Foreword i Contents ii Figures v Tables vi Appendices vii Acknowledgements viii Summary ix




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Foreword


The Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (the Plan) constitutes the national regional recovery plan under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 for threatened species and ecological communities principally distributed in the Northern Rivers Region of NSW. The Plan is part of an Australian Government-funded pilot to trial the integration of regional recovery and threat abatement planning. It provides a regional approach to the delivery of recovery actions necessary to ensure the long-term viability of threatened species and ecological communities in the Region.

The Northern Rivers Region is an area relatively rich in biodiversity data. This has allowed for innovative and sophisticated analysis techniques to be used in this Plan for biodiversity assessment and identification of priority areas for conservation works. These outputs will help guide investment by the Australian Government, New South Wales Government and local authorities in the Region. Collaboration and partnerships will be essential for the implementation of the Plan.

The Plan considers all threats affecting biodiversity in the Region, including those associated with the potential impacts of climate change. The Plan also incorporates Indigenous cultural values and considerations into biodiversity management in the Region.

It is in this context that the Plan, in association with the approved Border Ranges Rainforest Biodiversity Management Plan (DECCW 2010), sets out an overall strategy for the conservation and restoration of biodiversity in the Northern Rivers Region.


Contents


Foreword i

Contents ii

Figures v

Tables vi

Appendices vii

Acknowledgements viii

Summary ix

1 Introduction 1

1.1 Biodiversity 1

1.2 Scope of the Plan 1

1.3 Vision 3

1.4 Objectives 3

1.5 Legislative context 5

1.5.1 Recovery planning 5

1.5.2 Conservation advices & priorities action statements 5

1.6 Additional conservation legislation 6

1.7 Interaction with other documents 6



2 Community Involvement 8

2.1 Community engagement 8

2.2 Indigenous community engagement 9

2.3 Community implementation 10



3 Regional Overview 11

3.1 Landscapes 11

3.2 Physical features 11

3.2.1 Topography 13

3.2.2 Geology 13

3.2.3 Climate 14

3.2.4 Land tenure and landuse 18

3.3 Biological features 21

3.3.1 Overview 21

3.3.2 Ecosystems of the Region 22

Vegetation communities 22

Rivers and coastal lakes 26

Estuarine ecosystems 28

Groundwater-dependent ecosystems 29

Fauna habitats 29

3.3.3 Threatened species, populations & ecological communities 30

Threatened ecological communities 31

Endangered populations 33

Threatened species 33

3.4 The people of the Region 35

3.4.1 Indigenous communities 35

3.4.2 European settlements 36

3.4.3 Community involvement 38

4 Threats 42

4.1 Identifying threats 42

4.2 Ranking threats 45

4.2.1 Threat categories 45

4.2.2 Threat activities 45

5 Areas of Importance to Biodiversity 48

5.1 Priority areas 48

5.1.1 Biodiversity Forecasting Tool Conserve & Repair 48

Terrestrial biodiversity 49

5.1.2 Key habitats for forest fauna 55

5.1.3 Centres of endemism 55

5.1.4 Climate change corridors 55

5.1.5 Locations for specific actions 57

5.2 Other areas 61

5.2.1 National Reserve System 61

5.2.2 Fauna corridors 64

5.2.3 Great Eastern Ranges Initiative 64

5.2.4 Estuarine and freshwater wetlands 67

5.2.5 River reaches and subcatchments 71

5.2.6 Forest fruit and nectar vegetation 71

5.2.7 Moist montane forest fauna refugia 74

5.2.8 Non-forest fauna habitats 76

5.2.9 Dingo areas 76

5.3 Limitations of the Plan 79

6 Recovery Actions 81

6.1 How to use this section 81

6.1.1 Hierarchy of objectives, outcomes and actions 81

6.1.2 Mapped areas of importance to biodiversity 82

6.2 Recovery objectives, outcomes and actions 84

Anthropogenic climate change—universal threat 84

Decision making and knowledge gaps—universal threat 87

Clearing and fragmentation 89

Inappropriate fire regimes 94

Weeds 98

Pests 106

Forestry 119

Dieback 120

Hydrology and water quality 122

Diseases and pathogens 126

Human interference 129

Livestock 133

Chemical and waste 134

Demographic effects and small populations 136

Community engagement 138

Information collation, monitoring and evaluation 140

7 Monitoring, evaluation, reporting & improvement 142

Better coordination of recovery efforts across agencies 142

Better engagement with stakeholders 142

Better delivery of conservation outcomes and actions 143



8 Social and Economic Consequences 144

8.1.1 Potential partners and affected parties 144

Appendix 1: Threatened species, populations and ecological communities addressed by the Plan 146

Flora 146

Fauna 150

Populations 154

Ecological communities 154

Appendix 19 Threatened species action summary 156

Flora 156

Flora 157

Fauna 160

Fauna 162

Populations 165

Ecological communities 166

Acronyms and key terms 167

References 168


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