Daftar optk kelompok cendawan




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DAFTAR OPTK KELOMPOK CENDAWAN



Spesies (Taksonomi); Nama Umum

Kategori (Golongan)

Inang

Media Pembawa

Daerah Sebar

Acremonium strictum (W.Gams);(=Acremonium stricta = Cephalosporium acremonium = Tilachlidium medietatis); Anamorphic fungi; acremonium wilt, black bundle disease of maize, kernel rot of maize

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (2)

(S): Avena sativa (gandum, oats), Glycine soja, Sorghum bicolor, (sorghum), Zea mays (jagung, maize) 

benih (seed), bagian tanaman (part of plant) 

Europe : Czechoslovakia, Italy, Netherland, Poland, Russian Federation, Spain.
Asia : China, India, Iran, Pakistan, Syria, Turkey.
Africa : Egypt, Nigeria, South Africa.
America : USA.
Oceania : Australia 

Aecidium cantense Arthur; Urediniomycetes; Aecidium potato rust, deforming potato rust, deforming rust, Peruvian rust

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (1)

(P): Solanum tuberosum (kentang, potato), Lycopersicum esculentum (tomat, tomato), Ullucus tuberosus 

tanaman (plant), umbi (tuber) 

America: Peru 

Alternaria cucumerina (Ell. & Ev.) Elliott.; (=Macrosporium cucumerinum =Alternaria brassicae var. nigrescens), Anamorphic fungi; cucumber blight, brown spot of cucumber, alternaria leaf blight

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (2)

(P): Cucuraceae, Citrullus vulgaris (semangka, watermelon), Cucumis melo (melon, melon) 

tanaman (plant), bagian tanaman (part of plant) 

Asia: India
America: Argentina, USA  

Aphanomyces euteiches Drechsler; Oomycetes; Aphanomyces root rot, common root rot, root rot

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (1)

(P): Vigna spp. (buncis, cowpea), Pisum sativum (kapri, sweet pea), polong-polongan lain (legumes) 

tanaman (plant), bagian tanaman (part of plant), media tanam (planting medium) 

Europe: Czech, Slovakia, Denmark, Finland, Rusia, France, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Sweden, Ukraine
Asia: PR of China , India,Japan
America: Canada, USA
Oceania: Australia, New Zealand  

Armillaria heimii (Pegler); (= Clitocybe elegans ) Basidiomycetes; armillaria root rot;honey root rot

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (2)

(P) : Anacardium occidentalis (jambu mede, cashew nut), Camellia cinensis (teh, tea), Coffea arabica (kopi, arabica coffe), Coffea canephora (kopi, robusta coffea), Hevea brasiliensis (karet, rubber), Manihot esculenta (ubi kayu, cassava), Pinus ellioti (slash pine), Pinus radiate (radiate pine), Pinus taeda (loblolly pine), Prunus domestica (plum), Prunus persica (Japanese plum), Tectona grandis (teak), Theobromoa cacao (coklat, cocoa)
(S) : Acacia mearnsii (black wattle), Acacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood), Araucaria cunninghamii (colonial pine), Casuarina equisetifolia (casuarinas), Cinnamamum camphora (camphor laurel), Cocos nucifera (kelapa, coconut), Delonix regia (gold mohar), Eriobotrya japonica (loquat), Eucalyptus citriodora (lemon-scented gum), Grevillea robusta (silky oak), Jacaranda mimosifolia (Brazilian rosewood), Musa paradisiaca (pisang kepok, plantain), Pinus strobes (eastern white pine), Prunus (buah batu, stone fruit), Schinus molle (false pepper tree), swietenia (mahogany). 

benih (seed), bagian tanaman (part of plant) 

Africa: Angola, Cameroon, RD Congo, Congo, Ivory Coast, Ethiopia, Gabon, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, Reunion, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe 

Armillaria luteobubalina ( Watling & Kile); Basidiomycetes: Marasmiaceae; armillaria root rot; honey root rot

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (2)

(P): Acacia dealbata (acacia bernier), Acacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood), Actinidia chinensis (Chinese gooseberry), Prunus persica (persik, peach), Citrus reticulata (jeruk mandarin, mandarin orange), Citrus sinensis (jeruk, navel orange), Cotoneaster , Cycas revoluta (sago cycas), Hibiscus (rosemallows), Malus (ornamental species apple), Melia azedarach (Chinaberry), Nerium oleander (oleander), Pinus radiata (radiata pine), Prunus (buah batu, stone fruit), Prunus dulcis (almond), Rhododendron indicum (Satsuki azalea), Salix (willows), Taxus (yew), Viburnum , Vitis vinifera (anggur, grapevine) 

daun (leaf), akar (root), batang (stem), bibit tanaman (seedling) 

Oceania: Australia 

Ascochyta boltshauseri Sacc. (=Stagonosporopsis hortensis =Stagonospora hortensis =Ascochyta hortensis), Anamorphic fungi; bean blotch, bean leaf spot

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (1)

(P): Vigna spp. (buncis, cowpea)
(S): Fabaceae, Poaceae 

benih (seed), buah (fruit), bagian tanaman lain (part of plant), tanah (soil) 

America: Colombia 

Ascochyta gossypii (Woronichin) Syd.; Anamorphic fungi; ascochyta blight of cotton, ascochyta leaf spot, ascochyta seedling blight, ashen spot, wet weather blight of cotton

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (2)

(P): Gossypium barbadens (kapas, cotton)
(S): Capsicum annuum (cabai, hot pepper, chilies, red pepper), Abelmoschus moschatus (okra, lady’s finger), Solanum melongena (terung, eggplant , aubergine), Nicotiana tabacum (tembakau, tobacco), Glycine max(kedelai, soybean), Vigna unguiculata, Hibiscus spp., Vigna spp. (buncis, cowpea) 

benih (seed), buah (fruit), daun (leaf) , batang (stem) 

Europe: Greece
Asia: Armenia, Azerbaijan, PR of China, Taiwan, Georgia, India, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines
Africa: Benin, RD Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mauritius,Nigeria, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile ,Colombia, Guatemala, Jamaica, Mexico, Panama, Puerto Rico, USA, Venezuela
Oceania: Australia, Papua New Guinea 

Botryosphaeria ribis Grossend & Duggar; (=Dothiorella gregaria =D.ribis =Fusicoccum aesculi =Fusicoccum tingens =Botryosphaeria berengiana =B.mali), Ascomycetes; cane blight, canker, dieback, fruit rot, gummosis, panicle and shoot blight, batang (stem) blight, tip dieback, white rot

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (1)

(P): Persea americana (alpokat, avocado), Juglans spp., Malus domesticum (apel, apple), Macadamia sp. 

tanaman (plant), bagian tanaman (part of plant), media tanam (planting medium) 

Europe: Cyprus, France, Greece,Italy, Portugal
Asia: Bangladesh, PR of China, Taiwan, India, Iran, Israel, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Turkey
Africa: Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Niger, South Africa, Tanzania,Togo, Uganda, Zambia
America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Dominica, Jamaica, Mexico, Trinidad-Tobago, USA
Oceania: Australia, Fiji, New Zealand, Solomon Islands  

Botryotinia draytonii (Buddin & Wakefield) Seaver; (=Sclerotinia draytonii Buddin & Wakefield Botrytis gladiolorum), Ascomycetes; corm rot

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (1)

(P): Gladiolus spp. 

umbi (corm), tanaman (plant) 

Asia: Pakistan 

Cephalosporium (=Acremonium) gregatum Alling & Chamb; brown batang (stem) rot

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (2)

(P): Glycine max(kedelai, soybean)  

benih (seed) 

America: Canada, Mexico, USA
Africa: Egypt
Asia: Japan
Europe: Yugoslavia 

Cercospora duddiae Welles; Anamorphic fungi; leaf spot of onion and garlic, withertip onion of and garlic, leaf spot: garlic, leaf spot: onion

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (2)

(P) Allium ascalonicum (bawang merah, shallot), Allium schoenoprasum (bawang daun/leeks, chives)  

tanaman (plant), bagian tanaman vegetatif (part of vegetatif) 

Asia: India
America: Barbados, Jamaica 

Cercospora elaeidis Steyaert; Anamorphic fungi; cercospora leaf spot, freckle of oil palm, leaf spot of oil palm, oil palm leaf spot

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (2)

(P): Elaeis guineensis (kelapa sawit, oilpalm)  

buah (fruit), benih (seed), bunga (flower/infloresence), bagian tanaman (part of plants), media tanam (planting medium) 

Africa: Angola ,Benin, Cameroon, RD Congo, Congo, Ivory Coast, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Sao Tome & Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Zimbabwe, Antilles Netherlands, Suriname
Oceania: Australia 

Cercospora epipactidis; (=C.massal), Anamorphic fungi; leaf spot

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (1)

(P): Orchidaceae (anggrek, orchids)  

tanaman (plant), bagian tanaman (part of plant) 

Europe: Italy, Germany, Rusia. 

Claviceps africana (Fr.) ; (= Claviceps sesleriae = Claviceps setulosa = Cordyceps setulosa =.Sphacelia segetum =Claviceps microcephala); Ascomycetes

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (2)

(P): Sorghum bicolor (sorgum, sorghum)
(S): Sorghum halepense (Johnson grass) 

benih (seed), bagian tanaman (part of plant) 

Asia: India, Japan, Thailand, Yemen.
Africa: Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal. Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Dominica, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Puerto Rico, Paraguay, USA, Uruguay, Venezuela.
Oceania: Australia.  

Claviceps gigantean (Fuentes), de la Ista, Ullstrup & Rodrigues; (=Sphacelia gigantean), Ascomycetes; ergot of maize, horse’s tooth

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (1)

(P): Zea mays (jagung, corn, maize) 

benih (seed), bagian tanaman (part of plant), media tanam (planting medium) 

America: Mexico 

Claviceps purpurea (Mantle); (=Sphacelia sorghi); Ascomycetes; sugary disease

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (2)

(P): Agrostis (bentgrasses), Avena sativa (oat, oats), Cynodon (quickgrass), Festuca (fescues), Hordeum (barleys), Hordeum vulgare (barley), Lolium (rye grasses), Lolium perenne (perennial rye grass), Phleum (timothies), Poa (meadow grass), Poa pratensis (smooth-stalked meadowgrass), Poaceae (grasses), Secale (rye), Secale cereale (rye), Sorghum bicolor (sorgum, sorghum), Triticum (wheat), Triticum aestivum (gandum, wheat)
(S): Bromus (bromegrasses), Echinochloa spp. , Panicum (millets), Pennisetum (feather grass) 

benih (seed), bagian tanaman (part of plant) 

Europe: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech, Denmark, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Netherland, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, Yugoslavia
Asia: Armenia, China, India, Iran, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, Philippines, Turkey.
Africa: Algeria, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Malawi, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco.
South Africa: Sudan, Tanzania, Zimbabwe.
North America: Canada, Mexico, USA.
South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru, Uruguay.
Oceania: Australia, New Zealand.  

Cochliobolus carbonum (Nelson);(= Helminthosporium carbonum = Helminthosporium zeicola); Ascomycetes; maize leaf spot

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (2)

(P): Zea mays (jagung, maize, corn)
(S): Oryza sativa (padi, paddy)  

benih (seed), bagian tanaman (part of plant) 

Europe : Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia-Montenegro, Switzerland, UK.
Asia : Cambodia, China, India, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Sri Lanka, Turkey. Africa : Angola, Cameroon, RD Congo, Congo, Egypt, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
American : Costa Rica. El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Trinidad-Tobago, Canada, USA, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia
Oceania : Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Solomon Islands, Tonga 

Colletotrichum kahawae J.M Waller & Bridge; (=Colletotrichum coffeanum =C.coffeanum var. virulans), Anamorphic fungi; anthracnose of coffee, brown blight of coffee, coffee berry disease

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (1)

(P): Coffea spp. (kopi, coffee) 

bagian tanaman (part of plant), tanah (soil)  

Africa: Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central Africa, RD Congo,Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique,Rwanda,Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
America: Cuba 

Colletotrichum sublineolum (Henn); Ascomycetes; sorghum anthracnose; stalk red rot of sorghum; red leaf spot of sorghum;head blight of sorghum

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (2)

(P): Sorghum bicolor (sorgum, sorghum)
(S): Poaceae (grasses), Zizania aquatica (annual wildrice) 

benih (seed), bagian tanaman (part of plant), tanah (soil)  

Europe: Romania, UK.
Asia: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, India, Japan, South Korea, Lebanon, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand.
Africa: Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central Africa, Chad, RD Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
America : Argentina, Brazil, Barbados, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, USA, Guyana, Venezuela
Oceania: Australia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands  

Coniothyrium wernsdorffiae Laubert; (=Coniothyrium cystotricha), Anamorphic fungi; rose brand canker

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (1)

(P): Rosa spp. (mawar, rose)  

tanaman (plant), bagian tanaman (part of plant) 

Europe: Austria, Bulgaria, Denmark,France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland, Rusia,Sweden, Ukraine, UK
America: Canada, USA
Oceania: Australia  

Coryneum myristicae Stein; Anamorphic fungi; nut rot of nutmeg

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (1)

(P): Myristica fragrans (pala, nutmeg) 

tanaman (plant), bagian tanaman (part of plant) 

 

Crinipellis crotalariae (CA Loose) Bell & Sobers), Basidiomycetes; black rot

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (1)

(P): Arachys hypogaea (kacang tanah, groundnut, peanut), Acasia spp., Carica papaya (pepaya, pawpaw), Crotalaria spp., Eucalyptus spp., Glycine max(kedelai, soybean) 

benih (seed), bagian tanaman (pert of plant) 

 

Crinipellis perniciosa (Stahel) Singer; (=Marasmius perniciosus), Basidiomycets; cocoa witches’ broom disease

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (1)

(P): Theobroma cacao (kakao, cocoa),
(S): Bixa orellana 

bagian tanaman (part of plant) 

America: Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Dominica, Ecuador, Grenada, Guyana, Panama, Peru,St. Vincent & the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela. 

Cryptosporella umbrina (Jenkeins) Jenk.& Wehm (=Diaporthe umbrina), Ascomycetes; brown cancer

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (1)

(P): Rosa spp. (mawar, rose)  

tanaman (plant), bagian tanaman (part of plant) 

 

Diaporthe phaseolorum (Cooke & Ellis) Sacc var caulivora Athow & Caldwell; (=Phomopsis phaseoli=Phoma subcirnata), Ascomycetes; lima bean pod blight, leaf spot of Lima bean, bean pod blight, bean batang (stem) blight, bean batang (stem) canker

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (2)

(P): Phaseolus spp., Capsicum annuum (cabai, hot pepper, chilies, red pepper), Glycine max(kedelai, soybean), Helianthus annuus (bunga matahari, sunflower), Vicia faba  

benih (seed), bagian tanaman (part of plant), media tanam (planting medium) 

Europe: Hungary,Italy, Romania
Asia: India
Africa: South Africa
America: Argentina, USA
Oceania: Australia 

Diaporthe vexans Gratz; (=Phyllosticta hortorum =Phomopsis vexans), Ascomycetes; Phomopsis blight of eggplant, Phomopsis rot of eggplant, brown spot of eggplant, fruit rot of eggplant, tipover of eggplant

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (2)

(P): Solanum melongena (terung, eggplant, aubergine) 

benih (seed), tanaman (plant), bagian tanaman (part of plant), media tanam (planting medium) 

Asia: PR of China, India , Malaysia, Philippines,Saudi Arabia
America: Mauritius,Barbados,Bermuda, Brazil, Canada, Guyana, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, USA
Oceania: New Caledonia 

Didymella bryoniae (Auersw.) Rehm; (=Phoma cucurbitacearum =Mycosphaerella citrullina =M.melonis =Didymosphaeria melonis =D. effusa =Didymella melonis =Ascochyta cucumis =A.melonis=Phyllosticta citrullina), Ascomycetes; gummy batang (stem) blight, leaf spot of cucurbits, cercospora leafspot of squash, cucumber black rot, cucurbits stem blight, cucurbits leaf spot, cucurbits stem-end rot

Kelompok: Cendawan


 

A1 (1)

(P): Cucurbitaceae, Citrullus vulgaris (semangka, watermelon), Cucumis melo (melon, melon), Cucumis sativus (mentimun, cucumber), Cucurbita spp., Momordica charantia (paria, bitter gourd), Sechium edule (labu siam), Solanum tuberosum (kentang, potato) 

benih (seed), bagian tanaman (part of plant), media tanam (planting medium) 

Europe: Austria, Bulgaria ,Czech, Slovakia, Denmark, Rusia, Germany,Greece, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway,Poland, Romania, Rusia,Sweden, Switzerlands, Ukraine, UK
Asia: Bangladesh, Brunei Darussalam, PR of China,Taiwan, India, Iraq,Israel,Japan, South Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines,Sri Lanka, Thailand
Africa: Ethiopia, Gabon, Kenya, Malawi, Mauritius, Marocco, Nigeria,South Africa, Uganda, Zambia,Zimbabwe
America: Argentina, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, El Salvador, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, USA
Oceania: Samoa America, Australia, Fiji, France Polynesia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Pitcairn Island , Samoa,Solomon Islands,Tonga  
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