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Mesterházy Zsolt – The Conifer Treasury of the World 3.0® - A fenyők kincsestára 3.0®

3rd edition, 2nd digital edition 2010. Budapest, Hungary


Mesterházy, Zsolt

Conifer Treasury of Great Britain 1.0

A brit fenyők kincsestára 1.0

Brit fenyőnemesítők kézikönyve



Literature 1995-2005

American Conifer Society Bulletin 1990-2010

ACS P. O. Box 314 Perry Hall MD 21128 USA ACS

Andersen Horticultural Library's Source List of Plants

and Seeds, USA

W.J.Bean: Trees & Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles I.-V., 8th Edition

VIII. Edition, Butler & Tanner Ltd., Frome and London 1970-1989

Bonsai Catalogue of John Vermeulen & Son, Inc.

Neshanic Station, N. J. USA

Catalogue of Adolf Alzen Nurseries 1985 Herbst/Fall

5431 Hundsagen/Westerwald GER

Catalogue of Böhlje Pflanzenhandel Gmbh

2910 Westerstede GER 1991/92

Catalogue of Draijer Nursery

Zwaanshoek & Heemstede HOL 1981/82

Catalogue of Egzóta Nursery, Sopron HUN

Dr.Barabits Elemér & Sons, 9400 Sopron, Bajcsy-Zsilinszky utca 5 1992

Catalogue of Fenyőkert Nursery Budapest HUN

1023 Bogár utca 6/b , 1991/92

Catalogues of Firma C. Esveld Boomkwekerijen, Boskoop

HOL 1982/83 and 1991/93

Catalogue of the Foxborough Nurseries Inc. 1990 USA

Catalogue of the Iseli Nurseries Inc. 1990, 1991 USA

Catalogue of zu Jeddeloh 1978

2905 Jeddeloh in Oldenburg GER

Catalogue of the Karaca Arboretum, Turkey 1992

Catalogue of Hinrich Kordes Jungpflanzen Nurseries

2081 Bilsen Mühlenweg 8 GER 1985/86

Catalogue of Michael & Janet Kristick Nurseries

Wellsville PA USA 1991

Catalogue of Mitsch Nurseries USA 1981/82, 1990

Catalogue of Vannucci Piante 1993/94 Pistoia 51100 ITA

Catalogue of the Washington Evergreen Nurseries

Leicester NC USA 1991, 1993/94

Catalogue of Pieter Zwijnenburg Jr.

Boskoop HOL 1991/92, 1994/95

L. C. Chadwick & R. A. Keen: A Study of the Genus Taxus

Ohio Agriculture Research & Development Center

U. S. 250 Ohio 83 South, Wooster, Ohio, USA

Collingridge Illustrated Encyclopedia of Gardening

by Arthur Hellyer 1976 1983

The Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited

84-88 The Centre Feltham Middlesex TW13 4BH

W.B.Critchfield, E.L.Little Jr.: Geographic Distribution of the Pines of the World

US. Dept. of Agriculture Forest Service, February 1966 PW

S. K. Czerepanov: Plantae Vasculares URSS Leningrad, 'Nauka' 1981 Cz

Dictionary of Gardening of the New Royal Horticultural Society

The Macmillan Press Ltd. London. The Stockton Press, New York 1992 DG

Aljos Farjon: Pines

1984 E.J.Brill - Dr. W. Backhuys, Leiden HOL P

Flora Koreana

Editio Scientiarum R. P. D. C. Phyongyang Korea 1979 FK

Guide of the Budafa Arboretum HUN 1983

Guide List to Plants in Strybing, Golden State Park

San Francisco Ca. USA 1987

Handbook of Dwarf-Slow-growing & Rare Conifers

The Wansdyke Nursery & The Pygmy Pinetum established by

H. J. Welch in Devizes, Wiltshire England

Charles R. Harrison: Ornamental Conifers

Hafner Press, New-Zealand - New York

S. G. Harrison & E. A. Dallimore: Handbook of Coniferae

and Gingkoaceae

First Pubihshed 1923 London GBR

Hieke, Karel: Prakticka Dendrologie Praha 1978

The Hillier Catalogue 1991/1992

The Hillier Manual of Trees & Shrubs

6th Edition 1991 GBR

Horstmann's Zwergkoniferenkatalog 1991

3043 Schneverdingen GER

Horstmann Zwergkoniferen - Sammlung 1983

3043 Schneverdingen GER

Hortobágyi Tibor: Növényrendszertan 1979 Tankönyvkiadó Budapest

Index Kewensis 1863 -1989 Clarendon Press Oxford England KeI

Index Plantarum II. Vácrátót HUN

MTA Ökologiai és Botanikai Kutatóintézete

Index Seminum Alpengarten Belvedere Wien AUT 1991

The International Book of Trees by Hugh Johnson

Mitchell Beazley Publishers Limited GBR 1973

J. Lewis: The International Conifer Register

Part 1. & 2. 1987 London, The Royal Horticultural Society

Liu: A Monograph of the Genus Abies

Krüssmann, Gerd: Die Baume Europas

2.Auflage, Paul Parey Verlag Berlin-Hamburg 1979

Krüssmann, Gerd: Die Nadelgehölze

3.Auflage, Paul Parey Verlag Berlin-Hamburg 1979

Krüssmann, Gerd: Handbuch der Nadelgehölze

Paul Parey Verlag Berlin-Hamburg 1972, 1983 Kr

Krüssmann, Gerd: Handbuch der Laubgehölze, Registerband.

Paul Parey Verlag Berlin-Hamburg 1978

L. J. Metcalf: The Cultivation of New Zealand Trees & Shrubs

Reed Methuen Publishers Ltd. 1987

N.T.Mirov: The Genus Pinus

The Ronald Press Company, New York 1967

Mitchell, Alan: Die Wald- und Parkbaume Europas

Paul Parey Verlag Berlin-Hamburg 2. Auflage 1979

Mitchell, Alan - Wilkinson, J.: Pareys Buch der Baume

Paul Parey Verlag Berlin-Hamburg 1979

Plant Inventory of Arnold Arboretum of Harvard

University, Jamaica Plain, MA USA 1990

Plant Inventory of the Mesterházy Pinetum Budapest / Erdőtarcsa HUN 1994-2010

Plant List of the Kámoni Arborétum Szombathely HUN 1990

The Plantfinder 1991/1992 Edition

Moorland Publishing Co. Ltd. Ashbourne Derbyshire England

Rehder: Manual of Cultivated Trees &. Shrubs

G. R. Shaw: The Genus Pinus

1914 Cambridge PG

G. R. Shaw: The Pines of Mexico

Publications of the Arnold Arboretum N. 1. 1909. PM

Dr. Siro Kitamura & Gen. Murata: Coloured Illustrations

of Woody Plants of Japan vol. II. 1979 KM

Hoikusha Publishing Co. Ltd. Osaka JPN

G. B. Sudworth: Forest Trees of the Pazific Slope

U. S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service 1908

Sylva Sinica

Beijing CHN SS

Van Gelderen, Van Hoey Smith: Conifers

London 1986

H. J. Welch & G. Haddow: The World Checklist of Conifers WCC

The World Conifer Data Pool

1993, The Landsmans Bookshop Ltd. Buchenhill, Bromyard GBR

Literature 2005-2010

Irodalom 2005-2010
Farjon, Aljos: World Checklist & Bibliography of Conifers 2001. 2nd edition.

Hieke, Karel: České šlechtĕní okrasných dřevin, 2004. Czech Nursery Society

Mesterházy, Zsolt: Conifer Treasury of the World 1995, 1st Edition, Budapest HUN

Mesterházy, Zsolt: Conifer Treasury 2.0 2005, 2nd, Digital Edition, Budapest, HUN

Full Digital Sources
Mesterházy, Zsolt & al.: Conifer Treasury of New Zealand & Australia 1.0, 2010 Budapest

Mesterházy, Zsolt: Conifer Treasury of Poland 1.0, 2010 Budapest

Mesterházy, Zsolt & al.: Conifer Treasury of Hungary 1.0, 2010 Budapest

Mesterházy, Zsolt: Virtual World Pinetum 2010, Budapest, partly based on:

Debreczy, Zsolt – Rácz, István: Fenyők a Föld körül – Conifers Around the World, 2000. in common naming of genuses and species

Gymnosperm Database GD

Edited by Christopher J. Earle

International Dendrology Society IDS
Sources of the available photos from the web collected by Google: more ten thousands of sites, which’s photos are seen by Google, all together 3,5 million conifer photos. Thanks to all organizations, education, nurseries and privats throughout the World, who cares conifer photos on their sites. Special thanks to the Gardenweb conifering sites, where the visitors collected in the last years thousands of their own high quality conifer photos – and most of them are high educated professional nurserymen, or enthusiast conifer friends with high quality photoing knowledge- but sorryfully they work with nicknames.
Sources of individual photos from nurseries, arboretums, organizations, which’s photos are not seen by Google

American Conifer Society Database 2010 959 cultivar photos

Burdan Nursery, Lubska POL Conifer Gallery 2010 472 cultivar photos

Daglezja Nursery, Ryki POL Conifer Gallery 2010 648 cultivar photos

Jiri Holata Nursery, Kouty CZ Conifer Gallery 2010 1011 cultivar photos

Jörg Kohout Nursery, Prietitz GER Conifer Gallery 2010 270 cultivar photos

The author’s photos in Mesterházy Pinetum HUN Conifer Gallery 2010 1450 cultivar photos conifers POL 2010 Conifer Gallery 2010 84 cultivar photos

Edwin Smits Nursery, Volkel HOL Conifer Gallery 2010 597 cultivar photos

Sylwester Tomszak Nursery, Bielsko-Biala POL Conifer Gallery 2010 516 cultivar photos

6047 photos


LARIX [1] L. [2] PINACEAE [3]

DECIDUA [4] 1768 [5] EUR [6]

Mill. [7] Kr[31]

L. vulgaris [8] Fisch.[9]

L. sudetica [8] Domin[9]1930[10]

f. ADENOCARPA [11] /Borb./Fitsch. [12] AUT [13]

ssp. POLONICA [14] /Racib./Domin [12]

[15]Larix decidua var. carpathica Domin 1936 [16]

var. POLONICA [17] /Racib./Ostenf. & Syrach-Larsen [12]

[15] L. decidua x L. sibirica[18]

Cervicornis [19] 1909 AUT [20]


Complete information about a record:

Cervicornis Publicator of Cultivars: Year, Person, Source (book)

Beissn.1891 [22]

Author and date

before 1909 Dr. Dieck on Mt. Semmering AUT [21]

Date of origin, founder, the place of origin

Photos collected by Google

Dr. Dieck, Zoeschen AUT [29]

Introducer or lister


Old synonyme cultivar names

Living synonyme cultivar name /Fastigiata/

Photos collected from individual site sources
In case of uncomplete information the position of the datas show their meanings.
Steinplatte [19] 1991 Horstmann GER [21]

Tortuosa [19] Booth ex Koch 1873 [22]

Pesek [19] Horstmann GER [23]

Puli [19] HUN [24] /pend./ [25]

Pyramidalis [19] /Fastigiata/ [26]

[ 1] The name of the genus Level 1.

[ 2] The name of the botanist, who described the genus

[ 3] Name of the family

[ 4] The name of the species Level 2.

[ 5] The earliest date the species ever mentioned

[ 6] Area Code - see Geographical List below

[ 7] The name of the botanist, who described first the species

[ 8] Unvalid or synonym name for Level 2.

[ 9] Botanist of [ 8]

[10] Date of [ 8]

[11] "f." is the sign of "forma" of the species

[12] Author of [11],[14],[17]

[13] Geographical origin

[14] "ssp." is the sign of "subspecies"

[15] Additional line for more informations

[16] Unvalid or synonyme name for Level 3.:

"f.","ssp.","var." and "cv."

[17] "var." is the sign of "varietas"

[18] The parents of a hybride plant

[19] The name of the "cultivar" /"cv."/

[20] Origin of date and country

[21] Date,name,country of founder of a "cv."

[22] Botanist's name,date of a "cv." /Author/

[23] Name,country: usually a nursery, where the plant

is cultivated

[24] Country code of origin without more informations

[25] Type of the plant /with small letters/

[26] Living synonyme cultivar name /Fastigiata/

[27] Natural hybryde Species name with "X" behind the name

[28] "--." , "--.--." : Sign for replaceing a repetition

[29] Introduced or listed

[30] Synonym species showing the valid name

[31] Literature of the species

1. genus

2. species

3. varietas, subspecies, forma and "CULTIVARS"

Abies - Jegenyefenyő - Fir

Abies Miller 1766 – Pinaceae - Jegenyefenyők - Firs


Mill. Kr

Abies alba Mill. - Közönséges jegenyefenyő - European Silver Fir

Aurea Nelson 1866 GBR

A. pectinata auricoma Carr. 1867

A. pectinata aurea Beissn. 1891

Foliis variegata Loud.1838 /Variegata/ GBR

King’s Dwarf 1983 GBR

King & Paton Nurs. SCO GBR

Microcarpa Nelson 1866 GBR

Minor Mast. 1892 GBR

Munsterland Kenwith Nurs., GBR

Nana Knight & Perry 1850 GBR

Prostrata Hort. ex Beissn. 1858

/Nana/Knight & Perry 1850

Pyramidalis Lawson 1851

1850 GBR /Pyramidalis Compacta/

Abies alba ‘Pyramidalis’

Quite columnar, about the only thing it has in common with the Egyptian ones is that both are equally effective they reach 6-8” specimen size. Arrowhead text.

Arrowhead Alpines Nursery MI USA

A. alba f.pyramidalis Voss 1896

A. alba var. stricta Fitschen 1930

Abies alba ’Pyramidalis’

Esveld Nursery, Boskoop HOL

Abies alba ’Pyramidalis’ American Conifer Society

Abies alba ’Pyramidalis’ Edwin Smits Nursery, Volkel HOL

Variegata Forbes 1839

at Woburn GBR

Abies alba ‘Variegata’

A. alba var. variegata Zederbaur 1907


/L./ Mill. Kr

Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. - Balzsamfenyő - Balsam Fir

Prostrata Knight & Perry 1850

1838 GBR

Abies balsamea ‘Prostrata’

Abies balsamea ’Prostrata’ Edwin Smits Nursery, Volkel HOL

Mattf. Kr

Abies bornmülleriana Mattf. 1925 - Bitűniai v. Bornmüller jegenyefenyő - Bornmüller fir

Archer 1991 Kenwith Nurs., Bideford GBR

Kenwith Nurs., Bideford GBR


/Gord. & Glend./Lindl. ex Hildebrand Kr

Abies concolor /Gord. & Glend./Lindl. ex Hildebrand 1861 - Kolorádói (szürke) jegenyefenyő - Colorado Fir Jegenyefenyő változatok képei - Abies Gallery

Archer’s Dwarf G. Haddow 1982

J. W. Archer, Farnham GBR

Abies concolor ‘Archers Dwarf’

Kenwith Nurs., Bideford GBR

Abies concolor ‘Archer’s Dwarf’

A conical dwarf plant with powder blue foliage that originated with J. W. Archer in Surrey. The needles are somewhat recurved and the branches tend to curl downwards. Arrowhead text.

Arrowhead Alpines Nursery MI USA

Abies concolor ´Archer´s Dwarf´ Jiri Holata Nursery, Kouty CZ

Abies concolor ’Archer’s Dwarf’

Jörg Kohout Nursery, Prietitz GER

Abies concolor ’Archer’s Dwarf’Mesterházy Pinetum HUN

Abies concolor ’Archer’s Dwarf’Mesterházy Pinetum HUN

Creamy G. Haddow 1991

Kenwith Nurs. GBR

Abies concolor ‘Creamy’ Abies concolor var. lowiana ‘Creamy’

New cream colored growth in Spring, becoming variegated by

Fall, maintained throughout winter. Becomes more conical with

age. Stephen Grubb text in ACS database.

Kenwith Nurs., Bideford GBR

Bethlehem Nursery, Bethlehem, CT USA

Abies concolor ’Creamy’ American Conifer Society

Glauca Compacta Hornibrook 1923 GBR

Abies concolor ‘Glauca Compacta’

/Compacta/ since 1939

Abies concolor ’Glauca Compacta’ American Conifer Society

Pyramidalis Lawson 1851 GBR

/van Tiegh./Franch. Kr

Abies delavayi (van Tiegh.) Franch. 1899 - Göngyölttűs Delavay jegenyefenyő - Delavay fir

Buchanan /Buchanan’s Dwarf/

Buchanan’s Dwarf 1972 Hillier GBR

Abies delavayi Buchanan’s Dwarf

Abies delavayi Buchanan’s Dwarf Daglezja Nursery, Ryki POL

Fargesii Prostrate 1979 Welch GBR

Major Neishe Rushforth 1987

in Hillier Nurs. GBR

Nana 1971 Hillier GBR

Abies delavayi ‘Nana’

Abies delavayi ’Nana’ American Conifer Society

Nana Herdfort Mistake of /Headfort/

Abies delavayi ‘Nana Herdford’

Franch. SS

Abies fargesii Franch. 1899 - Kanszú kéktobozú jegenyefenyő - Kanshu Fir

Headfort H. G. Hillier 1964

in Headfort IRL


Herdford /Headfort/

Sieb. & Zucc. Kr

Abies firma Sieb. & Zucc. 1842 - Momi jegenyefenyő - Momi Fir

Tardina Mitchell 1972

at Borde Hill GBR


/Pursh/ Poir. Kr

Abies fraseri (Push.) Poir 1817 - Cseroki v. Fraser jegenyefenyő - Fraser Fir

Compacta Bailey 1933

/Dougl./Lindl. Kr

Abies grandis (Dougl.) Lindl. 1933 - Óriás jegenyefenyő - Grand Fir

Aurifolia Dall. & Jacks. 1923 GBR

Wils. Kr

Abies koreana Wilson 1920 - Koreai jegenyefenyő - Korea Fir

Blue Hit GBR /Blauer Pfiff/
Inverleith G. Haddow 1985

in Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh GBR

Nana H.G. Hillier 1964

Abies koreana ‘Nana’

/Compact Dwarf/

Nisbet G. Haddow 1983

A. H. Nisbet GBR

Don Hatch Nurs. GBR

Kenwith Nurs., Bideford GBR


/Hook./Nutt. Kr

Abies lasiocarpa (Hook.) Nutt. 1863 - Szikláshegységi jegenyefenyő - Subalpine Fir

Elaine 1988 GBR

H. J. Welch, Combe Martin GBR

Kenwith Blue The Int. Conifer Register 1978

Don Hatch Nurs. GBR

Abies lasiocarpa ‘Kenwith Blue’

Kenwith Nurs., Bideford GBR

Abies lasiocarpa ’Kenwith Blue’ Mesterházy Pinetum HUN

Abies lasiocarpa ’Kenwith Blue’ Mesterházy Pinetum HUN

Abies lasiocarpa ’Kenwith Blue’ Mesterházy Pinetum HUN

King’s Blue GBR

Roger Watson Welch 1979

1959 Watson GBR

Wansdyke Nurs., Devizes GBR

Tönisvorst 2002 G. Haddow GBR

Abies lasiocarpa ‘Tonisvorst’ Abies lasiocarpa ‘Toenisvorst’

Kenwith Nurs., GBR

Abies lasiocarpa ’Toenisvorst’ Edwin Smits Nursery, HOL

Abies lasiocarpa ´Tönisvorst´ Jiri Holata Nursery, Kouty CZ

Rehd. Kr

Abies procera Rehd. 1833 - Nemes jegenyefenyő - Noble fir

Glauca Ravenscroft 1863 GBR

Abies procera ‘Glauca’

A. nobilis glauca Carr. 1867

A. nobilis var. glauca Mast. 1886

A. nobilis f. glauca Voss 1896

A. procera f. glauca Rehd. 1940

A. nobilis glaucifolia Sudw. 1898

Abies procera ‘Glauca’

Esveld Nursery, Boskoop HOL

Abies procera ’Glauca’ Jörg Kohout Nursery, Prietitz GER

Glauca Prostrata H. G. Hillier 1928

1895 Hillier’s Shroner Wood Nurs., GBR

Abies procera ‘Glauca Prostrata’


Abies procera ’Glauca Prostrata’ Edwin Smits Nursery, HOL

Abies procera ´Glauca Prostrata´ Jiri Holata Nursery, Kouty CZ

Prostrata Hort.

1932 Fletcher’s Nurs. GBR

A. nobilis compacta Hort.

Windsor Kenwith Nurs., GBR




Képek - Gallery
Araucaria – Délfenyő – Southpine

Araucaria Jussieu 1789 - Araucariaceae – Délfenyőfélék - Southpines


/Molina/K. Koch Kr

Araucaria araucana (Molina) K. Koch 1873 - Csílei délfenyő – Chilean southpine

Aurea Dall. & Jacks. 1923

1855 Taylor, Castle Kennedy GBR

W. Barron & Sons, Barrowash GBR

Aureovariegata Barron 1875

1855 Fowler GBR


/Salisb./Franco Kr

Araucaria heterophylla (Salisb.) Franco 1952 - Szobafenyő, Norfolk-szigeti délfenyő – Norfolk southpine

Mülleri Dall. & Jacks. 1923 GBR

Robusta Veitch 1881 GBR

A. goldieana Hort

A. sanderiana Hort.

Muell. ex Lindl. Kr

Araucaria rulei Muell. ex Lindl 1861 - Pókháló délfenyő – Spider southpine

Elegans Nichols. 1884 GBR

Araucaria rulei ‘Elegans’
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