Council decision




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EN



COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES

Brussels, 26.10.2009

COM(2009) 585 final



Proposal for a



COUNCIL DECISION

establishing the position to be adopted on behalf of the European Community with regard to proposals for amending Annexes II and III to the Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean (SPA/BD Protocol) of the Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean (Barcelona Convention) at the sixteenth meeting of the Contracting Parties
EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM

  1. The Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean (Barcelona Convention) aims to prevent, abate, combat and to the fullest possible extent eliminate pollution of the Mediterranean Sea Area and to protect and enhance the marine environment in that area so as to contribute towards its sustainable development. It is an intergovernmental treaty adopted as a Regional Seas Programme under the aegis of the United Nations Environment Programme. Since 1977 the European Community has been a Party to the Barcelona Convention1 and in 1999 approved the Protocol concerning specially protected areas and biological diversity in the Mediterranean and the annexes thereto2.

  2. The meeting of the Contracting Parties is the decision-making body of the Convention with powers to adopt, review and amend as required the annexes to the Convention or to its protocols, on the basis of amendments proposed by Contracting Parties. A number of proposals have been made to amend Annexes II and III to the above-mentioned Protocol. These proposals were submitted for evaluation to the meeting of the National Focal Points held in Floriana (Malta) from 3 to 6 June 2009, with a view to being adopted at the sixteenth meeting of the Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Convention, which will take place in Marrakesh (Morocco) from 3 to 5 November 2009.

  3. In accordance with Article 23 of the Convention, an amendment to the Annexes will become effective for all Contracting Parties on expiry of a period determined by the Contracting Parties concerned when adopting the amendment, except for those Contracting Parties which make a reservation. It is therefore necessary for the Council to take a decision based on Article 300(2), second subparagraph, of the EC Treaty, for the purpose of establishing the positions to be adopted on behalf of the Community at the sixteenth meeting of the Contracting Parties.

  4. The proposals for amendments that have been tabled would not require any change in Community law. They do not conflict with the Birds3 and the Habitats4 Directives or the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP)5. The Community should support these proposals on the basis of the following considerations: (1) they are scientifically sound; (2) for reasons of consistency between its internal and external action; and (3) the EC is committed to international cooperation for the protection of biodiversity, in accordance with both Article 5 of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity and the target agreed at the World Summit on Sustainable Development “to significantly reduce the current rate of biodiversity loss by 2010”.

Proposal for a

COUNCIL DECISION

establishing the position to be adopted on behalf of the European Community with regard to proposals for amending Annexes II and III to the Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean (SPA/BD Protocol) of the Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean (Barcelona Convention) at the sixteenth meeting of the Contracting Parties

THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Article 175(1), in conjunction with the second subparagraph of Article 300(2), thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the Commission,

Whereas:

(1) The Community is a Contracting Party to the Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean (Barcelona Convention)6 and has approved the Protocol concerning specially protected areas and biological diversity in the Mediterranean and the annexes thereto7.

(2) The meeting of the Contracting Parties is the decision-making body of the Convention, and the powers conferred upon it include the capacity to amend as required the annexes to the Convention and to its protocols.

(3) For the sixteenth meeting of the Contracting Parties, which will take place in Marrakesh (Morocco) from 3 to 5 November 2009, Contracting Parties have presented proposals to change the taxonomic name of certain species and to give protection to several additional species by amending Annexes II and III to the Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean (SPA/BD Protocol) of the Convention.

(4) In accordance with Article 23 of the Convention, an amendment to the Annexes of the Protocol shall become effective for all Contracting Parties on expiry of a period determined by the Contracting Parties concerned when adopting the amendment, except for those Contracting Parties which notify in writing the Depositary.

(5) The proposals for amendments tabled would not require any change in Community law.

(6) The Community should support these proposals because they are scientifically sound, tie in with Community legislation and with the Community’s commitment to international cooperation for the protection of biodiversity, and are in accordance with both Article 5 of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity8 and the target agreed at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002 to significantly reduce the current rate of biodiversity loss by 2010,

HAS DECIDED AS FOLLOWS:



Sole Article

At the sixteenth meeting of the Contracting Parties to the Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean (Barcelona Convention), the Commission shall present the following position of the Community at the voting on the proposals for giving protection to several species by amending Annexes II and III to the Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean (SPA/BD Protocol) of that Convention:



  1. the Commission is hereby authorised to support the modification of the denomination of certain species on the list of species of Annexes II and III to the Protocol, in accordance with the Annex to this Decision9;

  2. the Commission is hereby authorised to support the addition of the following species to Annex II:

    1. Cymodocea nodosa (Ucria) Ascherson;

    2. Cystoseira genus, except Cystoseira compressa

    3. Fucus virsoides J. Agardh;

    4. Gymnogongrus crenulatus (Turner) J. Agardh 1851;

    5. Kallymenia spathulata (J. Agardh) Codomier ex P.G. Parkinson;

    6. Sargassum acinarium (Linnaeus) Setchell;

    7. Sargassum flavifolium Kützing;

    8. Sargassum hornschuchii C. Agardh;

    9. Sargassum trichocarpum J. Agardh;

    10. Sphaerococcus rhizophylloides J.J. Rodríguez 1895;

    11. Tenarea tortuosa (Esper) Lemoine 1910;

    12. Titanoderma trochanter (Bory) Benhissoune, Boudouresque, Perret-Boudouresque et Verlaque;

    13. Ceryle r. rudis (Linnaeus, 1758);

    14. Charadrius. alexandrinus (Linnaeus, 1758);

    15. Charadrius leschenaultii columbines (Lesson, 1826);

    16. Halcyons. smyrnensis (Linnaeus, 1758);

    17. Larus armenicus (Buturlin,1934);

    18. Larus genei (Breme, 1839);

    19. Larus melanocephalus (Temminck, 1820);

    20. Sterna caspia (Pallas,1770);

    21. Sterna nilotica (Gmelin, JF,1789);

    22. Squatina spp: Squatina aculeata (Dumeril, in Cuvier, 1817), Squatina oculata (Bonaparte, 1840) Squatina squatina (Linnaeus, 1758);

    23. Pristis spp - Pristis pectinata (Latham, 1794); Pristis pristis (Linnaeus, 1758);

    24. Oxynotus centrina (Linnaeus, 1758);

    25. Carcharias taurus (Rafinesque, 1810);

    26. Gymnura altavela (Linnaeus, 1758);

    27. Dipturus batis (Linnaeus, 1758);

    28. Rostroraja alba (Lacepède, 1803);

    29. Odontaspis ferox (Risso, 1810);

    30. Rhinobatos spp - Rhinobatos cemiculus (E. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817); Rhinobatos rhinobatos (Linnaeus, 1758).

  1. the Commission is hereby authorised to support the addition of the following species to Annex III:

    1. Carcharhinus plumbeus (Nardo, 1827);

    2. Squalus acanthias (Linnaeus, 1758);

    3. Mustelus spp: Mustelus asterias (Cloquet, 1821), Mustelus mustelus (Linnaeus, 1758) Mustelus punctulatus (Risso, 1826);

    4. Galeorhinus galeus (Linnaeus, 1758);

    5. Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788);

    6. Heptranchias perlo (Bonnaterre, 1788);

    7. Centrophorus granulosus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801);

    8. Leucoraja circularis (Couch, 1838);

    9. Leucoraja melitensis (Clark, 1926);

    10. Sphyrna spp: Sphyrna lewini (Griffith & Smith, 1834). Sphyrna mokarran (Rüppell, 1837) Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus 1758).

Done at Brussels, […]

For the Council

The President
[…]


Annex

Table I: Changes proposed to Annex II

Present name in the Annexe II

Proposed changes

Magnoliophyta

Magnoliophyta

Posidonia oceanica

Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delille

Zostera marina

Zostera marina Linnaeus

Zostera noltii

Zostera noltii Hornemann

Chlorophyta

Chlorophyta

Caulerpa ollivieri

Caulerpa ollivieri Dostál

Phaeophyta

Heterokontophyta

Cystoseira amentacea (var. stricta & var. spicata)

Cystoseira amentacea (C. Agardh) Bory de Saint-Vincent (including var. stricta Montagne and var. spicata (Ercegovic) G. Giaccone)

Cystoseira mediterranea

Cystoseira mediterranea Sauvageau

Cystoseira sedoides

Cystoseira sedoides (Desfontaines) C. Agardh

Cystoseira spinosa (inclu C. adriatica)

Cystoseira spinosa Sauvageau (including C. adriatica Sauvageau)

Cystoseira zosteroides

Cystoseira zosteroides C. Agardh

Laminaria rodriguezii

Laminaria rodriguezii Bornet

Rhodophyta

Rhodophyta

Goniolithon byssoides

Titanoderma ramosissimum (Heydrich) Bressan & Cabioch (ex. Goniolithon byssoides)

Lithophyllum lichenoides

Lithophyllum byssoides (Lamarck) Foslie (ex. Lithophyllum lichenoides)

Ptilophora mediterranea

Ptilophora mediterranea (H. Huvé) R.E. Norris

Schimmelmannia schousboei

Schimmelmannia schousboei (J. Agardh) J. Agardh

Porifera

Porifera

Asbestopluma hypogea

Asbestopluma hypogeal Vacelet and Boury-Esnault 1995

Aplysina sp. plur.

Aplysina cavernicola Vacelet, 1959 & Aplysina aerophoba Schmidt, 1862

Axinella cannabina

Axinella cannabina (Esper, 1794)

Axinella polypoides

Axinella polypoides Schmidt, 1862

Geodia cydonium

Geodia cydonium (Jameson, 1811)

Ircinia foetida

Sarcotragus foetidus Schmidt, 1862 (ex- Ircina foetida)

Ircinia pipetta

Sarcotragus pipetta (Schmidt, 1868) (ex- Ircinia pipetta)

Petrobiona massiliana

Petrobiona massiliana Vacelet & Lévi, 1958

Tethya sp. plur.

Tethya aurantium (Pallas, 1766) & Tethya citrina Sarà e Melone, 1965

Cnidaria

Cnidaria

Astroides calycularis

Astroides calycularis (Pallas, 1766)

Errina aspera

Errina aspera (Linnaeus, 1767)

Gerardia savaglia

Savalia savaglia Nardo, 1844 (ex Gerardia savaglia)

Bryozoa

Bryozoa

Hornera lichenoides

Hornera lichenoides (Linnaeus, 1758)

Mollusca

Mollusca

Charonia lampas (= Ch. rubicunda = Ch. nodifera)

Charonia lampas lampas (Linnaeus, 1758)

Charonia tritonis (= Ch. Seguenziae)

Charonia tritonis variegata (Lamarck, 1816)

Dendropoma petraeum

Dendropoma petraeum (Monterosato, 1884)

Erosaria spurca

Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758)

Gibbula nivosa

Gibbula nivosa A.Adams, 1851

Lithophaga lithophaga

Lithophaga lithophaga (Linnaeus, 1758)

Luria lurida (= Cypraea lurida)

Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758)

Mitra zonata

Mitra zonata Marryat, 1818

Patella ferruginea

Patella ferruginea Gmelin, 1791

Patella nigra

Patella nigra (da Costa, 1771)

Pholas dactylus

Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758

Pinna nobilis

Pinna nobilis Linnaeus, 1758

Pinna rudis (= P. pernula)

Pinna rudis (=pernula) Linnaeus, 1758

Ranella olearia (= Argobuccinum olearium = A. giganteum)

Ranella olearia (Linnaeus, 1758)

Schilderia achatidea

Schilderia achatidea (Gray in G.B. Sowerby II, 1837)

Tonna galea

Tonna galea (Linnaeus, 1758)

Zonaria pyrum

Zonaria pyrum (Gmelin, 1791)

Crustacea

Crustacea

Ocypode cursor

Ocypode cursor (Linnaeus, 1758)

Pachylasma giganteum

Pachylasmus giganteum (Philippi, 1836)

Echinodermata

Echinodermata

Asterina pancerii

Asterina pancerii (Gasco, 1870)

Centrostephanus longispinus

Centrostephanus longispinus (Philippi, 1845)

Ophidiaster ophidianus

Ophidiaster ophidianus (Lamarck, 1816)

Pisces

Pisces

Acipenser naccarii

Acipenser naccarii Bonaparte, 1836

Acipenser sturio

Acipenser sturio Linnaeus, 1758

Aphanius fasciatus

Aphanius fasciatus (Valenciennes, 1821)

Aphanius iberus

Aphanius iberus (Valenciennes, 1846)

Cetorhinus maximus

Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)

Carcharodon carcharias

Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)

Hippocampus hippocampus

Hippocampus hippocampus (Linnaeus 1758)

Hippocampus ramulosus

Hippocampus guttulatus Cuvier, 1829 (ex Hippocampus ramulosus)

Huso huso

Huso huso (Linnaeus, 1758)

Lethenteron zanandreai

Lethenteron zanandreai (Vladykov, 1955)

Mobula mobular

Mobula mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788)

Pomatoschistus canestrinii

Pomatoschistus canestrini (Ninni, 1883)

Pomatoschistus tortonesei

Pomatoschistus tortonesei Miller, 1969

Valencia hispanica

Valencia hispanica (Valenciennes, 1846)

Valencia letourneuxi

Valencia letourneuxi (Sauvage, 1880)

Reptiles

Reptiles

Caretta caretta

Caretta caretta (Linnaeus, 1758)

Chelonia mydas

Chelonia mydas (Linnaeus, 1758)

Dermochelys coriacea

Dermochelys coriacea (Vandelli, 1761)

Eretmochelys imbricata

Eretmochelys imbricata (Linnaeus, 1766)

Lepidochelys kempii

Lepidochelys kempii (Garman, 1880)

Trionyx triunguis

Trionyx triunguis ( Forskål, 1775)

Aves

Aves

Calonectris diomedea

Calonectris diomedea (Scopoli, 1769)

Falco eleonorae

Falco eleonorae Géné, 1834

Hydrobates pelagicus

Hydrobates pelagicus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Larus audouinii

Larus audouinii Payraudeau, 1826

Numenius tenuirostris

Numenius tenuirostris Viellot, 1817

Pandion haliaetus

Pandion haliaetus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Pelecanus crispus

Pelecanus crispus Bruch, 1832

Pelecanus onocrotalus

Pelecanus onocrotalus Linnaeus, 1758

Phalacrocorax aristotelis

Phalacrocorax aristotelis (Linnaeus, 1761)

Phalacrocorax pygmaeus

Phalacrocorax pygmeus (Pallas, 1773)

Phoenicopterus ruber

Phoenicopterus ruber Linnaeus, 1758

Puffinus yelkouan

Puffinus yelkouan (Brünnich, 1764)

Puffinus mauretanicus (Lowe, PR, 1921)

Sterna albifrons

Sterna albifrons Pallas, 1764

Sterna bengalensis

Sterna bengalensis Lesson, 1831

Sterna sandvicensis

Sterna sandvicensis Latham, 1878

Mammalia

Mammalia

Balaenoptera acutorostrata

Balaenoptera acutorostrata Lacépède, 1804

Balaenoptera borealis

Balaenoptera borealis Lesson, 1828

Balaenoptera physalus

Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Delphinus delphis

Delphinus delphis Linnaeus, 1758

Eubalaena glacialis

Eubalaena glacialis (Müller, 1776)

Globicephala melas

Globicephala melas (Trail, 1809)

Grampus griseus

Grampus griseus (Cuvier G. 1812)

Kogia simus

Kogia simus (Owen, 1866)

Megaptera novaeangliae

Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781)

Mesoplodon densirostris

Mesoplodon densirostris (de Blainville, 1817)

Monachus monachus

Monachus monachus (Hermann, 1779)

Orcinus orca

Orcinus orca (Linnaeus, 1758)

Phocoena phocoena

Phocoena phocoena (Linnaeus, 1758)

Physeter macrocephalus

Physeter catodon Linnaeus, 1758 (ex- Physeter macrocephalus)

Pseudorca crassidens

Pseudorca crassidens (Owen, 1846)

Stenella coeruleoalba

Stenella coeruleoalba (Meyen, 1833)

Steno bredanensis

Steno bredanensis (Cuvier in Lesson, 1828)

Tursiops truncatus

Tursiops truncatus (Montagu, 1821)

Ziphius cavirostris

Ziphius cavirostris Cuvier G., 1832

Table II: Changes proposed to Annex III

Present name in Annexe III

Proposed changes

Porifera

Porifera

Hippospongia communis

Hippospongia communis (Lamarck, 1813)

Spongia agaricina

Spongia (Spongia) lamella (Schulze, 1872) (ex Spongia agaricina)

Spongia officinalis

Spongia (Spongia) officinalis officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) & Spongia (Spongia) officinalis adriatica (Schmidt, 1862)

Spongia zimocca

Spongia (Spongia) zimocca Schmidt, 1862

Cnidaria

Cnidaria

Corallium rubrum (Linnaeus, 1758)

Corallium rubrum (Linnaeus, 1758)

Antipathes sp.plur

Antipathes dichotoma Pallas, 1766 & Antipathes fragilis Gravier, 1918

Crustacea

Crustacea

Homarus gammarus

Homarus gammarus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Maja squinado

Maja squinado (Herbst, 1788)

Palinurus elephas

Palinurus elephas (Fabricius, 1787)

Scyllarides latus

Scyllarides latus (Latreille, 1803)

Scyllarus arctus

Scyllarus arctus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Scyllarus pygmaeus

Scyllarus pygmaeus (Bate, 1888)

Echinodermata

Echinodermata

Paracentrotus lividus

Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816)

Pisces

Pisces

Alosa alosa

Alosa alosa (Linnaeus, 1758)

Alosa fallax

Alosa fallax (Lacépède, 1803)

Anguilla anguilla

Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758)

Epinephelus marginatus

Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe, 1834)

Isurus oxyrinchus

Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810

Lamma nasus

Lamma nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)

Lampetra fluviatilis

Lampetra fluviatilis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Petromyzon marinus

Petromyzon marinus Linnaeus, 1758

Prionace glauca

Prionace glauca (Linnaeus, 1758)

Raja alba

Raja alba Lacépède, 1803

Sciaena umbra

Sciaena umbra Linnaeus, 1758

Squatina squatina

Squatina squatina (Linnaeus, 1758)

Thunnus thynnus

Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Umbrina cirrosa

Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus, 1758)

Xiphias gladius

Xiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758



1Council Decision 77/585/EEC of 25 July 1977 concluding the Convention for the protection of the Mediterranean Sea against pollution and the Protocol for the prevention of the pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by dumping from ships and aircraft, OJ L 240, 19.9.1977, p. 1.

2Council Decision 1999/800/EC of 22 October 1999 on concluding the Protocol concerning specially protected areas and biological diversity in the Mediterranean, and on accepting the annexes to that Protocol (Barcelona Convention), OJ L 322, 14.12.1999, p. 1.

3Council Directive 79/409/EEC of 2 April 1979 on the conservation of wild birds, OJ L 103, 25.4.1979, p. 1.

4Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora, OJ L 206, 22.7.1992, p. 7.

5Council Regulation (EC) No 2371/2002 of 20 December 2002 on the conservation and sustainable exploitation of fisheries resources under the Common Fisheries Policy, OJ L 358, 31.12.2002, p. 59.

6Council Decision 77/585/EEC of 25 July 1977 concluding the Convention for the protection of the Mediterranean Sea against pollution and the Protocol for the prevention of the pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by dumping from ships and aircraft, OJ L 240, 19.9.1977, p. 1.

7Council Decision 1999/800/EC of 22 October 1999 on concluding the Protocol concerning specially protected areas and biological diversity in the Mediterranean, and on accepting the annexes to that Protocol (Barcelona Convention), OJ L 322, 14.12.1999, p. 1.

8Council Decision 93/626/EEC of 25 October 1993 concerning the conclusion of the Convention on Biological Diversity, OJ L 309, 13.12.1993, p. 1.

9Considering the relative uncertainty on the population structure and conservation status of the species Lamna nasus, Isurus oxyrinchus and Leucoraja melitensis, a close monitoring of these species is recommended and if updated scientific assessment so requires, the Commission will consider which additional protection measures for these species would be required. The Commission also endeavours to strengthen further the protection of these species in the context of Regional Fisheries Management Organisations.

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