Effects of forests, roads and mistletoe on bird diversity in monoculture rubber plantations Rachakonda Sreekar, Guohualing Huang, Mika Yasuda, Rui-Chang Quan, Eben Goodale, Richard T. Corlett, Kyle W. Tomlinson Supplemental Information




Yüklə 162.03 Kb.
səhifə1/2
tarix21.04.2016
ölçüsü162.03 Kb.
  1   2


Effects of forests, roads and mistletoe on bird diversity in monoculture rubber plantations

Rachakonda Sreekar, Guohualing Huang, Mika Yasuda, Rui-Chang Quan, Eben Goodale, Richard T. Corlett, Kyle W. Tomlinson

Supplemental Information
Figure S1…………………………………………………………………………………….Page 1

Table S1…………………………………………………………………..………………..Pages 2-6

Table S2……………………………………………………………………………………Pages 7-8

Table S3……………………………………………………………………………………Pages 9-10





Fig S1. Species accumulation curve of birds recorded in 52 plots in rubber. Each plot was re-sampled four times. The black line is randomized original bird species richness and the shaded grey area is its 95% confidence interval.

Table S1. Summary information of species recorded in Menglun landscape, including their taxonomic information, occurrence in monoculture rubber plantations, and their ecological traits. Rubber occurrence (1 = recorded in rubber, 0 = not recorded in rubber; checklist data collected between 2011 and 2015); Forest habitat (P=prefer forest habitat, NP=no preference); Primary diet type (Inver = invertebrates, Carni = vertebrates, Frug = fruit, Nec = nectar, Gran = seed); Body size (centimeters). We collected data on four life-history traits of birds using Yang et al.34 and Robson35. Taxonomy and nomenclature follow Clement’s checklist (ver. 6.9; updated in Aug 2014; http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/).

English Name

Scientific Name

Rubber occurrence

Forest habitat

Habitat breadth

Primary diet type

Body size

Ashy Bulbul

Hemixos flavala

0

P

3

Frug

20.5

Ashy Wood Swallow

Artamus fuscus

0

NP

5

Inver

17

Ashy-headed Green-Pigeon

Treron phayrei*

0

P

4

Frug

26

Asian Palm Swift

Cypsiurus parvus

1

NP

5

Inver

11.5

Banded Bay Cuckoo

Cacomantis sonneratii

0

P

4

Inver

23.5

Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike

Hemipus picatus

0

P

3

Inver

13.5

Barn Swallow

Hirundo rustica

1

NP

8

Inver

15

Baya Weaver

Ploceus philippinus

0

NP

4

Gran

15

Besra

Accipiter virgatus

0

P

3

Carni

29.5

Black Baza

Aviceda leuphotes

0

P

3

Inver

32.5

Black Bulbul

Hypsipetes leucocephalus

1

P

3

Frug

25

Black-backed Forktail

Enicurus leschenaulti

0

P

3

Inver

28

Black-breasted Thrush

Turdus dissimilis

1

P

3

Inver

23

Black-crested Bulbul

Pycnonotus flaviventris

1

P

3

Frug

19

Black-headed Bulbul

Pycnonotus atriceps

0

P

2

Frug

18

Black-headed Sibia

Heterophasia melanoleuca

0

P

2

Inver

22.5

Black-naped Monarch

Hypothymis azurea

0

P

6

Inver

17

Black-naped Oriole

Oriolus chinensis

0

P

5

Inver

25.5

Black-shouldered Kite

Elanus caeruleus

0

NP

4

Carni

33.5

Black-throated Laughingthrush

Ianthocincla chinensis

0

P

4

Frug

28

Black-winged Cuckoo-Shrike

Lalage melaschistos

0

P

4

Inver

23.5

Blue Rock Thrush

Monticola solitarius

0

NP

4

Inver

22

Blue Whistling Thrush

Myophonus caeruleus

0

P

4

Inver

33

Blue-bearded Bee-eater

Nyctyornis athertoni

0

P

4

Inver

35

Blue-naped Pitta

Pitta nipalensis

1

P

3

Inver

24

Blue-throated Barbet

Psilopogon asiaticus

1

P

4

Frug

23

Blue-winged Leafbird

Chloropsis cochinchinensis

0

P

4

Inver

17.5

Blyth's Kingfisher

Alcedo hercules

0

P

2

Carni

22.5

Bronzed Drongo

Dicrurus aeneus

1

P

4

Inver

22.5

Brown-cheeked Fulvetta

Alcippe poioicephala

1

P

3

Inver

16

Buff-breasted Babbler

Pellorneum tickelli

1

NP

5

Inver

17

Burmese Shrike

Lanius collurioides

0

NP

3

Inver

20

Chestnut-crowned Warbler

Seicercus castaniceps

0

P

2

Inver

10

Chestnut-headed Tesia

Tesia castaneocoronata

0

P

2

Inver

9

Chestnut-tailed Starling

Sturnia malabarica

0

NP

4

Inver

19.5

Chinese Hwamei

Garrulax canorus

0

NP

5

Inver

22.5

Common Iora

Aegithina tiphia

1

NP

6

Inver

13

Common Myna

Acridotheres tristis

0

NP

7

Inver

26

Common Tailorbird

Orthotomus sutorius

1

NP

6

Inver

12

Coppersmith Barbet

Psilopogon haemacephalus

1

P

5

Frug

17

Crested Goshawk

Accipiter trivirgatus

0

P

3

Carni

43

Crested Serpent Eagle

Spilornis cheela

0

P

3

Carni

65

Crested Treeswift

Hemiprocne coronata

0

P

3

Inver

22

Crimson Sunbird

Aethopyga siparaja

1

NP

4

Nec

12

Dark-necked Tailorbird

Orthotomus atrogularis

1

P

5

Inver

11.5

Emerald Cuckoo

Chrysococcyx maculatus

0

P

5

Inver

17

Emerald Dove

Chalcophaps indica

0

P

3

Frug

25

Eurasian Blackbird

Turdus merula

1

NP

4

Inver

28.5

Eurasian Tree Sparrow

Passer montanus

0

NP

4

Gran

14

Fire-breasted Flowerpecker

Dicaeum ignipectus

0

P

2

Frug

8.5

Flavescent Bulbul

Pycnonotus flavescens

0

NP

4

Frug

21.5

Franklin's Prinia

Prinia hodgsonii

1

NP

5

Inver

11

Fujian Niltava

Niltava davidi

1

P

3

Inver

18

Gould's Sunbird

Aethopyga gouldiae

0

P

2

Nec

14

Great Barbet

Psilopogon virens

1

P

3

Frug

32.5

Great Iora

Aegithina lafresnayei

1

P

2

Inver

16

Greater Coucal

Centropus sinensis

1

NP

5

Inver

50

Green Bee-eater

Merops orientalis

0

NP

7

Inver

19.5

Green-billed Malkoha

Phaenicophaeus tristis

0

P

4

Inver

56

Grey Bushchat

Saxicola ferreus

0

NP

8

Inver

14

Grey Peacock-Pheasant

Polyplectron bicalcaratum

0

P

2

Gran

66

Grey-backed Shrike

Lanius tephronotus

0

NP

4

Inver

24

Grey-cheecked Warbler

Seicercus poliogenys

0

P

2

Inver

9.5

Grey-chinned Minivet

Pericrocotus solaris

0

P

4

Inver

18

Grey-eyed Bulbul

Iole propinqua

0

P

3

Frug

18

Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher

Culicicapa ceylonensis

1

P

5

Inver

12.5

Grey-headed Woodpecker

Picus canus

1

NP

4

Inver

32

Grey-throated Martin

Riparia chinensis

0

NP

2

Inver

11.5

Grey-throated Sunbird

Anthreptes malacensis*

0

NP

5

Nec

14

Hill-blue Flycatcher

Cyornis banyumas

1

P

3

Inver

15

Himalayan Swiftlet

Collocalia brevirostris

0

NP

4

Inver

13.5

Hoopoe

Upupa epops

0

NP

3

Inver

30

House Sparrow

Passer domesticus

0

NP

4

Gran

14

Indian Roller

Coracias benghalensis

0

NP

5

Inver

32.5

Japanese tit

Parus minor

1

NP

7

Inver

14

Japanese White-eye

Zosterops japonicus

1

P

4

Frug

11

Large Niltava

Niltava grandis

0

P

2

Inver

20.5

Large Woodshrike

Tephrodornis gularis

0

P

5

Inver

18.5

Lesser Coucal

Centropus bengalensis

1

NP

5

Inver

38

Lesser Shortwing

Brachypteryx leucophrys

0

P

2

Inver

12

Lime-stone Wren-Babbler

Turdinus crispifrons

0

P

1

Inver

19

Little Pied Flycatcher

Ficedula westermanni

0

P

3

Inver

12

Little Spiderhunter

Arachnothera longirostra

1

P

4

Nec

16

Little Swift

Apus affinis

1

NP

2

Inver

14.5

Long-tailed Broadbill

Psarisomus dalhousiae

0

P

2

Inver

25.5

Long-tailed Minivet

Pericrocotus ethologus

0

P

3

Inver

19

Long-tailed Shrike

Lanius schach

1

NP

3

Inver

26

Magpie Robin

Copsychus saularis

1

NP

7

Inver

20

Mountain Bulbul

Ixos mcclellandii

0

P

2

Frug

22.5

Olive-backed Pipit

Anthus hodgsoni

1

NP

4

Inver

16.5

Olive-backed Sunbird

Cinnyris jugularis

0

NP

6

Nec

11.5

Orange-bellied Leafbird

Chloropsis hardwickii

0

P

3

Inver

19.5

Orange-breasted Trogon

Harpactes oreskios

0

P

2

Inver

29

Orange-headed Thrush

Zoothera citrina

1

P

4

Inver

22

Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher

Ceyx erithaca

0

P

2

Carni

22.5

Oriental Turtle Dove

Streptopelia orientalis

0

NP

3

Gran

32

Oriental White-eye

Zosterops palpebrosus

1

P

5

Frug

10.5

Oriental Yellow-eyed Babbler

Chrysomma sinense

0

NP

3

Inver

18.5

Paddyfield Pipit

Anthus rufulus

0

NP

5

Inver

15.5

Pied Falconet

Microhierax melanoleucos*

0

P

3

Inver

19.5

Plain Flowerpecker

Dicaeum concolor

1

P

4

Nec

8

Plain Prinia

Prinia inornata

1

NP

6

Inver

14.5

Plumbeous Water Redstart

Phoenicurus fuliginosus

0

NP

5

Inver

15

Puff-throated Babbler

Pellorneum ruficeps

1

P

4

Inver

17

Puff-throated Bulbul

Alophoixus pallidus

1

P

2

Frug

22

Purple Sunbird

Cinnyris asiaticus*

0

NP

6

Nec

11

Pygmy Cupwing

Pnoepyga pusilla

0

P

2

Inver

8.5

Red Collared Dove

Streptopelia tranquebarica

0

NP

4

Gran

24

Red Junglefowl

Gallus gallus

0

P

3

Gran

71

Red-billed Blue Magpie

Urocissa erythrorhyncha

1

P

5

Inver

66.5

Red-billed Scimitar Babbler

Pomatorhinus ochraceiceps

0

P

1

Inver

23

Red-whiskered Bulbul

Pycnonotus jocosus

1

NP

5

Frug

19.5

Rosy Minivet

Pericrocotus roseus

0

P

3

Inver

18.7

Ruby-cheeked Sunbird

Chalcoparia singalensis

1

P

6

Nec

10.5

Rufescent Prinia

Prinia rufescens

1

P

4

Inver

11.5

Rufous Woodpecker

Celeus brachyurus

0

NP

4

Inver

25

Rufous-capped Babbler

Stachyris ruficeps

1

P

3

Inver

12.5

Rufous-winged Fulvetta

Schoeniparus castaneceps

0

P

2

Inver

11

Rusty-capped Fulvetta

Schoeniparus dubius

0

P

4

Inver

14.5

Scaly-breasted Munia

Lonchura punctulata

1

NP

4

Gran

12

Scarlet Minivet

Pericrocotus flammeus

0

P

4

Inver

20

Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker

Dicaeum cruentatum

1

P

5

Frug

8.5

Silver Pheasant

Lophura nycthemera

0

P

2

Gran

104

Silver-breasted Broadbill

Serilophus lunatus

0

P

2

Inver

16.5

Slaty-backed Forktail

Enicurus schistaceus

0

P

3

Inver

23.5

Small Blue Kingfisher

Alcedo atthis

0

NP

5

Carni

17

Small Niltava

Niltava macgrigoriae

0

P

2

Inver

13.5

Snowy-browed Flycatcher

Ficedula hyperythra

0

P

2

Inver

12

Sooty-headed Bulbul

Pycnonotus aurigaster

1

NP

5

Frug

20

Speckled Piculet

Picumnus innominatus

1

P

4

Inver

10

Speckled Wood Pigeon

Columba hodgsonii*

0

P

2

Frug

38

Spot-necked Babbler

Stachyris striolata

0

P

3

Frug

16

Spot-throated Babbler

Pellorneum albiventre

0

NP

5

Inver

14

Spotted Dove

Streptopelia chinensis

1

NP

5

Gran

30.5

Sreak-breasted Scimitar Babbler

Pomatorhinus ruficollis

0

P

3

Inver

18

Streaked Spiderhunter

Arachnothera magna

0

P

3

Nec

19

Striated Swallow

Hirundo striolata

1

NP

5

Inver

18.5

Striped Tit Babbler

Mixornis gularis

1

P

4

Inver

13

Thick-billed Flowerpecker

Dicaeum agile

0

P

4

Nec

10

Violet Cuckoo

Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus

0

P

5

Inver

17

Vulvet-fronted Nuthatch

Sitta frontalis

0

P

4

Inver

13

White-bellied Epornis

Erpornis zantholeuca

0

P

2

Inver

13

White-browed Piculet

Sasia ochracea

0

P

5

Inver

9

White-rumped Munia

Lonchura striata

1

NP

4

Gran

11

White-rumped Shama

Copsychus malabaricus

1

NP

4

Inver

25

White-tailed Flycatcher

Cyornis concretus

1

P

3

Inver

19

White-tailed Robin

Cinclidium leucurum

0

P

2

Inver

18.5

White-tailed Warbler

Phylloscopus davisoni

1

P

3

Inver

11

White-throated Fantail

Rhipidura albicollis

1

P

3

Inver

19

White-throated Kingfisher

Halcyon smyrnensis

1

NP

4

Carni

28.5

Yellow-bellied Fantail

Chelidorhynx hypoxantha

0

NP

2

Inver

12

Yellow-bellied Prinia

Prinia flaviventris

0

NP

4

Inver

13.5

Yellow-bellied Warbler

Abroscopus superciliaris

1

P

4

Inver

10.5

Yellow-legged Button Quail

Turnix tanki

0

NP

5

Gran

17

Yellow-vented Flowerpecker

Dicaeum chrysorrheum

1

P

5

Nec

10

Yellowish-bellied Bush Warbler

Horornis acanthizoides

0

NP

2

Inver

11.5

Yunnan Fulvetta

Alcippe fratercula

0

P

3

Frug

14
  1   2


Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azrefs.org 2016
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə