Construction Safety Requirements




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Power Transmission and Distribution


Existing conditions must be determined before starting work, by an inspection or a test. Such conditions must include, but not be limited to, energized lines and equipment, condition of poles, and the location of circuits and equipment including power and communications, cable television, and fire-alarm circuits.
Electric equipment and lines must be considered energized until determined otherwise by testing or until grounding. Operating voltage of equipment and lines must be determined before working on or near energized parts.
Rubber protective equipment must comply with the provisions of the ANSI J6 series, and must be visually inspected before use.

Power Transmission, Mechanical


Belts, gears, shafts, pulleys, sprockets, spindles, drums, flywheels, chains, or other reciprocating, rotating, or moving parts of equipment must be guarded if such parts are exposed to contact by employees or otherwise constitute a hazard. Guarding must meet the requirement of ANSI B15.1-1953 (R 1958), Safety Code for Mechanical Power Transmission Apparatus.

Process Safety Management


Employers must develop a written plan of action regarding employee participation and consult with employees and their representatives on the conduct and development of process hazards analyses and on the development of the other elements of process safety management.
The employer, when selecting a contractor, must obtain and evaluate information regarding the contract employer’s safety performance and programs. The contract employer must assure that each contract employee is trained in the work practices necessary to safely perform his/her job.
The employer must perform a pre-startup safety review for new facilities and for modified facilities when the modification is significant enough to require a change in the process safety information.

The employer must establish and implement written procedures to maintain the on going integrity of process equipment.


Program Requirements

The employer must initiate and maintain such programs as may be necessary to provide for frequent and regular inspections of the job site, materials, and equipment by designated competent persons.

The employer should avail himself of the safety and health training programs the Secretary provides. The employer must instruct each employee in the recognition and avoidance of unsafe conditions and in the regulations applicable to his work environment to control or eliminate any hazards or other exposure to illness or injury.
The use of any machinery, tool, material, or equipment that is not in compliance with any applicable requirement of OSHA Standards Part 1926 is prohibited.
The employer must permit only those employees qualified by training or experience to operate equipment and machinery.

Radiation, Ionizing


Pertinent provisions of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) (10 CFR Part 20) relating to protection against occupational radiation exposure must apply. Any activity that involves the use of radioactive materials or X-rays, whether or not under license from the Atomic Energy Commission, must be performed by competent persons specially

trained in the proper and safe operation of such equipment.



Railings


Top edge height of top rails or equivalent guardrail system members must have a vertical height of approximately 42 inches plus or minus 3 inches above the walking/working level.
Guardrail systems must be smooth-surfaced, with a strength to withstand at least 200 pounds, the minimum requirement applied in any outward or downward direction, at any point along the top edge.
A stair railing must be of construction similar to a standard railing with a vertical height of 36 inches from the upper surface of top rail to the surface of tread in line with face

of riser at forward edge of tread.



Reinforced Steel


All protruding reinforced steel onto and into which employees could fall must be guarded to eliminate the hazard of impalement.

Respiratory Protection


In emergencies, or when feasible engineering or administrative controls are not effective in controlling toxic substances, appropriate respiratory protective equipment must be provided by the employer and must be used.
Respiratory protective devices must be approved by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health or acceptable to the U.S. Department of Labor for the specific contaminant to which the employee is exposed.
Respiratory protective devices must be appropriate for the hazardous material involved and the extent and nature of the work requirements and conditions. Employees required to use respiratory protective devices must be thoroughly trained in their use.
Respiratory protective equipment must be inspected regularly and maintained in good condition.
Rollover Protective Structures (ROPS)

Rollover protective structures (ROPS) apply to material handling equipment such as:


All rubber-tired, self-propelled scrapers, rubber-tired frontend loaders, rubber-tired dozers, wheel-type agricultural and industrial tractors, crawler tractors, crawler-type loaders, and motor graders, with or without attachments, that are used in construction work. This requirement does not apply to sideboom pipelaying tractors.

Safety Nets


Safety nets must be installed as close as practicable under the walking/working surface on which employees are working, but in no case more than 30 feet below such level. When nets are used on bridges, the potential fall area from the walking/working surface to the net must be unobstructed.
Safety nets and their installations must be capable of absorbing an impact force equal to that produced by the drop test.

Saws, Band


All portions of band saw blades must be enclosed or guarded, except for the working portion of the blade between the bottom of the guide rolls and the table. Band saw wheels must be fully encased.

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