Cool-climate native produce plants




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Cool-climate native produce plants
These are lists compiled from a range of resources which list them as either from alpine/cool-climate regions, note they may be frost-tolerant when established, or have otherwise suggested they may be suitable for cold winters and hot summers. Unless explicitly specified otherwise, assume “frost-tolerant when established” rather than “requires frost to exist” and proceed accordingly. Some plants not listed here may also survive if well-protected; eg lemon myrtle, which is otherwise a tropical plant.


Common name

Latin name

Edible parts

Comments

Sallow wattle, Silver wattle

Acacia floribunda, Acacia dealbata

Seeds/pods

Silver wattle recommended as replacement for Cootamundra wattle. See below for fuller listing of edible acacias.

Coastal wattle

Acacia longifolia var sophorae

Seeds in pods




Golden wattle, Green wattle

Acacia longifolia, Acacia decurrans

Seeds/pods




Blackwood

Acacia melanoxylon

Seeds/pods




Wattleseed

Acacia podralyfolia, Acacia retinoides

Seeds/pods

Be very certain about acacia variety being used; not all wattle seeds or pods are edible.

Gundabluey

Acacia victoriae syn sentis

Seeds/pods

Apparently one of the best edible wattles

Lillipillies

Acmena spp.

Fruit

Also see Syzygium spp. Berries tend to be tart and crisp; refreshing if you like them.

Island celery

Apium insulare

Stalk, leaf




Sea celery

Apium prostatum var filiforme

Stalk, leaf




Bunya nut

Araucaria bidwilli

Nuts from cone

Takes up to 10 years to bear. Huge heavy cones. May be not child-suitable.

Small vanilla lilly, Vanilla lilly

Arthropodium minus, Arthropodium milleflorum

Roots/tubers




Native cranberry

Astroloma humifusum

Berries

Heath. Apple-tasting fruit.

Midjinberry, Midyim

Austromyrtus tenuifolium, Austromyrtus dulcis, A. hillii

Berry

Small, sweet, white-speckled berries about the size of a pea, very like blueberry. Delicious.

Twiggy myrtle

Baekea virgata







Banksia

Banksia integrifolia, Banksia marginata

Nectar




Appleberry

Billardiera cymosa, Billardiera scandens

Berry

Many varieties. Berry has astonishing stewed-apple taste

Kurrajong

Brachychiton populneum

Seeds

Beware of some varieties with small hairs on seeds; need to be removed before use, can be highly irritating

Native leek, Native onion, bulbine lily

Bulbine semibarbata, Bulbine bulbosa

Bulb, stalk

Native lily

Milkmaids

Burchardia umbellata

and Wurmbea, same family Colchicaceae

Tubers

Native lily

Bottlebrush

Callistemon citrinus

Nectar




Native cypress

Callitris sp

?




Karkalla or Coastal pigface

Carpobrotus rossii

Fruit, leaves

Fruit is described as a “salty fig”.

Prickly currant bush, coffee-berry

Comprosma quadrifida, C. hirtella

Berries

Berries can be astringent, “edible but not tasty”.

Cape Barren Tea, native fuchsia, white correa

Correa alba

Leaves

Use for tea

Flax lily

Dianella caerulea, D. longifolia, D. revoluta, pavopennacea, bambusifolia

Seeds/berries

Nutty flavour if berries are eaten with seeds inside. Bright blue berries. Eat when completely ripe. D. tasmanica and other large-berried varieties are not edible.

Chocolate lily

Dichopgon strictus, D. fimbratus

Tuber




Desert lime, wild lime

Eremocitrus glauca

Fruit

Technically an arid plant, but frost-tolerant. The new CSIRO hybrids have a pure wild lime variety.

Winter apple

Eremophila debile (prev. Myoporum debile)

Fruit

Grass

Cider gum

Eucalyptus gunii

Sap

Being cultivated as a maple syrup alternative in Tasmania; alpine plant.

Wombat berry

Eustrephus latifolius

Berry




Ballart, cherry ballart, native cherry

Exocarpus spp.

Fruit

Many varieties, some sub-alpine. Bears stone outside of fruit. E. nanus is alpine variety. Root parasites; need a host plant to survive, ideally native grass.

Saw grass

Gahnia aspera

?




Wax-berry

Gaultheria appresa

Berry

Alpine, native to the Great Divide; berries more bitter than snowberry.

Snow berry

Gaultheria hispida

Berry

Alpine, native to Tasmania. Berries tart but pleasant.

Scrambling lilly

Geitonoplesium cymosum

Tuber




Munthari, muntries

Kunzea pomifera

Berry

Clove-apple flavour

Native peppercress

Lepidium hyssopifolium

Leaf/stalk

Rare in the wild, but may be a colony near Bungendore

Sour currant-bush

Leptomeria acida, L. drupacea.

Berries




Tea tree

Leptospermum spp

Leaves

Use for a tea.

Beard heath

Leucopogon suaveolens, L. lanceolatus

Berries

Alpine. Sweet, watery, small berries

Matt rush

Lomandra longifolia

Base of leaves




Native river mint

Mentha australis

Leaves

A true mint, very pennyroyal taste

Murnong, yam daisy

Microceris scapigera, M. lanceolata

Tubers

Once a staple food. Tubers are cooked where they reduce into a sweet, dark-coloured juice.

Weeping grass

Microleana stipoides

Seeds

May be other grasses not yet listed

Amulla, winter apple

Myoporum debile

Fruit

Uncommon creeping plant of sunny open woodland.

Bush tea leaf, native basil, native thyme

Ociumum tenuiflorum

Leaves

Use as a herb. May be annual in frosty areas.

Yellow wood sorrel, clover

Oxalis oxalis, Oxalis perrenans, Oxalis radicosa

Leaves, taproot

These vars. are separate to the introduced Oxalis corniculata, but are essentially identical!

Carpet heath

Pentachondra pumila

Berries

Alpine heath. Sweet watery fruit.

Geebungs

Persoonia

Fruit

“Tastes like sweet cotton wool”.

Reed

Phragmites communis

?

Reed/grass

Illawarra plum, Brown pine, plum pine

Podocarpus elatus, P. lawrencei syn alpina

Fruit

Tall tree. Can withstand heavy frosts.

Dwarf plum pine

Podocarpus spinulosus

Fruit

Resiny

Pigweed

Portulaca oleracea

Leaves, stalks, seeds




Native mint bush

Prostanthera sp

Leaves

Rotundifolia or ovifolia are nicer than incisa

Rose leaved raspberry, Small leaved raspberry

Rubus hillii, Rubus rosifolius ,Rubus parvifolius

Berries

A true raspberry. Bears large flattish berries, ranging from dry and tasteless to juicy and delicious. Parvifolius bears in winter in Sydney.

Native raspberry

R. gunnianus

Berry

Native to mountains of Tasmania

White elderberries

Sambucus gaudichaudiana

Berry




Native sarsparilla, sweet tea

Smilax glycophylla

Leaves

Apparently makes a lovely drink

Mountain kangaroo apple

Solanum linearifolium

Fruit

Taste not up to much, must not be eaten green

Bluebell creeper

Sollya heterophylla

Fruit

Related to appleberry; small purple/green fruit. Definitely frost-tolerant.

Sowthistle

Sonchus oleraceus

Leaves

The familiar yellow-flowered weed; it’s actually native in Australia.

Lillypilly, incl. riberries

Syzygium spp.

Berry

Riberries are a mildly resiny flavour.

Mountain pepper, Dorrigo pepper

Tasmannia spp

Leaves and berries

Use both leaves and berries as for pepper. Hotter than Piper nigrum. See below for complete list of varieties. All are alpine species.

Warrigal greens, tetragon, New Zealand Spinach, NZ spinach, Bower spinach, Warragul spinach

Tetragonia tetragonoides

Leaf

Seashores and edges of brackish water. Leaves must be blanched for 1min before use and water thrown away. Very young leaves may be eaten raw but test first.

Fringed violet, fringed lily

Thysanotus tuberrosus, T. patersonii

Tubers

Tubers apparently crisp, juicy and almost flavourless.

Wild parsnip

Trachymene incisa

Tuber

A plant of rocky outcrops; unsure of frost tolerance.

Bullrush

Typha

Leaf, roots, pollen

Water plant

Ribbon Weed

Valisneria

Roots/tuber

Water plant

Native violet

Viola hederacea

Bulb?




Early nancy

Wurmbea dioica

Bulb






List of edible acacias (not comprehensive):


Acacia aculeatissima

Acacia dealbata

Acacia genistifolia

Acacia implexa

Acacia lanigera

Acacia mearnsii

Acacia melanoxylon

Acacia paradoxa

Acacia pravissima

Acacia pycnantha

Acacia rubida

Acacia ulicifolia

Acacia verniciflua



List of Tasmannias (complete, I believe):
T. lanceolata - Mountain pepperbush.

T. stipitata - Dorrigo pepper

T. insipida - Wild Lime calls “Dorrigo pepper”, which is incorrect.

T. xerophilia - Alpine or snow pepper. Wild Lime says is has leaves and berries hotter than the two more common ones.

T. purpurescens - Broad leaf pepperbush.

T. glaucifolia - Fragrant Pepperbush

T. membranea – Pepper Tree



Bibliography used to compile this list – not comprehensive!
Merryn Carey and Peter Gow. Bushfood Plants for Cold Climates:

A guide to useful and edible Australian native plants for frosty places. South Coast Flora. http://www.southcoastflora.com.au/index.html (note: new edition expected out at the end of this year). List resourced from http://www.newcrops.uq.edu.au/newslett/ncnl1231.htm#BPFCC on 14.3.07
Juleigh Robins. Wild Lime. (out of print).
Low, Tim. 1991. Wild food plants of Australia. Angus & Robertson Publishers, Sydney, Australia.
Keith and Irene Smith. Grow your own Bushfoods.
http://www.kingparrotvalleychalets.com.au/bushtucker.html

http://asgap.org.au/


Fiona Porteous Page 20/04/2016


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