Deer resistant plants of the northwest




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DEER RESISTANT PLANTS OF THE NORTHWEST__________________________________________

Deer resistance of plants varies from area to area, from deer to deer. The availability of other preferred forage will determine whether deer will browse these plants, and some may tolerate this browsing. When forage is sparse, deer may eat practically any plant.


Trees

Abies^ True Fir (N)

Acer circinatum^ Vine Maple(N)

Acer negundo Box Elder

Acer macrophyllum^ Big Leaf Maple(N)

Acer palmatum^ Japanese Maple

Albizzia Mimosa/Silk Tree

Araucaria araucana Monkey Puzzle Tree

Arbutus unedo^ Strawberry Tree

Betula^ Birch (N)

Caragana arborescens Siberian Peashrub

Cedrus spp. Cedar

Cephalotaxus harringtonia Japanese Plum Yew

Cercidiphyllum Katsura

Cercis occidentalis* Western Redbud

Celtis Hackberry

Chamaecyparis^ Hinoki False Cypress

Chilopsis linearis Desert Willow

Cornus drummondii Roughleaf Dogwood

Corylus^ Hazelnut (N)

Crataegus* Hawthorn (N)

Eleagnus angustifolia Russian Olive

Eucalyptus^ Eucalyptus

Ficus carica Fig

Fraxinus^ Ash (N)

Gingko biloba Gingko

Gleditsia tricanthos Honeylocust

Hamamalis Witch Hazel

Juiperus Juniper (N)

Laburnum waterii Goldenchain Tree

Liquidambar styraciflua Sweetgum

Magnolia * Magnolia

Michelia figo Michelia

Phyllostachys Bamboo

Picea^ Spruce (N)

Pinus^ Pine (N)

Prunus caroliniana^ Cherry Laurel (N)

Prunus subhirtella Higan Cherry

Prunus virginiana* Chokecherry (N)

Pseudotsuga menziesii^ Douglas Fir (N)

Quercus Oak (N)

Rhus^ Sumac (N)

Salix*^ Willow (N)

Sambucus* Elderberry (N)

Sequoia Redwood

Stewartia pseudocamellia Japanese Stewartia

Styrax japonicus Japanese Snowbell

Thuja plicata^ Western Red Cedar (N)

Tilia cordata Little Leaf Linden

Tsuga^ Hemlock (N)

Umbellularia californica^ Oregon Myrtle (N)

Wisteria* Wisteria



Shrubs

Abelia Abelia

Agave Agave

Amelanchier^ Serviceberry (N)

Andromeda polifolia* Bog Rosemary

Aralia spinosa Japanese Aralia

Arctostaphylos^ Manzanita (N)

Aucuba japonica Goldust plant

Baccharis pilularis Coyote Bush (N)

Berberis^ Barberry

Buddleia Butterfly Bush

Buxus^ Boxwood

Callicarpa Beautyberry

Callistemon Bottlebrush

Calluna Heather

Carpenteria californica* Bush Anemone

Caryopteris Bluebeard

Calycanthus Allspice

Ceanothus*^ California Lilac (N)

Chaenomeles* Flowering Quince

Chamaerops humilis Mediterranean Fan Palm

Choisya ternata^ Mexican Orange

Chrysothamnus Rabbitbrush (N)

Cistus*^ Rockrose

Cornus stolonifera*^ Red Twig Dogwood (N)

Corokia cotoneaster^ Corokia

Correa^ Australilan Fuchsia

Cotinus *^ Smoke Bush

Cotoneaster*^ Cotoneaster

Cytisus^ I Broom

Daphne^ Daphne

Dodonaea^ Hop Bush

Elaeagnus^ Silverberry

Erica Heather

Escallonia*^ Escallonia

Euonymus japonica^ Euonymus

Eurotoia lanata Winterfat (N)

Fatshedera lizei Fatshedera

Fremontodendron Flannel Tree

Forsythia* Fosythia

Garrya^ Silktassle (N)

Gaultheria shallon^ Salal (N)

Grevillea Grevillea

Hebe pinguifolia ‘Pagei’*^ Hebe ‘Pagei’

Hibiscus syriacus Rose of Sharon

Hypericum St. John’s Wort

Ilex ^ I Holly

Jasminum^ Jasmine

Juniperus^ Juniper (N)

Kalmia latifolia Mt. Laurel (N)

Kerria japonica* Kerria

Laurus nobilis*^ Sweet Bay Laurel

Lagerstroemia* Crape Myrtle

Leucothoe Leucothoe

Leptospermum lanigerum^ Australian Tea Tree

Ligustrum* Privet



Shrubs, cont.
Lonicera^ Honeysuckle

Mahonia*^ Oregon Grape (N)

Microbiota decussata Siberian Juniper

Myrica californica*^ Pacific Wax Myrtle (N)

Nandina^ Heavenly Bamboo

Nerium oleander Oleander

Osmanthus* False Holly

Pachysitma myrsinites Oregon Boxwood (N)

Phyllostacys Bamboo

Pieris Andromeda

Podocarpus Plum Yew

Potentilla*^ Cinquefoil (N)

Prunus laurocerasus English Laurel

Punica granatum* Pomegranate

Rhamnus alaternus*^ Italian Buckthorn

Rhamnus californica^ Coffeeberry (N)

Rhododendron^ Rhododendron (N)

Ribes^ Currant (N)

Rosa*^ Wild Rose (N)

Callicarpa Beautyberry

Camellia* Camellia

Sarcococca* Sarcococca

Symphoricarpos^ Snowberry

Spiraea bumalda^ Spirea

Spiraea^ Spirea (N)

Symphoricarpos*^ Snowberry (N)

Syringa vulgaris* Lilac

Taxus Yew (N)

Trachelospermum ^ Star/Asian Jasmine

Vaccinium ovatum*^ Evergreen Huckleberry (N)

Viburnum*^ Viburnum (N)

Weigela florida Weigela

Yucca Yucca

Perennials

Acanthus mollis Grecian Pattern Plant

Achillea*^ Yarrow (N)


Aconitum Monkshood

Agapanthus Lily of the Nile

Agastache^ Hyssop

Allium^ Chives

Amaryllis belladonna Belladonna Lily

Anemone hybrida^ Japanese Anemone

Arabis* Rockcress

Armeria maritima*^ Sea Thrift (N)

Artemesia^ Artemesia (N)

Arum Arum

Arundo donax Giant Reed

Asclepias Butterfly Weed

Aster alpinus Alpine Aster (N)

Astilbe* False Spirea

Aubretia* Aubretia

Belamcanda Blackberry Lily


Boltonia Boltonia

Brodiaea^ Brodiaea (N)

Brunnera Chinese Forget-me-not

Campanula poscharskyana^ Serbian Bellflower

Campanula rotundifolia^ Olympic Bellflower (N)

Cardoon Artichoke

Carex^ Sedge

Centranthus ruber Jupiter’s Beard

Chrysanthemum maximum Shasta Daisy

Convolvulus cneorum*^ Bush Morning Glory

Coreopsis Tickseed

Cortaderia Pampas Grass

Crinum Giant Lily

Crocosmia^ Crocosmia

Crocus Crocus

Cyclamen Hardy Cyclamen

Dicentra^ Bleeding Heart (N)

Digitalis Foxglove

Duchesnea indica* Indian Mock Strawberry

Echinacea Purple Cone Flower (N)

Echinops Globe Thistle

Echium^ Echium

Erigeron*^ Fleabane

Eriogonum^ Wild Buckwheat (N)

Eryngium^ Sea Holly

Erysimum* Wallflower

Eschscholzia*^ California Poppy

Euphorbia Spurge

Euryops^ Euryops Daisy

Ferns^ Ferns

Festuca ovina glauca^ Blue Fescue

Filipendula rubra Meadowsweet

Fritillaria Checkered Lily (N)

Gallardia* Blanket Flower (N)

Gaura lindheimeri^ Gaura

Geranium Hardy Geranium

Grasses Ornamental Grasses

Gypsophilia Baby’s Breath

Gunnera^ Dinosaur Food

Helianthemum*^ Sunrose

Helleborus Hellebore

Hemerocallis^ Daylily

Herbs Herbs

Hesperis Dame’s Rocket

Hibiscus moschuetos Perennial Hibiscus

Hosta Hosta

Iris^ Iris (N)

Ixia African Corn Lily

Kniphofia Red Hot Poker

Lavandula^ Lavender

Leonotis Lion’s Tail

Leucojum Summer/Spring Snowflake

Lavatera^ Tree Mallow

Liatris* Gayfeather

Ligularia* Ligularia

Linum Blue Flax (N)



Perennials, cont.
Liriope^ Lilyturf

Lithodora^ Lithodora

Lobelia* Perennial Lobelia

Lupinus^ Lupine (N)

Lychnis coronaria Rose Campion

Matricaria Feverfew

Mentha Mint

Melianthus major^ Honeybush

Miscanthus Maiden Grass

Monarda* Bee Balm

Narcissus Daffodil

Nepeta Catmint

Ophiopogon japonicus Mondo Grass

Origanum^ Oregano/Marjoram

Paeony suffruticosa Tree Peony

Papaver orientale^ Oriental Poppy

Penstemon* Beardstongue

Penstemon cardwellii*^ Cardwell’s Beardtongue

Penstemon davidsonii*^ David’s Beardtongue

Perovskia^ Russian Sage

Phlomis Jerusalem Sage

Phormium tenax^ New Zealand Flax

Polygonatum*^ Solomon’s Seal (N)

Polystichum^ Ferns (N)

Pulmonaria* Lungwort

Romneya coulteri^ Matilja Poppy

Rosmarinus^ Rosemary

Rudbeckia* Black Eyed Susan

Ruta^ Rue

Salvia, culinary Sage

Salvia, ornamental Sage

Santolina^ Lavender Cotton

Saxifraga* Saxifrage

Scabiosa Pincushion Flower

Scilla Scilla

Sedum spectabile^ Stonecrop

Silene acaulis Moss campion

Sisyrinchium^ Blue/Yellow-eyed Grass (N)

Solidago^ Goldenrod

Stachys Lambs Ears

Stipa^ Feather Grass

Stokesia Stokes Aster

Tellima*^ Fringe Cup

Teucrium fruticans Bush Germander

Trillium Wake Robin (N)

Tulipa Tulip

Veronica Veronica

Zantedeschia^ Calla Lily

Zauschneria^ California Fuchsia (N)

Groundcovers/Vines
Ajuga reptans Bugleweed

Arctostaphyllos uva-ursi^ Kinnikinnik (N)

Asarum caudatum Wild Ginger (N)

Cerastium tomentosum^ Snow-in-summer

Ceratostigma plumbagnoides* Creeping Plumbago

Clematis Clematis (N)

Convallaria majalis Lily of the Valley

Cornus unalaschkensis (canadensis)^ Bunchberry (N)

Cymbalaria muralis^ Kenilworth Ivy

Epimedium Bishops Hat

Fragaria chiloensis^ Wild Strawberry (N)

Galium odoratum Sweet Woodruff

Gaultheria procumbens^ Wintergreen (N)

Gelsemium sempervirens Carolina Jessimine

Genista *^ Broom

Hypericum calycinum St. John’s Wort

Lamium maculatum Dead Nettle

Laurentia fluviatilis Blue Star Creeper

Lonicera^ Honeysuckle (N)

Myosotis^ I Forget-me-not

Oxalis^ Redwood Sorrel (N)

Pachysandra terminalis* Japanese Spurge

Phlox subulata/diffusa*^ Creeping Phlox (N)

Raoulia australis Raoulia

Rubus calcynoides* Creeping Raspberry

Sedum^ Stonecrop (N)

Solanum Potato Vine

Stacys byzantina Lamb’s Ear

Thymus^ Thyme

Vancouveria hexandra*^ Vancouveria

Viola*^ Violet

Vinca ^ I Periwinkle


Annuals

Ageratum Ageratum

Antirrhinum Snapdragon

Begonia tuberosa Tuberous Begonia

Brugmansia Angel’s Trumpet

Calendula*^ Calendula

Campanula medium* Canterbury Bells

Catharanthus roseus Annual Vinca

Celosia* Celosia

Centaurea cyanus^ Bachelor Buttons

Chrysanthemum frutescens^ Marguerite Daisy

Clarkia*^ Clarkia (N)

Cleome Spider Flower

Consolita Larkspur

Cosmos* Cosmos

Gazania*^ Gazania

Gerbera* Gerbera Daisy

Helianthus* Sunflower

Helichrysum Strawflower/Licorice Plant

Heliotropum Heliotrope

Impatiens Impatiens

Lantana Lantana

Lobelia* Lobelia

Lobularia Sweet Alyssum

Mesembryanthemum Ice Plant

Mimulus* Monkey Flower

Mirabilis Four O’Clock

Moleuccella laevis Bells of Ireland

Nicotiana Flowering Tobacco

Nierembergia* Nierembergia

Osteospermum^ African Daisy

Papaver nudicale Iceland Poppy

Papaver rhoeas Shirley Poppy

Pelargonium*^ Scented Geranium

Ricinus communis Castor Bean

Senecio cineraria Dusty Miller

Tagetes Marigold

Tropaeolum^ Nasturtium



Zinnia Zinnia


KEY: * Mostly deer resistant or tolerant ^ Suitable for coastal areas (N) Denotes Native Plant I Invasive P




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