Coded bibliography of tropical pacific birds, a-l




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Klavitter, J., P. C. Banko, J. Giffin, K. E. Clarkson, D. Ball, and S. Johnson. 1995. Searching for the endangered Hawaiian Crow (Corvus hawaiiensis) on the Island of Hawaii. USFWS Report, Ecol. Services, Pacific Islands Ecoregion, Honolulu, HI. CS, EN
Klavitter, J. L. 2000. Survey methodology, abundance, and demography of the endangered Hawaiian Hawk: is delisting warranted? Unpubl. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. EN
Klavitter, J. 2009. The ecology and conservation of Hawaiian raptors. Pp. 293-311 in T.K. Pratt, et al., eds., Conservaion biology of Hawaiian forest birds. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT.
Klavitter, J., and M. Vekasy. 2008. Summary of Cattle Egret eradication program at Midway Atoll NWRfrom October 2004 to October 2007. USFWS Report, Honolulu, HI.
Klavitter, J., J.M. Marzluff, and M.S. Vekasy. 2003. Abundance and demography of the Hawaiian Hawk: Is delisting warranted? Journal of Wildlife Management 67(1):165-176.
Klein, A., P. Hart, K. Stumpf, E. Tweed, C. Henneman, C. Spiegel, J. LeBrun, K. McClure, and B. Woodworth. 2004. Nests of ‘amakihi near sea-level on Hawai‘i Island. ‘Elepaio 63:67-68.
Knowles, L., and J. Nitchen. 1995. Kingfishers of the world. Times Books International, Singapore.
Knox, A. G. 1983. Handedness in crossbills Loxia and the Akepa Loxops coccinea. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 103:114-118. HH
Knox, A. 1988. Taxonomy of the Rock/Water Pipit superspecies Anthus petrosus, spinoletta and rubescens. British Birds 81: 206-211. TX
Knox, A. G., and M. P. Walters. 1994. Extinct and endangered birds in the collection of The Natural History Museum. British Ornithologists’ Club Occ. Publ. 1. EN
Knudsen, E. A., and G. P. Noble. 1999. Kanuka of Kauai. Mutual Publishing, Honolulu. HC
Kobayashi, K. 1970. Observations of the birds on Mariana Islands. Tori 20: 24-29. [Japanese with English summary.]
Koblik, E. A. 1994. Hawaiian honeycreepers (Drepanididae, Aves): cardinals or finches? Zool. Zh. 73:97-103. [In Russian] HH
Koch, N. 1937. Hawaii’s early treatment of birds. Audubon Yearbook, Indiana Audubon Society 15:28-32.
Kochert, M. N., K. Steenhof, C. L. McIntyre, and E. H. Craig. 2002. Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos). In The Birds of North America, No. 659 (A. Poole and F. Gill, Eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
Kohley, R., C. Farmer, H. Freifeld, and P. Luscomb. 2010. Nihoa Millerbird Pre-reintroduction Reconnaissance Expedition to Laysan, March 18-April1, 2010. Laysan Island, Northwest Hawaiian Islands, Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Honolulu, HI. FA EN CS
König, C., F. Weick and J.-H. Becking. 1999. Owls: A Guide to the Owls of the World. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT.

Konrad, P. M. 1996. Exploring the birdlife of the Line Islands. Wildbird January 1996: 50-57.


Koopman, K. F. 1957. Evolution in the genus Myzomela (Aves: Meliphagidae). Auk 74:49-72. EV TX
Korte, J. de and Meltofte, H. 1997. Notes on breeding sites of Pelecaniformes in Micronesia. Bird Conservation International 7: 287-290. SE BD RC
Kozar, K., R. Swift, and S. Marshall. 2007. Shoreline bird inventories in three national parks in Hawaii: Kalaupapa National Historical Park, Haleakala National Park and Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit, University of Hawai`i, Technical Report 149. SE
Krämer, A. 1917- 1929. Ergebnisse der Sudsee-expedition 1908-1910. B- Mikronesien. Palau, vols. 1-5, Hamburg. HC
Krämer, A., and H. Nevermann. 1938. Ralik-Ratak (Marschall Inseln). In G. Thilenius (ed.), Ergebnisse der Südsee-Expedition 1908-1910. II. Ethnographie, B: Mikronesien. Vol. 11. Friedrichsen & de Gruyter, Hamburg. [Ptilinopus on Ebon]
Kramer, S. H. 1985. Sighting and feeding behavior of a Peregrine Falcon in the North Central Pacific. ‘Elepaio 45:114. RC
Kraus, F. 1998. Beyond the brown tree snake: other species pose similar threats. Environment Hawai‘i 8(9):2-3. CS
Krauss, B. 2005. Our Honolulu: Kolea wars come with territory. Honolulu Advertiser 24 Aug. 2005. http://the.honoluluadvertiser.com/article/2005/Aug/24/ln/FP508240354.html. SH
Kricher, J. 2002. Galápagos. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington & London. [Comparisons with Hawaii.] HH
Kubary, J. 1873. Die Ebon-Gruppe im Marshall Archipel. Journal des Museums Godeffroy 1:33-39. BD FA
Kubary, J. 1880. Die bewohner der Mortlock-Inseln. Mittheilungen der Geographischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg (1878-1879): 224-299.
Kubota, G. T. 2004. Palila making gains on Mauna Kea slopes. Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Wednesday, September 8, 2004.
Kubota, G. T. 2006. $2.4B needed to help forest birds. Honolulu Star-Bulletin 11(275), 2 October 2006. file:///Volumes/ARCHIVE/REFERENCE/LIBRARY/e-LIBRARY/PACIFIC%20BIRDS/CONSERVATION%20NON%20HI/Kubota06.html.
Kubota, G. T. 2011. Avian malaria is encroaching on native birds’ territory. Honolulu Star Advertiser, 30 November 2011. CS
Kuehler, C., and A. Lieberman. 1992. Ultramarine Lory of French Polynesia. Re-introduction News 5:6-7. EN CS
Kuehler, C., and A. Lieberman. 1993. Ultramarine Lory update. Re-introduction News 7:12. EN CS
Kuehler, C., and A. Lieberman. 1997. The Zoological Society of San Diego and The Peregrine Fund: A conservation partnership. ZooNooz 70(8):24-25. HC, CS
Kuehler, C., A. Lieberman, P. Harrity. 1994. Hawaii bird brief. Re-introduction News 9:14. CS
Kuehler, C., M. Kuhn, B. McIlraith, and G. Campbell. 1994. Artificial incubation and hand-rearing of ‘Alala (Corvus hawaiiensis) eggs removed from the wild. Zoo Biology 13:257-266. CS, EN
Kuehler, C., P. Harrity, A. Lieberman, and M. Kuhn. 1995. Reintroduction of hand-reared alala Corvus hawaiiensis in Hawaii. Oryx 29:261-266. CS, EN
Kuehler, C., P. Harrity, A. Lieberman, and M. Kuhn. 1995. Reintroduction of hand-reared ‘Alala (Corvus hawaiiensis) in Hawai‘i. Oryx 29:255-261. CS EN
Kuehler, C., M. Kuhn, J. E. Kuhn, A. Lieberman, N. Harvey, and B. Rideout. 1996. Artificial incubation, hand-rearing, behavior, and release of Common ‘Amakihi (Hemignathus virens virens): Surrogate research for restoration of endangered Hawaiian forest birds. Zoo Biology 15:541-553. HH CS
Kuehler, C., M. Kuhn, J. Kuhn, A. Lieberman, N. Harvey, and B. Rideout. 1996. Artificial incubation, hand-rearing, behavior and release of Common ‘Amakihi (Hemignathus virens virens): surrogate research for restoration of endangered Hawaiian forest birds. Zoo Biology 15:541-553. HH
Kuehler, C., A. Lieberman, A. Varney, P. Unitt, R. M. Sulpice, J. Azua and B. Tehevini. 1997. Translocation of Ultramarine Lories Vini ultramarina in the Marquesas Islands: Ua Huka to Fatu Hiva. Bird Conservation International 7:69-79. CS
Kuehler, C., A. Lieberman, P. Oesterle, T. Powers, M. Kuhn, J. Kuhn, J. T. Nelson, T. Snetsinger, C. Herrman, P. Harrity, E. Tweed, S. Fancy, B. Woodworth, and T. Telfer. 2000. Resotration techniques for Hawaiian thrushes: artificial incubation, hand-rearing, captive-breeding, and reintroduction to the wild. Zoo Biology 19:263-277. EN CS
Kuehler, C., A. Lieberman, P. Harrity, M. Kuhn, J. Kuhn, B. McIlraith, and J. Turner. 2001. Restoration techniques for Hawaiian forest birds: collection of eggs, artificial incubation and hand-rearing of chicks, and release to the wild. Studies in Avian Biology 22:354-358. CS
Kuehler, C., A. Lieberman, P. Oesterle, T. Powers, M. Kuhn, J. Kuhn, J. T. Nelson, T. Snetsinger, C. Herrmann, P. Harrity, E. Tweed, S. Fancy, B. Woodworth, and T. Telfer. 2000. Development of restoration techniques for Hawaiian thrushes: collection of wild eggs, artificial incubation, hand-rearing, captive-breeding and reintroduction to the wild. Zoo Biology 19: 263–277­.
Kuhn, D. 2003. Voices of Kaua‘i Mauka Birds. SoundsHawaiian, Kauai, HI. [Audio CD]
Kuhn, D. 2006. Voices of Kaua‘i Forest Birds. SoundsHawaiian, Kauai, HI. [Audio CD]
Kuhn, D. [undated 2009?]. Voices of Big Island Mauka Birds. SoundsHawaiian, Kauai, HI. [Audio CD]
Kumabe, E. 2006. State of the Society – 2005. ‘Elepaio 66:7-9. HC
Kuntzman, G. 2004. Bye-bye, birdie. Newsweek 6 December 2004. [Po‘o-uli]
Küpper, C., J. Augustin, A. Kosztolányi, J. Figuerola, T. Burke, and T. Székely. 2009. Kentish versus Snowy Plover: Phenotypic and genetic analyses of Charadrius alexandrinus reveal divergence of Eurasian and American subspecies. Auk 126:839−852. TX
Kuroda, N. 1922. Descriptions of two new forms of birds from Pelew Islands, Micronesia. Pp. 25-30 In Momiyama (1922).
Kuroda, N. 1922. A list of the birds of Micronesia group, exclusive of Magalhaes, Gilbert and Ellice Islands. Pp. 31-78 In Momiyama (1922).
Kuroda, N. 1941-1942. A study of the Marianas Duck, Anas oustaleti. Tori 11:99-119 + 6 plates; 11:443-448 + 3 photos. WF EX
Kuroda, N. 1954. On the classification and phylogeny of the order Tubinares, particularly the shearwaters (Puffinus). N. Kuroda, Tokyo, Japan. SE, TX, EV
Kuroda, N. 1961. The over-sea crossings of land birds in the western Pacific. Bulletin of the Yamashina's Institute of Ornithology and Zoology 36:47-53. SH BD
Kushlan, J. A., and J. A. Hancock. 2005. Herons. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. FG
Kwater, E. 1992. Identifying a problem yellowlegs. Birding 24:18-20. SH ID

L

Labreque, A. 1957. A trip to Laysan Island. Elepaio 18:16-19.


Lacan, F. and J. L. Mougin. 1974. Les oiseaux des iles Gambier et de quelques atolls orientaux de l’archipel des tuamotu (Ocean Pacifique). L'oiseau et la Revue Française d'Ornithologie 44:191-280.
Lack, D. 1947. Darwin's finches: an essay on the general biological theory of evolution. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England. [Comparisons with Hawaiian honeycreepers.]
Lack, D. 1969. The numbers of bird species on islands. Bird Study 16: 193-209.
Lack, D. 1970. Endemic ducks of remote islands. Wildfowl 21:5-20. WF, EN
Lack, D. 1971. Ecological isolation in birds. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Ma.
Lack, D. 1971. Island birds. Pp. 29-31 in W. L. Stern, ed. Adaptive aspects of insular evolution. Washington State University Press, Pullman.
Lack, D. 1974. Evolution illustrated by waterfowl. Harper & Row, New York. WF, EV
Lafresnaye, F. de. 1839. [Description of Heterorhynchus olivaceus.] Magasin de Zoologie, 1839 [Oiseaux]: plate 10 and 2 unnumbered pages of accompanying text.
Laing, H. M. 1925. Birds collected and observed during the cruise of the Thiepval in the North Pacific, 1924. Victoria Memorial Museum Bulletin 40.
Laird, M., and C. van Riper III. 1981. Questionable reports of Plasmodium from birds in Hawaii, with the recognition of P. relictum ssp. capistranoae (Russell, 1932) as the avian malaria parasite there. Pp. 159-165 in Parasitological Topics (E. V. canning, ed.). Special Publ. No. 1 Society of Cap. Protozoologists. Allen Press, Lawrence, Kansas. DP
Lamb, S. H. 1937. The Nene living in a natural state. Paradise of the Pacific 49(9):15, 30. WF, EN
Lambrechts, L., A. Cohuet, and V. Robert. 2011. Malaria vectors. Pp. 442-445 in Encyclopedia of Biological Invasions (D. Simberloff and M. Rejmánek, eds.). University of California Press, Berkeley.
Lamerson, D. 2003. Alan Ziegler remembered. Kolea: News from the Conservation Council for Hawai‘i 53(2):4. HC
Lammers, T. G. 1995. Patterns of speciation and biogeography in Clermontia (Campanulaceae, Lobelioideae). In W. L.Wagner and V. A. Funk, editors, Hawaiian biogeography: evolution on a hot spot archipelago, pp. 338-362, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.
Lammers, T. G., and C. E. Freeman. 1986. Ornithophily among the Hawaiian Lobelioideae (Campanulaceae): evidence from floral nectar sugar compositions. American J. Botany 73: 1613-1619. HH
Lammers, T. G., S. G. Weller, and A. K. Sakai. 1988. Japanese White-eye, an introduced passerine, visits the flowers of Clermontia arborescens, an endemic Hawaiian lobelioid. Pacific Science 39:372-378. IN
Lamoureaux, C. H. 1979. Evaluation of rare and endangered bird research programs for Hawaii’s national parks. Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Technical Report No. 23.
Lamoureaux, C. H. 1985. Restoration of native ecosystems. Pp. 422-431 in C. P. Stone and J. M. Scott (editors). Hawaii's terrestrial ecosystems: Preservation and management. University of Hawaii Press Honolulu. CS
Lamoureaux, C. H., D. Mueller-Dombois, and K. W. Bridges. 1981. Temporal variation of organism groups studies: trees. Pp. 391-407 in D. Mueller-Dombois, K. W. Bridges, and H. L. Carson, eds., 1981, q. v.
Lamoureux, C., and L. Stemmermann. 1976. Report of the Ki-pahulu bicentennial expedition June 26-29, 1976. Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa Technical Report No. 11. University of Hawaii, Honolulu. FA, EN
Lande, R. 1999. Extinction risks from anthropogenic, ecological, and genetic factors. Pp. 1-22 in L. F. Landweber and A. P. Dobson, editors. Genetics and the extinction of species. Princeton University Press, Princeton, N. J. CS
Landweber, L. F., and A. P. Dobson, editors. 1999. Genetics and the extinction of species. Princeton University Press, Princeton, N. J. CS
Langham, N. P. 1984. Nest of the Giant Forest Honeyeater. Notornis 31: 29-30.
Langham, N. P. 1984. Observations on the Red-footed Booby on Mabualau Island, Fiji. Notornis 31: 23-29. SE
Langham, N. P. 1987. The annual cycle of the Avadavat Amandava amandava in Fiji. Emu 87: 232-243.
Langham, N. P. 1987. Morphometrics and moult in Fijian passerines. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 14:463-475.
Langham, N. P. 1989. The stratification of passerines in Fijian forests. Notornis 36: 267-279.
Langstaff, L. L. 2003. Book Review: Evolution, ecology, conservation, and management of Hawaiian birds: a vanishing avifauna. Endangered Species UPDATE 20(1):15-18.
Langton, E. A. 1911. A Hawaiian bill of fare. Paradise of the Pacific 24(12):32-34.
Lanting, F., and C. K. Eckstrom. 1993. Forgotten edens: exploring the world’s wild places. National Geographic Society, Washington, D. C.
Lanyon, W. E. 1994. Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta). In The Birds of North America, No. 104 (A. Poole and F. Gill, Eds.). Philadelphia: The Academy of Natural Sciences; Washington, D. C.: The American Ornithologists’ Union. IN,
LaPointe, D. A. 2000. Avian malaria in Hawai‘i: The distribution, ecology and vector potential of forest-dwelling mosquitoes. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu.
LaPointe, D. A. 2006. Feral pigs, introduced mosquitoes, and the decline of Hawai‘i’s native birds. USGS Fact Sheet FS-2006-3029.
LaPointe, D. A. 2008. Dispersal of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) in a Hawaiian rainforest. Journal of Medical Entomology 45:600–609. DP
LaPointe, D., and J. Burgett. 2005. Mosquitoes in Hawai‘i. Hawai‘i Conservation Alliance Position Paper 2005-02.
LaPointe, D. A., M. L. Goff and C. T. Atkinson. 2005. Comparative susceptibility of introduced forest-dwelling mosquitoes in Hawai‘i to avian malaria, Plasmodium relictum. Journal of Parasitology 91: 843–849.
LaPointe, D., T. L. Benning, and C. Atkinson. 2005. Case study: Avian malaria, climate change, and native birds of Hawaii. Pp. 317-321 in T. E. Lovejoy and L. J. Hannah, eds. Climate Change and Biodiversity, Yale University Press, New Haven.
Lapointe, D. A., M. L. Goff, and C. T. Atkinson. 2010. Thermal constraints to the sporogonic development and altitudinal distribution of avian malaria Plasmodium relictum in Hawaii. Journal of Parasitology 96:318-234.
LaRosa, A. M., C. W. Smith, and D. E. Gardner. 1985. Role of alien and native birds in the dissemination of firetree (Myrica faya Ait.-Myricaceae) and associated plants in Hawaii. Pacific Science 39:372-378.
Larsen, R. T., and C. J. Ralph. 1984. The arrival, departure, and residency of a small population of the Lesser Golden-Plover in Hawaii. ‘Elepaio 45:12-13.
Larson, J.W. 1967. The Dark-rumped Petrel in Haleakala Crater, Maui, Hawaii. Haleakala National Park, 29 p. mimeo. National Park Service, Department of the Interior. SE
Latchininsky, A. V. 2008. Grasshopper outbreak challenges conservation status of a small Hawaiian island. Journal of Insect Conservation 12:343-357. [Nihoa Millerbird]
Latham, J. 1781-1785. A general synopsis of birds. 3 vols. (6 parts). Benjamin White, London.
LaTouche, J. D. 1923. Notes sur quelques oiseaux de l’Ocean Pacifique. Rev. Française d’Orn. 8:215-218.
Lauret, M. 1990. Bird observations on Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia, including three new records for the island. ‘Elepaio 50: 3. FA RC
Laurie, W. A., H. Uryu, and D. Watling. 1987. A faunal survey of Yaduataba Island Reserve, Fiji. Domodomo 5:16-28. BD
Lauro, A. J., and B. J. Spencer. 1980. A method for separating juvenal and first-winter Ring-billed Gulls (Larus delawarensis) and Common Gulls (Larus canus). (sic) American Birds 34:111-117. SE, ID
Laut, M. E., P. C. Banko, and E. M. Gray. 2003. Nesting behavior of Palila, as assessed from video recordings. Pacific Science 57:385-392. HH
Layard, E. L. 1875a. Ornithological notes from Fiji, with descriptions of supposed new species of birds. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1875:27-30.
Layard, E. L. 1875b. Descriptions of some supposed new species of birds from the Fiji Islands. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1875:149-151.
Layard, E. L. 1875c. Notes on Fijian birds. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1875:423-442.
Layard, E. L. 1875. Description of a new species of Trichoglossus from Fiji. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4) 16:344. TX
Layard, E. L. 1876a. Notes on some little-known birds of the new colony of the Fiji Islands. Ibis (3) 6:137-152.
Layard, E. L. 1876b. Description of a new species of flycatcher (Myiagra) from the Fijis and some remarks on the distribution of the birds found in those islands. Ibis (3) 6:387-394.
Layard, E. L. 1876c. Notes on the birds of the Navigator’s and Friendly islands, with some additional ornithology of Fiji. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1876:490-506.
Laycock, G. 1966. The alien animals. The Natural History Press, Garden City, NY.
Laycock, G. 1970a. The Hawaiian Islands of birds. Audubon Mag. 72(1):44-61.
Laycock, G. 1970b. Haunted sands of Laysan. Audubon Mag. 72(2):42-49.
Leach, B. F., and G. K. Ward. 1981. Archaeology of Kapingamarangi Atoll. B. F. Leach, privately published. BD
Leader P. J. 2011. Taxonomy of the Pacific Swift Apus pacificus Latham, 1802, complex. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 131:81-93. TX

Leader, P. J., and G. J. Carey. 2003. Identification of Pintail Snipe and Swinhoe’s Snipe. British Birds 96:178-198. ID SH


Leatherman, C. 2008. Interview: Bill Raynor. The Nature Conservancy, Winter 2008, pp. 24-25. CS HC
Lecroy, M., and F. K. Barker. 2006. A new species of bush-warbler from Bougainville Island and a monophyletic origin for southwest Pacific Cettia. American Museum Novitates No. 3511. EV TX
Lee, B. 1981. Capture and release of a Laysan Albatross on Hawaii Island. ‘Elepaio 42:29-30. SE
Lee, C.-T., and A. Birch. 2002. Notes on the distribution, vagrancy, and field identification of American Pipit and “Siberian Pipit.” North American Birds 56:388-398. ID BD
Lee, C.-T., and A. Birch. 2006. Advances in the field identification of North American Dowitchers. Birding 38(5):34-42. SH ID
Lee, D. S., and M. Walsh-McGehee. 1998. White-tailed Tropicbird (Phaethon lepturus). In The Birds of North America, No. 353 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA. SE,
Lee, D. S., D. B. Wingate, and H. W. Kale II. 1981. Records of tropicbirds in the North Atlantic and upper Gulf of Mexico, with comments on field identification. American Birds 35:887-890. SE, ID
Lee, G. 1925. Breeding Kuhl’s Lorikeet, Vini kuhli (Psittacula kuhli). Aviculture (5th Ser.) 5:47-48.
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Lee, P. L. M., D. H. Clayton, R. Girffiths, and R. D. Page. 1996. Does behavior reflect phylogeny in swiftlets (Aves: Apodidae)? A test using cytochrome b mitochondrial DNA sequences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 93:7091-7096. EV
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Lehman, P. 1994. Franklin's vs. Laughing Gulls: a "new" problem arises. Birding 26:126-127. SE, ID
Leishman, N. J. 1986. Fulvous Whistling-Ducks breeding in Hawaii: a new indigene or another exotic? ‘Elepaio 46: 75-76. BD
Leivo M. 1987. Identification of juvenile marsh terns Chlidonias in field. Lintumies 22:262 - 264. ID
Lempinen, E. W. 2008. Researchers at AAAS Pacific Division meeting explore the startling decline of a Hawaiian native bird. American Association for the Advancement of Science, News release 18 July 2008 http://www.aaas.org/news/releases/2008/0718hawaii_birds.shtml accessed 18 August 2009. [Hawaii Akepa] HH EN CS
Leonard, D. L. 2008. Recovery expenditures for birds listed under the US Endangered Species Act: The disparity between mainland and Hawaiian taxa. Biological Conservation 141:2054-2061. CS
Leonard, D. L., Jr., P. C. Banko, K. W. Brinck, C. Farmer, and R. J Camp. 2008. Recent surveys indicate rapid decline of Palila population. ‘Elepaio 68:27-30. HH CS
Leone, D. 2002. Kaena Point: path to recovery. Honolulu Star-Bulletin 24 February 2002. http://starbulletin.com/2002/02/24/news/story2.html
Leone, D. 2005. Tern Isle is busy haven for nesting seabirds. Honolulu Star-Bulletin 31 August 2005. http://starbulletin.com/2005/08/19/news/story11.html SE
Leone, D. 2006. Young Hawaiian geese are headed to Haleakala Park. Honolulu Star-Bulletin 23 January 2006. CS WF EN
Leone, D. 2006. Creating a perfect Midway getaway. Honolulu Star-Bulletin 11(191), 10 July 2006. http://starbulletin.com/2006/07/10/news/story01.html CS WF EN SE
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Leone, D. 2007. Groups try to save Kauai birds. Honolulu Star-Bulletin12(286), 13 October 2007. Article URL: http://starbulletin.com/2007/10/13/news/story07.html [‘Akeke‘e, ‘Akikiki] HH EN CS
Leopold, A. S. 1965. Harrier observed catching a Fairy Tern in Tahiti. Condor 67:91. SE
Leopold, C. R., and S. C. Hess. 2013. Multi-scale habitat selection of the endangered Hawaiian Goose. Condor 115:17-27. WF EN
Lepson, J. K. 1996. The significance of color in the life history and behavior of the Hawai'i 'Akepa. Unpublished Ph. D. dissertation. University of Hawai‘i at Manoa, Honolulu. HH EN
Lepson, J. K. 1997. ‘Anianiau (Hemignathus parvus). In The Birds of North America, No. 312 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington D. C. HH,
Lepson, J. K. 1998. Notes on appearance and speculated behavior of the O‘ahu ‘O‘o (Meliphagidae). Pacific Science 52:210-219.
Lepson, J. K. 1998. Conservation status of the Tinian Monarch and proposed new category of protection for single island endemic species. ‘Elepaio 58:23-27. CS EN
Lepson, J. K., and L. A. Freed. 1995. Variation in male plumage and behavior of the Hawaii Akepa. Auk 112:402-414. HH, EN
Lepson, J. K., and L. A. Freed. 1997. ‘Akepa (Loxops coccineus). In The Birds of North America, No. 294 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington D. C. HH,
Lepson, J. K., and S. M. Johnston. 2000. Greater ‘Akialoa (Hemignathus ellisiana) and Lesser ‘Akialoa (Hemignathus obscurus). In The Birds of North America, No. 512 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA. HH,
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