Faculty of science education department of health physical education recrceation




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UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION, WINNEBA

FACULTY OF SCIENCE EDUCATION

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH PHYSICAL EDUCATION RECRCEATION
AND SPORTS


ASSESSING ACADEMIC LEARNING TIME IN PHYSICAL
EDUCATION LESSON (ALT-PE)


ODAMETEY CHARLES

B.ED IN HEALTH, PHYSICAL EDUCATION, RECREATION

AND SPORTS

AUGUST, 2009

UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION, WINNEBA

ASSESSING ACADEMIC LEARNING TIME IN PHYSICAL
EDUCATION LESSON
MASTER OF EDUCATION, PROJECT WORK


ODAMETEY CHARLES


B.ED IN HEALTH, PHYSICAL EDUCATION, RECREATION

AND SPORTS


A PROJECT WORK IN THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, PHYSICAL EDUCATION, RECREATION AND SPORTS‘‘SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF RESEARCH AND GRADUATE STUDIES UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION WINNEBA, IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIRMENT FOR THE AWARD OF MASTER OF EDUCATION.OF THE UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION, WINNEBA

AUGUST 2009
STUDENT’S DECLARATION

‘I, ODAMETEY CHARLES, DECLARE THAT THIS PROJECT WORK, WITH

THE EXECPTION OF QUOTATIONS AND REFERENCES CONTAINED IN
PUBLISHED WORKS WHICH HAVE ALL BEEN IDENTIFIED AND
ACKNOWLEDGED IS ENTIRELY MY OWN WORK, AND IT HAS NOT BEEN
SUBMITTED. EITHER IN PART OR WHOLE, FOR ANOTHER DEGREE
ELSEWHERE.’’

SIGNATURE …………………………………


DATE ………………………………………….


SUPERVISOR’S DECLARATION

I, DR (MRS) HARRIET.NAKI AMUI. HEREBY DECLARE THAT THE


PREPARATION AND PRESENTATION OF THIS PROJECT WORK WAS
SUPERVISED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE GUIDELINES AND
SUPERVISION OF PROJECT WORK LAID DOWN BY THE UNIVERSITY
OF EDUCATION WINNEBA.

SIGNATURE…………………………….


DATE………………………………………

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The accomplishment of this project has been engendered by cooperation from various quarters. The author will therefore like to express his sincere gratitude to all and sundry, which in diverse ways helped in producing this piece.
Particular mention is made of Dr .H. N. Amui. (Mrs). Coordinator of the M.ED Programme (HPERS), for all the advice, prompt, and hustles meted out to me to ensure the quick and smooth completion of this project.
My appreciation is also extended to the Lecturers who in their rich experiences encourage and advice us especially Dr P. B. Akuffo. and M. Filson, who helped me while putting the data in order and analyzing the data, I am grateful to him.
Mention is again made of all author quoted from, who have been duly credited, whose books served as a source of reference and guide in writing this project.
The researcher is also grateful to Mr. P. K. Baah who helped me in the validation and reliability in scoring the research instrument used for the project.
The researcher is also grateful to the two teachers who taught for data to be collected more grease to your elbows.
Finally to my prince and princess not forgetting my dear one Angela. and a special gratitude to the man with a class of DISTINCTION. Mr J. C. AMUI my mentor.
All shortcomings of this project remain the author’s

ODAMETEY CHARLES.

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DEDICATION

This study is dedicated to all physical education teachers who have already taught physical education, Teachers who now are teaching physical education and teachers who will in future; teach their lessons in such ways to increase their students’ academic learning time.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS


DECLARATION……………………………………………….............................. I

ACKNOWLEGDEMENT………………………………………………………… II
DEDICATION…………………………………………………………………….III
TABLE OF CONTENT……………………………………………………… …..IV
LIST OF TABLES & FIGURES………………………………………….............VI
ABSTRACT………………………………………………………… ……… .. VII
CHAPTER ONE………..…………………………………………………….…….1

INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………………….1


STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM………………………………………….…...6

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY………………………………………………….…...7

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY………………………………………………………………………..……7

LIMITATION OF THE STUDY…………………………………………………. 8

DEFINITION OF TERMS………………………………………………………...9
CHAPTER TWO………………………………………………………………….10
REVIEW OF LITERATURE……………………………………………………..10

ALT-PE AS A CRITERION VARIABLE……………………………………......18

ALT-PE ANSWERABILITY&ACCOUNTABILITY…………………………. . 18

ALT-PE IN PROCESS-PRODUCT……………………………………………… 19

RELATIONSHIP OF VARIABLES TO ALT-PE……………………………..….20

TEACHER EFFECTIVENESS……………………………………………………22

TASK SYSTEMS……………………………………………………………….. 24

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CHAPTER THREE……………………………………………………………… 27


METHODOLOGY………………………………………………………… ……27
RESEARCH DESIGN……………………………………………………………27

POPULATION…………………………………………………………………....28


SAMPLE AND SAMPLE TECHNIQUE………………………………………...28

DATA COLLECTION AND INSTRUMENTATION…………………………...29

VALIDATION AND RELIABILITY………………………………………….....31

DATA ANALYSIS………………………………………………………………..32


CHAPTER FOUR…………………………………………………………………33

RESULTS OF THE STUDY………………………………………………………33


CHAPTER FIVE…………………………………………………………………...43
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS…43
REFERENCES……………………………………………………………………… 5
APPENDIX A……………………………………………………………………….55

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LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES



LESSON ONE


    1. Percentage distribution of time spent on each phase of the lesson

1.2 Percentage distribution of time spent on content level


1.3 Percentage of time spent on teachers’ behaviour
1.4 Percentage distribution of episode that increase ALT-PE
1.5 Percentage distribution on how teacher spent teaching time on PE

LESSON TWO


1.1 Percentage distribution of time spent on each phase of the lesson
1.2 Percentage distribution of time spent on managerial Episodes
1.3 Percentage distribution of time spent on teacher’s behaviour
1.4 Percentage distribution of Episodes that increase ALT-PE

FIG 1.1 Adapted model of ALT-PE


FIG 3.4.1 Graphical presentation of ALT-PE and its Sub levels
FIG 5.1 ALT-PE Interval Recording Sheet

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ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research is to assess academic learning time in physical education lesson ((ALT-PE).

The setting for the study was Winneba, capital of Effutu in the Central region. Physical education teachers were used in the study because they are the regular physical education teachers at junior secondary school level in Winneba.This research is meant to address the question of how to assess teachers in physical education lessons using the academic learning time instrument. (ALT-PE).In the lessons three students were used as target students to represent highly skilled, averagely skilled, and low skilled.


The methodology employed to collect data was the use of the (ALT-PE) interval recording sheet developed by Siedentop, Tousignant and Parker (1982).
Data collected and analyzed showed that teachers can teach in ways to increase engaged, practice and ALT for the students.Siedentop (1991) suggest that there is substantial evidence that physical education teachers spent more time on the content phase. Evidence to support this from lesson one twenty-seven (27minutes) which represent 77% of the allocated time on the main content. In lesson two twenty- nine (29 minutes) which represent 82.9% of the allocated time on the main content shows an increase in ALT-PE.
Some of the findings include the facts that ALT-PE increases when teachers actively monitor student work and give feedback as they perform. It was also observed that assessing ALT-PE began even before the lesson started, for setting up the work area before the allocated time reduces time in management. The study finally draws a comprehensive work for assessing and increasing ALT-PE and also gives some suggestions and recommendations for further studies and research. Not all, it was suggested that physical education teachers should decrease the time on management, transition , waiting, and any theoretical explanations, while allocating more time on physical activity.

In a nutshell, teachers will increase ALT-PE when they actively monitor, supervise and give feedback as they perform and also build physical education programs for the purpose of developing physical skills.



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