Earth Science Data and Information System Project, Code 423 423-rqmt-003 Metadata Requirements – Base Reference for nasa earth Science Data Products




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Earth Science Data and Information System Project, Code 423

423-RQMT-003




Metadata Requirements – Base Reference
for NASA Earth Science Data Products



Original


December 2011

Expires: December 2016



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Metadata Requirements – Base Reference
for NASA Earth Science Data Products


Prepared By:



Signature on File




12/01/2011

Andrew Mitchell

ESDIS Evolution/Software Dev. Mgr

GSFC Code 423





Date

Approved By:

Signature on File




Signature on File

Dawn R. Lowe

ESDIS Project Manager

GSFC Code 423





Date

Signature on File




Signature on File

Martha E. Maiden

Program Executive for Earth Science Data Systems

NASA Earth Sciences Division

NASA HQ-DK000






Date

Goddard Space Flight Center

Greenbelt, Maryland
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Preface


This document is under ESDIS Project configuration control. Once this document is approved, ESDIS approved changes are handled in accordance with Class I and Class II change control requirements described in the ESDIS Configuration Management Procedures, and changes to this document shall be made by document change notice (DCN) or by complete revision.

Any questions should be addressed to:

ESDIS Configuration Management Office
NASA/GSFC

Code 423


Greenbelt, Md. 20771

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Abstract


This document defines the NASA Earth Science Division base metadata requirements for science data products of satellite mission data systems. (Legacy satellite mission data systems, metadata repositories and data centers should treat this document as reference and not as a requirement. Subsequent requirements for these systems are forthcoming.) The metadata requirements represented in this document are a means of assuring the consistency of data requirements across subsystems, and supporting the data standardization necessary for system interoperability. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Geographic Information – Metadata standard 19115 (and related standards) shall be used to describe science data products. This standard includes two parts, 19115 and 19115-2. Part 2 and revisions to 19115 that are currently being developed by ISO, include elements that are critical for NASA collections and products. In addition, the data quality elements of 19115 have been extracted into another standard (ISO 19157). Complete descriptions of NASA collections and products will require elements from all of these standards.

Keywords: datasets, Earth Science Data, ESDIS, granules, ISO, metadata, products, series

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Contents


Preface iii

Abstract v

Change Record Page vii

List of Affected Pages ix

Contents xi

1. Introduction 1

1.1 Scope 1

1.2 Purpose 1

1.3 Organization 2



2. References 1

2.1 Related Documents 1



3. Base Reference Metadata Model 1

3.1 Overview 1

3.2 SERIES / COLLECTIONS 2

3.3 DATASETS / GRANULES 3



Abbreviations and Acronyms 1


1. Introduction

1.1 Scope


This document provides information to the NASA Earth Science Division (ESD). This document specifies an ESD implementation for NASA Earth Science metadata products of satellite mission data systems. Distribution of this document is unlimited. (Legacy satellite mission data systems, metadata repositories and data centers should treat this document as reference and not as a requirement. Subsequent requirements for these systems are forthcoming.

1.2 Purpose


Metadata serves a multitude of purposes. Missions typically list information about the instrumentation, the flight vehicle, the data gridding method, the temporal and spatial extent of the data, the operational plan and flight dynamics information. Data Centers employ metadata to enable product ordering, subsetting, merging and visualization. In addition, metadata provide users with descriptions of data product structure, lineage, algorithms and the quality of the content.
The role of metadata elements vary based on their scope. The following terms are frequently used to categorize metadata by scope:
Series/Collection metadata – Metadata elements that describe an entire set of data files. Values of series/collection metadata apply to all of the files in a specific aggregate. Series/collection metadata may represent the same release of any given file, sets of data generated during an experiment, a campaign or an algorithm test.
Dataset/Granule metadata – Metadata elements that describe a single instance of a data file. Values of dataset/granule metadata apply to all of the data in that one file. Typical metadata in this category describe spatial and temporal extent of the data instance as well as the quality and lineage.
The use of term “dataset” in NASA Earth Science Data Systems (ESDS) metadata conflicts with ISO terminology. In ISO, “dataset” means “granule”. In NASA ESDS, “dataset” means “collection”. Series/collection and dataset/granule metadata are used in search and discovery of data products. A metadata repository, commonly referred to as a catalog, is accessed by client applications that support user queries. A small set of metadata attributes is sufficient for the most common spatial, temporal and parameter based queries.
ESD science data products of satellite mission data systems shall contain metadata conforming to the ISO 19115 Geographic Information – Metadata standard. This standard includes two parts, 19115 and 19115-2. Part 2 and revisions to 19115 that are currently being developed by ISO, include elements that are critical for NASA collections and products. In addition, the data quality elements of 19115 have been extracted into another standard (ISO 19157). Complete descriptions of NASA collections and products will require elements from all of these standards. The XML encoding of ISO 19115 metadata is specified in ISO 19139, which shall also be considered part of these requirements.

1.3 Organization


Section 1 provides information regarding the scope, purpose, and organization of this document.

Section 2 lists related documents that were used as sources of information for this document or that provide additional background information to aid understanding of the base reference model.

Section 3 provides information for the base reference metadata model.

A list of abbreviations and acronyms is also provided.


2. References

2.1 Related Documents


423-SPEC-001 NASA, 2011: NASA Earth Science Data Preservation Content Specification, November 2011.

TBS NASA, 2011: Recommendations of the MENDS Tiger Team to the ESDIS Project Regarding Adoption of the ISO 19115 Metadata Standard, January 2011.

ISO 19115 ISO, 2003: ISO 19115 Geographic Information - Metadata. International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Geneva, 2003

ISO 19139 ISO, 2003: ISO 19139 Geographic information Metadata XML schema implementation. International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Geneva, 2003.

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3. Base Reference Metadata Model

3.1 Overview

The ESD base metadata requirements outline the minimum metadata elements required to adhere to NASA Satellite Mission Data Systems Requirements. (Legacy satellite mission data systems, metadata repositories and data centers should treat this document as reference and not as a requirement. Subsequent requirements for these systems are forthcoming.)


The flexibility of ISO 19115 enables assignment of metadata to multiple entities and elements in multiple configurations. Usage of a common set of metadata entities and elements enhances interoperability across NASA missions. The entities and elements presented in this document represent a subset of what is required for NASA science data products.
NASA specific ISO 19115 conventions shall be posted to the EOSDIS website along with tools, guides, documentation and example implementations of the ESD metadata requirements.
(http://earthdata.nasa.gov/)

As the targets of metadata description the following three constructs are utilized in this document. Although individual mission/instruments may utilize different terms for these construct, the corresponding descriptions should all be addressed.



  • Series/Collection - A grouping of science data that all come from the same source, such as a modeling group or institution. Series/collections have information that is common across all the datasets/granules they contain.

  • Dataset/Granule - The smallest aggregation of data that can be independently managed (described, inventoried, and retrieved). Datasets/granules have their own metadata model and support values associated with the additional attributes defined by series/collections that they are part of.

  • Browse - An image that provides a high-level view of the associated dataset/granule or series/collection metadata item. Browse do not have an independent representation or data model, but are contained within the Series/Collection or Dataset/Granule metadata.

A series/collection may contain zero or more datasets/granules, however datasets/granules cannot exist without being associated with a series/collection. Browse images may be associated or included within either series/collections or datasets/granules.

For each metadata type, the minimum metadata entities or elements required to describe science data products are outlined below. The metadata name and description of each metadata entity or element are listed in tabular form. In instances where top-level entities of complex metadata elements are listed, the requisite child element information is inherently required to correctly represent the parent metadata element.

The metadata names displayed in this document are not required to match the metadata names used in the mission/project data products. However, the data products shall provide elements that include the required content.

It is recognized that there are mission/project dependent elements that are not included in this document but should be treated as required elements for the mission/project.



3.2 SERIES / COLLECTIONS





Name

Description

Standard

MD_DataIdentification.citation/CI_Citation.title

This element specifies a name for the series/collection.

19115:2003

MI_Metadata.fileIdentifier

This element specifies a unique identifier for the series/collection.

19115:2003

MD_DataIdentification.citation/CI_Citation.edition

This element specifies the version identifier of the data series/collection

19115:2003

MD_DataIdentification.abstract

This element identifies the purpose and provides a description of the content of the series/collection.

19115:2003

MD_DataIdentification.purpose

This element provides a summary of the intentions with which the data were developed

19115:2003

MI_AcquisitionInformation

This entity describes the platforms associated with the acquisition of the series/collection or dataset/granule, instrument/sensor used to measure or record data and acquisition plan.

19115:2003

MI_CoverageDescription

This entity describes the physical parameters being measured or calculated (bands).

19115:2003

MD_Keywords

This element allows for the specification of Earth science keywords that are representative of the series/collection. The Science Keyword list is managed by the Global Change Master Directory (GCMD).

19115:2003

MI_Operation

This entity contains attributes describing the scientific endeavor(s) to which the series/collection is associated. Scientific endeavors include campaigns, projects, interdisciplinary science investigations, missions, field experiments, etc.

19115:2003

CI_ResponsibleParty

This element contains elements for describing people or organizations that are related to the data and their roles.

19115:2003

MD_DataIdentification.citation

This entity allows data users to properly cite the series/collection.

19115:2003

MD_GridSpatialRepresentation

This entity describes the spatial representation.

19115:2003

Entities contain multiple elements and the referenced standard must be consulted to identify the required elements.


3.3 DATASETS / GRANULES


Datasets/granules shall incorporate all fields listed in the series/collections table in addition to the elements listed below.


Name

Description

Standard

MI_Metadata.fileIdentifier

“This element is a unique reference which identifies each dataset/granule within the series/collection. (It is recommended that this element be a globally unique reference (such as a UUID or ARK)"

19115:2003

DS_Series

This element holds information about series/collections that a dataset/granule is part of.

19115:2003

LI_Lineage

This entity records the data series/collection generation in detail sufficient to allow reproducibility.

19115:2003

DQ_Element

This entity records the information about the quality of the data or any quality assurance procedures followed in producing the data.

19115:2003

MD_BrowseGraphic

When available, list of browse images associated with the series/collection.

19115:2003

EX_Extent

This entity describes the spatial and temporal extent of the data

19115:2003

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Abbreviations and Acronyms


CCR Configuration Change Request

DCN Document Change Notice

EOSDIS Earth Observing System Data and Information System

ESD NASA Earth Science Division

ESDIS Earth Science Data and Information System

ESDS Earth Science Data Systems

GCMD Global Change Master Directory

GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center

ISO International Organization for Standardization

MENDS Metadata Evolution for NASA Data Systems

NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration

TBD To Be Determined

TBS To Be Supplied

XML Extensible Markup Language

XSD XML Schema Definition

XSLT Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformations



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Check the ESDIS Doc Server at https://ops1-cm.ems.eosdis.nasa.gov/cm2/ to verify that this is the correct version prior to use.


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