Derivation of Grass Species Names (Clifford & Bostock 2007)




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Derivation of Grass Species Names (Clifford & Bostock 2007)


Achlaena piptostachya

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): Gk. pipto, fall down; stachys, ear of corn. Spikelets deciduous.

Achnatherum acutum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. acuo, sharpen. Spikelets acute to acuminate.

Achnatherum altum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): altus (L.) tall. Culms tall, relative to those of other members of the genus.

Achnatherum aridum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): aridus L. dry. Growing in arid places.

Achnatherum arnowiae

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Lois Goodell Arnow (1921-) United States botanist.

Achnatherum botschantzevii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Victor Petrovic Botschantzev (1910-) Russian botanist.

Achnatherum bracteatum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. bractus, bract; -ata, possessing. Panicle or inflorescence branches subtended by leafy bracts.

Achnatherum breviaristatum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L., brevis, short; arista, bristle; -ata, possessing. Lemma shortly awned.

Achnatherum bromoides

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): Gk. -oides, resembling. Resembling Bromus , usually with respect to the inflorescence.

Achnatherum calamagrostis

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): Gk. kalamos, reed; agrostis, a type of grass.

Achnatherum capense

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. -ense, denoting origin. From the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa.

Achnatherum caragana

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): From Tjuk-Caragan peninsula which projects into the Caspian Sea.

Achnatherum chingii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): In honor of Ching Ren-chang (1898–1986) Chinese botanist.

Achnatherum constrictum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. constringo, bind together.

Achnatherum contractum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. contracted. Inflorescence a narrow panicle.

Achnatherum coronatum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. corona, crown; -ata, possessing. Lemma densely appressed- villous with the hairs projecting above the apex to form a pappus-like crown.

Achnatherum curvifolium

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. curvus, bent; folium, leaf. The leaf-blades become spirally coiled in senescence, or on drying.

Achnatherum diegoense

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. -ensis, denoting origin. From San Diego County, California, USA.

Achnatherum duthiei

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of John Firminger Duthie (1845–1922) English botanist who collected in India.

Achnatherum editorum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. editus, high place. Of high places, that is growing on mountains.

Achnatherum eminens

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. emineo, stand out. Conspicuous with respect to inflorescence.

Achnatherum hendersonii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Louis Fourniquet Henderson (1853–1942) United States botanist.

Achnatherum henryi

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Augustine Henry (1857–1936) Irish physician and forester.

Achnatherum hirticulme

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. hirtus, hairy; culmus, stem. Culm bases densely hirsute.

Achnatherum hymenoides

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): Gk. hymen, membrane; -oides, resembling. Spikelets with papery glumes.

Achnatherum inaequiglume

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. inaquequalis, unequal; gluma, husk. Glumes differing in length and/or shape.

Achnatherum inebrians

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. inebrio, intoxicate. When grazed by cattle in Mongolia they exhibit symptoms of intoxication.

Achnatherum jacquemontii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): In honor of Victor Jacquemont (1801–1832) French naturalist and traveller.

Achnatherum latiglume

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. latus, broad; gluma, husk. Glumes broad.

Achnatherum lemmonii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of John Gill Lemmon (1832–1908) United States forester and botanist.

Achnatherum lettermanii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of George Washington Letterman (1841–1913), United States teacher and botanist.

Achnatherum lobatum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. lobus, lobe; -ata, possessing. Lemma lobed.

Achnatherum mongholicum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. -ica, belonging to. From Mongolia.

Achnatherum multinode

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. multus, many; nodus, knot. Culms many-noded.

Achnatherum nakaii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Takenoshin Nakai (1822–1952) Japanese botanist.

Achnatherum nelsonii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Aven Nelson (1859–1952) United States botanist.

Achnatherum nevadense

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. -ensis, denoting origin. From Nevada, USA.

Achnatherum occidentale

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. occident, west; -ale, pertaining to. From the western states of the United States.

Achnatherum ordubadense

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. ense, deniting origin. From Ordubad, Azerbaijan.

Achnatherum parishii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Samuel Bonsall Parish (1838–1928) United States botanist.

Achnatherum pekinense

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. -ense, denoting origin. From Pekin, now Beijing, China.

Achnatherum pelliotii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Paul Pelliott (1878–1945) French sinologist and explorer who, in company with Louis Vaillant, a medical doctor, collected c. 800 plant specimens from central Asia and China.

Achnatherum perplexum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. possessing the characters of two related species.

Achnatherum petriei

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Donald Petrie (1846–1925) Scots-born New Zealnd educationist and amateur botanist.

Achnatherum pinetorum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. of the pines. Growing in pine woods.

Achnatherum psilantherum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): Gk psilos, bare; antheros, blooming. Lemma awns smooth.

Achnatherum pubicalyx

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. pubes, hair of adulthood; Gk kalyx, cup. Glumes hairy.

Achnatherum richardsonii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of John Richardson (1787–1865) English physician, naturalist and Arctic explorer.

Achnatherum robustum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. robust. Culms tall, or leaf-blades or spikelets large.

Achnatherum roshevitzii

Achnatherum saposhnikowii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Vasili Vasilievic Sapozhnikov (1861–1924) Russian botanist.

Achnatherum scribneri

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Frank Lamson Scribner (1851–1938) United States agrostologist.

Achnatherum sibiricum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. -ica, belonging to. From Siberia.

Achnatherum splendens

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. shining. Lemmas glossy.

Achnatherum stillmanii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Jacob Davis Babcock Stillman (1819–1888), American physician and amateur botanist.

Achnatherum swallenii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Jason Richard Swallen (1903–1991) United States botanist.

Achnatherum thurberianum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of George Thurber (1821–90) United States botanist.

Achnatherum wallowaensis

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. ense, denoting origin. From Wallawa Mountains, Oregon, USA.

Achnatherum webberi

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of David Gould Webber (1809-) United States physician, miner and miller.

Achnatherum x bloomeri

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Hiram G. Bloomer (1821–74) United States botanist.

xAchnella caduca

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L,dropping off early. Florets or spikelets shed shortly after anthesis.

Aciachne acicularis

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. acus, needle; -ulus, diminutive; -are, pertaining to. Leaf-blades sharp-pointed.

Aciachne flagellifera

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. flagellum, whip; fero, bear. Tip of leaf-blade thread-like.

Aciachne pulvinata

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. pulvinus, cushion; -ata, possessing. Habit cushion-like.

Acidosasa breviclavata

Acidosasa brilletii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of F. Brillet, French botanist who collected in Tonkin.

Acidosasa chienouensis

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. -ensis, denoting origin. From Jianou, Fujian Province, China.

Acidosasa chinensis

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. -ense, denoting origin. From China.

Acidosasa diffusum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. diffusus, widely spreading; -issimus, most. Panicle branches very widely spreading.

Acidosasa edulis

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. edible. Young shoots edible.

Acidosasa guangxiensis

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. -ense, denoting origin. From Guangxi Province, China.

Acidosasa lingchuanensis

Acidosasa nanunica

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. -ica, belonging to. From Nanun, Hunan Province, China.

Acidosasa notata

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. noto, mark. Spikelets multi-colored.

Acidosasa purpurea

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. purple to reddish. Usually of purple spikelets.

Acidosasa venusta

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. beautiful, graceful. Mostly a reference to habit.

Acostia gracilis

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. slender. Culms or inflorescences slender.

Acrachne henrardiana

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Jan Theodor Henrard (1881–1974) Dutch botanist.

Acrachne perrieri

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Joseph Marie Henri Alfred Perrier de la Bbthie (1872–1958) French botanist.

Acrachne racemosa

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. racemus, stalk of a cluster of grapes; -osa, abundance. The spikelets are borne in racemes or contracted panicles.

Acritochaete volkensii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Georg Ludwig August Volkens (1855–1917) German botanist.

Acroceras amplectens

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. amplecto, encircle. Leaf-blades more or less heart-shaped.

Acroceras attenuatum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. thin. Spikelets terete or narrow.or panicles narrow;.

Acroceras boivinii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Luois Hyacinthe Boivin (1808–1852) French botanist and traveller.

Acroceras bosseri

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Pierre Edmond Boissier (1808–1852) French botanist and traveller.

Acroceras calcicola

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. calx, lime. Grwing on limestone.

Acroceras chaseae

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Mary Agnes Merrill Chase (1869–1963) United States agrostologist.

Acroceras debilis

Acroceras diffusum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. widely spreading. Inflorescence an open panicle.

Acroceras elegans

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. elegant. Inflorescence attractive.

Acroceras excavatum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. hollowed out.

Acroceras fluminense

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. fluminea, relating to a river; -ensis, denoting origin.

Acroceras hubbardii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Charles Edward Hubbard (1900–1980) English agrostologist.

Acroceras gabunense

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. -ense, denoting origin. From Gabon.

Acroceras ivohibense

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. -ensis, denoting origin. From Pie d'Ivohibi, Madagascar.

Acroceras macrum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. thin. Leaf-blades narrow.

Acroceras munroanum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of William Munro (1818–1880) Scots-born British soldier and amateur botanist who collected extensively in India.

Acroceras parvulum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. parvus, small; -ula, diminutive. Dwarf in habit.

Acroceras tenuicaule

Acroceras tonkinense

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. -ense, denoting origin. From Tonkin, Indo-China.

Acroceras zizanioides

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): Gk. -oides. Resembling Zizania..

Actinocladum verticillatum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. whorl; -ata, possessing. Primary inflorescence branches whorled.

Aegilops bicornis

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. bi-, two; cornus, horn.

Aegilops biuncialis

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. bis, twice; uncus, hook; -alis, pertaining to.

Aegilops caudata

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. cauda, tail; -ata, possessing. Glumes elongated.

Aegilops columnaris

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. column, column; -aris, pertaining to. Spike obconical.

Aegilops comosa

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. coma, hair of the head; -osa, abundance. Upper spikelets of the spike awned thereby forming an apical tuft.

Aegilops crassa

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. thick. Spikes thick.

Aegilops cylindrica

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. cylindrus, cylinder; L. -ica, belonging to. Inflorescences cylindrical.

Aegilops dichasians

Aegilops fragilis

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. weak. Inflorescences readily disarticulating.

Aegilops geniculata

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. genus, knee; -ulus, diminutive. -ata, possessing. Plants with bent culms or awns.

Aegilops juvenalis

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. -ale, pertaining to. From Port Juvinal, near Montpellier, France.

Aegilops kotschyi

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. -ana, indicating connection. In honor of Karl Georg Theodor Kotschy (1813–1866) Austrian botanist and traveller.

Aegilops longissima

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. longus, long; -issima, most. Internodes very long.

Aegilops lorentii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of J. August Lorent (1812–1884) American-born German botanist and traveller.

Aegilops markgrafii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Friedrich Markgraf (1897–1987) German botanist.

Aegilops mutica

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. blunt. Lacking awns or lemmas and/or glumes truncate.

Aegilops neglecta

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. negligo, disregard. Often a segregate from another species with which confusion is likely.

Aegilops ovata

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. ovum, egg. -ata, possessing. Inflorescences, spikelets, or leaf-blades in outline the shape of an egg in longitudinal section.

Aegilops peregrina

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. foreigner.

Aegilops searsii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Ernest R. Sears ( -) United States plant breeder and geneticist.

Aegilops sharonensis

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. -ensis, denoting origin. From Sharon, Palestine.

Aegilops speltoides

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): Gk. -oides, resembling. Similar to Spelta.

Aegilops tauschii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Jgnaz Friedrich Tausch (1793–1848) Bohemian botanist.

Aegilops triuncialis

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. tria, three; uncus, hook; -alis, pertaining to. Glumes and lemmas, each with three awns about 2.5 cm long.

Aegilops umbellulata

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. umbella, parasol; -ula, diminutive; -atum, possession.

Aegilops uniaristata

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. unus, one; arista, bristle; -ata, possessing. Lemma one-awned.

Aegilops vavilovii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov (1887–1942) Russian plant geneticist.

Aegilops ventricosa

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. venter, belly; -osa, abundance. Spikelets inflated.

Aeluropus badghyzii

Aeluropus laciniatus

Aeluropus lagopoides

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): Gk. lagos, hare; pous, foot; -oides, resembling.

Aeluropus littoralis

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. lit(t)us, sea shore; -ale, pertaining to. Sand dune, salt marsh species or river-banks.

Aeluropus macrostachyus

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): Gk. makros, large; , ear of corn. Inflorescence large.

Aeluropus micrantherus

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): Gk, mikros, small; antheros, flowering. Inflorescence few-flowered.

Aeluropus pilosus

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. pilus, a hair; -osa, abundance. The whole plant or any of its organs invested with long spreading hairs.

Aeluropus pungens

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. pungo, prick. Leaf blades sharp-pointed.

Aeluropus sinensis

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. ense, denoting origin. From Sina, now China.

Afrotrichloris hyaloptera

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): Gk. hyalos, glass; pteron, wing. Lemma has two large hyaline wings.

Afrotrichloris martinii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Claude Martin (1731–1800) French-born British soldier who collected in India.

Agenium goyazense

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. -ensis, denoting origin. From Goyaz Province, Brazil.

Agenium leptocladum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): Gk. leptos, narrow; klados, branch. Culms slender.

Agenium majus

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. great. Culms tall.

Agenium villosum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. villi, long weak hairs; -osa, abundance. The plant in whole or in part covered with long hairs.

Agnesia lancifolia

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): L. lanceus, lance; folium, leaf. Leaf-blade lanceolate.

xAgroelymus bowdenii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Wray M. Bowden (1914-) Canadian botanist.

xAgroelymus cayouetteorum

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Richard Cayouette (1914–1997) and his son, Jacques Cayuoette (1944-) Canadian botanists.

xAgroelymus hultenii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of Eric Oskar Gunnar Hultin (1894–1980) Swedish botaist.

xAgrohordeum macounii

Derivation (Clifford & Bostock 2007): in honor of James Melville Macoun (1862–1920) Canadian botanist.
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