GÖrev aldiğim projeler 1- projenin Adı: Ülkesel antep fistiği entegre mücadele araştirma, geliŞTİrme ve eğİTİm projesi




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Dr. Halil BOLU

Dicle University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant Protection, 21280 Diyarbakır-Turkey, e-mail: besni@dicle.edu.tr, hbolu@hotmail.com

GÖREV ALDIĞIM PROJELER

1- Projenin Adı: ÜLKESEL ANTEP FISTIĞI ENTEGRE MÜCADELE ARAŞTIRMA , GELİŞTİRME VE EĞİTİM PROJESİ

1-Proje No : KKGA-B-U-18

2- Başlama ve Bitiş Tarihleri : 1992-1999

3- Koordinatör Enstitü : Diyarbakır Zirai Mücadele Araştırma Enstitüsü

4- Görev Alan Kuruluşlar : Diyarbakır ve Adana Zirai Mücadele Araştırma Enstitüsü

Projedeki Görevi : Entomoloji Bölüm Lideri


2- Projenin Adı: GÜNEYDOĞU ANADOLU BÖLGESİNDE ANTEPFISTIĞI ALANLARINDA ÖNEMLİ ZARARLI VE YARARLI BÖCEK TÜRLERİ VE YAYILIŞ ALANLARININ BELİRLENMESİ ÜZERİNDE ARAŞTIRMALAR

1-Proje No : BKA/04-E-045

2- Başlama ve Bitiş Tarihleri : 1992-1995

3- Koordinatör Enstitü : Diyarbakır Zirai Mücadele Araştırma Enstitüsü

4- Görev Alan Kuruluşlar : Diyarbakır ve Adana Zirai Mücadele Araştırma Enstitüsü

Projedeki Görevi : 1992 Yardımcı, 1993-1995 Lider


3- Projenin Adı: GÜNEYDOĞU ANADOLU BÖLGESİ ANTEPFISTIĞI (Pistacia vera L.) YETİŞTİRME ALANLARINDA BULUNAN AVCI COCCINELLIDAE (COLEOPTERA) TÜRLERİNİN ANTEPFISTIĞI PİSİLLİDİ (Agonoscena pistaciae Burckhardt and Lauterer) (HOMOPTERA: PSYLLIDAE)'ne ETKİNLİĞİ ÜZERİNDE ARAŞTIRMALAR

1. Projenin İlgili Olduğu Grup: Biyolojik Mücadele

2. Projenin Tipi : A

3. Proje No : BK/97/05/04/104

4. Proje Lideri : Uzman Halil BOLU Diyarbakır Zirai Mücadele Araşt. Enst.

5. Yardımcı Araştırıcılar : Musa BÜYÜK Diyarbakır Zirai Mücadele Araştırma Enstitüsü

: Canan ÇELİK Diyarbakır Zirai Mücadele Araştırma Enstitüsü

6. Projeyi Yürüten Kuruluş : Diyarbakır Zirai Mücadele Araştırma Enstitüsü

7. İşbirliği Yapılacak Kuruluş: Ç. Üni. Ziraat Fakültesi Bitki Koruma Bölümü

8. Projenin Başlama ve Bitiş Tarihi: 01/10/1996 -01/10/1998


4- Projenin Adı: DİYARBAKIR, ELAZIĞ, MARDİN BADEMLERİNDE ZARARLI VE YARARLI BÖCEK TÜRLERİNİN BELİRLENMESİ VE ÖNEMLİ TÜRLERİN POPULASYON DEĞİŞİMLERİ ÜZERİNDE ARAŞTIRMALAR

1. Proje No : TÜBİTAK TOGTAG 2886

2. Proje Yürütücüsü : Yrd. Doç. Dr. Halil BOLU

3. Proje Lideri : Yrd. Doç. Dr. Halil BOLU

4. Yardımcı Araştırıcılar : Uzm. Muharrem ÇINAR Diyarbakır Zirai Müc. Araşt. Enst.

: Uzm. İnanç ÖZGEN Diyarbakır Zirai Mücadele Araşt. Enst.

5. Projeyi Destekleyen Kuruluşlar : TÜBİTAK

6. İşbirliği Yapılan Kuruluş : Diyarbakır Zirai Mücadele Araştırma Enstitüsü

7. Projenin Başlama ve Bitiş Tarih i: 01/03/2002 -01/03/2005

5- Projenin Adı: MARDİN İLİ KİRAZ BAHÇELERİNDE ZARARLI KİRAZ SİNEĞİ (Rhagoletis Cerasi L.) (Diptera: Tephritidae) ’NE KARŞI BÜTÜNLEŞİK MÜCADELE YÖNTEMLERİNİN KULLANILMASI

1. Proje No : DÜAPK-02-ZF-60

2. Proje Lideri : Yrd. Doç. Dr. Halil BOLU

3. Yardımcı Araştırıcılar : Uzm. İnanç ÖZGEN Diyarbakır Zirai Mücadele Araşt. Enst.


4. Projeyi Destekleyen Kuruluş: D. Ü. Araştırma Proje Koordinatörlüğü (DÜAPK)


5. İşbirliği Yapılan Kuruluş : Diyarbakır Zirai Mücadele Araştırma Enstitüsü

6. Projenin Başlama ve Bitiş Tarihi: 01/03/2003 -01/03/2005


6- Projenin Adı: DİYARBAKIR İLİ ANTEPFISTIĞI ALANLARINDAKİ BÖCEK FAUNASININ BELİRLENMESİ

1. Proje No : DÜBAP 10-ZF-136

2. Proje Sorumlusu : Yrd. Doç. Dr. Halil BOLU

3. Proje Lideri : Abulkadir ŞİMŞEK


4. Projenin Başlama ve Bitiş Tarihi: 01/03/2010 -01/03/2012

7- Projenin Adı: Diyarbakır, Mardin ve Elazığ İllerinde Meyve Ağaçlarında Bulunan Coleoptera Takımına Ait Türler ve Yayılış Alanlarının Saptanması

1. Proje No : DÜBAP 10-ZF-41

2. Proje Sorumlusu : Yrd. Doç. Dr. Halil BOLU

3. Proje Lideri : Veysi MARAL

4. Projenin Başlama ve Bitiş Tarihi: 01/03/2009 -01/03/2013

8- Projenin Adı: CImbex quadrImaculata (Hymenoptera: CImbIcIdae)’nİn Entomopatojenlerinin Tespiti ve Etkinliklerinin Belirlenmesi Üzerinde Araştırmalar

1. Proje No : DÜBAP 10-ZF-87

2. Proje Sorumlusu : Yrd. Doç. Dr. Halil BOLU

3. Proje Lideri : Yrd. Doç. Dr. Halil BOLU

4. Yardımcı Araştırıcılar: Doç. Dr. İnanç ÖZGEN, Doç. Dr. İsmail DEMİR, Uzm. Filiz ÖZKAN ÇAKICI


4. Projenin Başlama ve Bitiş Tarihi: 01/03/2010 -01/03/2014



YÜKSEK LİSANS VE DOKTORA TEZLERİM

1) Yüksek Lisans Tezi: Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesinde Antepfıstığı (Pistacia vera L.)'nda Yaprak Pisillidi (Agonoscena pistaciae Burck. and Laut.) (Homoptera: Psyllidae)'nin Farklı Fıstık Çeşitlerinde Populasyon Değişimi ve Biyolojisi Üzerinde Araştırmalar. Çukurova Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü. Ocak, 1995-Adana. S. 54.

Destekleyen Kuruluşlar: Tarım Bakanlığı

Çukurova Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü



2) Doktora Tezi: Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesi Antepfıstıklarında Zararlı Coccoidea Türleri, Yayılış Alanları, Doğal Düşmanları ve Suturaspis pistaciae Lindinger (Homoptera; Diaspididae)'nın Populasyon Gelişmesinin Belirlenmesi. Çukurova Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü. Mart, 1999-Adana. S. 84.

Destekleyen Kuruluşlar: Tarım Bakanlığı

Çukurova Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü




  1. SCI SCIENCE CITATION INDEX

    1. BOLU, H. & K. KARA 2006. A new host (Nordmannia acaciae (Fabricius) (Lep.: Lycaenidae)) record for Aplomya confinis (Fallén) (Dip.: Tachinidae) from Turkey. Belg. J. Zool., 136 (1) : 113-114.

Abstract

This study was carried out in 2004. The larvae of Nordmannia acaciae were collected from almond tree plantations in the provinces of Diyarbakir, Elazig and Mardin Turkey during April, June and were brought to the laboratory for rearing. During the course of the study, a total 52 larvae of the host were collected. The larvae were reared in boxes containing almond leafs from the same field. Distilled water was provided. The larvae were reared at a temperature of 26±1°C, relative humidity of 65±5 %, and illumination of 3500 lux for 16 hours per day. The boxes were checked daily. The last instar tachinid larvae left the host larvae and transformed to the puparia next to the remains of their hosts. Host pupae and tachinid puparia were placed in separate petri dishes containing moistened cotton until the adult moths and flies emerged. Nordmannia acaciae is a new host record for Aplomya confinis.



KEY WORDS: Aplomya confinis, New host, Nordmannia acaciae, Almond, Turkey.


    1. BOLU, H. & İ. ÖZGEN, 2007. Life History and Biology of Diloba caeruleocephala (Figure of Eight) (Lepidoptera; Noctuidae). Belg. J. Zool. 137 (2) : 133-136.

Abstract

Diloba caeruleocephala (L.) is an important pest in fruit-growing areas of Turkey where its hosts include almond, apple, pear, plum, peach, apricot, and cherry. We studied the life history of this species using Amygdalus communis L. (Rosacae) as its host at 26oC, 60±5% RH, with 16: 8 (L: D) photoperiod and fluorescent lighting in the laboratory. Their eggs are laid in clusters on shoots of the host and hatch in about 6 days. The life cycle from egg to adult requires 27-35 days. Adults mate 3-4 days after emergence, and females begin laying eggs 3 days later.

KEY WORDS: Diloba caeruleocephala, Figure of Eight, Moth, Noctuidae

    1. ÇAKMAK, Ö., BASHAN, M. and BOLU, H. 2007. The fatty acid compositions of predator Piocoris luridus (Heteroptera: Lygaeidae) and its host Monosteria unicostata (Heteroptera: Tingidae) reared on almond. Insect Science.14: 461-466.

Abstract

The changes in fatty acid compositions during nutritional interaction among almond Amygdalus communis Linnaeus (Rosales: Rosaceae) (host plant), lacebug Monosteria unicostata (Mulsant and Rey) (Heteroptera: Tingidae) and its predator Piocoris luridus Fieber (Heteroptera: Lygaeidae) were determined by gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses. The fatty acid profiles of phospholipids and triacylglycerols were substantially different. Unlike the general observations for virtually most terrestrial insects, arachidonic and eicosapentaenoic acids were detected in high proportions of phospholipid fractions in both insects, especially in P. luridus. Also the almond tissues provide very little oleic acid to the herbivore diet, yet both insect species developed high proportions of this component. Our data reveals instances of specific accumulation of fatty acid biosynthesis, elongation/desaturation, and not incorporating selected fatty acids into cellular lipids.



KEY WORDS: Arachidonic acid;insect fatty acid; Monosteria unicostata; Piocoris luridus; phospholipids;triacylglycerols

    1. BOLU, H. & HAYAT, R. 2008. A New Host [Parthenolecanium persicae (Homoptera: Coccidae)] Record for Eupeodes corollae (Fabricius) (Diptera: Syrphidae) from Turkey. Turk. J. Zool. 32: 79-84.

Abstract

This study was carried out in 2005. The larvae, virgin, and adult females of Parthenolecanium persicae, and larvae of Eupeodes corollae were collected from almond tree plantations in the province of Diyarbakir, Turkey, during May and June, and brought to the laboratory for rearing. P. persicae was determined as a new host of E. corollae.



KEY WORDS: Parthenolecanium persicae, Eupeodes corollae, Syrphidae, predator, Turkey

    1. BOLU, H. 2008. A New Host Sphenoptera tappesi Marseul (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) for Dolichomitus kriechbaumeri (Schulz) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) from Turkey. Turk. J. Zool. 32: 225-226.

Abstract

This study was conducted during April-June 2004 in Diyarbakir province. The ichneumonid parasitoid, Dolichomitus kriechbaumeri (Schulz) (syn. subglabratus), was reared from the larvae of Sphenoptera tappesi Marseul, which infests the trunks and twigs of peach and plum trees in orchards. S. tappesi is a new host for D. kriechbaumeri.



KEY WORDS: Dolichomitus kriechbaumeri, Sphenoptera tappesi, new host, Ichneumonidae

    1. BOLU, H., ÖZGEN, İ. & BAYRAM, A. 2008. On Spider Fauna of Almond Orchards in the Eastern and Southeastern of Anatolia Regions. Turk. J. Zool. 32: 263-270.

Abstract

This research was carried out in almond orchards (Amygdalus sp.) in Eastern and Southeastern Anatolia in 2003 in order to determine the spider fauna. Among the 129 specimens collected, 21 species belonging to 16 genera and 9 families were recorded at 10 localities with more spiders in the almond orchards in these regions. Among the species, Atea sturmi (Hahn, 1831) is a new record for the araneo-fauna of Turkey. The study was the first on spider fauna in almond orchards in Turkey.



KEY WORDS: Spider, Araneae, almond orchard, fauna, bio-control, Turkey

    1. ÖZGEN, İ.& BOLU, H., 2009. Determination of Sphaerolecanium prunastri (Boyer de Fonscolombe, 1834) (Hemiptera: Coccidae) Plum scale, the distribution, infestations and natural enemies in Malatya province in Turkey. Türk. entomol. derg., 33 (2): 83-91.

Abstract

The study has been carried out by the technique of working in land and making observations performed as biweekly periods in march and november, with the aim of determining the distribution, infestation and natural enemies of Sphaerolecanium prunastri (Boyer de Fonscolombe, 1834) (Hemiptera: Coccidae) in the province of Malatya between the years of 2003 and 2004. In consequence of the study, it was determined that the S. prunastri was distributed in the Center, in the districts of Battalgazi, Kale Yazıhan and Yeşilyurt, which are located in the province of Malatya. In addition, it was detected that the infections higher in the district of Yazıhan than it is in the other sampling areas. In the scope of the study which has been carried out in order to determine the natural enemies of the above mentioned pest, the Pachyneuron muscarum (L.,1758), Coccophagus lycimna (Walker,1839), Metaphycus sp., Exochomus quadripustulatus (L.,1758), Cybocephalus fodori minor (Endrödy&Younga), Chrysopa sp. species and also Metaphycus sp. have been identified as the natural enemies of the pest.



KEY WORDS: Sphaerolecanium prunastri, apricot, distribution, natural enemies

    1. BOLU, H., BEYARSLAN, A., YILDIRIM, H. & AKTÜRK, Z., 2009. Two new host records of Atanycolus ivanowi (Kokujev, 1898) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) from Turkey. Türk. entomol. derg., 33 (4): 279-287.

Abstract

This study was carried out in Diyarbakır province in Southeastern Region of Turkey between 2008 and 2009. The larvae of Sphenoptera (Tropeopeltis) tappesi Marseul, 1865 (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) and Osphranteria coerulescens inaurata Holzschuh, 1981 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) were collected from peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch], sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.), apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) and plum (Prunus cerasifera Ehrh.) tree plantations in Diyarbakir province of Turkey during October and November and were brought to the laboratory for rearing. 61 larvae were gathered altogether in the study. Of these 56 were S. (T.) tappesi and 5 were O. coerulescens inaurata larvae. 20 Atanycolus ivanowi (Kokujev, 1898) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) were obtained from S. (T.) tappesi larvae and 1 was obtained from O. coerulescens inaurata larvae. S. (T.) tappesi and O. coerulescens inaurata were recorded as two new hosts of A. ivanowi from Turkey. A. ivanowi is recorded for first time Turkey.



KEY WORDS: Atanycolus ivanowi, Sphenoptera (Tropeopeltis) tappesi, Osphranteria coerulescens inaurata, new record, fruit pest

    1. Özgen, İ, Yurtcan, M., BOLU, H. & J. Kolarov, 2010. Listrognathus mactator (Thunberg, 1824) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae)-a new recorded parasitoid of Cimbex quadrimaculata (O. F. Müller, 1976) (Hymenoptera: Cimbicidae) in Turkey. Ent. News 121 (4): 391-392.

Abstract

Listrognathus mactator (Thunberg, 1824) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) was determined as a larva-pupa parasitoid of the almond pest, Cimbex quadrimaculatus (O. F. Muller, 1766) (Hymenoptera: Cimbicidae). The parasitoid is also recorded from Turkey for the first time.

KEY WORDS: Cimbex quadrimaculatus; Listrognathus mactator; parasitoid; new record; almond; Turkey

    1. BOLU, H., 2012. A New Pest on Almond Tree, the Soft Scale Didesmococcus unifasciatus (Archangelskaya) (Hemiptera: Coccidae) and its New Records Parasitoids, Turkey. J. Entomol. Res. Soc., 14(1): 107-114.

Abstract

The present study was carried out in Diyarbakır province during 2006-2007 on almond trees infested with the coccid Didesmococcus unifasciatus (Archangelskaya) (Hemiptera: Coccidae). As a result of this study, four parasitoids species Coccophagus piceae Erdos, Coccophagus lycimnia Walker (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae), Microterys hortulanus (Erdos), Metaphycus sp. near zebratus (Mercet) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) and one hyperparasitoid species Pachyneuron muscarum (Linnaeus) (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) were obtained. The parasitoids of D. unifasciatus: C. piceae, and M. sp. near zebratus are the first records on D. unifasciatus from Turkey.



KEY WORDS: Didesmococcus unifasciatus, Coccophagus piceae, Coccophagus lycimnia, Metaphycus sp. near zebratus, new record, almond, Turkey.

11) Kaydan, M.B., BOLU, H., Spodek, M., Ben-Dov, Y. & A.F. Tuğrul., 2014. First record of Kermes hermonensis Spodek and Ben-Dov (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Kermesidae) in Turkey. J. Entomol. Res. Soc., 16(3): 109-112.
12) Cakici, F.Ö., Özgen, İ, Bolu, H., Erbas, Z., Demirbağ, Z. Demir, İ. 2015. Highly effective bacterial agents against Cimbex quadrimaculatus (Hymenoptera: Cimbicidae): isolation of bacteria and their insecticidal activities. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology. January, 2015, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 59-67.


  1. InternatIonal refereed journals

    1. DOGANLAR, M. & H. BOLU 2004. A new species of Gugolzia Delucchi & Steffan (Hym., Pteromalidae) from Turkey, a parasitoid of Eurytoma amygdali Enderlein (Hym., Eurytomidae). Zoology in the Middle East. 32: 75–78.

Abstract

The genus Gugolzia Delucchi & Steffan, 1956 (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Pteromalidae) is recorded for the first time from Turkey with a new species, G. bademia Doğanlar, n.sp. from Sivrice, Elazığ province. The species is a parasitoid of Eurytoma amygdali Enderlein, 1907 (Hymenoptera, Eurytomidae), a serious pest of almonds, Amygdalus spp. (Rosaceae) in the Palaearctic. The new species is described and its diagnostic characters are illustrated.



KEY WORDS: Gugolzia bademia, n.sp., parasitoid, almond, pest, Eurytoma amygdali, Turkey.

    1. BOLU, H. 2005. On the coccinellid fauna (Coleoptera) of almond orchards in south-eastern and eastern Anatolia. Zoology in the Middle East. 35: 109-110.

Abstract

In this study, which was conducted during 2002-03, I studied the cocinellid beetle fauna of Almond orchards. I collected more than 5500 specimens from different parts in Diyarbakır (Centre, Cermik, Ergani and Dicle), Elazığ (Gezin, Harput, Keban and Sivrice) and Mardin (Akbağ, Cevizpınarı, Omerli and Yeşilli) provinces. The sampling method was based on the techniques usually applied in orchards, namely knocking the adults out the trees by the frappage method. Trees were selected for sampling inspected once week between March and October. I found 26 Coccinellidae species in Almond orchards. Pharoscymnus numidicus Pic. is a new record for Turkey.



KEY WORDS: Coccinellid fauna, Pharoscymnus numidicus Pic., New record

    1. BOLU, H., I. OZGEN & M. ÇINAR 2005. Dominancy of Insect Families and Species Recorded in Almond Orchards of Turkey. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica. 40 (1-2): 145-157.

Abstract

This study which is entitled the insect fauna of Southeastern and Eastern Anatolia Regions was carried out during 2002-2004. Samples were taken from the orchards in Diyarbakir, Elazig and Mardin provinces by employing methods such as striking, burlap band traps, and visual examinations of leaves, twigs and other parts of the trees. Trees selected for sampling were inspected once week between March and November. Generally eudominant were the order Coleoptera and Heteroptera. Dominant were only the imagoes order Homoptera and subdominant were Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera. The rest 6 orders were subrecedent. As result of this study 205 species spread areas and abundance belonging to 56 families in 11 orders were determined. 205 insects species which were determined in three administrative provinces and on only a culture plant are very important for insects potential in almond areas with this study. This study is very important to be a base to integred pest management studies which will be made in the future.



KEY WORDS: Insects, Almond, Dominancy.

    1. BOLU, H. & I. OZGEN 2005. Abundance and Economic Importance of the Species of Curculionoidea Superfamily on Almond (Amygdalus communis L.) of Southeastern and Eastern Anatolia Regions. J. Ent. Res. Soc. 7(2): 51-58.

Abstract

In this study, 43 species belonging to the superfamily Curculionoidea were determined on almond (Amygdalus communis L.) in Mardin, Elazýð and Diyarbakýr provinces of Turkey, during 2002-2004. Among determined species, Anthonomus amygdali Hustache, Tatianaerhynchites aequatus (L.), Rhynchites (Epirhynchites) smyrnensis (Desbrochers), Polydrusus roseiceps Pes., Lixus (Ortholixus) elegantulus Boheman were recorded as important pests, widespread and abundant.



KEY WORDS: Almond, Curculionoidea, biodiversity, Turkey

    1. BOLU, H., L. GENÇER & İ. ÖZGEN, 2006. Infestation rates and natural enemies of Mercetaspis halli (Green) (Homoptera: Diaspididae) with new records from Turkey. J. Ent. Res. Soc. 8(2): 1-5.

Abstract

The present study carried out in Diyarbakır, Elazığ and Mardin during 2002-2004 on almond trees infested with the diaspidid Mercetaspis halli (Green). M. halli is considered an important pest and is in the domestic quarantine list of Turkey. The infestation level is described as “low level” in almond orchard. One parasitoid species and eleven predator species were recorded as natural enemies of M. halli. The parasitoid Thysanus ater Walker (Hymenoptera: Signiphoridae)

are first records of M. halli from Turkey. Among these predators, Scymnus araraticus Khrzorian (%34.26 of the adult), Oenopia conglabata (L.) (%25.56 of adults) and Adalia fasciatopunctata revelierei Muls. (%12.62 of adults) were found to be the most common predators of M. halli.

KEY WORDS: Mercetaspis halli, pest quarantine, Thysanus ater, almond, new record, Turkey


    1. BOLU, H., 2006. A New Host [Tatianaerhynchites aequatus (L.) Coleoptera: Rhynchitidae] Record for Bracon pectoralis Wesmael, Baryscapus bruchidii (Erdös), Eupelmus urozonus Dalman and Exopristus trigonomerus (Masi) from Turkey. J. Ent. Res. Soc. 8(3): 51-62.

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine distribution and natural enemies of Tatianaerhynchites aequatus in the Southeastern and the Eastern Anatolia region of Turkey during 2002-2004. In order to determine parasitoids of apple fruit weevil, T. aequatus collected from almond orchard. It deals with the apple fruit weevil, T. aequatus, which is the most important pest of the almond in Turkey, causing considerable economic damage. The apple fruit weevil is a polyphagus pest, infesting apple, apricot, pear, plum, peach and cherry except almond. In this study; Braconid parasitoid Bracon pectoralis and chalcid parasitoids Baryscapus bruchidii, Eupelmus urozonus and Exopristus trigonomerus, were obtained from T. aequatus larvae collected from almond trees in Diyarbakır, Elazığ and Mardin. T. aequatus is a new host record for B. pectoralis, B. bruchidii, E. urozonus and E. trigonomerus for Turkey.



KEY WORDS: Rhynchitidae, Tatianaerhynchites aequatus, Braconidae, new host record, Turkey


    1. BOLU, H., 2007. Population’s dynamics of Lacebugs (Heteroptera: Tingidae) and its natural enemies in almond orchards of Turkey. J. Ent. Res. Soc. 9(1): 33-37.

Abstract

A study of the natural enemies of Tingidae species populations, in almond orchard located in the Diyarbakir, Elazig and Mardin areas of Turkey, was carried out during 2002-2003. Monosteira spp. is economically the most important tingid species of almond in Turkey and causes considerable damage. As a result of the study, three tingid species were found. Those species were Monosteira lobulifera Reuter, 1888, M. unicostata (Mulsant & Rey, 1852) and Stephanitis pyri (Fabricius, 1775). Their natural enemies, 24 predators’ coccinellid species and 5 heteropter species were indicated in the almond areas.



KEY WORDS: Lacebugs, natural enemies, Almond, Turkey.

    1. BAYRAM, A., DANIŞMAN, T., BOLU, H. & ÖZGEN, İ. 2007. Two records new for the turkish araneofauna: Tmarus piochardi (Simon, 1866) and Monaeses israeliensis Levy, 1973 (Araneae: Thomisidae). Munis Entomology & Zoology. 2 (1): 129-136.

Abstract: In this study, characteristic features of Tmarus piochardi (Simon, 1866) and Monaeses israeliensis Levy, 1973 which are new records for the Turkish spider fauna are given together with their distributions in Turkey and the World.

KEY WORDS: Tmarus, Monaeses, Thomisidae, Araneae, Turkey, New records.

    1. BOLU, H., ÖZDEMİR, Y., ÖZGEN, İ. 2007. New Record of Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) in Almond Orchards from Turkey, J. Ent. Res. Soc. 9(2): 41-46.

Abstract: This is a faunistic record of Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) species collected on almond orchards from 10 different towns in the provinces of Diyarbakır, Elazığ and Mardin in 2002-2004. A total of 12 species were found with Lissonota elector Grav. (Banchinae) recorded for the first time for the Turkish fauna. Nordmannia acaciae (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) is a new host record for Pristomerus vulnerator (Panzer) (Cremastinae).

KEY WORDS: Ichneumonidae, new records, new host record, almond, Turkey.

    1. BOLU, H. & LEGALOV A.A. 2008. On the Curculionoidea (Coleoptera) fauna of Almond (Amygdalus communis L.) Orchards in South-eastern and Eastern Anatolia in Turkey. Baltic Journal of Coleopterology. Vol. 8. No. 1. P. 75-85.

Abstract

This faunistic study on the Curculionoidea was conducted during 2002-04 in almond orchards in the South-eastern and Eastern Anatolia Regions of Turkey. Fifty four species from the superfamily Curculionoidea (Rhynchitidae - 2, Brentidae - 20, Curculionidae - 30 and Scolytidae - 2) were collected from almond trees. The majority of these species were found on almonds casually. Among these species, nine cause damage to almond trees. Of these nine species, four feed in fruit, two on wood and three feed on leaves of almond trees.



KEY WORDS: Curculionoidea, fauna, almond orchard, Turkey.

    1. BAYRAM, A., KUNT, K.B., ÖZGEN, İ., BOLU, H., KAROL, S. AND DANIŞMAN, T. 2008. A crab spider Tmarus piger (Walckenaer, 1802) (Araneae; Thomisidae) new for Turkish araneofauna. Turk J Arach. 1 (2): 141-144.

    2. BOLU, H. & İ. ÖZGEN, 2011. On the Buprestidae (Coleoptera) Species of Almond Orchards in the Southeastern and Eastern Anatolia in Turkey. Munis Entomology & Zoology. 6 (2): 970-976.

Abstract

The faunistic study on buprestids, conducted during 2002-2004 in the Southeastern and Eastern Anatolia Region in Turkey. In this study 17 Buprestid species, spread areas and abundance were determined in Almond orchards in Turkey. Those species were Agrilus roscidus Kiesenweter, Anthaxia armeniaca Obenberger, Anthaxia lucens Küster, Anthaxia tractata Abeille de Perin, Aurigena lugubris longcicollis Kraatz, Capnodis tenebricosa (Oliver), Capnodis carbonaria (Klug), Chalcophorella quadrioculata (Redt.), Chalcophorella stigmatica (Schoenherr), Chrysobothris affinis (F.), Chrysobothris samai Curletti and Magnani, Julodis armeniaca Marseul, Meliboeus heydeni Abeille de Perin, Perotis lugubris Fabr. Ptosima flavoguttata (Illiger), Sphenoptera (Tropeopeltis) anthaxoides Reitter and Sphenoptera (Tropeopeltis) tappesi Marseul. In this study, A. roscidus, A. Armeniaca, A. lucens, A. tractata, A. lugubris longcicollis, C. carbonaria, C. quadrioculata, C. affinis, C. samai, J. armeniaca, M. heydeni, P. flavoguttata, S. anthaxoides and S. tappesi are presented here as a new record for the almond fauna in Turkey. Determined were high populations’ density of A. roscidus in Diyarbakır, Mardin and Elazığ.



KEY WORDS: Almond, Buprestidae, new record, Turkey.

    1. Özgen, İ., BOLU, H. & A. Beyarslan, 2012. Chelonus flavipalpis Szépligeti and Mirax rufilabris Haliday (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): Two New Larva-Pupa Parasitoids of Pistachio Twig Borer Kermania pistaciella Amsel (Lepidoptera: Oinophilidae) with the parazitization ratios from Turkey. Munis Entomology & Zoology. 7(1): 238-242.

Abstract

The study was carried out to determine the parasitoids and their parasitization ratios on Pistachio twig borer (PTB) Kermania pistaciella Amsel (Lepidoptera: Oinophilidae) in pistachio orchards of Central province and Aydınlar counties of Siirt province of southeastern Turkey in 2009. So, the two new parasitoid species Chelonus flavipalpis Szépligeti and Mirax rufilabris Haliday (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) were determined on K. pistaciella. The parasitization ratios of C. flavipalpis are more than M. rufilabris across study area. The total maximum parasitization ratios were realized as 52 % and 54 % in mid April in Aydınlar and in early March in Central province respectively. It is recorded that the parasitization ratios were reduced at the last times of PTB adult emergence. The study results have importance for the next studies on biological control and integrated pest management (IPM) about PTB.



KEY WORDS: Pistachio, Kermania pistaciella, Chelonus flavipalpis, Mirax rufilabris, new records, Parasitization ratio, Turkey.

    1. Özgen, İ., Ayaz, T., Mutlu, Ç. and H. Bolu, 2012. The capture effects of yellow sticky traps in the different wavelengths to the adults of Agonescena pistaciae Burc. and Laut. (Hemiptera: Psyllidae) from Turkey. Munis Entomology & Zoology. 8(1): 486-492.

Abstract

This study was carried out between 2008 to 2009 years in pistachio orchards in Siirt province of Turkey. For this study, various shades of yellow plates on the market on the metal plate cut 15-20 cm in length scales in different RAL (1021, 1003, 1018, 1046, 0.279, 1012, 1023, 1028) in the form of a small yellow plates glued to the edge of the trees were hung on pegs. As a control, a colorless stretch film on the metal plate suspended from the trap by passing averages were calculated for 5 applying any color tone. For this purpose, damaging pest populations are monitored on a weekly basis after the launch EZE per sheet of 20/30 nymphs / leaf, or a compound which is half of 10/15 nymphs / leaf density of the composite hanging traps and counts 1, 4 and 7 were the days. The capture effects of A. pistaciae was determined in the 1,4 and 7 days. The results of the study, statistical evaluation of the trap code 1016 is higher than the gravitational forces and other code groups into different tests except the control group in the trap in three groups of different tests were entered. Second experiment, the trap 1016 coded in different shades (1016A, 1016B, 1016C, 1016D, 1016, 1016F, 1016G, 1016H) activities are investigated and statistically evaluated results of studies into different groups according to 1016 B-coded into the trap, and most other groups of adult individuals were captured.



KEY WORDS: Agonescena pistaciae, yellow stick traps, wavelengths, capture effect.


  1. NatIonal refereed journals

    1. BOLU, H. 2002. Investigations on the fauna of insects and mites in pistachio areas in South Eastern Anatolia Region of Turkey, Türk. entomol. derg., 26 (3): 197-208.

Abstract

The present study were done in order to obtain basic information on integrated insect pest management of pistachio harmful and beneficial insects and mites found in pistachio plantations and population fluctuations of the significant species were determined. This study was conducted in Adıyaman, Batman, Mardin, Siirt and Şanlıurfa cities where are located in southeastern Anatolia Region. As a result, 70 harmful insects species belonging to 33 different families, 7 different orders and 3 harmful mites species from 3 different families and also 47 beneficial insect species were found in the sampled pistachio areas. It was observed that 8 economical pests. Those species were Kermania pistaciella ams. Sulamicerus (Idocerunus) stali (Fieb.), Suturaspis pistaciae Lind., Chaetoptelius vestitus M.-R., Agonoscena pistaciae Burckhardt and Lauterer, Pistaciaspis pistaciae Arch., Megastigmus pistaciae Walk., Capnodis cariosa Pall..



KEY WORDS: Pistachio, Insect, Mite, South Eastern Anatolia Region, Turkey

    1. BOLU, H. & N. UYGUN 2003. Determination of Coccoidea species, their distribution, infestations and natural enemies in Southeastern Anatolia Region. Bitki Koruma Bülteni, 43 (1-4): 111-123.

Abstract

The study was conducted during 1996-1998 on Pistachio orchards in the Southeastern Anatolia Region, Turkey. Four Coccoidea species, their distributions and abundance were determined in Pistachio orchards in Turkey. These species were Suturaspis pistaciae Lindinger, Pistaciaspis pistaciae Archangelskaya, Anapulvinaria pistaciae Bodenheimer and Eulecanium rugulosum Ashmead. S. pistaciae were the most common species. The other species were found to be less common. As a result of the study, 18 natural enemies’ species are found on pistachio trees in the Southeastern Anatolia Region. Natural enemy complex comprised from 11 coleopteran, 5 hymenopteran and two heteropteran species. These species were; Exochomus nigromaculatus, E. quadripustulatus, Pharoscymnus pharoides, Scymnus araraticus and Oenopia conglabata. The hymenopteran parasitoids were Encarsia sp. (Aphelinidae), Pachyneuron formosum Wlk. (Pteromalidae), Polynema sp. (Mymaridae), Encyrtus sp. and Metaphycus sp..



KEY WORDS: Coccidae, Diaspididae, natural enemies, pistachio

    1. ÇINAR, M., İ. ÇİMEN & H. BOLU 2004. The cherry pests, their natural enemies and observations on some important species in Elazığ and Mardin provinces of Turkey. Türk. entomol. derg., 28 (3): 213-220.

Abstract

This study was carried out in the cherry orchards in Elazığ and Mardin provices in 2001-2002. A total of 36 pests on cherry trees and 15 predators with 2 parasitoids, feeding on them were determined in this study. Five economical pests, Stephanitis pyri (Fabricius), Myzus cerasi (F.), Archips rosanus (L.), Capnodis tenebrionis (L.) and Scolytus rugulosus (Müller) were also observed. In addition, the predators, Coccinella semptempunctata L., Synharmonia conglobata (L.), Metasyrphus corollae (Fabricius), Chrysoperla carnea Stephens, Scolothrips longicornis (Priesner) being the most encountered were observed in this province as well.



KEY WORDS: Cherry pests, natural enemies, Elazığ, Mardin, Turkey

    1. BOLU, H. 2004. Coccinellidae species, their distribution areas and their impact on population fluctuations of Agonoscena pistaciae at pistachio orchards in southeastern Anatolia Region in Turkey Bitki Koruma Bül., Cilt:44, No: 1-4, s. 69-77.

Abstract

This study was carried out in Southeastern Anatolia during 1996-1997 on pistachio trees. Agonoscena pistaciae Burckhardt and Lauterer is the most economically important psyllid species of pistachio in Turkey. The predator Coccinellidae species, their distribution areas and impact on population fluctuation of A. pistaciae at pistachio areas were determined. Population fluctuation studies were performed in 3 orchards in Sanliurfa. Twenty two coccinellid predators were determined in pistachio areas, which 3 of them were founded be the most important species. These are as follows, Synhannonia conglabata Linnaeus, Hyperaspis quadrimaculatus Redtenbacher and Pharoscymnus pharoides Marseul.



KEY WORDS: Pistachio, Agonoscena pistaciae, Coccinellidae, Turkey

    1. BOLU, H. & M. ÇINAR 2005. The harmfull lepidoptera species on almond, their natural enemies and observations onsome important species in Elazığ, Diyarbakır and Mardin provinces of Turkey. J.Agric.Fac.HR.U., Cilt: 9 (2) s. 63-67.

Abstract

This study was carried out the whole almond orchards in Elazig, Diyarbakır and Mardin provinces between 2002-2004. It was determined 16 lepidopter species on almond trees and their 11 parasitoids. It was observed that 8 economical harmful lepidopter species; Recurvaria nanella (Denis & Schiffermüller), Gnopharmia-stevenaria (Boisduval), Nychiodes amygdalaria (Herrich-Scha'ffer), Nordmannia acaciae (Fabricius), Diloba caeruleocephala (Linnaeus), Catocala sp., Aporia crataegi (Linnaeus) and Hedya nubiferana (Haworth). In addition, it was determined the parasitoids, Aplomya confınis Fall., Bracliymeria sp., Apanteles spp., Ascogaster quadridentata Wesmael, Colesia sp., Bracliymeria intermedia (Nees), Eusandalum sp., Itoplectis maculator (F.) and Baryscapus sp.. Aplomya confınis Fall. (Tachinidae) parasitoid of are presented here as a new record for Nordmannia acaciae in World. In this study, Agriopis bajaria (Denis & Schiffermüller), Aleucis distinctata (Herrich-Schâffer), G. stevenaria, Cilix glaucata (Scopoli), A. crataegi, Grapholitha janthinana Dup., H. nubiferana and Ypsolopha persicella (Fabricius) are presented here as a new record for the almond fauna in Turkey.



KEY WORDS: Almond, Lepidoptera, Natural enemies, Turkey

    1. BOLU, H. & N. UYGUN 2005. Population development of Suturaspis pistaciae Lindinger (Hom.: Diaspididae) and its natural enemies. Bitki Koruma Bülteni, 45(1-4): 61-78.

Abstract

Population dynamics of Suturaspis pistaciae Lindinger (Hem.: Diaspididae) and its natural enemies had been conducted in pistachio growing areas in Sanliurfa province of Turkey during 1996-1998. Suturaspis pistaciae injures on branch, shoot, leaf and fruit of pistachio trees by sucking. It had been found that there were effective natural enemies on the pest but in some of the orchards which have lack of natural enemy population needs plant protection measures.



KEY WORDS: Pistachio, Suturaspis pistaciae, Turkey

    1. ÇAKMAK, Ö., BAŞHAN, M. ve BOLU, H., 2005. Fatty acid composition in phospholipid and triacylglycerol fractions of Monosteira lobulifera Reut. (Heteroptera: Tingidae). Fırat Üniv. Fen ve Müh. Bil. Der. 17 (4), 637-643.

Abstract

In this study, the fatty acid compositions in phospholipid and triacylglycerol fractions of Monosteira lobulifera and fatty acid composition of almond plant were analysed separately by gas chromatography and GC-MS. Quantitative analysis of both fractions and almond plant showed that palmitic (16:0) and linoleic (18:2n-6) acids constituted the major part of the fatty acid compositions. The fatty acid compositions of the phospholipid and triacylgycerol fractions were quantitatively different. Palmitic and oleic (18:ln-9) acids in triacylgycerol fraction and linoleic and linolenic (18:3n-3) acids in phospholipid fraction are major fatty acids. Moreover, arachidonic (20:4n-6) and eicosapentaenoic (20:5n-3) acids which are the precursor of eicosanoid were determined only in the phospholipid fraction. Food did not change the profil of fatty acid of insect. There was no any relationship between high levels of oleic acid in triacylglycerol fractions of insects and food ingested.



KEY WORDS: Monosteira lobulifera, Phospholipid, Triacylglycerol, Fatty Acid Composition

    1. BOLU, H., İ. ÖZGEN & M. FENT, 2006. The investigations on almond Pentatomidae (Heteroptera) fauna in Diyarbakır, Elazığ and Mardin province. Ziraat Fakültesi, Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi (J. Agric. Sci.), 16(1): 25-28.

Abstract

This study has been realized in the localities of Diyarbakır, Elazığ and Mardin during 2003-2004 where almond plantations are common. After this study, in the almond trees 25 female and 42 male which belongs to 9 species have been obtained from Pentatomidae family. According to density and widespread, Apodiphus amygdali (Gm.), Mustha longispinis (Rt.) and Piezodorus lituratus (F.) is the most important species among these species



KEY WORDS: Almond, Southeastern and Eastern Anatolia Region, Pentatomidae, Fauna

    1. BOLU, H., İ. ÖZGEN & A. BAYRAM, 2006. Population changes of the almond pest, Epirhynchites (Colonnellinius) smyrnensis (Destrochers des loges) (Coleoptera: Rhynchitidae) in Diyarbakır Elazığ and Mardin Provinces. J. Agric. Fac. HR. U. 10 (3/4): 79-85.

Abstract

The present study was carried out to determine population fluctuations of the pest, Epirhynchites (Colonnellinius) smyrnensis (Desbrochers des Loges) in almond orchards of Diyarbakır, Mardin and Elazığ provinces in Southeastern and Eastern Anatolia regions between 2002 and 2004. Results of the study suggested that population densities of the pest were higher than those in Diyarbakır and Mardin throughout of the study. The highest density of the pest was recorded on 18 May 2003 as 66 individuals/100 strokes. There were similarities in the pest population changes in Diyarbakır and Mardin. Population density of the pest was low in Diyarbakır and Mardin. Occurrence of the pest generally observed between April and May.



KEY WORDS: Epirhynchites (Colonnellinius) smyrnensis, almond, Turkey

    1. BOLU, H., İ. ÖZGEN, A. BAYRAM & M. ÇINAR, 2007. Coccinelidae species, distribution areas and their preys in pistachio, almond and cherry orchards in Southeastern and Eastern Anatolia. J. Agric. Fac. HR. U. 11 (1/2): 39-47.

Abstract

This study was carried out the whole pistachio, almond and cherry orchards in Adıyaman, Diyarbakır, Elazığ, Mardin, Siirt and Şanlıurfa in Southeastern and Eastern Anatolia Region of Turkey between 1992-2004 years. In total, 34 coccinellids species were determined, 32 of which were predators. Most diverse species was recorded in almond orchard with 26 species, which followed by pistachio and cherry orchards with 22 and 9 species respectively. Most frequently found coccinellid species were: Coccinella semptempunctata Linnaeus, Hyperaspis quadrimaculata Redtenbacher and Oenopia conglabata (Linnaeus). The less abundant and less frequently found coccinellids species were Pharoscymnus numidicus Pic., Nephus ludyi Weise, Oenopia oncina (Olivieri), Platynaspis luteorubra (Goeze), Scymnus (Pullus) auritus Thunberger and Scymnus (Pullus) syriacus. In addition, 28 prey species were determined from pistachio, almond and cherry orchards. Most of the prey species were belonging to Aphididae and Cicadellidae.



KEY WORDS: Coccinellidae, Pistachios, Almonds, Cherries, Southeastern and Eastern Anatolia

    1. BOLU, H. & İ. ÖZGEN, 2007. Distribution Areas, Infestation Rates and Parasitoids of the Almond Seed Wasp Eurytoma amygdali Enderlein (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae). J. Agric. Fac. HR. U. 11 (3/4): 59-65.

Abstract

This study was carried out in Diyarbakır, Mardin and Elazığ provinces in Southeastern and Eastern Anatolia regions between 2002 and 2003. Eurytoma amygdali Enderlein (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae) is considered as an important pest of almond orchard in Turkey. The highest and lowest percentage infestations by E. amygdali were recorded in Elazığ (Gezin) and Mardin (Ömerli) with 58.86% and 31.66% respectively in 2003.

As result of this study, three parasitoid of E. amygdali in Southeastern and Eastern Anatolia regions were determined. These species are Adontomerus amygdali (Boucek) (Hymenoptera: Torymidae), Aprostocetus bucculentus (Kostjukov) (Hym.: Eulophidae) and Gugolzia bademia Doganlar (Hym.: Pteromalidae).

KEY WORDS: Eurytoma amygdali, Parasitoid, Almond, Turkey


    1. BOLU, H. & İ. ÖZGEN, 2007. Determination of Anthonomus species (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and population changes of the almond pest, Anthonomus amygdali Hustache in Diyarbakır, Elazığ and Mardin provinces. Türk. entomol. derg., 31 (3): 189-202.

Abstract

This study was carried out during years 2002-2004 at the almond orchards of Diyarbakır, Mardin and Elazığ provinces located at Southeast and East Anatolian regions. Four species belonging to the genus Anthonomus were determined on almond orchards. Those species were Anthonomus amygdali Hustache, Anthonomus bituberculatus Thomson, Anthonomus brevispennis Pic. and Anthonomus variabilis (Hoffman). Although 4 species have been found at the almond orchards as a result of the studies, it was determined that the dominant species was A. amygdali.

The most population density of A. amygdali in Diyarbakır province was determined in 26th May 2003, during 3 years studies with 154 individuals/100 knock in Ergani district. The most population density of A. amygdali in Elazığ province among years of 2002, 2003 and 2004 in almond orchards was determined in 22nd May 2002 with individuals/100 knock in Gezin district. The top population density of pest in Mardin province was founded in Ömerli district with 25 individuals/100 knock in 12 May, 2003. In general the population of A. amygdali in Diyarbakır was founded higher than other 2 province. It was determined that flights of the adults in general were occurred between the months from April to June in almond orchards.

KEY WORDS: Anthonomus amygdali, Anthonomus spp., Almond, Turkey


    1. BOLU, H. & İ. ÖZGEN, 2009. Population changes of the almond pest, Polydrosus roseiceps Pes. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Diyarbakır, Elazığ and Mardin provinces. J. Agric. Fac. HR. U. 13 (2): 43-47.

Abstract

The present study was carried out in almond orchards of Diyarbakır, Mardin ve Elazığ provinces in Southeastern and Eastern Anatolia regions between 2002 and 2004. Results of the study suggested however population levels of the pest, Polydrosus roseiceps Pes. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) varied between orchards and the years in Mardin, were higher than those in Diyarbakır and Elazığ throughout of the study. The highest density of the pest was recorded on 15 May 2002 as 312 individuals/100 strokes in Mardin.



KEY WORDS: Polydrosus roseiceps, Almond, Turkey

    1. BOLU, H. & İ. ÖZGEN, 2010. Population Changes of Adult of Agrilus roscidus Kiesenwetter, 1857 (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) Damaged on Almond Trees in Diyarbakır, Elazığ and Mardin Provinces. Bitki Koruma Bülteni, 50: 1-11.

Abstract

The present study was carried out to determine population fluctuations of the pest, Agrilus roscidus Kiesenwetter, 1857 in almond orchards of Diyarbakır, Mardin and Elazığ provinces in South-eastern and Eastern Anatolia regions between 2002 and 2004. The population fluctuation of the Agrilus roscidus (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) was monitored by weekly sampling from the beginning of March until the end of November with the fall of leaves. The sampling method was based on the techniques usually applied in orchards, namely knocking the adults out of the trees by the frappage (beating) method. Twenty-five trees at about the same stage of growth were randomly selected in each biotope and four branches per tree (4 X 25= 100 branches) were sampled. These branches were given three blunt beatings with a stick wrapped in foam rubber and the adults that fell onto a piece of cloth, 50 X 50 cm were collected. Results of the study suggested that population densities of the pest were higher than those in Diyarbakır and Mardin throughout of the study. The highest density of the pest was recorded of Akbağ location in Mardin province. Population density of the pest was low in Elazığ. Occurrence of the pest generally observed between March and August in the all of province.



KEY WORDS: Agrilus roscidus, Almond, Eastern and South-eastern

    1. BOLU, H., BEYARSLAN, A., AKTÜRK, Z. & H. YILDIRIM, 2010. Chlorophorus varius damascenus (Chevrolat 1854) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), a new host record for Iphiaulax impostor (Scopoli 1763) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) in Turkey. Turk. biyo. müc. derg. 1 (2): 181-185.

Abstract

This study was conducted in 2008. The larvae of Chlorophorus varius damascenus (Chevrolat, 1854) were collected from peach Prunus persica (L.) Batsch orchards in Diyarbakır province, Turkey during October, November and were brought to the laboratory for rearing. C. varius damascenus is a new host record for Iphiaulax impostor (Scopoli, 1763) from Turkey.



KEY WORDS: Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Iphiaulax impostor, Chlorophorus varius damascenus, new host record, Turkey

    1. BOLU, H., AKTÜRK, Z. & H. YILDIRIM, 2011. Determination of population density of adult Sphenoptera (Tropeopeltis) tappesi Marseul, 1865 (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) on some fruit trees in Diyarbakır province. Bitki Koruma Bülteni, 51(3): 255-266.

Abstract

This study was carried out in trial orchard built with, apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.), peach [P. persica (L.) Batsch], plum (P. domestica L.), Japanese plum (P. salicina Lindl.) and sweet cherry (P. avium L.) species for determining harmful of Sphenoptera (Tropeopeltis) tappesi Marseul, 1865 (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) larvae on different fruit trees and theirs different parts in Diyarbakir province between 2007 and 2008. The contaminated and infected trees were brougth from orchard to the laboratory in October and November 2007. The samples taken to the laboratory were separated into root, trunk, the main branch and the side branch, and kept in the plastic containers. Studies were carried out at 26±1 C with %65±5 RH and 16L:8D photoperiod to conditions. While S. tappesi larvae for feeding on trunk, main branch and side branch of apricot, peach and plum trees, the larvae preferred only trunk of cherry. General average of the pest was determined with the highest number on stem as 2.29 individuals/tree. S. tappesi larvae selected for feeding maximum on Santarosa variety (plum) and obtained as 15.00 individuals/tree. After Santarosa variety, second sensitive variety was Can (plum) variety obtained as 13.33 individuals/tree. Minimum density of the pest was determined on 0900-Ziraat (Cherry) variety, as 1.75 individuals/tree. Maximum adult number was determined on trunk of Santarosa variety as 13.40 individuals, on main branch of Can variety, as 7.83 individuals/tree and on side branch of Can variety like main branch as 2.83 individuals/tree. Generally, it was determined that this pest for feeding maximum on plum and peach and minimum on cherry and apricot. Statistically significant differences between varieties were found.



KEY WORDS: Sphenoptera tappesi, Buprestidae, Apricot, Peach, Plum, Sweet Cherry, Damage state

    1. Maral, H., Ulusoy, M.R. & Bolu, H. 2012. Diyarbakır, Mardin ve Elazığ İillerinde Tarım ve Tarım Dışı Alanlardaki Ağaçlarda Bulunan Tingidae (Hemiptera) Türleri. Ç.Ü Fen ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi, Cilt:28-1

Abstract

In this study, Tingidae (Hemiptera) species in agricultural and non-agricultural areas of Diyarbakır, Mardin and Elazığ provinces were determined. This study was conducted between 2009 and 2011. In the study, visual inspection and shaking method were used to to determination of tingids. As a result of the study, a total of 15 tingid species belonging to 10 genera were determined. The most abundant tingid species in the working area is M. unicostata which is determined on almond (Prunus amygdalus Batsch), willow (Salix sp.) and poplar (Populus sp.) trees, by the 41,90 %.



KEY WORDS: Tingidae, Agricultural, Non-agricultural, Tree

    1. Ayaz, T. & BOLU, H. 2012. A new pest apricotorchards in Malatya province, Eurytoma schreineri Schreiner (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae). Türk. entomol. bült., 2 (4): 271-275.

Abstract

Fruits fallen under the trees were collected and cultured in the lab in the studies carried on apricot orchards in Malatya between 2010-2011 years. Eurytoma scherineri Schreiner (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae) species was obtained from these cultured fruits. This species was recorded as a new pest for apricot orchards in Malatya province.



KEY WORDS: Apricot, Eurytoma schreineri, Malatya

    1. Maral, H., Ulusoy, M.R., Bolu, H. & E., PRICOP, 2014. Erythmelus (Paralellaptera) teleonemiae (Subba Rao) (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae): a new parasitoid on Monosteira lobulifera Reuter (Hemiptera: Tingidae) and new record forTurkey. Türk. biyo. müc. derg., 5 (1): 3-8

Abstract

In this study, the parasitoids of Monosteira lobulifera Reuter (Tingidae: Hemiptera), which causes serious damage to almond trees, were investigated in Mardin Province between 2009 and 2011. As a result of the study, the egg parasitoid Erythmelus (Paralellaptera) teleonemiae (Subba Rao, 1984) (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae), which was hatched from eggs of M. lobulifera, was determined as a first record for the Turkish fauna.



KEY WORDS: Mardin, almond, Tingidae, Monosteira lobulifera, Erythmelus (Paralellaptera) teleonemiae


  1. INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS

    1. ALTIN, M., A. YÜCEL & H. BOLU, 1992. Present Situation of Plant Protection Preceding Studies on IPM, Current Problems and Solutions in Pistachio Orchards in Southeastern Anatolia Project Region. International Symposium on Integrated Pest Management presentations. October 15-17, İzmir-Türkiye. S. 87-94.

    2. MART, C., L. ERKILIÇ, H. BOLU, N. UYGUN & M. ALTIN 1995. General review on the injurious and beneficial species and pest control methods used in pistachio orchards of Turkey. Acta Horticulture, International Symposium on Pistachio Nut. ADANA, s. 379-386.

    3. Özgen, İ., Hazır, S., BOLU, H. & Ayaz, T., 2009. The Important Fruit Pests Having Control Difficulties and Their Control Possibilities with Entomopathogens in and Southeast Anatolia Regions. Second International Participated Entomopathogen and Microbial Control Symposium.

    4. Özgen, İ. & H. BOLU, 2010. The chalcidoid parasitoids of Coccoidea in southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey. 7th International Congress of Hymenopterists. 20-26 June, Köszeg, Hungary. S. 104.

    5. Özgen, İ., Yıldırım, H., BOLU, H. & Ş. Türkölmez, 2011. Ömerli Yöresi Meyve ve Bağ Alanlarında Dikkat Çeken Zararlı ve Hastalıklar ile Mücadele Önerileri. Uluslararası Ömerli Sempozyumu. 13-15 Mayıs, Mardin.

    6. Demir, İ. , Özkan, F. , Özgen, İ. , Demirbağ, Z. and H. Bolu, 2011. Isolation of Bacteria from Cimbex quadrimaculatus (Hym. , Cimbicidae) cadavers and their insecticidal activities. III. International Entomopatogens and Microbial Control Symposium. Program and Abstract Book. İstanbul.53.p

    7. Özgen, İ., Ayaz, T., Mutlu, Ç. and H.Bolu, 2012. The capture effects of yellow sticky traps in the different wavelengths to the adults of Agonescena pistaciae Burc. and Laut. (Hemiptera: Psyllidae). Sixth European Hemiptera Congrees.25-29 June, Blagoevgrad, Bulgaria. 81.p. (Abstract)

8) Demir, İ., Özkan Çakıcı, F., Bolu, H., Özgen, İ., Erbağ, Z. and Demirbağ, Z., 2013. Highly Effective Bacterial Agents against Cimbex quadrimaculata (Hymenoptera: Cimbicidae): Isolation of Bacteria and Their Insecticidal Activities. 4TH International Participated Entomopathogens and Microbial Control Symposium. 11-14 September 2013, Artvin, TURKEY

Abstract

Cimbex quadrimaculata (Hymenoptera: Cimbicidae) is one of the serious pests of almond in Turkey and worldwide. Up to now, there is no effective biological control agent against this pest. In this study which is performed to find an effective bacterium that can be used as biocontrol agent against C. quadrimaculata in the pest managements, we isolated seven bacteria from dead and alive C. quadrimaculatu larvae, and evaluated larvicidal potency of all isolates on the pest. According to the morphological, physiological, biochemical and molecular properties (partial sequence of 16S rRNA gene), isolates were identified as Bacillus safensis (Cq1), Bacillus subtilis (Cq2), Bacillus tequilensis (Cq3), Enterobacter sp. (Cq4), Kurthia qibsonii (Cq5), Staphylococcus sp. (Cq6) and Staphylococcus sciuri (Cq7). The results of larvicidal activities of these isolates indicated that mortality value obtained from all treatments changed from 58% to 100%, and reached 100% with B. safensis (Cq1) and B. subtilis (Cq2) on the 3rd instar larvae within 10 days after application of 1.89 109 cfu/mL bacterial concentration at 25°C in the laboratory conditions. Finding from this study indicates that this isolate appear to be a good candidate to be utilized as a promising biocontrol agent for use against C. quadrimaculata.

KEY WORDS: Cimbex quadrimaculata, Culturable bacterial flora, Bacillus, Biocontrol

9) Özaslan. C., Bolu. H., and H., Kavak, 2014. A New Host Myagrum perfoliatum L. Record for Melanobaris dalmatina (H. Brisout, 1870) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) from Turkey. The International Conference of the University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest "Agriculture for Life, Life for Agriculture" June 5 - 7, 2014, Bucharest, Romania

10) Özaslan. C., Bolu. H., and M., Skuhravá, 2014. A New Record of Lasioptera eryngii (Vallot, 1829) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) on Eryngium campestre in Şanlıurfa province. XIV International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds 2nd to 7th March 2014 in Kruger National Park, South Africa.


  1. NATIONAL CONGRESS

    1. BOLU, H. & S. KORNOŞOR 1995. Şanlıurfa İlinde İki Farklı Antepfıstığı Çeşidinde Agonoscena pistaciae Burck. and Laut. (Homoptera: Psyllidae)'nin Populasyon Değişimi. GAP Bölgesi Bitki Sorunları ve Çözüm Önerileri Sempozyumu Bildirileri, Nisan, ŞANLIURFA, S.165-176.

    2. BOLU, H. & S. KORNOŞOR 1996. Sıcaklığın Antepfıstığı Pisillidi (Agonoscena pistaciae Burck. and Laut.) (Homoptera: Psyllidae)'nin Bazı Biyolojik Özellikleri Üzerine Etkisi. Türkiye III. Entomoloji Kongresi Bildirileri, 24-28 Eylül, ANKARA, 595-602 s.

    3. BOLU, H., S. KORNOŞOR & M. ALTIN 1999. Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesi Antep Fıstıklarında Zarar Yapan Agonoscena pistaciae Burck. and Laut. (Homoptera: Psyllidae)'nın Populasyon Değişimi Üzerine Avcı Heteroptera Türleri ve Nimf Parazitoidi Psyllaphagus sp. (Hymenoptera; Encyrtidae)'nın Etkinliklerinin Belirlenmesi, Türkiye 4. Biyolojik Mücadele Kongresi Bildirileri, 26-29 Ocak, ADANA. S. 7-18.

    4. BOLU, H., A. YÜCEL & İ. ÖZGEN, 2005. GAP Alanındaki İllerde Meyve Ağaçlarında Zararlı Curculionoidea (Coleoptera) Türleri Üzerinde Bir Değerlendirme. GAP IV. Tarım Kongresi. 280-283 s.

    5. BOLU, H., A. YÜCEL ve T. AYAZ, 2005. GAP İlleri Meyve Ağaçlarında Zararlı Lepidoptera Türleri Üzerinde Bir Değerlendirme. GAP IV. Tarım Kongresi. 1360-1365 s.

    6. ÇAKMAK, Ö., BAŞHAN, M. ve BOLU, H., 2006. Nephus nigricans (Coleoptera:Coccinellidae)’un Fosfolipit ve Triaçilgliserol Fraksiyonundaki Yağ Asidi Bileşimi. 18. Ulusal Biyoloji Kongresi. 194-195 s.

    7. ÇAKMAK, Ö., BAŞHAN, M. ve BOLU, H., 2006. Scymnus araraticus (Coleoptera:Coccinellidae)’un Fosfolipit ve Triaçilgliserol Fraksiyonundaki Yağ Asidi Bileşimi. 18. Ulusal Biyoloji Kongresi. 195-196 s.

    8. BOLU, H. & İ. ÖZGEN, 2007. Elazığ ve Mardin İlleri Badem Ağaçlarında Zararlı
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