Common English Name Chinese Name Scientific Name Global Status 1% criterion




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LIST OF WATERBIRD SPECIES OCCURRING IN THE MIDDLE AND LOWER REACHES OF THE YANGTZE DURING WINTER
冬季期间长江中下游水鸟名录

Common English Name Chinese Name Scientific Name Global Status 1% criterion


英文名 中文名 拉丁学名 全球濒危状况 1%标准

Red-throated Diver 红喉潜鸟 Gavia stellata 1 000

Pacific Diver 太平洋潜鸟 Gavia pacifica 1 000

Little Grebe 小PT Tachybaptus ruficollis 10 000

Red-necked Grebe 赤颈PT Podiceps grisegena 1 000

Great-crested Grebe 凤头PT Podiceps christatus 250

Slavonian Grebe 角PT Podiceps auritus 1 000

Black-necked Grebe 黑颈PT Podiceps nigricollis 1 000

Dalmatian Pelican 卷羽鹈鹕 Pelecanus crispus Conservation dependent有赖于保护 1

Great Cormorant 普通鸬鹚 Phalacrocorax carbo 1 000

Japanese Cormorant(日本鸬鷀) phalocrocorax capillatus 斑头鸬鹚 1000

Grey Heron 苍鹭 Ardea cinerea 10 000

Eastern Great Egret 大白鹭 Ardea modesta 1 000

Intermediate Egret 中白鹭 Ardea intermedia 1 000

Purple Heron 草鹭 Ardea purpurea 1 000

Cattle Egret 牛背鹭 Ardea ibis 10 000

Striated Heron 绿鹭 Butorides striatus ----

Chinese Pond-Heron 池鹭 Ardeola bacchus ----

Little Egret 白鹭 Egretta garzetta 10 000

Eastern Reef Heron 岩鹭 Egretta sacra 10 000

Black-crowned Night-Heron 夜鹭 Nycticorax nycticorax 10 000

Eurasian Bittern 大麻千干鸟 Botaurus stellaris 1 000

Black Bittern 黑千干鸟 Ixobrychus flavicollis 1 000

Black Stork 黑鹳 Ciconia nigra 1

Oriental White Stork 东方白鹳 Ciconia boyciana Endangered近危 30

Eurasian Spoonbill 白琵鹭 Platalea leucorodia 65

Black-faced Spoonbill 黑脸琵鹭 Platalea minor Endangered近危 10

Whooper Swan 大天鹅 Cygnus cygnus 600

Tundra Swan 小天鹅 Cygnus columbianus 860

Swan Goose 鸿雁 Anser cygnoides Endangered近危 550

Bean Goose1 豆雁 Anser fabalis 600/550

Greater White-fronted Goose 白额雁 Anser albifrons 1 300

Lesser White-fronted Goose 小白额雁 Anser erythropus Vulnerable易危 140

Grey-lag Goose 灰雁 Anser anser 750

Ruddy Shelduck 赤麻鸭 Tadorna ferruginea 750

Common Shelduck 翘鼻麻鸭 Tadorna tadorna 1 300

Mandarin Duck 鸳鸯 Aix galericulata 200

Eurasian Wigeon 赤颈鸭 Anas penelope 7 500

Falcated Duck 罗纹鸭 Anas falcata 350

Gadwall 赤膀鸭 Anas strepera 7 500

Baikal Teal 花脸鸭 Anas formosa Vulnerable易危 3 000

Common teal 绿翅鸭 Anas crecca 8 000

Mallard 绿头鸭 Anas platyrhynchos 15 000

Spot-billed Duck 斑嘴鸭 Anas poecilorhyncha 12 000

Northern Pintail 针尾鸭 Anas acuta 7 500

Garganey 白眉鸭 Anas querquedula 10 000

Northern Shoveler 琵嘴鸭 Anas clypeata 7 500

Common Pochard 红头潜鸭 Aythya ferina 8 000

Baer’s Pochard 青头潜鸭 Aythya baeri Vulnerable易危 150

Tufted Duck 凤头潜鸭 Aythya fuligula 7 500

Greater Scaup 斑背潜鸭 Aythya marila 3 000

Common Scoter 黑海番鸭 Melanitta nigra 10 000

Velvet Scoter 斑脸海番鸭 Melanitta fusca 8 000

Common Goldeneye 鹊鸭 Bucephala clangula 750

Smew 白秋沙鸭 Mergellus albellus 1 000

Red-breasted Merganser 红胸秋沙鸭 Mergus serrator 1 000

Scaly-sided Merganser 中华秋沙鸭 Mergus squamatus Vulnerable易危 40

Goosander 普通秋沙鸭 Mergus merganser 750

Siberian Crane 白鹤 Grus leucogeranus Critical极危 30

White-naped Crane 白枕鹤 Grus vipio Vulnerable易危 40

Common Crane 灰鹤 Grus grus 110

Hooded Crane 白头鹤 Grus monacha Vulnerable易危 10

Red-crowned Crane 丹顶鹤 Grus japonensis Endangered近危 10

Swinhoe’s Rail 花田鸡 Coturnicops exquisitus Vulnerable易危 100

Slaty-breasted Rail 蓝胸秧鸡 Gallirallus striatus ----

Water Rail 普通秧鸡 Rallus aquaticus ----

Brown Crake 红胸苦恶鸟 Amaurornis akool ----

White-breasted Waterhen 白胸苦恶鸟 Amaurornis phoenicurus ----

Baillon’s Crake 小田鸡 Porzana pusilla ----

Ruddy-breasted Crake 红胸田鸡 Porzana fusca ----

Watercock 董鸡 Gallicrex cinerea ----

Common Moorhen 黑水鸡 Gallinula chloropus ----

Common Coot 骨顶鸡 Fulica atra ----

Greater Painted-Snipe 彩鹬 Rostratula benghalensis ----

Eurasian Oystercatcher 蛎鹬 Haematopus ostralegus 100

Black-winged Stilt 黑翅长脚鹬 Himantopus himantopus 1 000

Pied Avocet 反嘴鹬 Recurvirostra avosetta 1 000

Northern Lapwing 凤头麦鸡 Vanellus vanellus 1 000

Grey-headed Lapwing 灰头麦鸡 Vanellus cinereus 1 000

Grey Plover 灰斑鸻 Pluvialis squatarola 1 300

Long-billed Plover 长嘴剑鸻 Charadrius placidus 100

Little Ringed Plover 金眶鸻 Charadrius dubius ----

Kentish Plover 环颈鸻 Charadrius alexandrinus 1 000

Eurasian Woodcock 丘鹬 Scolopax rusticola ----

Pintail Snipe 针尾沙锥 Gallinago stenura ----

Swinhoe’s Snipe 大沙锥 Gallinago megala 1 000

Common Snipe 扇尾沙锥 Gallinago gallinago 10 000

Black-tailed Godwit 黑尾塍鹬 Limosa limosa 1 600

Bar-tailed Godwit2 斑尾塍鹬 Limosa lapponica 1 500/1 700

Eurasian Curlew 白腰杓鹬 Numenius arquata 350

Spotted Redshank 鹤鹬 Tringa erythropus 1 000

Common Redshank3 红脚鹬 Tringa totanus 1 000/1 000

Common Greenshank 青脚鹬 Tringa nebularia 550

Green Sandpiper 白腰草鹬 Tringa ochropus 1 000

Common Sandpiper 矶鹬 Tringa hypoleucos 3 000

Red-necked Stint 红颈滨鹬 Calidris ruficollis 3 200

Temminck’s Stint 青脚滨鹬 Calidris temminckii 1 000

Dunlin4 黑腹滨鹬 Calidris alpina 1 0000/10 000/7 500

Black-tailed Gull 黑尾鸥 Larus crassirostris 1 600

Mew Gull 海鸥 Larus canus 10 000

Herring Gull 银鸥 Larus argentatus 620+

Slaty-backed Gull((灰背鸥)) Larus schistisagus灰背鸥 ----

Common Black-headed Gull 红嘴鸥 Larus ridibundus ----

Saunders’s Gull 黑嘴鸥 Larus saundersi Vulnerable易危 85

Little Gull 小鸥 Larus minutus 100

Caspian Tern 红嘴巨鸥 Sterna caspia 250

Whiskered Tern 须浮鸥 Chlidonias hybridus ----

White-winged Tern 白翅浮鸥 Chlidonias leucopterus ----


Source: Wetlands International 2002. Waterbird Population Estimates – Third Edition. Wetlands Global Series No. 12, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

资料来源:湿地国际2002 :水鸟数量评估——第三版,全球湿地系列丛书第12册,瓦格宁根,荷兰



1 middendorfi and serrirostris subspecies occur in E China.豆雁的两个亚种middendorfiserrirostris分布在中国东部地区。

2 menzbieri and baueri subspecies occur in E China. 斑尾塍鹬的两个亚种menzbieribaueri分布在中国东部地区

3 terrignotae and craggi subspecies occur in E China. 红脚鹬的两个亚种 terrignotaecraggi分布在中国东部地区

4 sakhalina, kistchinski and arcticola subspecies occur in E China. 黑腹滨鹬的三个亚种sakhalina, kistchinskiarcticola分布在中国东部地区


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