Family Scientific name




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Appendix1. Wild food plants used by four ethnic groups in Naban River Watershed National Nature Reserve.

Family

Scientific name

Local name

Growth form

Parts used

Use category

Preparation

Ethnicity

(used by)

Trade

Acanthaceae

Thunbergia grandiflora (Roxb. ex Rottel.) Roxb.

藤子花

Vine

L

Leafy veg

Fried / boil

L, Da

 -

Actinidiaceae

Actinidia umbelloides C. F. Liang

 -

Shrub

Fr

Fruit

Eaten raw

Hi

 -

Actinidiaceae

Saurauia funduana Wall

鼻涕果

Tree

Fr

Fruit

Eaten raw

L, Hi, Ha

 -

Actinidiaceae

Saurauia napaulensis DC.

小鼻涕果树, 平地木

Tree

Fr

Fruit

Eaten raw

L, Hi

 -

Actinidiaceae

Saurauia tristyla DC.

 -

Tree

Fr

Fruit

Eaten raw

Hi

 -

Amaranthaceae

Amaranthus spinosus L.

革命菜

(刺革命草)


Herb

L

Leafy veg

Fried / boil

Hi, Da

Y

Amaranthaceae

Amaranthus viridis L.

玉米菜

Herb

L

Leafy veg

Fried / boil

Hi, Da, Ha

 -

Anacardiaceae

Mangifera sylvatica Roxb.

林生芒果

Tree

Fr

Fruit

Eaten raw

L, Hi, Da, Ha

 Y

Anacardiaceae

Rhus chinensis Mill.

盐酸果, 盐酸果树

Shrub

Se

Spice

Added to the foods or chili sauce

Hi, Da

 -

Anacardiaceae

Spondias pinnata (L.) Kurz.

 -

Tree

Fr

Fruit

Eaten raw

L, Hi, Da, Ha

 -

Annonaceae

Annona squamosa L.

 -

Shrub

Fr

Fruit

Eaten raw

Da

 -

Annonaceae

Fissistigma polyanthum (Hook. f. & Thomson) Merr.

香木料藤

Shrub

Fr

Fruit

Eaten raw

L, Ha

 -

Apiaceae

Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.

马蹄草

Herb

Ap

Leafy veg

Boiled or eaten raw, used to make cold dish

L, Hi, Da, Ha

 -

Apiaceae

Eryngium foetidum L.

大芫细

Herb

L

Leafy veg, Spice

Boiled or stir-fried

L, Hi

 Y

Apiaceae

Oenanthe javanica (Blume) DC.

水芹菜

Herb

Ap, L

Leafy veg

Eaten raw with chili sauce, boiled or barbeque with fish

L, Hi, Da, Ha

 Y

Apocynaceae

Amalocalyx microlobus Pierre

酸扁果

Liana

Fr

Fruit

Eaten raw

L, Hi, Da, Ha

Y

Aquifoliaceae

Ilex umbellulata (Wall.) Loes

羊屎果树

Shrub

Fr, L

fruit, leafy veg

Eaten raw with chili sauce or boiled

L, Hi, Ha

 -

Araceae

Alocosia sp.

 -

Herb

Tu

Starch-tuber

Boiled

L, Da

 Y

Araceae

Amorphophallus pachystylis Hett

山药

Herb

Tu

Starch-tuber

Boiled

L, Hi

 -

Araceae

Arisema sp.

鸡爪菜

Herb

L

Leafy veg

Fried

Da, Ha

 -

Araceae

Homalomena occulta (Lour.) Schott

野水芋

Herb

St, L

Leafy veg

Cooked or roasted in bamboo

Da

 -

Araceae

Homalomena pendula (Blume) Bakh.f.

 -

Herb

St, L

Leafy veg

Cooked with P. flaviflorum or roasted in bamboo

Da

 -

Araceae

Lasia spinisa (L.) Thw.

大刺苞菜, 刺菜, 马桑官

Herb

L, St

Leafy veg

Boiled or steamed

Hi, Da, Ha

 -

Araliaceae

Aralia armata (Wall.) Seem.

小刺苞菜, 大刺苞菜, 饿饭果

Shrub

L

Leafy veg

Boiled

L, Da

 Y

Araliaceae

Eleutherococcus trifoliatus (L.) S.Y. Hu

无家菜, 无家菜

Shrub

L

Leafy veg

Boiled or stir-fried, eaten with chili sauce

L, Hi, Da

 Y

Araliaceae

Macropanax undulatus (Wall.) Seem

七叶灵

Tree

L

Leafy veg

Boiled

L, Hi, Ha

 -

Araliaceae

Schefflera brevipedicellata Harms

 -

Shrub

L

Leafy veg

Boiled and eaten with chili sauce, or pickled (about one week)

L, Hi, Da, Ha

 -

Araliaceae

Schefflera chinensis (Dunn) H. L. Li

树头菜, 龙爪树, 风湿药

Tree

L

Leafy veg

Boiled /eaten raw

L, Ha

 -

Araliaceae

Trevesia palmata (Roxb. ex Lindl.) Vis

山月排, 马桑管果

Shrub

Fl, Fr

Veg, Spice

Cooked or raw

L, Hi, Da, Ha

 Y

Arecaceae

Caryota monostachya Becc.

棕笋

Tree

Fr

Fruit

Boiled / eaten raw

L, Hi, Da, Ha

 -

Arecaceae

Livistona saribus (Lour.) Merr ex chev

大白叶果

Tree

Se, Fr, St

Nut, Fruit, Veg

Eaten raw / fried

L, Hi, Da, Ha

 -

Asteraceae

Crassocephalum crepidioides (Benth.) S. Moore

老胖草, 九柳光

Herb

L, Ap

Leafy veg

Boiled or stir-fried and then eaten with chili sauce

L, Hi, Da, Ha

 Y

Asteraceae

Enydra fluctuans Lour.

 -

Herb

L, St

Leafy veg

Eaten raw

Da

 -

Asteraceae

Sonchus arvensis L.

苦马菜

Herb

Ap

Leafy veg

Cooked

L, Ha

 -

Asteraceae

Bidens pilosa L.

 -

Herb

L

Leafy veg

 Eaten raw

Ha

 -

Athyriaceae

Diplazium esculentum (Retz.) Sw.

 -

Herb

L

Leafy veg

Boiled or stir-fried, eaten with chili sauce

L, Hi, Da, Ha

 Y

Balsaminaceae

Impatiens aquatilis Hook.f

土各菜, 马鹿菜

Herb

L

Leafy veg

Eaten raw with chili sauce

L, Hi, Ha

 -

Begoniaceae

Begonia dryadis Irmsch.

水葫芦

Herb

L, St

Veg

Cook with fish

L, Hi, Da

 -

Bignoniaceae

Markhamia stipulata (Wall.) Seem.

毛尾木

Tree

Fl

Veg

Boiled and stir-fried

L, Hi, Da

 Y

Bignoniaceae

Mayodendron igneum (Kurz) Kurz

马桑官果树, 芭拉花, 野杩木香藤

Tree

Fl

Veg

Boiled and stir-fried

L, Hi, Da, Ha

 Y

Bignoniaceae

Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz

海船

Tree

Fr

Veg

Boiled and stir-fried, eaten with chili sauce

L, Hi, Da, Ha

 Y

Boraginaceae

Trichodesma calycosum Coll. ex Hemsl.

鸡蛋花

Herb

L

Leafy veg

Cooked or fried with egg and meat

L, Hi, Da

 -

Boraginaceae

Trigonotis peduncularis (Trevis.) Benth. ex Baker & S. Moore

 -

Herb

Fl, St

Veg

Fried

Da

 -

Burseraceae

Canarium tonkinense Engl.

青果

Tree

Fr

Fruit

Smashed with chili /eaten raw

L, Hi, Da

 -

Capparaceae

Stixis suaveolens (Roxb.) Pierre

 -

Vine

Fr

fruit

Eaten raw

Hi

 -

Chenopodiaceae

Chenopodium ambrosoides L.

盐巴菜, 细地留

Herb

L

Fruit

Eaten raw

L, Da

 Y

Clusiaceae

Garcinia cowa Roxb.

 -

Tree

Fr

Fruit

Eaten raw
(sour taste)

Hi

 -

Cucurbitaceae

Cucumis hystrix Chakr.

 -

Herb

Fr, L

Leafy veg, Veg

 Boiled or eaten raw

L, Hi, Da

 Y

Cucurbitaceae

Hodgsonia macrocarpa (Blume) Cogn.

野面瓜

Liana

Se

Nut

Roasted and mixed with rice

L, Hi, Da

 -

Cucurbitaceae

Thladiantha grandisepala A. M. Lu et Z. Y. Zhang

皮肤病

Herb

L

Leafy veg

 Boiled

Da

 -

Dioscoreaceae

Dioscorea alata L.

山药

Liana

Tu

Starch-tuber

Roasted / boiled / steamed / and then fried

L, Hi, Da, Ha

 Y

Ebenaceae

Diospyros kaki L.f.

海船, 野柿花

Tree

Fr

Fruit

Eaten raw

L, Hi, Ha

 -

Elaeagnaceae

Elaeagnus conferta Roxb

 -

Tree

Fr

Fruit

Eaten raw

Hi

 -

Elaeocarpaceae

Elaeocarpus austroyunnanensis Hu

 -

Tree

Se

Nut

Eaten raw

Hi

 -
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