Country report




Yüklə 0.58 Mb.
səhifə1/7
tarix29.04.2016
ölçüsü0.58 Mb.
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7




COUNTRY REPORT

Ministry of National Education

Poland

2005


Language Education Policy Profile


COUNTRY REPORT

Language education in Poland

National and regional language, foreign languages

and languages of national and ethnic minorities
Authors:

Paweł Poszytek – project coordinator

Maria Gorzelak

Anna Dakowicz-Nawrocka

Grażyna Płoszajska

Barbara Kujawa

Dr Stanisław Dłużniewski

Dr Tomasz Płoszaj

Beata Trzcińska

Lucyna Grabowska



Academic consultation:

Professor Hanna Komorowska Ph.D
Translation:

Anna Dąbrowska

Anna Grabowska

Contents


1. Introduction 10

2. Language education – present situation 11

2.1. National languages 12

2.1.1. The Polish language 12

2.1.2. Languages of national and ethnic minorities and the regional language 12

2.2. Foreign language teaching in the Polish educational system 14

2.2.2. Foreign language teaching in lower secondary schools 21

2.2.3. Foreign language teaching in vocational schools 21

2.2.4. Foreign language teaching in general upper secondary schools 21

2.2.5. Foreign language teaching in other types of upper secondary schools 21

2.2.6. Regional distribution of foreign language teaching 22

2.2.7. Languages of national and ethnic minorities and the regional language 27

2.3. Foreign language learning outside formal education system 31

2.3.1. Language schools 31

2.3.2. Students of language schools – statistics 33

2.4. Teaching aims and content 35

2.4.1. Results of language education 37

2.4.2. European dimension in language education 39

2.5. Language teachers 40

2.5.1. Initial teacher training 40

2.5.2. Initial teacher training standards 42

2.5.3. Language and pedagogical training and language competences of teachers 42

2.5.4 Qualification requirements for foreign language teachers and teachers teaching other subjects in a foreign language, national or ethnic minority teachers or mother tongue teachers. 42

2.5.5. Foreign language teachers – statistics 44

2.5.6. Approaches and methods used by foreign language teachers in Poland 45

2.6. Language policy 45

2.6.1. Forms of language education – competences taught during lessons of the Polish language 47

2.6.1.1 Test in grade VI of primary school 48

2.6.1.2. Examination in grade III of lower secondary school 48

2.6.1.3. The Matura Examination 50

2.6.2. Forms of language education – the role of the European Language Portfolio 51

2.6.3. Forms of language education – bilingual education - CLIL 52

2.6.4. Forms of language education – out-of-school language education 53



3. Plurilingualism and diversity of language education 53

3.1. Promotion of plurilingualism via network in-service teacher training projects 53

3.2. Supporting languages of national and ethnic minorities and the regional language 55

3.3. Language diversity in the examination system 55

3.4. Supporting international cooperation 56

3.4.1. International cooperation of central institutions 56

3.4.2. International cooperation of local institutions 56

3.4.3. Language camps 57

3.5. Promoting European initiatives 57

3.5.1. European events 57

3.5.2. Community educational programmes - Socrates, eLearning, Leonardo da Vinci, Youth 58

3.5.3. European competitions 64



4. Education for Democratic Citizenship (EDC) activities in language education 65

4.1. Language teaching and EDC 65

4.2. Taking actions at the local community level 66

5. Future strategies for language education – topics for discussion 66

5.1. Initial and in-service teacher training 67

5.2 Young learners language teaching 67

5.3. Stages of language education 67

5.4. Schools for national minorities 68

5.5. Out-of-school education 68



References 70

Glossary of Abbreviations 73


1. Introduction

The scheme below presents the system of education in Poland. Brief introduction to this system will enable full understanding of this Report.




29

















































28

















































27

DOCTORATE STUDIES





































26

(Studia doktoranckie)





































25












MASTER'S DEGREE

4 SEMESTERS


24




UNIFORM




23

MASTER'S DEGREE

22

21



20
19

18

17



16

15

14



13

12

11



10

9

8



7

6

5



4





10-12 SEMESTERS




BACHELOR'S DEGREE

6-8 SEMESTERS







BACHELOR'S DEGREE
6-8 SEMESTERS
HE VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS

(Wyższe szkoły zawodowe)




HE ACADEMIC SCHOOLS
(Szkoły wyższe)









TEACHER AND

FL TEACHER

TRAINING



COLLEGES
(KN, NKJO)










Supplementary

POST-SECONDARY SCHOOLS








Supplementary general secondary school (Uzupełniające

technical secondary school (Technikum

(Szkoła policealna)







liceum ogólnokształcące)

uzupełniające)

GENERAL
SECONDARY SCHOOL

SPECIALISED
SECONDARY SCHOOL

TECHNICAL SECONDARY

BASIC VOCATIONAL SCHOOL

(Liceum ogólnokształcące)

(Liceum profilowane)

SCHOOL

(Technikum)

(Zasadnicza szkoła zawodowa)

UPPER SECONDARY
















LOWER SECONDARY










3rd stage













(Gimnazjum)






























































































2nd stage













PRIMARY EDUCATION






















(Szkoła podstawowa)























































1st stage



























































































PRE-SCHOOL YEAR







PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION






















(Przedszkole)







































































Source: Eurydice (2005), The system of education in Poland, Warsaw: Foundation for the Development of the Education System, Socrates program, p. 5.

Six–year–old children are obliged to complete a year of preparation for primary education, either in kindergartens or in pre–school classes attached to primary schools. Full–time compulsory education starts at the beginning of the school year during the calendar year in which the child reaches 7 years of age. Tuition is divided into 4 stages:



  • Education stage I – grades I-III of primary school (szkoła podstawowa) (children between 7-9 years of age),

  • Education stage II– grades IV-VI of primary school (children between 10-12 years of age),

  • Education stage III - lower secondary school (gimnazjum) (youth between 13-15 years of age),

  • Education stage IV - upper secondary school (basic vocational schools, 3-year general and specialized secondary schools, 4-year technical secondary schools, 2-year supplementary general secondary schools and 3-year supplementary technical secondary schools for the leavers of basic vocational schools, post-secondary schools).

Stage II ends with an obligatory test and stage III – with an obligatory examination. Upper secondary school leavers (except basic vocational school leavers) may sit for the Matura examination, which is compulsory for admission to higher education.


Higher education studies give a possibility to obtain a Bachelor’s degree (licencjat) after three years of studies or Master’s degree (magister) after 5 years of studies. Continuation of education during doctoral studies may lead to the Doctor’s degree (doktor).
Since the beginning of the 1990s the responsibility for the administration of educational institutions has been delegated to local/regional authorities. At present local authorities (gmina) exercise administrative control over kindergartens, primary and lower secondary schools, while district authorities (powiat) – over upper secondary and special schools, as well as over psychological and pedagogical centres. Regional authorities (voivodships) run initial and in-service teacher training centres, regional schools and institutions, as well as continuing education centres. Pedagogical control over all schools is exercised by educational superintendents (kurator).
Since 1991 schools can be of two types: public schools and non-public schools – civic (aid granted schools), private and church schools. Students in non-public schools pay a tuition fee. Non-public schools are free of charge.
The Act of 7 September 1991 on the Education System (with further amendments) constitutes the basis for the operation of the educational system.
Schools of higher education in Poland can be public or non-public. They are autonomous in all aspects of their activity.
Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) operate on the basis of the Act of 27 July 2005 ”Law on Higher Education”.

  1   2   3   4   5   6   7


Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azrefs.org 2016
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə