Common Name Species Larval food plant




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Butterflies that might be seen at Lotusland


Common Name

Species


Larval food plant

Adult food source


Western Tiger Swallowtail

Papilio rutulus

Willow, ash, poplar, cherry

Nectar – Abelia, Aesculus, Eriodictyon californicum, thistles, Zinnia


Anise Swallowtail

Papilio zelicaon

Fennel, parsley, citrus

N/A


Monarch

Danaus plexippus

Milkweeds


Nectar – Apocynum, milkweeds


Queen

Danaus gilippus

Milkweeds


Nectar – Bidens spp., milkweeds, Phyla spp.


Gulf Fritillary

Agraulis vanillae

Passion flower


Nectar – Bidens spp., Cordia spp., Lantana spp., sunflower family


Cabbage White

Pieris rapae

Mustard family, caper family





Nectar – asters, clover, dandelion, mint, mustard family

Orange Sulfur

Colias eurytheme

Pea family, clover, alfalfa


Nectar – asters, dandelion, goldenrod, milkweeds


Cloudless Sulfur

Phoebus sennae

Cassia spp.


Nectar – Cordia spp., Bougainvillea, Hibiscus spp., Lantana spp., Lobelia cardinalis, morning glory, thistles


Clouded Sulfur

Colias philodice

Clover, barley, pea, alfalfa


Nectar – many


California Dog-face

Zerene eurydice

Baptisia (alfalfa)


Nectar – thistles (purple flowers)


Mourning Cloak

Nymphalis antiopa

Willow, American elm, cottonwood, poplar, orchard trees



Tree sap – especially oaks (rotting fruit, nectar only if sap not available)

Lourquin’s Admiral

Limenitis lorquini

Cherry, orchard trees, poplar, Spirea, Willow


Nectar – Aesculus, Eriodictyon californicum, privet; bird droppings, dung


Painted Lady

Vanessa cordui

Canola, mallow family, thistles, sunflower, (>100 plant species)





Nectar – Cephalanthus, composites especially thistles, milkweeds, privet, red clover

West Coast Lady

Vanessa anabella

Mallow family


Nectar


Red Admiral

Vanessa atalanta

Nettle family, hops


Rotting fruit, sap flows on trees, bird droppings, (milkweed, clover, aster, alfalfa only if others not available)


Common Buckeye

Junonia coenia

Plantain family, Ruellia, snapdragon family,


Nectar – Apocynum, Centaurea, composites such as aster, chickory, Bidens, Grindelia, peppermint


Marine Blue

Leptotes marina

Alfalfa, Amorpha, mesquite, pea family, Plumbago





Eriogonum fasciculatum, oleander

Acmon Blue

Plebeius acmon

Astragalus, buckwheats, clover, lotus, lupines





Nectar

Gray Hairstreak

Strymon melinus

Eriogonum, Hibiscus, Malva, Nolina, Polygonum, Rhamnus californica, Salvia mellifera





Nectar – Amorpha spp., Apocynum, Barbarea, clover, Desmodium, goldenrod, milkweeds, mint,

Funereal Duskywing

Erynnis funeralis

Lotus scoparius, vetch

Salvia mellifera





Silver-spotted Skipper

Epargyreus clarus

Amorpha, Robinia, Gleditsia, Glycyrrhiza





Nectar – never yellow flowers, rarely white or cream; Cephalanthus, clover, Lathyrus, Liatris, milkweeds, thistles

Fiery Skipper

Hylephila phyleus

Grasses


Asters, Bidens, Clethra, Helenium, milkweeds, thistles, Vernonia fasciculata


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