Development programs




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Chapter 11

DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS



    1. Introduction

The development strategies for the CLTMP can be translated into specific programs and projects that can harness and/or enhance tourism development while at the same time, preserving/conserving the resources/assets. These proposed programs and projects are envisioned to have positive impacts particularly in the promotion and appreciation of the region's tourism development.





    1. Tourist Attraction Improvements

Tourist attractions to be offered by CLTMP are grouped into: cultural, archaeological, heritage and historical, resort and leisure, business/industrial, ecology and trainings/conferences and fully discussed in Chapter 3. These attractions are shown in loops and these loops are identified in every province, as shown in Chapter 12.





    1. Accommodations Development Program

Table 11.1 presents the accommodation capacity requirements of CLTMP in order to accommodate the expected visitor arrivals for each target year.


Table 11.1

ACCOMMODATION CAPACITY REQUIREMENTS


No.

PARTICULAR

TARGET YEAR

2000

2005

2010
















1.0

Domestic Market













No. of Visitors

255,316

489,887

877,962




Ave. Stay (Nights)

3.6

3.6

3.6




Ave. Room Density

2.0

2.0

2.0




Rooms Required

1,937

3,451

5,773

2.0

Foreign Market













No. of Visitors

103,813

159,069

214,325




Average Stay (Night)

6.48

6.48

6.48




Average Room Density

1.5

1.6

1.7




Room Required

2,234

2,942

3,443



















TOTAL ROOM REQUIREMENT

4,171

6,393

9,216




Less: OPENING CAPABILITY c/

3,535

3,903

4,309




ADDITIONAL ROOM REQUIREMENT

636

2,490

4,907


a/ Assumed occupancy rates: year 2000 - 65%; 2005 - 70%, - 2010 - 75%.

b/ Assumed occupancy rates: year 2000 - 55%; 2005 - 60%; 2010 - 65%.

c/ Assumed growth rate of 2% per year for without - the - project condition, using

1995 data (Total : 3,202 for hotel, lodging houses & resort).

Based on the additional room requirement and using an average estimated cost per room of about P525,000.001/, the total investment requirements for the respective target years are as follows:
Year 2000 - P 333.90 M
Year 2005 - P 1,307.25 M
Year 2010 - P 2,576.18 M


    1. Parks and Recreational Facilities Development Program

In line with the First Lady's Clean and Green Program, every province/municipality/city in the region are undergoing their respective beautification and cleanliness program. This is aimed to improved the quality of life of the residents. Most of these projects are funded by local funds or sourced outside through the initiative of LG officials.


Table 11-2 shows the summary of some LGU - initiated tourism projects in the respective provinces composing Region III. This list was based on the results of Visioning Exercises and documents provided for by DOT-Region III. These projects will require a budget of P 2,068.50 million.



    1. Utilities and Related Services

Programs for the development of utilities cover telecommunication network; water supply; sewerage treatment and disposal; power and energy; flood control, drainage and shoreline protection; sanitation and waste management; transportation services like airports, seaports, road works, and railways.


-------------------------------------------


1/ Obtained from the Handbook on the Construction Industry compiled by Davis Langdon & Seah, Philippines, Inc., 4th Quarter 1996

  1. Telecommunication Network

Improvement of telecommunication network will abide with the program provided for by private franchise operators like PLDT, DIGITEL and PILTEL and BUTEL. Optic fiber cable are planned for installation along the main roads covering some 1,400 km. and 122 stations.




  1. Water Supply and Sewerage Systems

On-going programs for water supply address the Mt. Pinatubo Affected Areas, the Bulacan Central Water Supply, Olongapo City Water Supply, the LWUA Water Supply Program for Central Luzon, and the Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Improvement Program. Inefficient water supply systems shall be rehabilitated. Towns and barangays having less than 20,000 population shall be provided with appropriate water supply through the various implementing agencies like DPWH or DILG. Formation of Water Districts or Barangay Water and Sanitation Association (BWSA) shall be encouraged.




  1. Power and Energy Supply

As indicated in Section 6.4.4, the power supply in the region is sufficient. Previously, 50 percent of the region's generating capacity comes from hydroelectric plants, while the rest were contributed by the thermal and gas turbine power plants. Conversion of Bataan Nuclear plant to a natural gas plant may change this ratio in favor of non-hydro-based sources of power. The coming in of additional BOT or BTO power projects will further ensure power sufficiency in the region.




  1. Flood Control, Drainage and Shoreline Protection

The provision for flood control and drainage structures in identified flood prone areas is one of the many infrastructure agenda the region requires, to preserve and protect the tourism assets.


Major shoreline protection facilities and river bank stabilization structures may likewise be pursued in identified wave-eroded shores and overflooded river banks. Some of the mitigating projects intended for the region will include the following:





  • Construction of 700 m Seawall at Masinloc.




  1. Sanitation and Waste Management

The continued increase of hazardous wastes produced by industries, agriculture - related activities, hospitals, and laboratories is a serious concern in the process of development. It is, therefore, a must that safe handling and disposal techniques of severe wastes must be thoroughly and appropriately studied and implemented. Solid waste problems are often the last priority by both the government and the private sectors, threatening the stability of the environment. This scenario has an adverse impact on tourism development.


A long range educational campaign shall be initiated by the civic organizations, regarding the appropriate storing and disposal of solid/liquid wastes water. Further, the government of the LGU's should be more strict in the implementation of wastes and sanitation ordinances.
Zero waste management program could be piloted in the proposed tourism projects. The program should cover the dissemination of pertinent information to tourists inculcating in their minds the necessity of keeping the environment clean and green.
Solid Waste Management Improvement Pilot Projects can be initiated in Abucay (Bataan), Meycauayan (Bulacan), Palayan City (Nueva Ecija), Angeles City (Pampanga), Camiling (Tarlac) and Olongapo City (Zambales) as a prelude to operating and constructing a final disposal site.


  1. Transportation Services Development

Transportation is one of the major support facilities in the development of tourism sites.


Airports
The region will continue to rely on the Subic and Clark International Airports and also will be benefited from the tourist traffic offered by the NAIA. Other airports like in Castillejos and Iba of Zambales province and Plaridel of Bulacan can help tourists get chartered flights to and from Metro Manila and other urban centers of the country.

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