5^{th} Grade Math Focus
Number Sense Indicator 1: Analyze the structural characteristics of the real number system and its various subsystems. Analyze the concept of value, magnitude, and relative magnitude of real numbers.
Fifth Grade Standards:
5.N.1.1. Students are able to read, write, order, and compare numbers from .001 to 1,000,000,000.

I can read numbers from .0011,000,000,000 in standard, expanded, and word forms.

I can write numbers from .0011,000,000,000 in standard, word and expanded forms.

I can arrange numbers from smallest to largest (order) using numbers from .0011,000,000,000.

I can tell how numbers .0011,000,000,000 are alike and different (compare).
5.N.1.2. Students are able to find prime, composite, and factors of whole numbers from 1 to 50.

I can say and write (find) the prime numbers (a number greater than one that has exactly two factors (itself and one)) from 150.

I can say and write (find) the composite numbers (a number that has more than two factors) from 150.

I can say and write (find) the factors of numbers (numbers that divide another number with no remainder) from 150.
5.N.1.3. Students are able to identify alternative representations of fractions and decimals involving tenths, fourths, halves, and hundredths.

I can represent decimals as fractions involving tenths, fourths, halves, and hundredths.

I can represent fractions involving tenths, fourths, halves, and hundredths as decimals.
5.N.1.4. Students are able to locate negative integers on a number line.

I can find (locate) negative integers (opposite of the counting numbers (1,2,3..)) on a number line.
5.N.1.5. Students are able to determine the squares of numbers 1 – 12.

I can name (determine) the squares of the numbers (a number multiplied by itself) 112.

I can write (determine) the squares of the numbers (a number multiplied by itself) 112.
Supported by the following grade level standards
4^{th} grade:
4.N.1.1. Students are able to read, write, order, and compare numbers from .01 to 1,000,000.
4.N.1.2. Students are able to find multiples of whole numbers through 12.
4.N.1.3. Students are able to use a number line to compare numerical value of fractions or mixed numbers (fourths, halves, and thirds).
4.N.1.4. Students are able to interpret negative integers in temperature.
3^{rd} grade:
3.N.1.1. Students are able to place in order and compare whole numbers less than 10,000, using appropriate words and symbols
3.N.1.2. Students are able to find multiples of whole numbers 2, 5, and 10.
3.N.1.3. Students are able to name and write fractions from visual representations.
2^{nd} grade:
2.N.1.1. Students are able to read, write, count, and sequence numerals to 100.
2.N.1.2. Students are able to identify and represent fractions as parts of a group.
1^{st} Grade:
1.N.1.1. Students are able to read, write, count, and order numerals to 50.
1.N.1.2. Students are able to use unit fraction models to create parts of a whole.
Kindergarten:
K.N.1.1. Students are able to read, write, count, and sequence numerals to 20.
K.N.1.2. Students are able to use fraction models to create one half of a whole.
Number Sense Indicator 2: Apply measurement concepts in practical applications.
Fifth Grade Standards:
5.N.2.1. (Application) Find the quotient of whole numbers using twodigit divisors.
Student Speak:
I can find(solve) an answer to a division problem (quotient) using a two digit divisor (the number by which the dividend is divided).

Use the inverse relationship of multiplication and division to find a missing factor.
5.N.2.2. (Application) Determine equivalent fractions including simplification (lowest terms of fractions).
Student Speak:
I can find (determine) equivalent fractions.
I can put (simplify) fractions into simplest form.
5.N.2.3. (Application) Multiply and divide decimals by natural numbers (1 – 9).
Student Speak:
I can multiply decimals (a number with one or more digits to the right of a decimal point) by the numbers 19 (natural numbers).
I can divide decimals (a number with one or more digits to the right of a decimal point) by the numbers 19 (natural numbers).
Supported by the following grade level standards
4^{th} grade:
4.N.2.1. (Application) Find the products of twodigit factors and quotient of two natural numbers using a onedigit divisor.
4.N.2.2. (Application) Add and subtract decimals with the same number of decimal places.
3^{rd} grade:
3.N.2.1. (Application) Add and subtract whole numbers up to three digits and multiply two digits by one digit.
2^{nd} grade:
2.N.2.1. (Application) Solve twodigit addition and subtraction problems written in horizontal and vertical formats using a variety of strategies.
1^{st} Grade:
1.N.2.1. (Application) Solve addition and subtraction problems with numbers 0 to 20 written in horizontal and vertical formats using a variety of strategies.
Kindergarten:
Number Sense Indicator 3: Develop conjectures, predictions, or estimations in the process of problem solving and verify or justify the results.
Fifth Grade Standards:
5.N.3.1. Students are able to use different estimation strategies to solve problems involving whole numbers, decimals, and fractions to the nearest whole number.

estimate (use an approximate value) to the nearest whole numbers (0,1,2,3,4,5…) to solve problems.

estimate (use an approximate value) decimals(a number with one or more digits to the right of the decimal point) to the nearest whole number to solve problems.

estimate (use an approximate value) fractions (a number that represents part of a whole or a set written with a numerator and a denominator) to the nearest whole number to solve problems.
Supported by the following grade level standards
4^{th} grade:
4.N.3.1. Students are able to estimate sums and differences in whole numbers and money to determine if a given answer is reasonable.
3^{rd} grade:
3.N.3.1. Students are able to round twodigit whole numbers to the nearest tens, and threedigit whole numbers to the nearest hundreds
2^{nd} grade:
2.N.3.1. Students are able to solve addition and subtraction problems up to 100 in context.
1^{st} Grade:
1.N.3.1. Students are able to solve addition and subtraction problems up to 20 in context.
Kindergarten:
K.N.3.1. Students are able to solve addition and subtraction problems up to 10 in context. 