Disclaimer: This is not an eppo paper. However, this document may be useful to assist applicants and evaluators with the application of eppo standard pp1/278




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12-18159

DISCLAIMER: This is not an EPPO paper. However, this document may be useful to assist applicants and evaluators with the application of EPPO Standard PP1/278 Principles of zonal data production and evaluation. Please note that the information presented in this document is a synthesis of data from the sources indicated. The accuracy of these data cannot be assured and may change over time. Expert judgment should be applied in all cases.
The actual distribution of crops in Europe
Pierre HUCORNE, Centre Wallon de Recherches Agronomiques, 5030 Gembloux, BE
1 Introduction

The entry into force of the Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 has brought several novelties in the preparation and the assessment of biological efficacy dossiers. On one hand, the applicants have to conceive and to prepare dossiers that will be used for granting authorizations at the level of a zone comprising several EU Member States. On the other hand, the regulatory authorities (Rapporteur Member State) have to evaluate the dossier taking into account the agronomic conditions of a large geographical zone and not only their own local conditions and peculiarities.


This new approach implies a redefinition of the conditions of authorization and to bring an answer to the following questions:


  • What is the optimal location of the trials in order to cover the conditions of several countries?

  • What is the meaning of major/minor crop or use at zonal level?

  • What are the different agricultural techniques for a crop within a zone (e.g. winter/spring varieties, outdoor/indoor, fresh market/industrial processing, human/animal consumption, etc.?

The determination of the production areas of the crops in each European country, EPPO agroclimatic zone and EU administrative zone is a first steps in answering these questions.


2 Procedure

Data on production areas have been retrieved from the Eurostat database. The mean of the years 2006-2010 have been calculated for each crop/country. A detailed explanation of the database and crop entries can be found in the Crop production - Manual for current statistics (2001).


Countries

The following countries have been taken into account in this study: the 27 Member States of the European Union, the Balkan countries (Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Former Yugoslav Republic (FYR) of Macedonia, Albania, Serbia, Montenegro and Kosovo), Switzerland and Norway. The following countries have been removed from the data query since their agricultural sector is minor, and/or, for a great extent, located outside Europe: Liechtenstein, Iceland, and Turkey.


The countries have been sorted according to their respective EPPO and EU zones, following the recommendations of the Guidance on comparable climates (PP 1/241 and the Annex I of the Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009.
The northern part of France is located in the Maritime EPPO region while its southern part is located in the Mediterranean EPPO region. The statistical data of the French Ministry of Agriculture (Agreste) have been used to determine the percentage of crop areas that are located in each EPPO region. The following regions of France are located in the Mediterranean EPPO region: Midi-Pyrénées, Languedoc-Roussillon, Rhône-Alpes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur and Corsica.
For a few crops, detailed data on the distribution in the regions were not available. In this case, the percentages for the maritime and mediterranean zones have been extrapolated, taking into account comparable crops (for example, distribution of all brassicas has been extrapolated from the distribution of the cauliflowers).
In the case of Switzerland, data on fruit and vegetable crops that were not available on the Eurostat database have been retrieved from the websites of the Swiss Federal Office of Statistics and of the Agence d’information agricole romande.
Unfortunately, statistical data for Serbia, Kosovo and Montenegro are not available in the Eurostat database. A survey of the agriculture of the Balkan states (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Former Yugoslav Republic (FYR) of Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia) is available on the website of the European Commission. More detailed statistical data on agricultural production is also available on the website of the Ministry of Agriculture of Serbia and in publications of the Serbia Investment and Export Promotion Agency.

Reliable and detailed information on crop production has not been found for Kosovo and Montenegro. We have therefore only reported the information on utilized agricultural area, arable land, fruit crop and permanent grassland.


Groupings of countries by EPPO and EU zone

European countries

EPPO zone

EU zone

Estonia

North-East

Northern

Latvia

North-East

Northern

Lithuania

North-East

Northern

Poland

North-East

Central

Finland

North-East

Northern

Belgium

Maritime

Central

Czech Republic

Maritime

Central

Denmark

Maritime

Northern

Germany

Maritime

Central

Ireland

Maritime

Central

Northern France

Maritime

Southern

Luxemburg

Maritime

Central

Netherlands

Maritime

Central

Austria

Maritime

Central

Sweden

Maritime

Northern

United Kingdom

Maritime

Central

Norway

Maritime

-

Switzerland

Maritime

-

Greece

Mediterranean

Southern

Spain

Mediterranean

Southern

Southern France

Mediterranean

Southern

Italy

Mediterranean

Southern

Cyprus

Mediterranean

Southern

Malta

Mediterranean

Southern

Portugal

Mediterranean

Southern

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Mediterranean

-

Albania

Mediterranean

-

Montenegro

Mediterranean

-

Bulgaria

South-East

Southern

Hungary

South-East

Central

Romania

South-East

Central

Slovakia

South-East

Central

Slovenia

South-East

Central

Croatia

South-East

-

Bosnia and Herzegovina

South-East

-

Serbia

South-East

-

Kosovo

South-East

-
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