieroglyphic Texts. R. O. Faulkner, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1969. 330 p. Origins of the Book; Egypt's contribution to the development of the book from papyrus to codex Mohamed A. Hussein. Translated by Dorothy Jaeschke and Douglas Sharp Greenwich, Conn., New York Graphic Society 1972. Translation of Vom Papyrus zum Codex: der Beitrag Ägyptens zur Buchkultur. The Hekanakhte Papers and other Early Middle Kingdom Documents. T.J.H. James. New York: Metropolitan Museum, 1962. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings. Bertha Porter and Rosalind Moss. Oxford: Griffith Institute, Ashmolean Museum. Including the following titles: Volume I part I. The Theban Necropolis Private Tombs. 520 p. 8 maps. Volume I part II. The Theban Necropolis Royal Tombs and Smaller Cemeteries. 440 p. 20 maps. Volume II. Theban Temples. 622 p. 49 maps and plans. Volume III Part I. Memphis. Abu Rawash to Abusir. 422 p. 40 plans and maps. Volume III part II. Memphis. Saqqara to Dahshur. 657 p. 36 maps and plans. Volume IV. Lower and Middle Egypt. 320 p. 33 plans, 6 maps. Volume V. Upper Egypt Sites. 315 p. 32 plans. 4 maps. Volume VI. Upper Egypt Chief Temples. 283 p. 40 plans. Volume VII. Nubia, The Deserts, and Outside Egypt. 488 p. 63 plans, 8 maps. Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache. 3rd ed. Vols. 1-7. Belegstellen Vol.1-5. Adolf Erman and Hermann Grapow. Berlin, 1982. Dated, but indispensible dictionary of the Egyptian language. Must be used in conjunction with more recent dictionaries, like the next entry. Die Sprache der Pharaonen. Großes Handwörterbuch Ägyptisch-Deutsch (2800-950 v. Chr.). Rainer Hannig. Philipp von Zabern: Mainz, 1995. Most up-to-date Egyptian-German dictionary. Use with the above source for in depth analysis. Back to Contents Histories – General Histories of Ancient Egypt (See also the first section of the Reader's Guide: "General Accounts of Ancient Egypt") A History of Ancient Egypt. Nicolas Grimal; translated by Ian Shaw. Oxford, UK; Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell, 1992. 512 p. Translation of: Histoire de l'Egypte Ancienne. The latest history of ancient Egypt, including recent data on field work. Excellent bibliography, approximately 80 pages. Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times, Donald B. Redford, Princeton 1992. Best current survey of Egyptian foreign relations with Syria-Palestine and Mesopotamia, although the part on the origin of the Israelites is rather speculative. Very dense, but well documented and readable. Ancient Nubia: Egypt's Rival in Africa. David O'Connor, Philadelphia: The University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, 1994. 224 p. Bronze Age through Christian era. Nubia, Ancient Kingdoms of Africa, Joyce L. Haynes, Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 64 p. 1992. Egypt and Africa: Nubia from Prehistory to Islam, ed. W. V. Davies, British Museum, 320 p., 1991. Thirty essays on Nubian archaeology. A Short History of Ancient Egypt. David O'Connor. Pittsburgh, PA: Carnegie Museum of Natural History, 1990. 40 p. very short! The Egyptian Kingdoms, Rosalie David, Peter Bendrick, 1988. Ancient Egypt: the Land and its Legacy. T.G.H. James. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press, 1988. 223 p. Profiles of nine key locations with photos of both artifacts and the modern setting. Ancient Egypt: A Social History. Bruce Trigger, Barry Kemp, David O'Connor, Alan Lloyd. Cambridge University, 1983. 450 p. four top researchers work together. Temples, Tombs, and Hieroglyphs: a Popular history of Ancient Egypt. Barbara Michaels (Barbara Mertz). Rev. ed. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1978. 335 p. The Cambridge Ancient History, third edition, editors I.E.S. Edwards and others, volumes I-II, 1970; reprinted 1974, 1976, 1980. A different author for several phases of Egyptian history, each an authority in his area. Egypt of the Pharaohs, Sir Alan Gardiner, Oxford 1960; 1966. 460p. A little dry, but by an expert on Egypt and hieroglyphs. "classic authoritative work." Includes translations of several important texts. [DMNS Lib.] The Scepter of Egypt, 2 vols., W.C. Hayes, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1953; Cambridge 1959; New York 1990. History as illustrated by art, household objects, etc., from the Met collection. [DMNS Lib.] The Culture of Ancient Egypt. John Wilson. University of Chicago, 1951. hardback title The Burden of Egypt. "thoughtful, urbanely written, an intellectual history and a fine one" [DMNS Lib.] A History of Egypt, from the earliest times to the Persian conquest. James Henry Breasted. Fully rev. New York, Scribner's Sons, 1905, 1937. 634 p. 2nd. edition Scribner's 1948; Bantam, 1967. This was a basic work for decades. Comprehensive, though now 50 years behind times.
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